We continue to tell children about the traditions of Islam through lectures at the University of Children in Tübingen, which have become a book and are now available in Russian. Who can be considered a Muslim? Is it difficult to keep the commandments of Islam? And why did the Muslim religion win so many supporters around the world?
All Islamic commandments are based on the Qur'an. But in the Qur'an, as can be seen in the example of the scarf, specific details are often not described. The five main commandments were also established only after the death of Muhammad. Muslims call them the "five pillars of Islam." These five pillars must be observed by Muslims around the world.
The first pillar is the recognition of one's faith. The creed looks like this: "There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his prophet." What could be simpler and more understandable? The creed of Muslims shows what is important in Islam. Islam wants to dissociate itself from the polytheism of old religions. He recognizes only one God - Allah. And who does not believe in this, cannot be a Muslim.
Why do Muslims pray on rugs
The second pillar is prayer. Muslims must pray to Allah five times a day, and prayers need to be prepared. Whoever addresses Allah must be pure. Therefore, before prayer, Muslims wash their face, wash their hands to the elbows and feet to the ankles. Also, with a wet hand, you need to draw from the forehead to the back of the head.
Cleanliness is the reason Muslims pray on rugs and even take off their shoes before prayer. Many Muslims carry a prayer rug with them, which can always be spread out, but in extreme cases it is allowed to put any clean bedding on the floor: cardboard, towel, shower mat. The main thing is that it be ritually pure.
Ritual purity is not the same as purity in the ordinary sense. Muslims do not have to brush their teeth before prayer or rub their back in the bathhouse until red. You just need to realize that talking with Allah is something special. During prayer, all daily activities should be abandoned. Thus, bathing and a prayer rug are primarily not hygiene. These are rituals, actions with special meaning, which play an important role in all religions.
Muslim prayer includes text, a sequence of poses and movements. Prayers should bow, kneel, and touch the ground twice with their foreheads. At the end of the prayer, you need to turn your head to the right, and then to the left.
Why you need to pray just five times a day is unknown. But five times a day the prophet prayed. The time of prayer is quite accurately determined, but since there was no clock during the life of the prophet, you need to navigate by the position of the sun.
Can non-Muslims go to the mosque
During prayer, all Muslims should turn their faces in the same direction - towards Mecca. This city in Saudi Arabia is a center uniting Muslims from all over the world. A thousand years ago, Islamic scholars precisely calculated how a Muslim anywhere in the world can determine from the stars which side Mecca is. However, it is allowed to pray, even if you are not very well versed in these calculations - it is enough to know the direction approximately.
You can pray anywhere in the world. But still, if there are other Muslims in the vicinity, the Qur'an recommends praying to everyone together. The house of prayer is called a mosque, which means "a place where prostitutes fall." There are no prescriptions for the appearance of mosques. The prayer halls of large mosques are often crowned with a dome, but in an extreme case, any room is suitable for prayer. It is only important that the floor is covered with rugs and a mihrab is built, a niche in the wall indicating the direction to Mecca.
A mosque often has a minaret - a tower with which the muezzin, a minister, reminds believers of the hours of prayer. The minaret, clearly visible from afar, as well as the bell tower of Christian churches, shows that Muslims live in this area.
True, unlike Christian churches, mosques are not specially sanctified places. When people don’t pray in a mosque, Muslims can gather in it to just chat, and someone can even sleep. Non-Muslims can also go to the mosque. But sometimes very strict Muslims prohibit the entry of Gentiles, or when the influx of tourists is too large, the doors can also be closed.
How to behave in the holy month of Ramadan
The third pillar of Islam is the commandment to fast. In Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, believers can neither eat nor drink from dawn until sunset. Also at this time, men and women are not allowed to sleep together.
Fasting exists in many religions. By fasting, a person cleanses the body and reminds himself that life consists not only of consumption - food and entertainment. Moreover, in Islam, Muslims eat and pray together during fasting, and this unites them very much, which, of course, is beneficial for families.
Fasting begins at sunrise. In some Muslim countries, a drummer walks through the streets before dawn, reminding believers to have breakfast. Fasting ends when the sun goes below the horizon. Previously, Muslim countries fired a cannon so that all Muslims knew that the sun had set, and now this sound is transmitted on radio and television.
A lot of time can pass from sunrise to sunset, in which you can neither have lunch, nor bite a cookie or an apple, or even drink water.
But then during fasting you begin to feel the taste of food as never before. As a rule, in the evening after sunset, Muslims prepare a real feast. And on it they do not just satisfy hunger, but celebrate as they should. Most older Muslims fast in Ramadan. But young people like to starve much less. In Germany, according to rough estimates, only a third of young Muslims take Ramadan seriously.
Fasting is not required to be followed by those to whom it can damage: young children, weakened or sick adults. Islam, as we have already said, is a simple and practical religion, and it allows you to make reasonable exceptions.
By the way, the month of Ramadan does not coincide with any of the months of the Gregorian calendar. Unlike the latter, the Muslim calendar is based on the lunar cycle, and not on the solar one, therefore neither the beginning of the Muslim year nor the months coincide with the Gregorian ones.
Muslims must not only fast, they must also help the poor. The Prophet Muhammad wanted all Muslims to treat each other as brothers and sisters in a large family. Therefore, the fourth pillar states that Muslims should donate money to support the poor and needy.
Previously, these charitable contributions were charged as mandatory as today - taxes. But now, in most countries, Muslims pay taxes, like all other citizens, and donate voluntarily to charity organizations.
Why do Muslims make a pilgrimage to Mecca
The fifth and final pillar of Islam is the pilgrimage to Mecca. Every Muslim who is healthy and who has enough money to travel should visit the Preserve Mosque in Mecca once in his life. In the courtyard of the mosque stands the Kaaba, a stone cube of volcanic rocks about 15 meters high, covered with a black blanket. A meteorite, the Black Stone, is mounted on the eastern wall of the Kaaba, which must be touched when going around the Kaaba.
Inside the Kaaba there is a room with columns. When Muhammad fled from Mecca, the Kaaba was the center of the old religion of the Arabs, idols stood inside it. After the conquest of the city, Muhammad ordered them to be thrown out of the Kaaba and declared this place a place of pilgrimage for all Muslims. He believed that the Kaaba was built by Abraham, the forefather of the Jewish people, whom Muhammad greatly revered.
Every year, one and a half million Muslims make a pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina. All pilgrims wear the same spacious white robes and go around the Kaaba seven times. Everyone is trying to touch the Black Stone, although this is not easy in a huge crowd.
For many Muslims, the pilgrimage to Mecca is the main event of a lifetime. They meet many believers from other countries and in fact realize the equality of all members of the Muslim community. Muhammad called such a community the ummah. Previously, the Ummah consisted mainly of Arabs - residents of the Arabian Peninsula, but now most Muslims live in Asia. Among African Americans, many also converted to Islam. The most famous of them is boxer Muhammad Ali.
Only Muslims can make a pilgrimage to Mecca; non-Gentiles are prohibited from entering the holy city. Islam is strict in this regard, although it is otherwise very tolerant of other religions. True, provided that they have a sacred text and they honor the one God, like the Jews and Christians.
Both of these religions had a great influence on Muhammad. In Medina, where the prophet fled from Mecca, three out of five tribes professed Judaism, and many Christians lived in the south of the country. Muslims believe that God spoke to people through the prophets of the Old Testament and through Jesus. But the greatest prophet was, of course, Muhammad.
Why is Islam so widespread
Tolerance of Gentiles has facilitated the spread of Islam. After the death of the prophet, his followers in just a hundred years conquered a vast territory. With neither a large professional army, nor a clear plan of conquest, Muslim warriors subjugated North Africa and Palestine and reached Central Asia. Through Spain they reached France, where in 732 they were stopped by an army of Franks.
The victory of the Franks over the Arabs at the Battle of Poitiers was received with enthusiasm in Europe. Karl Martell, the leader of the Franks, was nicknamed Hammer and became famous as the savior of Western civilization. But in Arab historiography, this battle is almost not mentioned. Probably, for Muslims this attack of the Arab cavalry was not a planned attempt to conquer Europe, but just a usual raid on the north.
In countries conquered by Muslims, Christians and Jews were allowed, as before, to pray in churches and synagogues, but they had to pay tribute. Many new Muslim subjects were satisfied with the power of the conquerors: under the Muslim ruler, they often lived better than with the previous ones.
Muslims were not only tolerant - they supported art, culture and science. For three hundred years, Arab philosophers, mathematicians and doctors have been leading in world science. We still use the font of numbers that we received from the Arabs (although it has changed a lot since then), and the number “zero” is also known to us thanks to the Arabs.
In the heyday of Islam, schools and universities opened, grandiose buildings, mosques and palaces were built. The capital of the entire Islamic empire in 762 was Baghdad, the capital of modern Iraq.
In Baghdad, a city on the Tigris River, which already had a million inhabitants, the residence of the famous caliph Harun al-Rashid was located, scientists from all over the world flocked here. Not surprisingly, the Arabic language soon became one of the most important and that Christians and Jews converted to Islam. Islam became the religion of successful people, although at first the Muslims themselves were not very happy with the large number of converts. After all, they could no longer collect tribute from the new Muslim brothers and sisters.
The main prayers of Muslims
The creed of Islam is based on some aspects according to which there is an Orthodox Muslim. There are only five such aspects (about them a little later), and each person who has accepted the teachings of Muslims is obliged to adhere to them. Many Muslim prayers are also dedicated to them.
The main concept of Islam is the commandments that call to honor Allah and worship him as the only and almighty. And the last prophet Muhammad gives correct instructions to the believer on how to strictly observe them. Surahs from the Qur'an - help to the faithful, there he can find the answer to any of his questions. The reward for the works of the believer will be presented by paradise, about which Islam also tells in detail.
Muslim Prayers: Types and Rules
Many people know that Islam will wait on five pillars: shahada (testimony of Allah), namaz (is the obligatory prayer of Muslims), zakat (donation), saum (observance of the holy fast of Ramadan) and hajj (pilgrimage to the holy Mecca). And a faithful Muslim is simply obliged to adhere to the fulfillment of each of these pillars. And if the faithful perform shahada or Hajj only once in a lifetime, prayer must be observed every day to the fullest extent of the prescriptions.
Islamic prayer is called a daily five-fold obligatory prayer, which every Orthodox Muslim recites at a certain time of the day in a mosque or at home. The rite can be performed both in a team and independently.
During the prayer, the believer recites the surahs from the Qur'an and the dua.
They can have a different purpose, for example, to protect the believer from the machinations of shaitans, or simply to praise Allah.
Before each prayer, the believer carries out a series of steady actions, namely, washing his face, hands and feet, cleansing the prayer place, clothes, thoughts and soul.
All Muslim prayers always begin with the “Azan” call, which portends to every legitimate Muslim that the time has come for prayer. When Islamic prayers are carried out, believers pray on a special prayer rug with a qibla facing the Kaaba and Mecca. All major prayers are performed exclusively in Arabic.
As the Muslim custom shows, the gracious Allah established the fivefold daily Islamic prayer before he ascended to heaven by the great Prophet Muhammad. He embodied the main sign of faith and the main condition for the success of a Muslim.
If a faithful Muslim willfully and unjustifiably ignore namaz, he will be severely punished, as this is a fundamental and immutable principle of Islam.
Only after correctly reading the fivefold prayer of Muslims, a person has the right to enter into direct communication with God, updating his will with Him.
Because of this, the Qur'an has a certain prayer cycle, which includes the prayers “al-Subh” (morning), “al-Zuhr” (noon), “al-Asr” (evening), “al-Maghrib” (evening ) and al-Isha (night).
All prayers listed are recited in accordance with a specific time of day.
For all faithful Muslims, prayer is very significant, and a five-fold prayer is deeply honored by all who represent Islam and its movements throughout the world. Every five-time prayer, which the Muslim Quran himself bequeaths, is deeply honored by all the followers of Islam.
How should prayers be read?
It is very important for all Muslims to read Muslim prayers correctly. Communication with Allah should give courage to a person and lead him to a righteous life. The prayer of Islam is one of the five foundations of Islam, so reading prayers in Tatar or Arabic is extremely important.
It is necessary to pray in a clean space, this also applies to the purity of the body, clothing. Therefore, each time before a prayer reading, both in Russian and in Arabic, perform the ritual of ablution. Close the body properly. In men, nakedness in Islam is represented by exposure of the body from the navel to the knees, and in women the entire body, except the face and palms.
Next, you need to face Mecca, which is located in the city of Kaaba.
This holy mosque is the main shrine of Muslims around the world.
In the center of the mosque, you can find the Kaaba and pray.
Always choose the right time for prayer. And offer every prayer in due time. For reading each of the prayers a certain short time is allotted, which is determined by the position of the sun. In time, reading the prayer from beginning to end does not take more than ten minutes. And these five daily prayers are called Fudge, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha.
Comments - 2,
Every self-respecting Muslim daily observes namaz wherever he is. Mosques are not in every city, but this is not a hindrance to a true believer. In Russia, many companies are moving towards Muslims, giving them the opportunity to freely perform namaz.
I believe that it’s very right to cleanse the body, soul and thoughts before prayer. This makes it possible to open before the Almighty and appear before him as you are.
Why 2.2 billion Christians do not require special treatment when praying in the army, on trips. Do not pretend, faith is inside everyone.
Muslim prayers are the foundation of the life of every believer. With their help, any believer maintains contact with the Almighty. The Muslim tradition provides not only the obligatory fivefold daily prayers, but also personal appeals to God at any time, through reading the dua. For a pious Muslim, he prays in joy and in grief is a characteristic feature of a righteous life. Whatever difficulties the believer may face, he knows that Allah always remembers him and will protect him if he prays to him and glorifies the Most High.
The Quran - The Holy Book of the Muslim People
The Qur'an is the main book in the Muslim religion; it is the basis of the Muslim faith. The name of the holy book comes from the Arabic word "reading aloud", it can also be translated as "edification." Мусульмане очень трепетно относятся к Корану и считают, что священная книга является прямой речью Аллаха, и она существовала вечно. По закону ислама Коран можно брать только в чистые руки.
Правоверные считают, что Коран был записан учениками Мухаммеда со слов самого пророка. А передача Корана верующим была осуществлена через ангела Джабраила. Первое откровение Мухаммедом было получено, когда ему исполнилось 40 лет. После этого в течение 23 лет он получал другие откровения в разное время и в разных местах. Последнее было получено им в год его смерти. All suras were recorded by the companions of the prophet, but were first brought together after the death of Muhammad - during the reign of the first caliph Abu Bakr.
For some time, Muslims used separate suras in order to pray with Allah. Only after Osman became the third caliph, he ordered the systematization of individual notes and the creation of a single book (644–656). All surahs gathered together made up the canonical text of the holy book, which has remained unchanged to this day. Systematization was carried out primarily, according to the records of the satellite of Mohammed - Zayed. According to legend, it was in this order that the prophets bequeathed suras to use.
During the day, every Muslim should pray five times:
- The morning prayer is performed from the morning dawn to the sunrise,
- Midday prayer is performed during the period when the sun is at its zenith until the length of the shadows reaches their height,
- The evening prayer is recited from the moment when the length of the shadows reaches their height before sunset,
- Prayer at sunset takes place from the time of sunset until the evening dawn goes out,
- Prayer at twilight is read between the evening and morning dawn.
Such a fivefold prayer is called namaz. In addition to this, there are other prayers in the Qur'an that the faithful can read at any time if necessary. Islam offers prayers for all occasions. For example, Muslims often use prayer to repent of their sins. Special prayers are recited before eating and when leaving the house or entering it.
The Koran consists of 114 chapters, which are revelations of God and are called surahs. Each surah includes separate short sayings that reveal the aspect of divine wisdom - ayah. There are 6500 of them in the Qur'an. At the same time, the second surah is the longest, it has 286 verses. On average, each individual verse contains from 1 to 68 words.
The meaning of the surah is very diverse. There are biblical stories, mythological plots and descriptions of various historical events. Of great importance in the Qur'an is given to the foundations of Muslim law.
For ease of reading, the holy book is divided as follows:
- Thirty pieces of approximately the same size - juices,
- On sixty smaller parts - Hizb.
To simplify the reading of the Koran during the week, there is also a conditional division into seven manazilas.
The Qur'an, as the scripture of one of the most significant world religions, contains the necessary advice and instructions for the believer. The Qur'an allows each person to communicate directly with God. But, despite this, people sometimes forget from what they should do and how they should live properly. Therefore, the Qur'an prescribes to obey the divine laws and the will of God himself.
How to read Muslim prayers
It is recommended to perform namaz in a place specially designated for prayer. But this condition must be maintained only if there is such an opportunity. Men and women pray separately. If this is not possible, then the woman should not say prayer words out loud so as not to distract the man.
A prerequisite for prayer is ritual purity, therefore, before prayer, bathing is mandatory. The person praying should be dressed in clean clothes and face the Muslim shrine of the Kaaba. He must have a sincere intention of praying.
Muslim prayer is performed on your knees on a special rug. It is in Islam that much attention is paid to the visual design of prayers. For example, feet should be held while pronouncing sacred words so that the socks are not directed in different directions. Hands should be crossed on the chest. It is necessary to bow so that the legs do not bend, and the feet remain standing level.
The bow to the earth should be done as follows:
- Get on your knees
- Bend over
- Kiss the floor
- Freeze for a certain time in this position.
Any prayer - appeal to Allah should sound confident. But it should be understood that the solution to all your problems depends on God.
Muslim prayers can only be used by the faithful. But if you want to pray for a Muslim, you can do this with the help of Orthodox prayer. But it should be remembered that this can only be done at home.
But even in this case, it is necessary to add the words at the end of the prayer:
It is only necessary to perform the prayer in Arabic, but all other prayers are allowed to be read in translation.
The following is an example of performing morning prayers in Arabic and translated into Russian:
- The worshiper turns to Mecca and begins the prayer with the words: “Allahu Akbar”, which means “Allah is the Greatest”. This phrase is called takbir. After that, the worshiper folds his arms over his chest, while his right hand should be on top of his left.
- Next, the Arabic words “A`uzku3 billyahi and mina-sshaitani-rajim” are pronounced, which means “I am seeking protection from Allah against the damned shaitan.”
- The following reads the Surah Al-Fatih:
You should know that if any Muslim prayer is read in Russian, then you must definitely understand the meaning of the phrases uttered. It is very useful to listen to the audio recordings of Muslim prayers in the original, downloading them for free from the Internet. This will help you learn how to pronounce prayers with the right intonation.
Options for Arabic Prayers
In the Qur'an, Allah says to the faithful: "Call to Me with a dua - and I will help you." Dua in translation means "prayer." And this method is one of the types of worship of Allah. With the help of the dua, the faithful appeal to Allah and turn to God with various requests, both for themselves and for their loved ones. For any Muslim, a dua is considered a very powerful weapon. But it is very important that any prayer comes from the heart.
Dua from corruption and evil eye
Islam completely denies magic, so witchcraft is considered a sin. Dua from damage and evil eye - this is perhaps the only way to protect yourself from negativity. It is necessary to read such appeals to Allah at night, from midnight to dawn.
The best place to appeal to Allah with a dua from corruption and the evil eye is the desert. But, it is clear that this is not a prerequisite. This is generally accepted, because in such a place the believer can absolutely retire and no one and nothing will interfere with God. To read the duo from corruption and the evil eye, a separate room in the house, in which no one will enter, is quite suitable.
An important condition: this type of dua should be read only if you are sure that you have a negative impact. If you are pursued by minor failures, then you should not pay attention to them, since they can be sent to you from heaven, as retribution for any wrongdoing.
Evil Eye and Corruption will help overcome effective duas:
- The first surah of the Qur'an al-Fatih, consisting of 7 verses,
- 112 Surahs of the Qur'an Al-Ihlas, consisting of 4 verses,
- 113 Surahs of the Qur'an Al-Falyak, consisting of 5 verses,
- 114 surahs of the Qur'an An-Nas.
Reading conditions for duo from damage and evil eye:
- The text must be read in the original language,
- In the hands during the action you should hold the Quran,
- During prayer one must be in sound and sober mind, in no case, before starting to pray, do not drink alcohol,
- Thoughts during the prayer ritual should be clean, and the mood positive. It’s necessary to give up the desire to take revenge on their offenders,
- You cannot swap the above suras,
- It is necessary to carry out the ritual of getting rid of spoilage at night during the week.
The first sura is opening. God is glorified in it:
The text of the prayer reads as follows:
The Surah Al-Ikhlyas refers to human sincerity, eternity, as well as the power and superiority of Allah over everything on the sinful earth.
112 surahs of the Qur'an al-Ihlyas:
The words of the dua are as follows:
In the Surah Al-Falyak, a believer asks Allah to give the whole world a dawn that will become a salvation from all that is evil. Prayer words help free oneself from all negative and drive out evil spirits.
113 Surahs of the Quran Al-Falyak:
The words of prayer are:
The Su-An-Nas contains prayer words for all people. Speaking them, the believer begs for protection from Allah for himself and his family.
114 Surahs of the Quran An-Nas:
The words of prayer are:
Dua for cleaning the house
In the life of every person, the house occupies a significant place. Therefore, housing always needs reliable protection at all levels. There are certain suras in the Qur'an that will allow this to be done.
The Quran provides a very strong universal prayer-amulet from the Prophet Muhammad, which must be said in the morning and evening every day. It can conditionally be considered a preventive measure, since it will protect the believer and his house from shaitans and other evil spirits.
Listen to the dua to clean the house:
In Arabic, prayer is as follows:
Read it only in the original as a souvenir. In order to develop a competent pronunciation, it is recommended to listen to the audio recording in advance.
In translation, this prayer sounds like this:
Ayak 255 Al-Kursi of the Al-Bakara Surah is considered to be the most powerful for house protection. His text has a deep meaning with a mystical orientation. In this verse, in accessible words, the Lord speaks to people of Himself, he indicates that He cannot be compared with anything and with no one in the world he created. Reading this verse, a person reflects on its meaning and comprehends its meaning. When pronouncing prayer words, the believer’s heart is filled with sincere conviction and faith that Allah will help him resist the evil designs of Satan and protect his home.
The words of prayer are as follows:
The translation into Russian sounds like this:
Muslim prayer for good luck
The Qur'an contains a lot of suras, which are used as prayers for good luck. They can be used every day. In this way, you can protect yourself from all sorts of domestic troubles. There is a sign that during a yawn you should definitely cover your mouth. Otherwise, the shaitan may infiltrate you and begin to harm you. In addition, one should remember the advice of the prophet Muhammad - in order to hinder people bypassing adversity, you need to keep your own body in ritual purity. It is believed that an angel protects a pure person and asks for mercy for him from Allah.
Before reading the next prayer, a ritual bath is necessary.
The text of the prayer in Arabic is as follows:
This prayer will help to cope with any difficulties and will bring good luck to the life of the believer.
Its text translated into Russian is as follows:
You can choose suras from the Koran according to their content, listening to their own intuition. It is important to pray in full concentration, realizing that the will of Allah must be obeyed.
Muslim prayer or how to perform namaz
Registered: Mar 29, 2012 2:23 p.m.
(a) Friday prayer at the Mosque (Friday prayer).
(b) Eid (holiday) prayer in 2 rak'ahs.
Midday (Zuhr) 2 rak'ahs 4 rak'ahs 2 rak'ahs
Day (Asr) - 4 rak'ahs -
Before sunset (Maghrib) - 3 rak'ahs 2 rak'ahs
Night (Isha) - 4 rak'ahs 2 r + 1 or 3 (Vitr)
* The prayer "Voodoo" is carried out in the interval between the perfect bath (Voodoo) and before the Fard (obligatory) prayer in 2 rak'ahs.
* An additional prayer “Doha” is carried out in 2 rakahs after a full sunrise and before noon.
* For the sake of reverence for the mosque is made in 2 rakahs immediately after entering the mosque.
• Prayer in a state of need, in which the believer asks God for something special. Performed in 2 rakahs, after which a request should follow.
• Prayer for the rain.
• Prayer for lunar and solar eclipses is one of the signs of Allah. It is carried out in 2 rakahs.
• The prayer “Istihara” (Salatul-Istihara), which is performed in 2 rakahs in cases where the believer, intending to make a decision, turns to God with a request for help in making the right choice.
2. Not pronounced aloud: “Bismillah,” which means In the name of Allah.
3. Start washing the hands to the hands - 3 times.
4. Rinse your mouth - 3 times.
5. Rinse your nose - 3 times.
6. Rinse your face - 3 times.
7. Wash the right hand to the elbow - 3 times.
8. Wash the left hand to the elbow - 3 times.
9. Wet your hands and run them through your hair - 1 time.
10. At the same time, wipe the inside fingers with the index fingers of both hands, and 1 time with the thumbs behind the ears.
11. Wash the right foot to the ankles - 3 times.
12. Wash the left foot to the ankles - 3 times.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said that the sins of that person will be washed away with unclean water, like drops falling from the tips of his nails, which, preparing himself for prayer, will take due care to bathe.
• Discharge of blood or pus.
• After menstruation or the postpartum period in women.
• After an erotic sleep that causes a pollution.
• After the “Shahada” - allegations of the adoption of the Islamic faith.
2. Wash hands - 3 times.
3. Then, the genitals are washed.
4. This is followed by the usual ablution, which is performed before prayer, except for the washing of the feet.
5. Then three full handfuls of water are poured onto the head, while rubbing them with your hands into the roots of the hair.
6. Abundant ablution of the whole body begins on the right side, then on the left.
For a woman, Gusl is produced in the same way as for a man. In the event that her hair is braided into a braid, she must weave them. After that, she only needs to throw three full handfuls of water on her head.
7. At the end, the feet are rinsed, first the right and then the left foot, thereby completing the stage of complete ablution.
2. Beat with your hands on the ground (clean sand).
3. Shaking them off, simultaneously running them across the face.
4. After that, hold the left hand on the upper part of the right hand, the same with the right hand on the upper part of the left hand.
2. Zuhr - Midday prayer in 4 rakahs. It starts at noon and continues until the middle of the day.
3. Asr - Day prayer in 4 rakahs. It starts in the middle of the day and continues until the sun just begins to set.
4. Maghrib - Evening prayer in 3 rakahs. Starts at sunset (forbidden to pray when the sun has completely set).
5. Isha - Night prayer in 4 rakahs. It starts at night (full of twilight) and continues until the middle of the night.
(2) Without speaking out loud, concentrate on the thought that you are going to make such a prayer, as for example, I am going to perform the Fajr prayer for the sake of Allah, that is, the morning prayer.
(3) Raise your elbows bent. Hands should be at ear level, saying:
“Allahu Akbar” - “Allah is Great”
(4) Grasp your left hand with your right hand, placing them on your chest. Then say:
1. Al-Hamdu Lillyahahi Rabbil-Aalyamiin
2. Ar-Rahmaani r-Rahiim.
3. Maliki Yaumid-Diin.
4. Iyaka na-will Va Iyaka nasta-yiin.
5. Ihdina s-syraatal-Mustakiim.
6. Siraatal-Lyazin an'amta alay-chem.
7. Gayril Magduubi alei-chem Valyad Doo-liin.
2. To the Merciful, the Merciful.
3. The Lord of the Day of Retribution!
4. We worship you alone and we pray to you alone for help.
5. Lead us in a direct way,
6. The way that you have bestowed your blessings.
7. By those whom you have benefited, not those on whom anger has fallen, and not astray
3. Lam-Yalid-valyam yulyad
4. Va-lam yakul-lahu-Kufu-uan Ahad. "
1. Say: “He is Allah the One,
2. Allah is Eternal (only the One in Whom I will endlessly need).
5. He did not give birth and was not born
6. And there is no one equal to Him. "
The hands should rest on the knees. Then say:
In this case, the hands of both hands touch the floor first, followed by the knees, forehead and nose. Toes rest on the floor. In this position, you should say:
2. As-Salyayamu alayka Ayukhan-nabiy wa rahmatu Llaahi wa barakyatuh.
3. Assalam Alein wa ala ibaadi Llaahi-ssalikhin
4.Ashkhad Allyah ilyah ilyah Allah
5. Va Ashkhadu Anna Muhammadan Abduhu va Rasuuluh.
2. Peace be with you, O Prophet, the mercy of Allah and His blessings.
3. Peace be upon us, as well as all the righteous servants of Allah.
4. I testify that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah.
5. And I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
2. Wa ala ali Muhammad
3. Kyama Sallayta alaya Ibrahima
4. Valya ali Ibrahim
5. Wa Baarik alaya Muhammadin
6. Wa ala ali Muhammad
7. Kyamaa Barakt alaya Ibrahim
8. Wa alaya Ali Ibrahim
9. Innakya Hamidoun Majid.
3. Just as You blessed Ibrahim
5. And blessings upon Muhammad
7. Just as you sent a blessing to Ibrahim
9. Verily, all Praise and Glory belongs to You!
2. Innal Insana Lyafi Khusr
3. Illya-Lyazin to Amanu
4. Va Amilu Salihati, Va Tawasa u Bil Hakki
5. Wa Tavasa y Bissabr.
1. I swear by the evening time
2. Verily, everyone is at a loss,
3. Except those who believed
4. Committed Righteous Deeds
5. Command each other the truth and command each other patience!
2.Fasal Lee Lirabbikya Van Har
3.Inna Shani-aka Huval Abtar
1. We have given you Abundance (Countless blessings, including the river in Paradise called al-Qausar).
2. Therefore, pray for the sake of your Lord and slaughter the sacrifice.
3. Verily, your hater himself will be childless.
1. Isa Jaa Nasrul Allahi wa Fath
2. Varaitan nassa poison-hulun fi Dinil-Allahi Afvaja
3. Fa-Sabbih Bihamdi Rabika Vas-tag-firm
4. Inna-hu Kaanna Tavvaaba.
1. When the help of Allah comes and victory comes,
2. Когда ты увидишь, как люди толпами обращаются в религию Аллаха,
3. Восславь же хвалой Господа своего и попроси у Него прощения.
4. Воистину, Он – Принимающий покаяние.
1. Куль Ауузу Бираббиль -Фаляк
2. Мин Шарри маа халяк
3. Ва мин шарри гаасикын иза Вакаб
4. Ва мин шарри Наффассати филь Укад
5. Ва мин шарри Хаасидин иза Хасад.
1. Скажи: «Прибегаю к защите Господа рассвета,
2. От зла того, что Он сотворил.
3. От зла мрака, когда он наступает
4. От зла колдующих, поплевывающих на узлы,
5. От зла завистника, когда он завидует».
one.Kul Auuzu Birabby n-naas
2. Maalikin naas
4. Mines sharril Vasvasil-hannaas
5. Allases u-you visu fi sudurin-naas
6. Minal-Ginnati van-naas.
“In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Merciful”
1. Say: “I resort to the protection of the Lord of people,
4. from the evil tempter retreating (or contracting) at the remembrance of Allah,
5. Which confuses people's hearts,
6. And it happens from genies and people.
“They believed, and their hearts are comforted by the remembrance of Allah. Is it not by the remembrance of Allah that the hearts comfort themselves? ” (Koran 13:28) “If My slaves ask you about Me, then I’m close and answer the prayer’s call when he calls to Me.” (Quran 2: 186)
The Prophet (M.E.I.B.) * urged all Muslims to mention the Name of Allah after each prayer as follows:
Wahdahu Barking Ball
Lyahul Mulku, wa Lyahul Hamdu
Wahuva alaya Kully Shayin Kadir
There are many other wonderful prayers that you can memorize. A Muslim must pronounce them throughout the day and night, thereby maintaining constant contact with his Creator. The author chose only those that are simpler and easier to remember.
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How to ask the Almighty for a prayer to be accepted?
We often hear the word “dua” (prayer), especially during meetings of Muslims, collective rites: Friday prayers, dhikr, mawlids, on the Taziyat (with condolences), when they ask an elderly or pious person to make a dua. However, not everyone knows the meaning and essence of the dua, when it is desirable to do it. And also, how it should be done so that the Almighty heeded him and answered him. In order to shed light on this topic, we decided to write this article.
However, I must note that even following all of the following recommendations does not guarantee a 100% guarantee that the Almighty will answer our prayer. Since He is the Lord of all and all, and we are only His slaves. It is our business to ask and pray for Him, and whether there will be an answer to our prayer or not, no one but Allah Himself. Sometimes it happens that after repeated prayers we, having not received an answer, give up and lose hope. In no case should we forget that the Most High is our Creator, that He knows everything that was, is and will be. Therefore, who, except Him, can know what is best for us? No one! Therefore, if the Almighty does not answer our prayers, this does not mean at all that He does not hear us or is angry with us. It is possible that the Almighty does not answer our prayers because it can harm us, our worldly or afterlife. In any case, our dua does not go unnoticed, in vain. If we do not receive an answer to our dua, then the Almighty will reward us for what we asked in this world and did not receive it in the Other World, since the dua is also an ibadat (worship of the Almighty).
Definition of the term "dua".
Defining the term “dua”, al-Khattabi said: “The meaning of the word“ dua ”is a request from the Lord for care and help. The essence of the dua is the identification of the need for the Almighty, the cleansing of oneself of strength and power (that is, the recognition that it is powerless to do something good or leave something bad), this is a sign of slavery and a notice of weakness, as well as praise to the Almighty and an understanding of His generosity and humility. ”
فقال الخطابي: "معنى الدعاء استدعاءُ العبدِ ربَّه عزَّ وجلَّ العنايةَ، واستمدادُه منه المعونةَ. وحقيقته: إظهار الافتقار إلى الله تعالى، والتبرُّؤ من الحول والقوّة، وهو سمةُ العبودية، واستشعارُ الذلَّة البشريَّة، وفيه معنى الثناء على الله عزَّ وجلَّ، وإضافة الجود والكرم إليه"
The Almighty says: “So remember Me (making prayers, making dua, etc.) and I will remember you (I will reward you)” (Sura Al-Bakara, ayat 152).
فَاذْكُرُونِي أَذْكُرْكُمْ وَاشْكُرُوا لِي وَلَا تَكْفُرُونِ (سورة البقرة آية 152)
In another verse, the Almighty says (meaning): “Verily, for the Muslims and Muslim women who often remember Allah, Allah prepared forgiveness and reward” (Sura Al-Ahzab, ayat 35).
إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ . وَالذَّاكِرِينَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا (سورة الأحزاب آية 35)
In another ayah, Allah says (meaning): “And remember your Lord to yourself, humbly and with fear and quietly in the mornings and evenings and do not forget to remember Allah (Sura Al-Araf, ayat 205).
وَاذْكُرْ رَبَّكَ فِي نَفْسِكَ تَضَرُّعًا وَخِيفَةً وَدُونَ الْجَهْرِ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ وَلَا تَكُنْ مِنَ الْغَافِلِينَ (سورة الأعراف 205)
What is said about the dua in the Qur'an and hadith?
The Almighty in the Qur'an says (meaning): “And if My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) about Me, then I am close, I answer the prayers of the one asking when he asks Me. So let them (My slaves) ask Me and continue to believe in Me, and then they will be on the true path ”(Sura Al-Bakara, ayah 186).
وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ (سورة البقرة آية 186)
The Almighty in the Quran says (meaning): “So ask Allah to grant you out of His generosity. Verily Allah knows all kinds of things (including your requests) ”(Surah“ An-Nisa, ayat 32 ”).
وَاسْأَلُوا اللَّهَ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمًا (سورة النساء آية 32)
The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi vasallam) said: “Dua is the weapon of the believer, the pillar of religion and the light of heaven and earth” (Jamiul-ahadis, 12408).
الدعاء سلاح المؤمن وعماد الدين ونور السموات والأرض (جامع الأحاديث 12408)
Adabs (desired actions) and the reasons for the adoption of the dua.
1) The manifestation of sincerity towards Allah,
2) Decisiveness in supplication and firm conviction in its acceptance,
3) Persistence in supplication and unwillingness to rush things,
4) Humility during a dua,
5) A prayer to the Almighty in joy and sorrow,
6) Pronunciation of prayer aloud, but not loudly,
7) The absence of a request for harm to someone or anything,
8) Confession of sins and a request for forgiveness,
9) Recognition of the blessings that Allah endowed us with and praise and thanksgiving for them,
10) The return of all debts and repentance for them,
11) Ask the Almighty for three times,
12) Head towards the Kaaba,
13) hand lifting,
14) Start asking first for yourself, and only then for others,
15) To ask the Almighty through His most beautiful names, epithets or through a good deed,
16) So that the asking clothes, food and drink can be obtained in the permitted way,
17) Do not ask for sinful or breaking ties of kinship,
18) Do not cross the boundaries of what is permitted in prayer (for example, do not ask Allah to make a prophet),
19) To do good and guard others from evil and forbidden,
20) Removal from all that is forbidden.
Times, situations and places in which the Almighty accepts the dua.
1) Dua, performed on the night “Lailat-ul-frame” (night of predestination),
2) The last third of the night,
3) Immediately after performing the obligatory, daily five prayers,
4) Between azan and ikamat,
5) In the rain,
6) During a clash of ranks in the battle of Muslims and non-Muslims,
7) When drinking water, Deputy Deputy, with a sincere and pure intention,
8) At the time of the fulfillment of the sujd (bow of the earth),
9) When in the middle of the night you wake up and do a dua,
10) When you go to bed at night in the bath, and then specially get up and ask the Almighty,
11) Say the following prayer during the dua: “La ilaha illa anta subhanaka inni kuntu mina-zzalimin” (There is no deity worthy of worship, except You, I am pure from all that is unworthy. Truly, I myself oppress (committing sins)),
12) A dua of people after a believer dies,
13) Dua after reading salavat on the Prophet (sallallahu alaikhi wasallam) in the last tashahhud (at-tahiyat),
14) The dua of one Muslim to another, in his absence,
15) Dua on the day of Araf (10th day of the month of Zul-hijj) on Mount Araf,
16) Dua in the month of Ramadan,
17) During the meeting of Muslims for the collective commemoration of the Almighty (dhikr),
18) Reading this prayer when some misfortune befalls: “Inna lillahi vainna ilyayhi ar-rajuna, allahumma ujurni fi musibati wahluf li hairan minha” (Verily we all belong to Allah and will be returned to Him. Oh Allah, grant me compensation for the grief that overtook me and replace my loss with what is better than her),
19) Dua oppressed in relation to the oppressor,
20) A dua of parents to their children, whether good or bad,
22) Dua fasting until he begins to talk,
23) Dua fasting during a conversation,
24) Dua is in dire need, one who is in a very difficult situation,
25) Dua of a fair ruler,
26) Dua a good child to his parents,
27) Dua after washing,
28) Dua after throwing stones (during the Hajj),
29) Dua inside the Kaaba,
30) Dua on Safa Hill,
May the Almighty accept the dua of each of us, reward us for this, and inspire in our hearts precisely those words that He wants to hear from us. So let's take the dua into service and protect us and our religion from the enemies of Islam and their patron, the Iblis! Amine.
Namaz - the second pillar of Islam
Namaz is one of the foundations of the religion of Islam. With its help, a connection is made between man and the Almighty. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Know that the best of your actions is prayer!” Reading prayer five times a day helps a person strengthen his faith each time, cleanse his soul from perfect sins and protect himself from future sins. Another hadith says: "The first thing a person will be asked about on the day of the Court is about the time of the perfect prayer."
Before each prayer, a true Muslim performs ablution and appears before his Creator. In the morning prayer, he glorifies Allah, endlessly affirming His exclusive right to worship. The Believer turns to the Creator for help and asks Him for a direct path. As evidence of humility and fidelity, a person descends to the ground in a bow to the Almighty.
How to read namaz (Namaz uku tertibe)
Prayers are performed in Arabic - the language of Revelation - 5 times a day:
- at dawn (Irtange)
- in the middle of the day (Oyla),
- in the evening (Ikend)
- at sunset (Ahsham),
- at dusk (Yastu).
This determines the rhythm of the day of a Muslim believer. To perform namaz, women and men must cleanse their soul and body, clothing, and place of prayer. Whenever possible, righteous Muslims should seek prayer in a mosque. If this is not possible, it is allowed to pray almost anywhere, for example, at the university or in the office.
Before the obligatory prayer, there is an appeal to her - Azan. The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in order to show that Azan is a manifestation of piety, said: "If the time has come for prayer, let one of you read the Azan to you."
To read the prayer, the following conditions must be met:
- ritual purity. A person who is in a state of desecration must perform a ritual ablution (full or partial, in accordance with the degree of desecration),
- clean place. Prayer should be performed only in a clean, undefiled place (free from nadzhasy - impurity),
- qibla. During prayer, the believer should stand in the direction of the Muslim shrine of the Kaaba,
- clothes. A Muslim should be dressed in absolutely clean clothes, not soiled with sewage (for example, human or animal excrement, unclean animal hair, like a pig or dog). Aurat should also cover the clothes - places that a believer should close according to Sharia (for a man - a part of the body from the navel to the knees, for a woman - the whole body, except for the face, hands and feet),
- intention. A person must have a sincere intention to perform a prayer (niyat),
- sobriety of reason. Alcohol, various psychotropic and narcotic drugs in Islam are absolutely forbidden (this is haram).
Muslim prayer if you want to repent of sins
It should be read with sincere repentance:
Allaahumma ante rabbi, ilya ilyayae ila ili ant, halyaktaniya wa ana 'abduk, wa ana' alaya 'ahdikya wa wa'dikya mastato'tu, a'uuzu bikya min sharri maa sona'tu, abuuu lakya bi nimatikya' alaya wa abuu'ulyakya bi zanbii, fagfirlia, fa innekhu yagfiruz-zunuube il ant.
O Allah, You are my Lord! There is no God but You. You made me, and I am Your slave. And I will try to justify the responsibility entrusted to me, to keep my word to the extent of my strength and capabilities. I resort to You, moving away from all the evil that I have accomplished. I acknowledge the blessings that You have bestowed upon me, and I acknowledge my sin. Forgive me! Verily, no one will forgive my mistakes except You. Note: becoming a Muslim, a person assumes a certain responsibility and gives the Almighty the vow not to commit the forbidden and to fulfill what is obligatory.
Muslim prayer if you want to get married or get married
First, a ritual ablution is performed (taharat, abdest), after which it is necessary to perform two rak'ahs of additional prayer and say:
Allaahumma Innakya Takdir Valya Akdir Wa Ta'lyam Wa La A'lyam Wa Ante 'Alla-Yamul-Guyyub, Fa In Ra'aita Anna (gives the girl's name) Khayrun Lii Fii Di-nii wa Dunya-ya Aahyratiya Fakdurhaali, wa in kyanet gayruhaa hairan lii minhaa phii diii wa dunya-ya aahyratiya fakdurhaa liya.
O Allah! Everything is in Your power, but I am not able to do anything. You know everything, but I don’t. You know everything that is hidden from us. And if You consider that it is the best for the preservation of my religiosity and well-being both in this and in the future worlds, then help me to become my wife (husband). And if the other is the best for preserving my religiosity and well-being in both worlds, then help me so that the other becomes my wife (husband).
Muslim prayer recited in case of loss of a thing
First, a ritual ablution is performed (taharat, abdest), after which it is necessary to perform two rak'ahs of additional prayer and say:
Bismil-liah. Ya haadiyad-dullyal va raaddad-dollati-rdud ‘alyaya dool-lyatii bi‘ izzatikya va sultaanik, fa innahaa min ‘atoikya va fadlik.
I start with the name of Allah. O One who directs those who have left him on the right path! O One who returns what has been lost. Give me back the lost thing with your greatness and power. Truly, this thing has been granted by Thee to me by Your unlimited mercy.
Muslim prayer against problems, troubles, misfortunes and sorrows
Innaa lil-lyayahi wa innaa ilyayhi raaji’uun, allaahumma ‘indakya akhtasibu musybybatiya fa’jurniya fiihe, in abdilnee bihee hairan minhe.
Verily, we all belong to Allah and, verily, we all return to Him. Oh Lord, before you I will give an account for understanding and correctness in overcoming this misfortune. Reward me for the patience shown by me, and replace the misfortune of what is better than her.
Muslim prayer against difficulty, need and problems
First, a ritual ablution is performed (taharat, abdest), after which it is necessary to perform two rak'ahs of additional prayer and say:
Alhamdu lil-lyahyah rabbil-a'alamiyin, as'alyukya muujibaati rahmatik, wa 'azaima magfiratik, val-ismata min kulli zanb, val-ganyimata min kulli bir, you-salayamata min kully ism, yelling tada' liafa zanban wallowing hamman illya farrajtah, wallowing haajaten khiya lyakya ridan illya kadaytahaa, ya arkhamar-raahimiin.
True praise belongs only to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. I ask You, O Allah, for that which will bring Your mercy to me, the effectiveness of Your forgiveness, protection from sins, benefit from all that is righteous. I ask you to be saved from all mistakes. Do not leave a single sin that You would not forgive me, not a single anxiety from which You would not spare me, and not a single need that, being right, would not be satisfied with You. You are the Most Gracious.