Crosswords are very different: digital, alphabetic, black and white or multi-colored. Whatever they are, they are built on the same principle - they all represent a logical grid.
Japanese crossword puzzle - a puzzle in which some image is encrypted using numbers. The aim of the puzzle is to fully restore this image.
Japanese crosswords are divided into two types - black and white and color. In black and white crosswords, the image contains only two colors - black (which we draw) and white (background color). In color crosswords, the image is created in several colors on a white background.
Black and white Japanese crossword "House"
Color Japanese crossword "Diskette"
The field of the Japanese crossword is drawn by horizontal and vertical lines of different thicknesses. The thickest lines separate the central part (the field for the picture) from the numbers. With thinner lines, the field is divided into groups of 5 cells (both horizontally and vertically) - this is done solely for convenience (it is more convenient to consider the width / height of the groups of cells). The image itself in the Japanese crossword puzzle is formed by painting individual cells (the central part) in the desired color. An unfilled cell is considered white.
The numbers indicated on the left and on top of the crossword puzzle describe groups of filled cells (in a row, without gaps) horizontally and vertically, respectively. Moreover, the order of these numbers describes the order of location of these groups, but where each group begins and ends is not known (in fact, determining their position is a puzzle task). Each individual digit denotes a separate group of a given size (i.e., figure 5 denotes a group of five cells shaded in a row, 1 - a group of one single shaded cell). In black and white crosswords, we always paint over the cell in black, in color - we paint over the cell with the color that the number is marked with. Between groups of the same color there should be at least one unfilled cell (just differently they would be considered one group), between groups of different colors there may not be empty cells.
|The main requirement for Japanese crosswords is that the crossword must have a single logical solution, achievable without various "guesses" (trial and error). But, unfortunately, often enough you can find crosswords that have several solutions, or crosswords that cannot be solved by purely analytical methods. Sometimes there are even crosswords that have errors (more precisely, typos) that make the crossword puzzle completely unsolvable. For this reason, we recommend that beginners do not pay attention to cheap newspapers / magazines with Japanese crosswords, and with great caution apply to Japanese crosswords in newspapers that do not specialize in this type of crossword puzzles, as in such publications errors are very common. We also want to note that for all the crosswords located on our site, we guarantee that they do not have errors and that they all have exactly one solution that is achievable without guessing.|
Japanese scanwords and their feature
So, Japanese differs from the ordinary letter crossword in that the image is hidden in it, and you can solve it with the help of numbers. Next, a whole instruction will be given on how to solve Japanese crosswords.
They are divided into black and white and multi-colored. This means that the black and white scanword uses one color for painting, and all other empty cells remain unchanged. In a color crossword puzzle, the author encrypted a color image on an untouched white background of empty cells. The most popular publication for many years now is Mole. Publishers did not stop there and released a computer program so that they could solve the Japanese Mole crossword for free.
The area of the Japanese crossword looks like a field with lines drawn perpendicularly. Around the field is drawn a frame with wider lines, followed by figures. In the central part there is a field for the image. The image area looks like a field in a cell, each of which is also divided into cells even smaller. Thus, it turns out that in one group there are five cells horizontally and vertically. Thanks to the group application of cells, it is more convenient to count, because the images are very large.
How to solve a Japanese puzzle
Everything is clear with the description of the crossword, the question remains: how to solve Japanese crosswords? The picture in the Japanese crossword puzzle is performed by painting the cells in the central area of the field with the corresponding color. Cells that remain unpainted create a backdrop and are considered white.
It is usually customary to indicate the numbers on the left side of the crossword puzzle and on top. They determine the number of cells that should be painted over in a row, and there should not be gaps between them. So, on the left side, the written numbers indicate how many filled cells should be horizontal, and on top - their number vertically.
When guessing, not only numbers, but also the order in which they are located. This means that, as indicated, in the same order and it is necessary to determine the position of the groups. However, it is not known where the beginning and end of these groups is - this is the essence of the puzzle to find their exact location.
Each number corresponds to the number of filled cells. So, for example, the number "6" means that a group of six cells is painted over in a row, and the number "2" - two cells and so on.
Online games are built in the same way, that is, Japanese black and white crosswords to solve for free on the World Wide Web need exactly the same principle.
How to solve Japanese crosswords
The solution of color crosswords and black and white are slightly different (because black and white crosswords do not need to take into account the color of cells, the rules are slightly simplified) - that's why for now we will talk exclusively about black and white crosswords.
When solving Japanese crosswords, a person considers each row / column separately, constantly moving on to the next columns and rows. In this case, the decision process in each row / column is reduced to:
- The definition of cells that will be precisely painted over (at any possible arrangement of groups) - we paint them.
- Identification of cells in which the presence of filled cells is impossible - such cells are crossed out with a cross (sometimes a bullet is used instead of a cross).
- Definition of numbers whose position has already been calculated - usually these numbers are crossed out.
Thus, notes gradually appear on the field, which in the next step help to calculate new marks, then again and again, until the crossword puzzle is completely solved (it should be noted that if at least one mark was mistakenly, this can lead to to a dead end solution).
So, let's try to solve the simplest black and white crossword puzzle:
|Before us is a simple crossword puzzle measuring 9x9 cells. We will gradually solve this crossword puzzle explaining each step. So that you do not get confused, we will mark new notes in blue.|
|First, let's see if there are lines in the crossword puzzle that should be completely filled. It turns out there is - in our case it is the number 9 in the fourth line. Because the width of the crossword puzzle is exactly 9 cells - which means that all the cells in this row must be filled. At the same time, we cross out the number 9 itself so that it does not distract us.|
|By analogy, we are looking for columns that should be completely filled.|
|Let's look at the third line. Remember a little rule that will help us a lot - if the number next to the row or column is only one and is more than half the length, then you can paint over several cells in the middle. In our case, these are the central five cells. Why? No matter how you place a group of seven cells in nine cells, the five center cells will always be filled (to calculate this, you can subtract the value of the digit from the width of the crossword puzzle - we get the number 2, which means the number of "unknown" cells on the left and right, and fill the remaining central five cells).|
|Now we can mark with crosses (or dots) cells that clearly cannot be painted over. Let's take a look at the first line - it is completely guessed, because we already have one filled cell, and there should not be more filled cells in it. So, we mark all other cells with crosses. Similarly in the sixth and seventh lines. Do not forget to cross out the numbers in the unraveled lines.|
|In the fifth row, we have one filled cell, and since in this line there is nothing more than single cells, we can mark the cells to the left / right of the unraveled crosses. We cannot cross out numbers, because even though we guessed one number, we don’t know exactly which one. A similar situation in the eighth line. Also in the ninth line we can say for sure that the first two cells and the last two will definitely not be painted over. Why? It’s just that we have already figured out one cell in this line, and the only digit in this line - the three, should be part of this filled cell.|
|Now let's look at the first column - just like in the previous step, we have only one digit in this column - two, and one guessed cell. Accordingly, the first two, and the last four cells - will definitely not be painted over. The situation is similar in the second and last four columns.|
|You can notice that in the central five columns there are very few empty cells, even more so - their number exactly matches the numbers indicated above. So all these cells can be painted over.|
|Turning to the lines, we can see that the second and last two lines are already resolved. And in the fifth line we can put crosses to the left and to the right of the unraveled cells, because except for single cells in this row there is nothing.|
|Now we can see that in the fifth row there are only two free cells, just under the two remaining ones. (it is worth noting that the fifth row could be unraveled from the very beginning, because in nine cells you can arrange five single cells of the same color in only one possible way)|
|Turning to the columns, we see that the first and last columns are already unraveled. It remains only to paint over the last cells in the second and eighth columns, and. Congratulations! The crossword puzzle is completely solved!|
Now we highly recommend that you solve this crossword puzzle again, but now - on your own: go to the crossword puzzle.
Happened? Fine! Further, we recommend that you solve crosswords in this order: go to the list of crosswords. We only wish you success and a pleasant game!
If you solve a black and white crossword, then you need to choose one color that will be used to paint over the picture, and in color you need to exactly match the numbers indicated in color. So, for example, the numbers are placed behind the field: “2” is yellow, “6” is blue and “3” is red. So, it is necessary to paint over in the same order the groups of the same number of cells of the corresponding colors.
It is accepted that between groups of the same color of cells that are painted in a black and white crossword puzzle, in any case, at least one cell should remain empty. But this rule is suitable only for one-color scanword, it does not apply to color Japanese crosswords. So, in multi-colored puzzles between groups of filled cells, there may not be empty ones.
So we have analyzed the main features of how to solve Japanese crosswords color and black and white. The main thing, solving the puzzle, you need to remember and understand that the shaded groups and empty cells must correspond to numbers and gaps both horizontally and vertically at the same time. This is the only way to accurately solve the encrypted image; it is impossible to solve the crossword at random.
Crosswords are not excluded on sale, in which there are several solutions at once or with an impossible solution to the puzzle by a simple analytical method. It is worth paying attention to the proven for many years edition of the Japanese Krot crosswords, which any beginner can solve and get only pleasure from this process. And also come across crosswords with a typo. Because of this error, they cannot be resolved. For this reason, beginners do not need to buy Japanese crosswords at a low price. And do not waste time solving in newspapers that do not specialize in Japanese crosswords. There may be errors in them.
And there are also many smartphone apps that let you solve Japanese crosswords for free.
Instructions for solving Japanese crosswords
As mentioned above, in black and white crosswords for solving only one color is used, which greatly simplifies the task. Therefore, it is better to start learning with simpler puzzles, so this will be about this kind of crossword puzzles. Solving the Japanese crossword, you need to consider each row and column in turn. Do this very carefully. Here are the basic rules on how to solve Japanese crosswords. For beginners and experienced, they are the same.
You need to find out by looking at the horizontal and vertical columns:
- Calculate those cells that need to be painted accurately, considering all possible options for the location of groups of cells.
- Calculate those cells that cannot be painted under any conditions, usually to indicate empty cells put either a dot or a cross.
- For the convenience of the solution, you can cross out those numbers whose position has already been determined.
If solved by this method, then the filled cells and marked empty cells will appear more and more on the field. So you need to continue until there is not a single free cell left, which means that the crossword puzzle will be solved. It is very important to avoid erroneous marks, otherwise even one incorrectly set point or filled cell can lead to an incorrect decision. If at the very beginning the error can still be corrected, then without noticing it, then solving the crossword puzzle will be very difficult to find and fix it. In order to learn how to solve well and quickly, you need to exercise more often, then each time it will be faster to paint more and more new pictures. Otherwise, you won’t be able to figure out how to solve Japanese crosswords.
You need to start solving any Japanese crossword puzzle carefully and don’t rush to sketch cells without making sure the actions are correct. At the very beginning, it is necessary to note the largest numbers both horizontally and vertically. It is possible that there are already such rows or columns that are precisely painted over completely. For example, the magnitude of the field is 28 cells, and there is such a figure in the left or top. Then you need to go to the numbers lower in descending order. If the number is slightly less than the crossword field, then it is worth counting the group of cells in one and the other direction. The part that, in any case, enters the cells when counting, must be painted over. When groups of cells are defined, then empty cells must be marked between them.
So, if one line of sketched cells is defined in a row and there is a dot, then you can go further and in the same way count from the remaining empty cells those that will be filled.
Pay attention more often and double-check yourself from top to bottom and horizontally.
It is better for beginners to start learning how to solve with a simple pencil, so that in case of an error they can be fixed.