Finally, the moment has come when you purchased your own set of diving equipment. Before you lies a brand new wetsuit, a vest - compensator, a mask with a snorkel, flippers and other bells and whistles with interesting names.
What to do with all this good? In what sequence and how to put all this on yourself?
I foresee and immediately agree with the opinion that telling is not at all the same as showing. Therefore, it is better for a novice diver to first take a minimum course on handling equipment in the nearest dive center. But if this is not possible, try to understand at least the theory.
- Putting on thermal protection
- wet type
- dry type
- Scuba assembly
Before starting the dressing process, inspect all your gear. You must have all the elements of the systems described below:
Thermal Protection System:
Set No. 1 (snorkeling system):
Buoyancy Monitoring System:
- buoyancy compensator
- freight system
Air supply system:
- first and second steps of the regulator
- alternative air source
Have you checked? If everything is in place then let's start.
Putting on thermal protection
First of all, we will put on a thermal protection system.
For putting on a wet wetsuit like open time, you need shampoo and water. Without these two components, you are unlikely to wear it. The open pore will stick to the body, preventing the wetsuit from spreading normally and increasing the risk of tearing it.
Diluted in water, the shampoo lubricates the inside of the suit and it slides over the body, making it easier to put on. In order to less irritate the skin with prolonged immersion, it is better to choose a shampoo with a neutral PH level, for example, for children.
The dressing technology is this. First, add a handful of shampoo to 1.5 - 2 liters of water and shake the mixture well. Then we take the pants from the suit, hold the bottom of the legs with one hand so that the water does not pour out, and fill in half of the resulting solution.
Holding the trouser leg with one hand and the upper part of the trousers with the other, we alternately raise and lower one or the other side, as if rolling liquid along the entire inner surface of the trousers. We roll it well so that the entire inner side is covered with a soapy solution.
After that we release the bottom of the legs, pouring the solution, and gently roll up the upper part of the pants. We insert one leg into the leg, pulling the first to the knee, and then also the second. When pulling up, be careful not to touch the inside of the suit with your fingers so as not to damage the micropore.
Then also gently pull the pants on the hips, while straightening out the bumps. First we stick one hand, and then the other into the “suspenders” of the pants.
Now it's up to the top of the suit. We hold the sleeves and the neck with one hand, pour in the remnants of the soap solution and take the lower part with the other hand. With the same movements as we did with the pants, we wet the inner surface of the “jacket” and the sleeves.
After rinsing well, pour the solution. Turn the inside of the jacket slightly outward and insert one hand first and then the other. Some divers use a plastic bag worn on the brush for this purpose. It is possible so, but if you rinsed the sleeves well, then this is superfluous - the hand slides into it normally.
Having inserted both hands to shoulder level, we take up the back of the jacket and throw it on the head, slightly spreading our arms out in different directions. We try to do everything carefully so as not to damage the inside of the suit.
Throwing the jacket over the head and shoulders, with light movements we pull it along the body, straightening the folds.
Now it remains only to skip the “tail” located on the back of the jacket between the legs and fasten it in front with clips.
If there is no combined hood on the jacket of the suit, but attached separately, then before putting on the jacket you need to put on the hood, also rinsing it with soap and water first. He is worn from the forehead to the back of the head, hair is tucked under it, and the neck of the hood is straightened.
Bots (or socks) are often made with obturation on their upper part. This is the same open time only from the outside of the bot. It is needed so that when pulling the trouser-legs of the wetsuit over the bot, the latter are tightly “glued” to each other. In order for everything to work out correctly, you need to slightly roll up the trouser leg, put on the bot and roll it back over the shutter.
Gloves are worn just as well, except that their edge is pulled ON the edge of the sleeve, and not under it. Insulated gloves may have double obturation. In this case, the sleeve rolls up, the glove is put on with an outer obturation rolled off onto the brush (the inner one fits the forearm). Then the sleeve is rolled, and on top of it is the outer obturation of the glove.
Dry wetsuit worn easier, firstly, it has an internal fabric coating and fits perfectly without additional lubrication, and secondly, it is made whole, which does not require unnecessary operations when donning.
Before putting on, the upper part of the suit must be turned out. Insert one and then the other leg into the legs with bots and gently, gradually straightening the bumps, pull to the chest level. It must be pulled, unlike wet, holding on to the inside.
After you pulled it to the level of the chest, insert your hands into the sleeves and throw the top with a hood over your head. It remains only to fasten the inner and then the outer zippers, and you're done.
Double-wrap gloves are worn as if they were wearing a wet wetsuit.
Assembly and scuba gear and donning of a buoyancy control system
Before putting on a buoyancy compensator, you need to fasten a balloon to it. This applies only to compensators - vests, because when using other types, the balloon is fastened independently of the compensator.
The cylinder can be attached to the back of the compensator with one or two straps and additionally fixed under the valve with a safety strap.
Before fixing the bottle, you need to wet the mounting belt (s). This is done for what. When wet, the material of the belt tends to stretch a little, and if you fix the container to dry, it will become more elastic in the water and the container will simply slip out of the fasteners.
The cylinder must be positioned so that its valve is slightly higher than the top edge of the compensator, and you can reach it with your hand, but at the same time it does not rest against the back of your head.
After such adjustment of the cylinder height, you need to throw and fasten a safety strap under the valve. Even if the fastening straps suddenly do not hold the bottle, the strap will not let it slip out.
Now you need to balloon connect the regulator (spider). You, of course, figured out the connection types DIN and YOKE and chose the right regulator.
Do not remember what I mean? Reminder in the article Scuba Regulator.
In order to properly connect the regulator, turn the buoyancy compensator with the balloon so that the first one looks at you. Now arrange the hoses so that both second steps are on the left, and the pressure gauge and the blow hose are on the right. When putting the compensator on your back, their location in relation to you will accordingly be reversed.
Connect the first stage of the regulator to the cylinder, remembering to check the presence and integrity of the gasket (o-ring) before doing this. You shouldn’t be too zealous during screwing, because after opening the valve, the air pressure from the cylinder will additionally seal the connection.
In the next step, connect the blowing hose to the inflator, for which, having pulled the connecting sleeve, put the connector on the inflator fitting and release the sleeve. Damn, how can this be explained in simple words?
In general, put the free part of the blowing hose onto the tube protruding from the inflator and secure it with a coupling. Something like this…
Check the connection by pulling on the hose. It should not disconnect!
So, for now, that's all. Try to digest the above. Read on here.
P.S. If you have any questions after reading the article, feel free to ask in the comments.
P.P.S. The topics that will be revealed in the near future can be found on this page.
How to put on a “wet” wetsuit
“Wet” or a wetsuit with an open pore is sewn from neoprene - a specially made foam rubber and has no lining. Despite the elasticity of the material, it must be worn very carefully so as not to accidentally tear. A tight fit without gaps is quite simple to ensure - with the help of soapy water, which is moistened with neoprene from the inside.
Experienced divers advise using high-quality baby shampoo with a neutral pH that does not irritate the skin and mucous membrane. Shampoo should be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 2. For winter diving, hunters usually stock up with a thermos of hot water that warms the suit from the inside.
The process of putting on a wetsuit is as follows.
- Take the lower part of the suit in your hands and hold the trouser legs from below, after which fill in half the soap composition. Holding the upper hole with your hand, carefully roll the liquid inside the pants so that each part of the inner surface is thoroughly wetted with soap and water.
- Pour soapy water, pick up one trouser leg with your fingers halfway, like a stocking, and put your foot in it. If the surface is well moistened, the foot will slip without problems. Then do the same with the second leg, then carefully pull the pants on the hips, spread the wrinkles with your palms. Try not to touch while putting on the inside of the suit with your fingers and not to pull the fabric too sharply so as not to tear.
- Take the jacket, hold the sleeves and neckline, pour in the remaining water. Pour the liquid inside the jacket until every part of the suit is wet. Pour out water.
- Twist the jacket to half, put your hand in one sleeve, pull it to the shoulder, then the other hand - in the second sleeve.
- Extend your elbows slightly to the sides, throw the back of the jacket behind your head, stick your head in the hole in the collar or in the hood. Smoothly spread the jacket along the body, smoothing the creases.
- Pass the strap between the legs and fasten in front.
Sometimes, in order to put on a wetsuit, they use a plastic bag that alternately wraps the limbs. After sticking the arms or legs, the package is pulled out. Nevertheless, in this case, you can not do without wetting the suit from the inside with soapy water.
Putting on a “dry” wetsuit
A “dry” wetsuit does not fit as tightly as a “wet” one and is sewn on a lining, so it is worn much easier. It does not need to be wetted from the inside - on the contrary, it must remain dry when immersed. The costume is used with underwear and cotton socks, and in winter - with thermal underwear and two pairs of socks.
- Unscrew the top of the suit.
- Carefully slip your foot into one leg while holding the inside.
- Repeat the operation with another leg.
- Pull the suit over your hips, straighten to the chest.
- Insert one arm, then the other, into the sleeves.
- Throw the upper part of the suit over your shoulders and head, straighten the folds.
- Zip the inner and outer zippers.
- Put on gloves.
After the suit is worn, you can begin to put on the breathing apparatus and other accessories.
How to put on a “wet” wetsuit?
Wet and semi-wet wetsuits are made from neoprene. This is a material that has no lining and is a specially made foam rubber. Although it stretches very well, it is easy to tear, so wear it very carefully. So that such a suit fits snugly against the body, it is moistened with soapy water from the inside, which gave the name to neoprene suits.
Divers advise using baby shampoo to prepare the solution. It does not irritate the skin and has a neutral acid-base balance. In the cold season, the costume is warmed from the inside using a thermos with hot water. The procedure for putting on a suit should be as follows:
- Hold the lower part of the legs with your hand, pour about half of the prepared solution into them.
- Then hold the legs on top and thoroughly “mix” it inside the suit.
- Pour excess water from the suit, making sure that each part of it is well moistened.
- First put on one leg, then the second. If they are moistened well, then there will be no problems. The main thing is not to pull it too sharply.
- Pour the remainder of the solution into the wetsuit jacket, pinching the ends of the sleeves and the neckline. Thoroughly wet the entire inner surface and drain the solution.
- Unscrew the jacket halfway, put on one sleeve to the shoulder, then the second.
- Throw the jacket over his head, smoothly spread it over the body.
- Button the strap.
Sometimes for greater convenience they use a plastic bag, which is pulled out after part of the suit is on the body. However, wetting the surface of the wetsuit from the inside is also required in this case.
How to put on a “dry” wetsuit?
Dry wetsuits are much easier to put on. It is not so tight to the body and has a comfortable lining. It is not required to wet it, on the contrary - it should be as dry as possible from the inside. Socks and underwear are put on under the suit, and in the cold season also thermal underwear.
Put it on as follows:
- Turn off the upper half of the wetsuit.
- Holding the suit, carefully insert one note into the leg. Then repeat the same with the second leg.
- Seamlessly, without abrupt movements, they stretch the trouser legs of the wetsuit to the hips.
- Spread the suit on the stomach and back to the chest.
- Carefully put on one and the other sleeve in turn.
- Throw the rest of the wetsuit onto your head.
- Zippers, first internal, and then external. It is important to monitor the tightness of the fasteners.
- Wear gloves.
After that, you can put on a breathing apparatus and scuba equipment necessary for diving.