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Ingrown toenail: home treatment, folk remedies

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An ingrown nail (onychocryptosis) is a common condition in which an angle or edge of a nail grows into the skin. As a result, redness, swelling occurs, suppuration and other complications may develop.

It is immediately worth noting that very often the nail plate grows only one and most often on the thumb. At the very beginning of the disease, the nail grows into the skin, after which the latter becomes red and inflamed, walking is accompanied by pain. If you think that this will pass by itself and not take any measures, then the nail will begin to grow deeper. The pain does not recede even at rest. If for some reason you press on the nail, then the pain will intensify.

In the most advanced cases, redness is replaced by cyanosis, blood and pus are released. At the same time, a person noticeably loses in mobility.

The ingrowth of the nail into the skin has a medical justification and is called onychocryptosis. The process looks like this, the edge of the nail grows into the skin in the area of ​​the nail bed.

The most common causes are:

  • genetic heredity
  • fungal infection
  • circulatory disorders,
  • swelling of the extremities,
  • consequence of injuries
  • non-compliance with the rules of nail cutting,
  • uncomfortable shoes
  • non-observance of personal hygiene.

And so, now in order. Genetic heredity is a predisposition that was laid in a person at a genetic level. It controls the direction of growth of the nail plate, its thickness and shape. Congenital also flat feet and curvature of the thumb, which in the future can affect the healthy state of the nail plate.

In the presence of a fungus or any other infection, the nail plate is deformed, it becomes coarser and thicker, the surface dims. Healthy shine disappears. The cuticle is infected, which can lead to decay of the nail bed. After receiving a particular injury (bruise, fracture, cooling), an involuntary deformation of the nail occurs, which can radically change the direction of growth of the nail on the toes.

The most common cause of nail ingrowth on the big toe is non-compliance with the rules for trimming nails. Trimming the nails is not necessary very deep so that the edge of the nail is not too short. It is strictly forbidden to cut the corner of the nails of the legs very deeply, it must be carefully rounded.

Inconvenient shoes are any shoes that restrict foot movement. The leg should feel free. Shoes should not interfere with walking. There must be no clenched fingers, as this is the first step to the deformation of the foot, which leads to the ingrowth of the nail into the toe. Often this happens to people who wear shoes because of work requirements.

Usually, most of us, to be honest, are inattentive to ourselves. This is especially true for men. “Has the finger turned red?” “What is so terrible here?” Maybe we rubbed the shoes. Maybe crushed. Hence the swelling. “It's okay,” we think. Of course, in the case of the slightest pain, you should not run to the doctor - this is an extreme, but that's how to leave the beginning of the appearance of an ingrown nail in this case, too, is carelessness, which will then suffer for a long time. All this I say to the fact that people usually skip the first stage of this disease.

  1. At the first stage, pain appears in the nail plate and under it, the flesh near the nail becomes inflamed, swelling occurs.
  2. Second stage. The nail grows deeper, damaging the skin. Blood appears, pus, infection naturally connects.
  3. Third stage. Inflammation at the site of ingrowth takes on a chronic form. The nail is compacted, the so-called "wild meat" may appear. At this stage, if no measures are taken, then inflammation can go to the bone (osteomyelitis) and even lead to gangrene of the limb. But in order to bring oneself to such a state, one must very “try”.

What does an ingrown nail look like:

The main symptoms of the disease include:

  • pain at the edges of the nail bed,
  • redness of the affected area,
  • the occurrence of edema on the finger,
  • the appearance of streaks and spots, discoloration of the nail,
  • thickening of the nail plate,
  • soreness when touching the finger,
  • the occurrence of suppuration, which often develops into a chronic form.

In the photo below, you can examine in detail how the ingrown toenail on the big toe looks:

Complications

Many believe that an ingrown nail is not something dangerous - it is important to just cut it in time. In fact, doctors warn of possible complications against the background of the problem in question:

  • finger gangrene
  • lymphadenitis
  • finger abscess
  • osteomyelitis.

An ingrown nail is not only a cosmetic defect - it is a problem that must be resolved quickly, often in tandem with doctors. Otherwise, this condition can lead to serious consequences.

Treatment of ingrown nail with folk remedies

The disease can be treated independently when it is only at the degree of origin (early). For complex cases and chronic suppuration with open wounds, contact a specialist immediately. The following is an instruction at home regarding what to do if a toenail has grown.

  1. Butter. You will require a rubber fingertip, which should be filled with butter and put on a sore finger, then a sock and hold until the morning. Repeat the procedure for 2-3 weeks.
  2. Vishnevsky ointment. The ingrown toenail is removed after treatment with Vishnevsky ointment. Its use at home is extremely easy: apply the drug, apply a compress from a bandage soaked in ointment. Wrap with foil and leave for 7-9 hours. After the expiration date, remove the edge of the plate and place the flagellum so that the nail does not grow again.
  3. Aloe. Slice a piece of an aloe leaf the size of a diseased nail lengthwise and hold it upside down over the fire to make the leaf soft (you can scald it with boiling water), and bandage it to the ingrown nail. Keep until the morning.
  4. Kombucha needs to be divided into layers and one of them to wrap a finger, then cover with polyethylene and put on socks: first simple, and then woolen. Keep until the morning. The course of treatment is 2-3 days.
  5. Plantain. Gather a fresh plantain, mash it with a blender into porridge. Spread your feet in a bath of salt or chamomile. Apply gruel to the damaged area and the entire nail. Fix with a bandage, wrap with a film. Put on a fingertip, leave the product overnight. In the morning, try to remove the edge of the plate and place a flagellum from the bandage dipped in peroxide under the overgrown area of ​​the nail.

Applications and compresses

Dressings with plant extracts relieve the inflammatory process, inhibit the development of infection, help release and remove the ingrown nail:

  1. Compress with Kombucha. The body of the fungus is divided in layers. One layer is applied to the nail, covered with a film, fixed with a bandage. Compress put on the night. The tool eliminates nail ingrowth in three days.
  2. Application with aloe. If the finger begins to bite, use the agave. A piece is cut from an aloe leaf, poured over it with boiling water, cut. Apply the pulp to the damage on the finger, fix the bandage. The application is done before bedtime, clean it in the morning.
  3. Collection of chamomiles and calendula. To prepare the bath, use this recipe: boil a liter of water, put in a liquid 50 g of grass. Leave for two hours to insist. The extract is filtered, a liter of warm water is added to it, the feet soar for 15-20 minutes. The steamed nail plate is lifted, a cotton flagellum with iodine or sea buckthorn oil is tucked under it.
  4. Plantain and sea buckthorn oil. Take a foot bath. Lubricate the nail plate with sea buckthorn oil, wrap with a sheet of plantain, apply a bandage. The tool helps if on the fingers with ingrown nails the skin is swollen. In case of edema, a cotton flagellum moistened with sea buckthorn oil is placed under the nail plate.

With an ingrown nail, various baths are used:

  1. Baths with salt for ingrown toenails. Relieve swelling, inflammation, help fight pain, usually used in the early stages. Salt is taken at the rate of 2 tablespoons per liter of water. The water should be warm enough so that it can be well steamed legs.
  2. Trays with baking soda. They help reduce swelling and inflammation, soften the ingrown nail. They are used in the early stages of the disease. For three liters of water you need to take one tablespoon of baking soda. A foot bath is done for 15-30 minutes, after which you need to raise the ingrown edge of the nail with a clean toothpick and place a cotton band in it.
  3. Baths with potassium permanganate with an ingrown nail. Do three times a day for 10-15 minutes. Use a weak solution of potassium permanganate pink. It has antiseptic properties, helps soften the ingrown nail.

Treatment of ingrown nails with plates and staples

There are special braces and plates for the treatment of ingrown nails. They come in different shapes, they are made from various materials. But they all have approximately the same principle of action: the bracket or plate is attached to the nail, one of its ends engages the ingrown edge and leads it up.

Staples and plates with an ingrown nail are placed under local anesthesia. Preliminarily carry out hygiene measures that help soften the nail. The timing of wearing brackets and plates is determined by the attending physician. The procedure for installing a staple or plate - orthonyxia - is mainly carried out in the early stages of an ingrown nail.

Advantages of using staples and plates for ingrown toenails:

  • high efficiency - reaches 90%,
  • non-invasive procedure, treatment is performed without an incision,
  • the ability to accurately calculate the correction power,
  • the patient does not experience discomfort - most models of plates and brackets are practically invisible, do not cause discomfort when worn.

The most common types of staples and plates for treating ingrown toenails:

TitleDescription
Fraser staples

The bracket is a thin wire. Its ends have the form of hooks, they are brought under the edges of the nail, after which the bracket is given optimal tension. Fraser staples do not spoil the appearance: next to them you can stick rhinestones, it will give the impression that there is an unusual decoration on the nail. The brace itself is practically invisible on the leg, does not interfere while wearing shoes.
B / S plates.

Plates of different shapes (for each patient, you can choose the right one, depending on the width of the nail) made of elastic plastic. After installation, the plate gradually raises the ingrown edge of the nail, changes the direction of its growth.
Staples Combiped.

Designed to correct ingrown toenail on one side. At one end, the bracket has a hook that hooks to the ingrown edge, at the other - a plastic platform for attaching to the nail with a special glue.
Halfstops Goldstadt.

They are metal staples, which at one end have a hook for attaching to the ingrown edge of the nail, and at the other - a flat platform for attaching to the nail plate with glue.
Onyclip plates.

Medical steel plate in a plastic sheath. The design allows the doctor to accurately determine the degree of tension. Indications for use:

  • ingrown nail,
  • violation of the shape of the nails,
  • after removing part of the nail,
  • inflammation of the lateral nail ridges,
  • hypergranulation.
Plates "Podofiks" (Podofix).

A soft plastic plate with an elastic wire inside. The doctor clings the plate to the edges of the nail, then gives the wire the optimal tension for correction. Podofix plates are one of the most modern methods of treating ingrown toenails. Indications for their use:

  • ingrown nail,
  • nail deformations,
  • large granulations (hypergranulations),
  • corns in the lateral ridges,
  • cosmetic indications for nail correction,
  • inflammation of the lateral nail ridges.
ERKI technology.

It consists of two plastic hooks and a metal ring located between them, thanks to which the doctor can individually select the degree of tension for each patient.

Ingrown Nail Removal

If the inflammatory process has gone too far, the surgeon will resort to removing part of the ingrown nail. Such an operation is performed under local anesthesia, so the patient will not feel anything in the process except for slight discomfort.

There are several methods for conducting such an operation:

  1. Radio wave method. A fairly effective way to remove the affected area of ​​the nail plate of any size. The radio knife combines several factors. The technique is less traumatic and absolutely painless. The treated area will completely heal in a few days.
  2. Removal of the nail plate partially or completely. Also, at the same time as this procedure, dead tissue is removed and periungual plasty is performed.
  3. Laser treatment. The latest and most expensive technique that allows you to once and for all solve the problem of nail ingrowth into the finger. The fact is that along with the removal of the injured area, a part of the growth plate of the nail itself is also removed. Simply put, a subsequently growing nail will become a little narrower, so you can forget about onychocryptosis forever. The operation lasts a little less than an hour, and tissue healing takes place much faster than after the operation, where traditional surgical instruments were used.

In any case, each of the methods will be effective, since all of them are based on the professionalism of doctors and careful follow-up care of the wound. During the postoperative period, it is necessary to constantly change the dressings and in any way prevent the infection from getting inside the finger. Even after the laser procedure, pain in the wound area may still bother you, but they can be easily removed with painkillers.

Prevention

For preventive purposes, it is advised to choose the right shoes and take care of the lower limbs. To choose shoes, you need to pay attention to the recommendations of orthopedists - choose comfortable shoes with a wide front part that does not squeeze fingers, does not contribute to the formation of growths.

Cut nails without corners so that the edge forms a straight line. Prevention is also in medical pedicure. Do once a month. The essence of the procedure is that the rollers and nails are treated with cutters, after which a soft material is laid between them and the side tissues - capolin, used for tamponade of the ingrown edge of the plate.

In order to avoid the development of negative consequences, at the first signs of ingrowth and discomfort, the surgeon should be consulted. He will examine the limb, prescribe treatment. With symptoms of a fungus, a dermatologist prescribes treatment.

Reasons for the appearance of an ingrown nail

Allocate the following reasons for growing the nail plate deep into the finger:

  1. Inconvenient or poor-quality shoes: provokes squeezing of fingers and nail plates. Too tight socks made of synthetic materials also pose a certain threat.
  2. Carelessly done pedicure: a short-cut nail can eventually begin to grow directly into the finger pulp. An improperly trimmed edge can also develop the disease.
  3. Fungal disease: deforms the original structure of the nail.
  4. Disturbed blood circulation in the legs: develops swelling of the feet, and therefore of the fingers.
  5. Injury to the finger or to the nail itself. A badly damaged plate can dramatically change its growth path.
  6. Heredity: relatives suffering from a constant manifestation of this ailment.
  7. Features of the structure of the nail plate: bent down or deeply set into the base of the finger.

Signs of Onychrocryptosis

A clear symptom of the disease is pain in the corners of the finger in combination with redness. The consequences of this can be the most unpleasant:

  • swelling of the finger
  • deformation or detachment of the nail plate,
  • discoloration of the nail,
  • accumulation of pus on the damaged part of the finger.

Stages of the disease

The disease includes 3 stages:

  1. The first stage: tangible signs of nail ingrowth into the skin (pain and obvious redness in the corner of the finger). The meat part of the finger begins to become inflamed as a result of the invasion of a foreign body into it.
  2. The second stage: the nail continues to grow, more and more injuring the skin. The second stage is dangerous because an infection can get into the inflamed area, which will cause bleeding, as well as increased suppuration.
  3. Third stage: the disease flows into a chronic form. Failure to heal may cause damage to the toe bone. The result of the third stage is gangrene of the entire limb.

Why does nail ingrowth occur

  • Most often, the problem is congenital in nature when the nail itself is round and convex. The subungual pillow has a lot of extra soft tissue. In this case, there is a hereditary problem of onychocryptosis. Flat feet can also provoke the ingrowth of nail tissue.
  • Hallux bones that bend fingers.
  • The consequences of improper pedicure. Too deep and short cutting of the nail plate and corners. Try to trim the nails after a little steaming, the plate becomes softer, which reduces the likelihood of abnormal nail growth. Do not cut too close to the skin, a nail file will help to complete the correct shape.
  • Injured fingers or nails.
  • Poor quality shoes. Unsuitable size, too thin sole, tight, high heel, sweating leg also causes onochocriptosis.
  • Nail fungus can provoke an increase in the nail layer, the nail thickens and becomes not transparent. Such layering can change the direction of growth of the nail and dig into the skin.
  • Non-compliance with hygiene procedures. Hyperhidrosis of the feet.
  • The non-standard structure of the foot, more often such a problem is observed in those who have long thumbs.
  • Pathology of crossing the toes.
  • Too high loads on the foot associated with physical activity and excess weight.
  • More often this problem occurs in people with wide toes and a convex nail plate, with curved edges on the sides.
  • Wearing closed shoes in hot weather, the leg begins to sweat too much and soften the nail plate. The skin on the fingers swells and directs the growth of the nail plate in the wrong direction.

This problem can affect not only adults, but also children. Young parents should carefully monitor the timely cutting of nails. Since in kids this trouble can occur on any fingers.

There are also many reasons for nail ingrowth in babies, ranging from the congenital structure of the nail plates to improper care and circumcision. Therefore, if something is bothering your baby, it will not be superfluous to pay attention to his fingers.

What are the symptoms of nail ingrowth?

Ingrowth can be observed on any finger, but more often the big toes suffer from this. Basically, this is one-sided ingrowth, very rarely bilateral. Symptoms are associated with various stages of disease neglect.

  1. The first stage is accompanied by a mild form of inflammation, swelling and redness, there is a slight throbbing pain during walking.
  2. The second stage exacerbates the process of inflammation. The corner of the nail cuts even more into the skin, provokes the appearance of blood, pus, an infectious process occurs.
  3. In the third stage, purulent-blood inflammation begins to form, which bleeds severely, if no active measures are taken, the situation takes on a chronic character and will be repeated again and again. A protracted treatment can provoke a curvature of the nail plate.

The chronic form of onychocryptosis has a relapsing property. In comparison with other purulent-inflammatory diseases, the ingrown nail occupies the second position in the severity of the spread of infection. In the advanced stages, severe suppuration of the periungual tissue and other serious diseases can occur. The problem of an ingrown nail can be started even before amputation of the finger, as a result the patient’s disability is lost.

Methods of treating ingrown toenails

Before starting treatment, it is necessary to determine the stage of the disease and the cause of this deviation. Traditional medicine offers us the following treatments:

  • Conservative. It is based on the removal of inflammation and the elimination of suppuration, relieves pain with medications or recipes of traditional medicine. After that, adjust the growth of the nail plate in the right direction. The method excludes surgery, but does not give a 100% guarantee of cure, very often the situation repeats itself. In this case, solutions and antiseptics are used, special baths with potassium permanganate or calendula are prepared. As antimicrobial agents, ointments Levomikol and Baneocin are used. Gauze tissue is impregnated with an antimicrobial agent and applied to the inflamed area. If possible, raise the edge of the nail plate and lay a strip of tissue soaked in an antiseptic. As the nail grows, it will come out of the tissues, and the inflammation will subside. In this case, cutting off the nail is recommended in a straight line, without rounding.
  • Orthopedic. Using this method, a gradual correction of the nail plate occurs, with special springs or staples. As a result of this procedure, the ingrown nail is gradually leveled and released from the damaged tissue of the finger. Such prosthetics are similar to braces on teeth. Therapy lasts from three months, every month the plate is replaced. Advantages of devices in their convenience. Wearing them does not limit your physical activity and does not violate the aesthetic appearance. If desired, you can even apply varnish to such plates.
  • Surgical. Applicable with advanced forms of the disease, when other methods have already been used and have not received a tangible result. In this case, the affected nail is removed completely or partially under local anesthesia. The surgical method is also carried out in several ways. After the operation, there is a recovery period, anti-inflammatory drugs are used, painkillers are taken if necessary.

At traditional, the nail is removed with a scalpel. He is the most traumatic, the recovery period is delayed by two weeks. The injured finger has a lot of discomfort and pain, there is a problem with wearing shoes. Delete with a laser. Less traumatic. Simultaneously with the dissection of tissues and evaporation of the ingrown nail, the process of sealing of damaged skin areas occurs. The advantage of this method is the elimination of bleeding, which accelerates the time of the procedure and improves the overview of the injured area. Minimal tissue damage. In parallel, all fungal infections are removed. The recovery period is much shorter than when removed with a scalpel. Here, relapses and complications are minimized.

Another way to remove ingrown toenails is by radio waves. It is the most painless and does not take much time for the procedure. Perform this manipulation with a special apparatus. The radio wave method easily controls the depth and strength of the impact. This treatment is completely harmless, without affecting the tissues adjacent to the nail.

Unfortunately, any of the methods does not give a full guarantee of the absence of subsequent nail ingrowth, since there are many reasons for this.

Treatment with folk recipes

As with the treatment of any disease, folk remedies are no exception. We have selected the most effective of the possible:

  1. Scarlet. The most common method. Cut a small piece of scarlet and cut along the leaf. The peel is heated over a fire or softened in boiling water. We apply the mucous part to the sore finger and wrap it overnight. In the morning there is a chance that you will remove the edge of the ingrown nail and you can put a special tissue soaked in an antiseptic under it.
  2. Butter. You will need a rubber fingertip, which must be filled with butter and put on a finger for the night. Such treatment lasts several weeks. When the pain subsides a little, lift the crashed nail and put on gauze.
  3. Vishnevsky ointment. For these purposes, it is necessary to make a compress with ointment until the morning. The nail tissue softens a little, and you can easily remove the ingrown part of the nail plate.
  4. Baths with the addition of salt, soda, or furacilin tablets will help get rid of inflammation and pus.
  5. You can prepare a special ointment based on such ingredients: squeezed garlic, onion gruel, aloe, honey, butter. Mix everything and boil for two minutes.
  6. Baths with salt. You can use ordinary or marine. Salt softens and reveals abscesses well.
  7. Herbal baths. For these purposes, camomile, calendula, St. John's wort, and a succession are well suited. Prepare this collection: two tablespoons of each herb per liter of water. Let the broth stand, filter and use as directed. Apply warm baths for half an hour, when the nail plate softens, you can put gauze on to relieve at least a little pain.
  8. Sea buckthorn oil with plantain. Before applying the product, it is necessary to steam the finger in the bath with the addition of soda and potassium permanganate. Raise a fingernail and add a piece of cotton soaked in oil. Then we drip oil on a finger and wrap it with a sheet of plantain, with a bandage on top, leave it like this for the night. Oil will relieve swelling and inflammation.
  9. To make the nail softer, it is necessary to steam it and spread it with badger fat.

An ingrown toenail at home will help to cure another unusual method that has emerged from the people and has established itself only on the positive side. Its essence lies in cutting off the nail plate. Due to the removal of layer after layer, the nail becomes thin and ceases to give a load on the ingrown area, gradually the pain subsides. If you do not want to file away the entire plate, you can cut a vertical groove along the entire length of the nail. Such a simple manipulation will have to be done regularly, after each regrowth of the nail plate. In fact, it is not so difficult, and it is better to devote time to this procedure than to become a regular patient of a surgeon.

If the disease is too advanced, do not waste time and consult a doctor, home recipes will not fix a too crooked nail.

What is forbidden to do with an ingrown nail

  • Soar feet in hot water, over forty degrees. This risks increasing edema and aggravating inflammation.
  • Use compresses that enhance the reproduction of infections.
  • File nails to skin.
  • During treatment, apply nail polish.

Do not avoid going to a specialist, this will reduce the time and healing process, and also relieve serious complications of this disease. Try to start treatment in the early stages, so as not to aggravate the situation until extreme measures. Be healthy and beautiful!

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Healing ointments

  1. Levomekol. On the segment of the bandage, the ointment should be evenly distributed in a small layer. Apply a bandage to the site of injury, and if necessary, bandage your finger. Also, the drug can be administered with a syringe, as deep as possible into the affected area of ​​the skin. The ointment is excellent in promoting pus expulsion and general healing. Before such a procedure, heat the remedy to 36 ° C.
  2. Ichthyol ointment. Before using this medication, make sure that you are not allergic to it. Before going to bed, apply a certain amount of ointment on cheesecloth and attach to your finger. To enhance the effect, wrap it with cling film. The course of treatment consists of conducting procedures once a day for a week.
  3. Uroderm. In the ointment there is a substance - urea, which helps to soften not only skin tissues, but also the nail itself. Treat the space between the edge of the nail plate and the inflamed area of ​​the skin with ointment. In a few days, it will be possible to get rid of the ingrown edge of the nail.
  4. Vishnevsky ointment. It is used to neutralize the infection at the site of the ingrown nail. Apply this ointment overnight using a bandage.
  5. Calendula ointment. You will need to grind about 50 g of the flower and add them to the melted pork fat. The mixture should boil for at least 20 minutes. The resulting ointment should be stored in a cool place. Put it on a sore nail and do bandages for the night.

How are nails in humans: a brief digression into the anatomy

Nails - appendages of the skin, horn formations. They have the same structure as the hair, the upper layer of the skin.

Each human nail consists of the following parts:

  • Nail bed. The place on the finger where the nail is located.
  • The root of the nail. It is 30% of its length, hidden under the skin.
  • Nail body. The main part, which is located on the nail bed.
  • Free edge. The part of the nail that extends beyond the nail bed.
  • Nail rollers. Slight thickenings on the skin that limit the nail on the back and sides.

In the root of the nail is matrix - due to it, nail growth occurs. If the matrix is ​​damaged, the growth of the nail may become incorrect or even stop altogether.

Interesting Nail Growth Facts:

  • On average, during the day, the length of the nail increases by 0.15 mm.
  • Toenails grow faster than toenails.
  • On the hands, a complete update of the nails occurs every 3 months, on the feet - once every 4.5 months.
  • In men, nails grow by an average of 3.9 m during life, and in women by 4.3 m.

The causes of ingrown nail

The main reason for ingrown toenails is incorrectly selected shoes. Worst of all for nails are stiff shoes with narrow noses, tight, too short shoes. If the finger constantly experiences pressure from the side and from above, this contributes to the ingrowth of the nail into the skin. Another common reason is to wear closed shoes in hot weather, when moist conditions are created inside, which soften the nail plate and swell the epidermis - the upper layer of the skin. As a result, the nail begins to grow incorrectly.

Other causes of ingrown toenail:

  • Wrong pedicure. If you cut the corner of the nail, this can lead to its subsequent incorrect growth.
  • Flat feet and valgus feet (wrong position of the feet with a deviation outward). It is difficult for people who have these violations to choose comfortable shoes, they squeeze their toes, while the risk of ingrown toenails is increased.
  • Onychomycosis (fungal infection of the nail). The fungus causes an ingrown nail due to the fact that it leads to deformation, thickening of the nail plates.
  • Congenital predisposition. Some people have an irregular shape of the nails, an excessive amount of tissue on the nail bed.
  • Finger injuries. A damaged nail can begin to grow abnormally, unevenly.
  • Bacterial, purulent infections that affect the nails.
  • Wearing high-heeled shoes. At the same time, during each step, the foot tends to "move down", the fingers are pinched in a sharp toe.


Symptoms

Characteristic symptoms of an ingrown nail:

  • Usually the first symptom of an ingrown nail is pain. It intensifies while wearing uncomfortable shoes, sometimes it can occur even from a minor impact, for example, when a person touches his finger, covering himself with a blanket. The pain can be very strong, as if the finger was “pierced with a nail”.
  • The periungual roller turns red, swells.
  • Over time, a new tissue begins to grow near the nail - granulation - It has a characteristic appearance, for which it received the figurative name "wild meat".
  • An ingrown nail has a high risk of infection. If an infection gets under the nail roller, it reddens and swells even more, pus begins to stand out from under it, pain intensifies, and body temperature may increase.

The stages of ingrown nail:
  1. First, a small swelling and soreness appears near the affected nail. Gradually, these symptoms increase.
  2. Then infection occurs. This usually manifests itself in the form of a significant increase in symptoms, discharge of pus from under the nail.
  3. In the end, the inflammatory process goes into the chronic stage. There is a proliferation of "wild meat". In this case, we can talk about a neglected ingrown nail.


Photo of the ingrown toenail:

The appearance of the ingrown nail:

Infected Inflamed Ingrown Nail:

Wild Meat:

What are the possible consequences of an ingrown nail?

The main danger with an ingrown nail is infection. It can spread to surrounding tissues, to the foot, to the bone, leading to severe purulent complications. In the worst case, the purulent process can be complicated by gangrene.

The toenail has grown: what to do, which doctor to contact?

If you experience symptoms similar to an ingrown toenail, contact your surgeon. The child must be taken to a pediatric surgeon. For the diagnosis of the disease, additional studies are not required, an external examination is sufficient. Do not engage in self-diagnosis and self-medication, especially if you suffer from diabetes mellitus or other diseases in which blood flow in the lower extremities worsens.

The doctor can prescribe a general blood test to assess the activity of inflammation, a laboratory study of pus for the selection of effective antibiotic therapy. X-rays help to identify the purulent process in the bones of the foot.

Ingrown toenail surgery

Surgical treatment completely eliminates the ingrown nail, but does not always guarantee getting rid of this condition forever. After the operation, there may be a reason that led to the pathology, as a result, the ingrown nail can occur again on the same or on the other finger.
There are three main types of surgical treatment for ingrown toenails.:

  • scalpel removal,
  • laser nail removal
  • radio wave treatment of ingrown nail.

Schmiden surgery for ingrown toenails
Schmiden surgery is a fairly popular method of treating ingrown toenails, as it is characterized by a low probability of relapse (about 5-10%). But the intervention is quite traumatic, after which recovery takes place for a long time.

Indications for Schmiden's operation:

  • large sizes of the periungual roller,
  • unsuccessful treatment of an ingrown nail, after which a relapse occurred.

Operation progress:

  • Usually, the intervention is performed under local anesthesia (for young children - under general anesthesia). A tourniquet is applied to the finger, which helps reduce blood loss.
  • The surgeon, using sharp-pointed scissors, cuts the nail lengthwise, makes a small incision on the soft tissues with a scalpel, and removes granulations.
  • Then, using a special spoon with sharp edges, the doctor removes the nail matrix, which is responsible for its growth.
  • Окончательное разрушение матрицы ногтя производится при помощи специальных химических веществ, электрокоагулятора или лазера.
  • После того как вросшая часть ногтевой пластинки и все «лишние» ткани удалены, хирург накладывает швы и повязку. Sometimes they do without seams - this will not affect the healing process.

How does an ingrown nail heal after surgery?
Usually, after Schmiden surgery, healing takes place within a week. During this time, you need to limit the load on the sore leg, daily change the bandage. If the ingrown nail is complicated by an infection, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics, ointments with healing and antibacterial components. Sutures are removed 7 days after surgery. Complete healing occurs within 1-1.5 months. During this time, you can not visit the bath and sauna, you need to wear the most comfortable spacious shoes with an open toe.

Video of ingrown nail removal operation:

Laser removal of ingrown toenails
Laser treatment of ingrown toenails is highly effective and safe, low risks of relapse, and a relatively short recovery period. The procedure, as well as conventional surgery, is performed under local anesthesia by applying a tourniquet to the finger. The laser literally evaporates the "extra" tissue, while destroying pathogens in the wound and stops bleeding.

Laser video for ingrown nail removal:

Radio wave treatment of an ingrown nail (treatment of an ingrown nail with the Surgitron apparatus)
The method resembles the correction of an ingrown nail with a laser, only special radio waves are used instead of laser radiation. Many clinics use the Surgitron, a modern device for radio wave surgery. Just like laser radiation, radio waves destroy all “unnecessary” tissues, pathogens in the wound, and stop bleeding.

Video treatment of ingrown toenails using radio wave surgery:

Correction of ingrown toenails without surgery

Treatment of ingrown nails with plates and staples
There are special braces and plates for the treatment of ingrown nails. They come in different shapes, they are made from various materials. But they all have approximately the same principle of action: the bracket or plate is attached to the nail, one of its ends engages the ingrown edge and leads it up.

Staples and plates with an ingrown nail are placed under local anesthesia. Preliminarily carry out hygiene measures that help soften the nail. The timing of wearing brackets and plates is determined by the attending physician.

Procedure for installing a bracket or plate - orthonyxia - mainly carried out in the early stages of an ingrown nail.

Advantages of using staples and plates for ingrown toenails:

  • high efficiency - reaches 90%,
  • non-invasive proceduretreatment is performed without an incision,
  • the ability to accurately calculate the correction power,
  • the patient does not feel discomfort - most models of plates and brackets are almost invisible, do not cause discomfort when worn.

The most common types of staples and plates for treating ingrown toenails:

TitleDescription
Fraser staples
The bracket is a thin wire. Its ends have the form of hooks, they are brought under the edges of the nail, after which the bracket is given optimal tension. Fraser staples do not spoil the appearance: next to them you can stick rhinestones, it will give the impression that there is an unusual decoration on the nail. The brace itself is practically invisible on the leg, does not interfere while wearing shoes.
Staples Combiped

Designed to correct ingrown toenail on one side. At one end, the bracket has a hook that hooks to the ingrown edge, at the other - a plastic platform for attaching to the nail with a special glue.
B /S-plates

Plates of different shapes (for each patient, you can choose the right one, depending on the width of the nail) made of elastic plastic. After installation, the plate gradually raises the ingrown edge of the nail, changes the direction of its growth.
Halfstops Goldstadt

They are metal staples, which at one end have a hook for attaching to the ingrown edge of the nail, and at the other - a flat platform for attaching to the nail plate with glue.
Plates "Podofiks" (Podofix)

A soft plastic plate with an elastic wire inside. The doctor clings the plate to the edges of the nail, then gives the wire the optimal tension for correction. Podofix plates are one of the most modern methods of treating ingrown toenails. Indications for their use:
  • ingrown nail,
  • nail deformations,
  • large granulations (hypergranulation),
  • corns in the lateral ridges,
  • cosmetic indications for nail correction,
  • inflammation of the lateral nail ridges.
Onyclip Plates
Medical steel plate in a plastic sheath. The design allows the doctor to accurately determine the degree of tension. Indications for use:
  • ingrown nail,
  • violation of the shape of the nails,
  • after removing part of the nail,
  • inflammation of the lateral nail ridges,
  • hypergranulation.
Staples
The staple is made of stainless steel and consists of three parts. Two side parts have hooks with which they hook on the edges of the ingrown nail. Between them is a loop, twisting which, the doctor regulates the degree of tension of the bracket.
ERKI technology
It consists of two plastic hooks and a metal ring located between them, thanks to which the doctor can individually select the degree of tension for each patient.

Ingrown nail tamponade with capolin
During tamponade under the ingrown edge of the nail is introduced capolin - A small piece of material that helps reduce pressure on the nail roller and makes the nail grow properly. Tamponade can be performed only in the absence of infection and severe inflammation. Preliminarily carry out hygiene procedures, correction of the nail with the help of special tools.

Capolin tamponade is usually carried out at the very early stages of the ingrown nail, or for prophylactic purposes, with bent nail plates, to prevent their ingrowth.

Video correction of ingrown nail and tamponade with capolin:

Ointments and gels for the treatment of ingrown nails
Ointments, like other conservative methods of treatment, are used mainly in the initial stages of an ingrown nail or as an adjunct to surgical and orthopedic methods. They have different effects: some soften the nail plate and normalize its growth, others contain antibiotics and help cope with the infection.

Ointments and gels that are used for ingrown toenails *:

TitleDescription**
Nail Art from Ingrown Toenail
Composition: palm oil, SK-CO2 extracts of licorice, maklea and St. John's wort, perfume, petroleum jelly, propyl paraben.

Effects: softening the nail plate, reducing inflammation in the nail roll, restoring normal nail growth.

Mode of application:

  • ointment is used 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening,
  • first you need to arrange for your feet a warm bath with salt for 20 minutes to steam the nail,
  • apply a small amount of ointment to the area of ​​the ingrown nail.

Contraindication to the use of ointment is an individual intolerance to the components.

Gel Dr. Scholl’s from ingrown toenail
Effects: softening of the ingrown nail plate, reducing inflammation.
Mode of application:
  • Before applying the gel, you need to conduct finger hygiene, wash it with soap and dry thoroughly with a towel,
  • place on the skin in the area of ​​the ingrown nail a special retaining ring,
  • fill the slot in the center of the ring with gel
  • change the gel in accordance with the recommendations in the annotation.

Contraindications: individual intolerance to gel components.

Consult a physician before use: during pregnancy and its planning, breastfeeding, while taking medications and dietary supplements, people with allergic reactions to drugs and food. Use with caution in children under 12 years of age.

Vishnevsky ointment with an ingrown nail
Effects: draws out pus, contributes to the destruction of pathogens, accelerates healing.
Mode of application:
  • dressings with Vishnevsky ointment are applied 2-3 times a day,
  • apply a small amount of ointment in the area of ​​the ingrown nail,
  • put on top of 5-6 layers of gauze,
  • fix with a bandage.

Contraindications: individual intolerance to the components of the ointment.
Ichthyol ointment
Effects: reduction of inflammation, pain, destruction of pathogens.
Method of application for ingrown nail:
  • the procedure is performed at night,
  • place a small amount of ointment on several times folded cheesecloth,
  • apply in the area of ​​the ingrown nail and cover with polyethylene (you can use cling film),
  • apply a bandage from a bandage.
Levomekol with an ingrown nail
Composition:
  • chloramphenicol - antibacterial drug,
  • methyluracil - a drug that accelerates the regeneration process.

Mode of application:
  • apply a small amount of ointment to a piece of gauze folded several times,
  • apply on the area of ​​the ingrown nail, apply a bandage,
  • change the bandage daily.

If there is a purulent cavity under the nail roller, the doctor can inject a certain amount of levomekol into it using a syringe.
Contraindications: individual intolerance to the components of the drug.
Dimexide gel for ingrown toenail
Composition: active ingredient in the composition of the gel dimexide is dimethyl sulfoxide - a medicinal substance with anti-inflammatory effect.
Mode of application:
  • apply a small amount of gel on the area of ​​the ingrown nail,
  • repeat the procedure 1-2 times a day,
  • the course of treatment is usually 10-12 days, depending on the doctor's prescription.

Contraindications:
  • hypersensitivity to the components of the drug,
  • severe violations of the liver and kidneys,
  • atherosclerosis, angina pectoris and myocardial infarction,
  • stroke, coma,
  • cataract (clouding of the lens) glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure)
  • pregnancy and breastfeeding,
  • children under 12 years old.

** Information provided for informational purposes only. See a doctor. Self-medication is unacceptable and can lead to negative health consequences.

Ingredient nail fluids

Drug nameDescription
Dimexide from ingrown toenails
Composition: the active substance in the composition of the liquid dimexide is dimethyl sulfoxide - a medicinal substance with anti-inflammatory effect.
Mode of application:
The doctor may recommend compresses with dimexide for 2 hours for several days. Or rinse the wound with a solution during dressings.
Contraindications: same as dimexide gel.
Scholl fluid
A fluid designed to soften nails.
Mode of application:
  • the procedure is performed 2 times a day, morning and evening,
  • conduct finger hygiene, dry them thoroughly,
  • apply a small amount of liquid in the area of ​​the ingrown nail,
  • usually a visible effect is observed after a week of use.
Gehwol Liquid
Effects: softens the nail and periungual roller, prevents nail ingrowth, helps in the early stages of the disease. Helps reduce pain.
Mode of application:
  • the procedure is carried out 1-2 times a day,
  • apply 1-2 drops of Gehwol liquid to the area of ​​the ingrown nail
  • wait until completely absorbed.

Ingredient Nail Oil
There are oils that help soften the ingrown nail, have an antiseptic, regenerating effect. For example, 100% ozonated olive oil is often used. It is used during the tamponade procedure.

Baths for the treatment of ingrown toenails

With an ingrown nail, various baths are used:

  • Baths with salt for ingrown toenails. Relieve swelling, inflammation, help fight pain, usually used in the early stages. Salt is taken at the rate of 2 tablespoons per liter of water. The water should be warm enough so that it can be well steamed legs.
  • Baking soda baths. They help reduce swelling and inflammation, soften the ingrown nail. They are used in the early stages of the disease. For three liters of water you need to take one tablespoon of baking soda. A foot bath is done for 15-30 minutes, after which you need to raise the ingrown edge of the nail with a clean toothpick and place a cotton band in it.
  • Baths with potassium permanganate with an ingrown nail. Do three times a day for 10-15 minutes. Use a weak solution of potassium permanganate pink. It has antiseptic properties, helps soften the ingrown nail.

Ingrown nail treatment at home
Even if you are going to treat an ingrown toenail at home, you must definitely go to the doctor for an examination. The surgeon will assess the presence and intensity of the infectious process.

You can take the following measures yourself:

  • Keep your feet in warm water. Foot baths should be done 15-20 minutes 3-4 times a day. This will help reduce swelling and pain.
  • Lift the ingrown edge of the nail. Under it, you can put a little cotton wool or a piece of dental floss so that it is above the skin.
  • Use antibiotic ointments. Apply a small amount of ointment to the periungual roller and bandage your finger.
  • Wear loose shoes. Until the condition of the finger improves, it is worth wearing shoes with an open toe.
  • For severe pain you can use painkillers. Ask your doctor what drugs and in what form you should use.

If, despite the measures taken, the symptoms increase, consult a surgeon. Do not wait for the infection to begin to spread.

Do folk remedies help if a nail has grown?

Alternative methods can help, but before using them, you need to consult a doctor. Some of the most popular folk remedies for ingrown toenails:

  • Butter. Steam your leg in a tray of baking soda first. Put a small piece of butter on the nail, cover it with a gauze cloth, a piece of cellophane and bandage it. The bandage should be worn during the day. After that, they again make a soda bath for the legs, raise the ingrown edge of the nail and put a cotton tow soaked in butter under it. The procedure is repeated until the nail grows.
  • Sea buckthorn oil and plantain. Steam your foot in a solution of soda or potassium permanganate. Place a few drops of sea buckthorn oil in the area of ​​the ingrown nail and wrap it with a sheet of plantain, bandage it. After the edema subsides and the inflammation subsides, the ingrown edge of the nail is lifted and a cotton tow soaked in sea buckthorn oil is placed under it.
  • Calendula and Daisy. You need to take 50 g of dried flowers of calendula and chamomile, pour 1 liter of boiling water. Insist for 2 hours, then strain and dilute the infusion with another liter of boiling water. Cool to an acceptable temperature, steam in the infusion leg. After that, the ingrown edge of the nail can be lifted and a cord of cotton wool soaked in iodine, butter or sea buckthorn oil can be placed under it.
  • Alum with an ingrown nail. Pre leg steamed in a solution of salt, soda or potassium permanganate. Then the area of ​​the ingrown nail is carefully treated with burnt alum and a bandage is applied. Typically, the procedure is repeated for 2 weeks.
  • Badger Fat. You can apply a bandage with badger fat on the ingrown nail after steaming the feet in the bath. You can also put a cotton tow soaked in badger fat under the ingrown edge of the nail.

Alternative methods are not always effective, especially with an ingrown toenail. Your doctor should be aware of all the alternative treatments you are using.

Healing baths

  1. Salt bath. Dissolve a few tablespoons. with salt in a container of hot water. Place the foot in the solution for 20 minutes. Hot water will help soften the skin around the finger, and salt will weaken the swelling and inflammation.
  2. Soap lined bath. Dissolve a bar of soap in hot water and dip in a foot solution for 20 minutes. When the skin has become steamy, place a cotton swab under the nail. So you help the plate grow in the right direction.

Change cotton every day until you are sure that further growth has stopped.

What to do to prevent the nail from growing: prevention methods

In order to prevent nail ingrowth, follow the tips:

  • Trim your nails properly. They need to be cut across, you can only round off a little. Do not try to give your fingernail a semicircular shape. Do not cut corners. If you decide to do a pedicure in the salon, ask a specialist to cut your nails across.
  • Do not cut toenails too short. No need to cut them “to the root”, let their free edge protrude a little. Otherwise, due to the pressure of the shoes, the direction of nail growth may be disturbed.
  • Buy comfortable, spacious shoes. She should not push anywhere. Avoid high-heeled shoes and pointed toes.
  • Protect n

    Healing herbs

    1. Scarlet. Take a scarlet leaf and chop it. Add some warm water to it and mix thoroughly. Put the resulting solution on a cotton wool and attach it to the sore spot. This procedure is best done at night, then in the morning the nail noticeably softens.
    2. Plantain. You will need 2 leaves of the plant, 1 of which will have to be crushed, and the second left as is. Place the crushed mass on your finger and cover with a solid sheet on top. Lock your finger with a bandage and leave it like this all night.
    3. Chaga mushroom.

    Chaga is popularly called the birch mushroom.

    How to prevent the development of onychrocryptosis

    Avoiding the appearance of an unpleasant disease is not so difficult. It is enough to observe foot hygiene and a few more rules:

    • wash your feet before going to bed
    • wear comfortable shoes that do not squeeze fingers,
    • treat damage in time
    • at least occasionally walk barefoot,
    • do pedicures carefully (it is extremely important to learn how to cut nails correctly), after steaming your feet,
    • eat right,
    • use foot creams whenever possible.
    The health of our legs directly depends on how carefully we treat them.

    Hygiene rules are thought up in order to pay due attention to each part of the body separately. An ingrown toenail is a problem that can be fixed if treatment is taken in time. In order not to bring yourself to a meeting with the surgeon in surgery, follow the simple rules for foot care and they will delight you with their beauty and health.

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