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How to Read Shakespeare for Beginners

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The origin of the English language is associated not only with constant changes in its rules, but also with the contribution of world-renowned authors to the development of modern literary speech.

Many newcomers and professionals who have been studying English for more than a year want to read Shakespeare in the original. This is an opportunity to learn old English, to evaluate its morphological features. To implement this idea, you must have a level of English proficiency above the average, navigate the syntax. With the help of the dictionary, the deep meaning of the works of the great playwright is comprehended.

Shakespeare's English is a pun that allows you to unravel the subtext, read between the lines. The author introduced colloquial words into literary speech, filling them with new shades. Type of language - early New English, with its inherent prepositions and pronouns, grammatical features.

The origin of the English language at the time of writing the epochal works of Shakespeare underwent changes: the stage was called the period of “lost endings”. Verbs and nouns became similar to each other (for example, the word “love” meant “to love” and “love”), the meaning was captured depending on the order of words in the sentence. Old English has its own morphological features, they must be studied before reading such works as Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, and sonnets.

Shakespeare in English: Features

An important feature of the author’s old English language is the presence in the texts of the long-forgotten and practically not currently used pronoun “you”.

The playwright’s speech is replete with many archaisms that he used to immerse readers in the historical color of the era, its cultural and social features. Because of this, a modern translation may be ambiguous, depending on the understanding of Shakespeare's literary critic in English. Very often, he used archaisms to emotionally color his thoughts, ridicule the words and actions of the main characters or chronicles of events. An example is the pun: “knight errant” (wandering knight) and arrant knave (highway robber).

Shakespeare's English language stands out for its semantic richness, it was important for him not to use as many words as possible, but to give each of them the maximum number of shades. Prepositions and pronouns were elevated to the level of nouns and verbs, every detail was of great importance, and a passage of a work can be understood only in context. The origin of the English language in the works of the great author can be attributed to the artificial, he independently formed new word forms, which were subsequently enshrined in literary speech.

Old English is characterized by moving a word from one grammatical function to another. Turning a noun into a verb allows you to achieve the laconicism characteristic of the English style of Shakespeare. The word order goes to second place.

Reading Shakespeare in English or in translation is everyone’s choice, however, experts do not recommend beginners to start studying complex archaisms immediately, the syntax of such a unique and rich literary component as Shakespeare’s English.

49 comments:

When he first met Shakespeare in the 7th grade (Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet), he was terribly disappointed. Perhaps experience was not enough. Perhaps they were worried about problems of a completely different plan, if at all something worried (a similar thing, incidentally, was with Oscar Wilde). Now this question is rhetorical for me. And it's not that it's a kinda "must read" list, as some point out. This is history, the spirit of that time and, if you like, a national character. His works are a mirror of society. Not Shakespearean or modern society, but human society. Tell me, how many today are Romeo, Malvolio, Richard III or Ophelia? Times are changing, but heroes are not.

In stock Malvolio, Edmund, Iago, Regan and Gonerilius have no doubt their name is a Legion. But as for Romeo and Juliet, I'm not sure. So that in Love, as in the abyss, with his head, without hesitation, rejecting everyone and everything, not thinking about the amounts on plastic cards, limousines and honeymoons in the Maldives. How not to recall the wailing of the Catherine wheel from Oscar Wilde's tale: Romance is dead, Romance is dead.

:) :) :) Unfortunately, (or disappointment.) I can not disagree. But I really want to believe the same thing. So that, as in the abyss, with his head, without hesitation, rejecting everyone and everything.

Sorry, I will not write about my attitude to Shakespeare. It is too unsaturated to voice (although I love it and read it - I just do not emphasize it, although there is some admiration).
And I would like to comment, in fact, the comments themselves. I can’t pass by, as they say. It's a shame that someone does not believe in romance today, and, moreover, does not see it. And does not meet such love, about which Shakespeare writes. I agree, the age is not the same, people and relations are completely different. But the romance is completely different: today, dedicating poetry and songs to a girl or “duel” for her sake is not the height of the manifestation of romanticism. (if you need examples of today's romance, I’m ready to imagine)
As for the feelings “like in the abyss, with the head, without hesitation, rejecting everyone and everything. ”, Then in Shakespeare almost all feelings are presented to the extreme, in the context, on the break: if it is the“ serpent ”of jealousy, then the greenest, before the murder, if envy, then the lowest and wicked.
I do not think it is worth regretting that the days of Shakespearean feelings and passions have passed. And I suppose you are cunning too. After all, we admire such desperate deeds only in plays. For example, when in our day, young people (especially adolescents), because of the inability to be together, commit suicide (and this happens not so rarely!), Thoughts “silly”, “nightmare” arise in our head, etc. , but certainly not "What love!". Or am I not right?

We are, in fact, talking about the same thing. :) :) :) :) :) :)

about the heroes of Shakespeare - yes, but about romance and the power of feelings, in my opinion, no)))

But in my opinion, the feelings are the same, the times are different. . Have you tried to imagine what would have happened if the boy and girl had survived, got married and all that?

WHAT FOR? What for? Die Kluge Elze, a lover of looking into the future, introduced, so what? The story of Romeo and Juliet is over, the ending is sad and beautiful, and there is nothing to add!
One of the reasons that brings me back to Shakespeare is his incomprehensibility. No matter how many times I read, something new always appears, unnoticed before. It seems to me, even having memorized, you will continue to discover new meanings in it. Here, for example, missed before from the Othello:
Who drags money - steals decay.
What is money? There was money, money floated away.
They went through many thousands of hands.
Another is a spotless name.
Who deprives us of it, betrays us
We are poor, not becoming richer.

And what caught your eye in reading from Shakespeare? Are there any lines that hit like a discovery?

Shakespeare lived already in the 16th century ... can his quotes about love, about life, really characterize today's life? because time goes on, everything changes, and outlooks on life too .. maybe it's time to turn time to modern writers (if any)?

Well what are you. Nothing is new - and hereinafter. Sometimes it’s just ridiculously done when you realize that THIS (any life conflict) already existed. :) Already written. Long. And Shakespeare. And before him. And to those who were before Shakespeare. Humanity is changing, man is not.
But I prefer sonnets to drama. However, Shakespeare’s drama is still very superficially familiar. S.Sh.

Why do you need, our Shakespeare is incomparable,
The majestic tombstone?
Above the place where your saint is buried,
No need to build eternal pyramids
You deserve more rightfully
You, the firstborn of rumor, the breastplate of glory.
In our hearts, you yourself have erected
Imperishable and glaring temple.
Sculpture did not immortalize you
But your works are multiplying
And the depth of your Delphic lines
You’re so amazing at everyone who reads them,
That we are stony with admiration,
And the marble of our imagination
It goes to you on a monument such
Under whom any monarch would be glad to sleep ..
D. Milton

I think the comments are superfluous. Shakespeare's works have not lost relevance, they will not lose it in 10 or 100 years. If they are still able to excite the minds and arouse admiration of readers, then yes, yes and yes again ... Read Shakespeare today is worth it.

The best drama in the world. His dramas are a balm on the heart. Such a beautiful syllable, such a meaning in every line. Deep morality and wisdom of the ages. Reading Shakespeare, you never know how the work will end: his imagination was unsurpassed. Shakespeare was a subtle psychologist and expert on human hearts. The most romantic author. (Olga)

In truth, I’m not so keen on Shakespeare’s works. I only read Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet. Shameful, very embarrassing. Amazed at how deeply he saw people. After all, all his heroes really existed, exist and always will be. perhaps their life stories are completely different. But I think there are still such passionate Romeo, romantic Juliet, sensitive Hamlets. And at least in order to learn to understand people (if not for pleasure) you need to read Shakespeare.

I would say not so much to understand, how much not to be surprised. :) S.Sh.

That's for sure! Including, do not be surprised to yourself.
Having run through the last comments, I regretted that the conversation became somewhat abstract, overText. From ignorance or unwillingness to open Shakespearean lines? You know, you can play an exciting game with him. You open any work, read the first one, and understand: this is about you, and this, in general, about all of humanity. Will we try? I screwed up my eyes, opened at random a book of chronicles:
Lady Anna: The law of men and God is alien to the scoundrel,
But the fierce beast, and he knows pity.

You, my friend, I do not blame
That you own what I own.
No, I’ll only blame you for one thing,
That you neglected my love.
(from the 40th sonnet, per. Marshak)
Whoever has not experienced these torments, let him first throw a stone at Sh.

Reading Shakespeare’s sonnets, you see a reflection of your emotions, sometimes you recognize yourself in his heroes. Shakespeare will be relevant until people stop experiencing the gamut of feelings that his works are filled with, here there is love, and jealousy, and hatred, and doubt. Here is one interesting link http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USd8-KW_K9A, it’s amazing, beautiful and it’s just emotions, you listen and enjoy. I listened twice, the music and words are all intertwined, in general, I liked it, I hope you like it too.
Ibragimova A

Thank you, I listened. For me, Shakespeare is self-sufficient. Visual and any other series is the tenth matter, because its lines are musical and filled by themselves. But, if it helped you to get a grasp of its meanings, wonderful!

"There is no sadder story in the world than the story of Romeo and Juliet." Each student knows these lines, but not everyone is able to understand the love story that has become a Legend. When talking about Romeo and Juliet, thoughts arise about Real, Sincere Feelings. The pages of the work are so inspiring that their impressions cannot be expressed in simple words.

Love is pure as an angel, as a spring
And youth, and faith, and hope
Travel companions in the children's love
Romeo and Juliet are endless.
So gentle and beautiful are their words,
Such love in them, such power
That never makes sense
She cannot be forgotten, deceitful!
Let the age pass, another and third too
Unbeliever knocking on his chest
And my frost runs on my skin
And I scream with all my heart: "Shut up!"
Not everyone will experience this happiness
Not everyone is given, after all, to love like that
Pass away, tear yourself apart
Love yourselves, bury yourself!
Romeo and Juliet - it's forever!
Moss of oblivion will not cover their hearts
And like a ring of love, everything is endless
How to tell it, like a poem.

(Catherine K, Anna K. 402)

Each line breathes sincerity. Thank you for feeling, sharing, letting the story of Romeo and Juliet into your soul. Their sincere feelings inspired your sincerity. These heroes seem so real that sometimes you forget that they were created by Shakespeare's genius. The story is, in essence, simple, and retold by a couple of sentences. Present it in the presentation of some author of tabloid novels. And it is shocking exactly HOW Shakespeare told her. Long live Shakespeare and those who are able to read it!

Does Shakespeare Read Today? I will say yes without a doubt. After all, he writes in an accessible language about the true values ​​of mankind, and one of them is love, love to the end life, not "for something" (which, unfortunately, is very common in modern reality), but "contrary to everything." And such an example is, of course, Romeo and Juliet. However, I do not think that today teenagers need to read this work at school, they just do not understand it. For the current generation, fashionable, glossy magazines, various reality shows, and other things without which "life is impossible" are more important. (I have often heard the phrase "Well, how will I be there without" House-2 "."). Shakespeare should not be read according to homework, but at the behest of the heart, when a person is ripe for this psychologically and morally. when he will be ready.
And finally, if Shakespeare were irrelevant today, he would not go on the stage of all the famous theaters in the world in all languages.
So for me this question - to read or not - is not worth, of course, yes. Julia M.

Do not understand? And if you help? Read fragments together? Interest? And in this case will not work? I know about the preferences of today's teens. But it seems to me that without doing anything, we accept this scale of “values”, more precisely, their absence, and therefore, we are going down to their level. We must try to pull them to the sun! Naive?
Shakespeare and Dom-2 in the same context, albeit in the opposition (the idea is clear), were enslaved. Incomparable categories. Stumbled, choosing a comparison, I don’t know - cypress and an empty tin can, Chomolungma and an apple core. Another thing is that there are lovers of stubs. Well, not worth it, let's get better about Shakespeare!

Hello
I think Shakespeare needs to be read. This is a classic. In his works you can learn a lot. And this is amazing. After all, he created five centuries ago, and the problems raised by him then are relevant to this day and find their interpretation in today's art. For example, Macbeth at Shakespeare Re-Told. I would never have thought that action can be associated with the struggle for primacy in the kitchen. Ksenia F. 402a

Good day!
In my opinion, Shakespeare needs to be read. When I read his plays, I discovered that they are really relevant in our time. The vices of society that he described then exactly coincide with the situation today. The problems that he raises in his plays are very instructive and help to understand many situations. Reading his plays, we analyze his heroes, draw certain conclusions, and often transfer their actions to ourselves, trying to avoid such mistakes. Anush. C.

I must say right away that I am not a Shakespeare fan. And I sincerely wonder why he is considered a great poet and classic. After all, the plots of his works are not original (from the point of view of “today”). Perhaps the language and style are beautiful? Probably, to understand his genius, you need to read it in the original, which I, unfortunately, are unlikely to be able to do when.
Nevertheless, without contradicting myself, I will answer the question posed unequivocally: read! Shakespeare today is a kind of symbol of the Middle Ages. What people lived at that time, what excited them - we learn, including thanks to the "landmark" works of literature and art. Moreover, the themes of his works are eternal: love, greed, problems of fathers and children - therefore they will find a response in everyone’s soul.
You only need to read the works of Shakespeare in early youth when you are looking for the answer to many such questions. And, probably, it’s better to start acquaintance with Shakespeare with his “Sonnets”.

I can argue with you. Why are his stories "not original"? Isn't there the same problems in the world today as they were in the 16th century - the problems of pure selfless love, the problems of revelry fun and many others? Times change and the characters remain the same.
And due to the fact that he is not a classic, he was able to show in great shape the way of life, the mores of the society in which he lived. and also remind humanity of eternal values ​​- love, beauty, fidelity, friendship. So Shakespeare was, is and will be a classic of English and world literature.

I completely agree with everyone that it is necessary to read Shakespeare today, I would say it is necessary. If you think so, in the world there are not so many things to be proud of. Shakespeare is a representative of the era, I do not agree that his stories are not original !! Each play has its own unique story. After practicing at school, I came to the conclusion that today children do not know any Shakespeare and are not going to read it, robots, fairies and transformers are important for them, they only read Harry Potter and pirate magazines. I think it’s impossible to make someone read Shakespeare, a person should have a desire to read it inside, as they say "must come from within - not be imposed from without". Ануш правильно говорит, что его пьесы поучительные и помогают решить многие проблемы, а главное учат как не стоит поступать в той или иной ситуации. (Саша К., 401а)

Пожалуй, все согласятся со мной, что Ромео и Джульетта – самое известное произведение Шекспира. Сюжет построен на юношеской любви. Но любовь эта была невозможна из-за войны семей. And in today's world there is a very strong separation between families, not only in spiritual and moral development, but also in material. Shakespeare is a classic of world literature, which has been read and put on the stage of the theater from century to century. Stage plays, contemporary films based on his works are relevant in today's 21st century. Reading such works, a person develops spiritually. And this is very important for the modern generation.

Read without a doubt! And now, having already felt the fullness of his work, I would be surprised at the question: "Why read it?" But what about self-development, spiritual enrichment, literary enlightenment? I can’t say that only Shakespeare’s works can develop a person, BUT (!) As he wrote, no one wrote. His ability to express thoughts is truly amazing! Here, of course, a special thank you to the translators who can convey to the reader what Shakespeare wanted to tell us. Monologues of the main characters always delight with their eloquence, their deep meaning, from which we can immediately see the internal state of the character, his feelings and joy. You read and involuntarily "wind up" what you can do in a given situation, as it should be said, which words to use, you should act like the main character or not. Such things can and should be learned from Shakespeare. Also, his works teach sympathy, empathy. In the modern world, people are so morally rude that it is considered something unusual to show their emotions, true feelings. Because it is much easier - to be closed from everyone, to hide everything that is inside you. And after reading Shakespeare, I want to express my feelings and show my emotions. His work is a story, a description of events, heroes of that time. Therefore, every educated person must comprehend these masterpieces. Best regards, Kosacheva Lera.

Of course it’s worth it. And not only read, but also re-read. Several times, both in the original and in translation. We are given the opportunity to read Shakespeare and perceive it differently, thanks to Pasternak and Lozinsky, Radlova and Rapoport. Ask "Why?" I will answer without delay - for self-education, development, enlightenment. In addition, for self-knowledge. Reading the works of the greatest playwright, we know ourselves, rethink our actions and outlook on life. Discovering new with every book you read. We change and experience with them. And while we are capable of sympathy - we are alive! Sincerely, Marina Podkolzina.

The great genius of literature must be read for the general development of man. The outstanding and immortal works of Shakespeare must be known. And how many famous phrases from works have entered firmly into our lives? Romeo and Juliet will be of interest to our grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Definitely, Shakespeare must be studied at least in order to enrich ourselves spiritually, to know beautiful words, to find answers to important questions in life. I am very glad that I was able to get acquainted with the works of this great classic. (Samilkina Lera. 301a)

I believe that it is simply necessary. The ingenious images of Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Othello are known to absolutely everyone. In his works, Shakespeare addresses the problems of human morality, the concepts of "good" and "evil", love, family relationships - problems that will not lose their relevance in the future. “Read or not read?” - I think the answer is obvious, since ignoring the work of one of the greatest writers in history is a HUGE loss for any person.

Of course, everyone should read and study Shakespeare. After all, the problems that he reveals are eternal. Each work, even if not large in volume, contains so many feelings, tragedy, wisdom and love that not one of them can leave the reader indifferent. Shakespeare can understand, as they say, both old and small. After all, Shakespeare, he is both simple and polysyllabic at the same time. It seems that his thoughts are at a glance, understandable and simple, but at the same time, you really need to read each letter to understand the depth and power of thought that the author wants to convey to us. Reading Shakespeare, you gain a certain experience. Because the main characters are so close to our real life - they have the same weaknesses, vices, joys, remorse that you can learn a lot from them, become wiser. And maybe in one of Shakespeare's creations you will find the ideal image of yourself in the form of a hero and subsequently embody this image in your life. Kodintseva Alexandra.

Of course you need to read Shakespeare. Just a question at what age? I got acquainted with the works of Sh. In high school. I was delighted. I admired the love and feelings of Romeo and Juliet. As a teenager, I dreamed about the same feelings, which is not surprising, because which girl doesn’t dream of the same? Now, of course, having matured, having come more than once to the rake of “love,” now there is a different attitude to love, to evil, etc., etc. King Lear made a huge impression on me. I read it in one breath. It cannot but touch upon the issue of compassion. Now people as if they were afraid or embarrassed to show compassion. In conclusion, I want to say that Shakespeare is worth reading and re-reading! There will never be any opinion or impression about Shakespeare's works. Each time, the views on them change. Moreover, insert what - Any phrase from Sh. is always a plus, people immediately think that you are well-read and cool Demeneva Alena

If you ask the question of whether to read Shakespeare today, then my answer is definitely worth it! My favorite tragedy is King Lear. And the role of the Jester, in it, does not leave me indifferent. In fact, this is a sage in a fool's costume. And here is one of his phrases that I liked the most: "I am an evil fool, and as a sign, I wear a cap, and the stupidity of a good-natured person is visible without a cap!"
Reading his works, one does not feel the distinction between centuries, because they are closely intertwined with our life. Maybe even someone will say that Shakespeare wrote about our time and will be right! And I, too, cannot but agree with this. The tragedy "King Lear" is a vivid confirmation of this. Where material values ​​"turn a blind eye" to common sense and morality. This happens in our life, people sometimes do not think about what their goal is worth, also without thinking about the consequences. Many may simply have forgotten that life is not always a fairy tale with a happy ending, where good conquers evil.
After reading Shakespeare, everyone can find something to their liking, and draw certain conclusions for themselves. To be honest, after reading even the smallest part, a drop from the ocean, you begin to look differently at the world, and at the people who surround you. Seleg Irina 201 A

Before the course of foreign literature appeared in my life, I believed that Shakespeare's works are all in one way, because at school we did not pay attention to this Genius. But in vain, very vain! I believe that a writer like Shakespeare needs to be “grown”, because everyone is able to feel every line, every word of the writer. Most recently I heard such a phrase: "Shakespeare has all the tragedies the same." I immediately wanted to argue with this statement. Yes, let Shakespeare write about the "villains", but in each of them he puts something unique, something that we will not find in the other. Yes, of course, sometimes you can trace the similarities: the monologues of Edmund and Richard at the beginning of the works, changes in the personality of Macbeth and Hamlet with the course of the work, and, of course, a large number of deaths in the ending of the plays. But not more. Each story is unique in itself, carries many topics: from interactions in the family to the desire to go over the heads for the sake of its goal. You know, I would call all Shakespearean works the "Encyclopedia of English Life", because he has plays for every taste, the answer to every question.
And Shakespearean quotes! How much sense they have! It is surprising that sometimes people, claiming that Shakespeare is not relevant, say with his own quotes: “Appearance is deceiving”, “Thunders only that it is empty from the inside” and others. Frankly, I myself did not know that it was all he wrote, but now I can boast that I know his quotes. And you know, this is proud!
I believe that people who have not read a single Shakespeare play lose a lot. But if you "finished up" to him, so to speak, that’s fine, because it’s a pearl of thought, a storehouse of knowledge and advice!
Natasha P, 201E

I apologize, "have grown" *

I am very glad, Natasha, that there is a feeling of "grown"! You are right about that. Not everyone is given. Someone rejects without opening, without touching. Someone will run through the eyes and believe that he met Shakespeare. Naive! You can study it all your life, and you can’t get to the bottom.

But what I do not agree with is the Encyclopedia of English Life. He is about all of us, regardless of nationality, go era. So, in my opinion, more precisely.

Should Shakespeare be read today ?! Definitely YES! Indeed, in each of his works there is love, and betrayal, and deceit. His plays make us not only upset or cry, but also laugh heartily and also think. The relevance of Shakespeare also proves that his plays are filmed more than once. Yes, sometimes there are too many deaths and blood in his works, but this is typical of that time. What about quotes ?! This is such a pun! Kent’s replica from King Lear was very hooked: “Thunders only what is empty from the inside,” and Banco’s phrase from the play “Macbeth”: “He needs to get used to a new honor. She must be worn around like a dress,” Shakespeare very accurately expresses the whole essence of things that we sometimes don’t even think about. My first experience with Shakespeare was at school, then we read Romeo and Juliet, I was delighted then, to read about love and even the play, is it not pleasure? And most importantly, Shakespeare makes us worry and pass all the stories from the plays through ourselves. But rereading it now, at a more conscious age, I notice new details that I did not notice or did not understand then, probably due to age. I believe that every educated person should read such a writer, it is worth every second spent reading.

I will not be the first to say "definitely, yes!" Yes, and this is the most obvious answer. After all, how can you ignore Shakespeare?
But still it seems that even if we have grown to these love stories, various experiences on this subject, it was personally very difficult for me personally to deal with state affairs, treachery and murders. For example, everything that was presented in the King Lear tragedy terrified me (not in the worst sense of the word), but at the end of the play I got confused not only in almost all the characters, but also in who did what or not made, killed, cursed and betrayed. In general, I concluded that I would re-read it again a little later. I thought that all the tragedies are so hard to read, but I can’t say such a thing about Hamlet. I liked this work a lot more! Yes, it is also difficult to understand, but in my opinion, more interesting. After reading, I decided to watch a movie, and everything fell into place! Heroes are selected very well, all the same as I imagined them in my head.
But returning to the question of whether to read or not, I can say that it is necessary more than once. It is necessary to re-read in different returns in order for another awareness of the work to come.

I wanted to start about Shakespeare, but I was so flattered that my birthday was the birthday of the great playwright! But returning to read or not (I realized everything from my last comment, talked with the right people, made conclusions) to read, be sure, and as much as possible! After talking with a student of the Faculty of History and Philology, I was shocked! They read Shakespeare no less than us, and even more! And for what? In order to carry it to the masses, to carry it to schools, but many teachers in the school itself simply do not pay attention to foreign literature, as if I called it, simplifying the program for children. This is dishonest and unfair, but it needs to be read and it is important to read, because in comparison with Russian literature, only Shakespeare can show the true face of the villains, the true political intrigues that have not changed for centuries. For example, in the same Russia, a man fighting for justice, and not for a place under the sun (Navalny), was pushed in every possible way from conveying the truth from the people, as in Richard, as in King Lear. Centuries go by, ways change a little, but motives, motives never change, and how Shakespeare is colorful and affordable enough for any generation it shows! And how he colorfully describes love relationships, how many types of love he shows, and that too, never changes, and he makes you wonder if you have any kind of love.
To summarize, it is extremely important to read Shakespeare, not for the curriculum, but for insight.
Julia Goncharuk 401 a / n (so you know the author by sight :))

Shakespeare needs to be read in order to learn how to live. Shakespeare is not only a brilliant playwright, but also an equally outstanding teacher. What does he teach us? I will answer this question with a small list created on my personal perception of the plays he read.
So, you need to read Shakespeare in order to LEARN:
1. To love the father and prove his love by doing things like Cordelia
2. Defend your honor like Shylock
3. Be reasonable and not chop off your shoulder, like Hamlet
4. Seduce sweet speeches like Richard III
5. Be passionate and ambitious, like Lady Macbeth
6. Do not be afraid to share the difficult fate of a friend, as Celia did for Rosalind
7. To be able to forgive, like the wizard Prospero
8. Don’t be afraid to tell the truth in the eye, like the King Lear’s buffoon
9. Taming like Petruccio
10. Point your tongue like Beatrice
11. Do not be mentally blind, like King Lear
12. Do not be tempted by the power of gold, as Bassanio did when choosing a casket
13. Obey her husband, as tamed Katarina
14. Be a faithful friend like Horatio
15. It's pretentious to play with words like Lysander under the influence of magic juice
16. To be a wise and faithful wife, like Portia
17. Sometimes finding time for tomfoolery is like a mischievous Pak
18. Be smart and resourceful in the same way Lucienzio did, trying to break into the Baptista’s house.
19. Give everything to the last penny to a friend, as Antonio did it for Bassanio

This list, of course, is subjective, each reader will find what he considers necessary to add, or vice versa, to remove from the list I proposed.

Thanks to the respondents in September 2016!
How can you ignore Shakespeare, Olga? - Yes, whatever! If you ask passers-by, did they read how many people will answer in the affirmative, what do you think? We don’t go far, even among you, I think, there are those who opened the retelling, or flipped through (not read!) The full text. I would like to be mistaken!
Anton deserves a standing ovation! Not so much in quantity as in comprehension. Bravo.

Why read Shakespeare?
Until recently, I myself had asked this question. However, after reading several of his works, I think that I finally understood why.
The first, and in my opinion the most significant argument, is that Shakespeare teaches us life, helps us to better understand and partially understand the secrets hidden in it. Through a pen, he clearly shows us that every human act entails a series of other actions, that not one of our actions goes unnoticed - sooner or later, all the secret becomes apparent. It seemed to me that Shakespeare, through the prism of his worldview, makes it clear to the reader that "the future is beating the boomerang - it’s giving everything to you."
Shakespeare devotes great importance to the concept of human relations. Honesty, loyalty, love are the main positive qualities that a person should possess, as for the negative ones, the thirst for power and money are fundamental.
Slowly plunging into the Shakespearean world, we observe not only these qualities, but also the clash of opposites (both within one person and between several) and the consequences it leads to - eternal torment and doubt in our actions (Macbeth), confidence in their beliefs and the ability to defend them to the end (Richard) or the ability to challenge the whole world (Romeo and Juliet).
In a word, Shakespeare in an accessible form for everyone provides us with valuable life lessons. The main thing is not to neglect them.

I agree with most commentators, but just add - Shakespeare has become the only author for me whose high-spoken syllable remains simple and understandable (with only one amendment - for understanding by those who want to understand). The simple wisdom of life was set forth by the author in an unsurpassed rich syllable. Once, to "read Shakespeare" was equivalent to me - "take an ancient book and try to read, and - absolutely impossible - try to understand." In other words, I expected something absolutely brilliant, incomprehensible to a simple student. However - how deeply mistaken! Well, and besides - Shakespeare’s work is that very “food for thought”. After all, everyone takes his own subjective lessons for himself, evaluates the behavior of the heroes in different ways, but the most important thing is the “aftertaste” when you close the last page and feel like a swarm of thoughts is attacking you .. probably this is the most valuable quality, for which I would like to read the genius Sh.

Возникла в памяти одна история из жизни, может быть она вас заставит хоть немного улыбнуться!
Будучи классе в 10, мы с моим лучшим другом прогуливались субботним утром. Но вдруг, Валя начал читать стихи громко, с такой интонацией, что сердце замирало, а я начала вслушиваться, но тогда даже не знала автора. После того как он закончил,

5. Устроено, как в жизни

Срабатывает всё. Слова, поступки, намерения. Второстепенные герои становятся главными (Ромео и Джульетта — не самые влиятельные члены своих семей). Чувства делаются пружинами действий. Shakespeare’s plots are either so arbitrary that they can be put out of the picture and enjoy specific scenes (as in The Taming of the Shrew), or so universal that there is no doubt even at the most unexpected turns (Romeo and Juliet, King Lear "," Othello ").

6. Good and evil

With Shakespeare's morality, everything is clear enough so as not to confuse evil with good, and confusing enough to have something to reflect on. It is this level of complexity that is needed for (sorry) “family viewing”: without extraordinary depths, but not on the plane. Unfortunately, it is in this sense that modern stories often lose out to the old ones, sliding either into a one-dimensional simplification or into demonic confusion.

Students around the world put Shakespeare in the classrooms and on the school stage. It is this old author, with his greatest measure of conditionality, who helps adolescents to get acquainted with the beginning of their own feelings, without experiencing too much shame for them. How is it when you love? When do you want to kill someone? When do you hate father? When were you betrayed? When did you lose the most important thing in life? When is something in you stronger than yourself? But Shakespeare is not only suitable for teenagers.

I know for sure that Romeo and Juliet, or, say, The Taming of the Shrew, can be delivered even in kindergarten. And I saw such a production! Of course, the text was coolly redrawn and, in addition, timed to coincide with one of the holidays, but Shakespeare can withstand almost any interpretation. Six-year-olds shone in the lead roles, and three-year-olds depicted guards and bumblebees, and everyone had fun.

Translating Shakespearean sonnets or monologues is a separate good practice for high schools in good English. The strict form, rounded and clearly stated idea, metaphors that can be disassembled and reassembled in another language, is a combination of intellectual and poetic tasks, characteristic of the Baroque era, an excellent simulator for those who are ready to try themselves in poetic translation.

9. Characters and passions

The play is a short matter, and it is necessary to show the character quickly and clearly. Therefore, the characters in Shakespeare are immediately visible. Of course, these are not the characters that can be talked about for a long and difficult time. But in their interaction, in the dialogs - the complexity is already there, and the complexity is not intellectual, but emotional.

The texts provide a lot of shades: here they quarrel, here they hypocritically agree, and here they openly oppose each other, they love, and here they flirt, it’s on their minds not only in the language, but the other just does not understand what is happening ... Our schoolchildren often not enough emotional upbringing, upbringing of the soul, upbringing of empathy, whatever that means. Shakespeare's art is visual, and you can do this simple thing with his example.

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