Useful Tips

How to serve in volleyball



Transmission from above with two hands, transmission from below with two hands in volleyball are among the basic (fundamental) technical elements. Without the proper development of these elements in the initial stages of learning to play volleyball, it is impossible to achieve tangible results in the future. This study is based on world experience in teaching the basic technical elements of volleyball, adopted in Italy, USA, Germany. The study consists of a description of the technique of the element, didactic (training) progressions, targeted training settings, guidelines and tips


Reception of the ball from the bottom with two hands is a decisive element in the transition from defense to attack and return of service. How good a technique often dictates how the rest of the game will go. A team that takes effectively can consistently challenge any opponent. Each player must master the technique until it becomes his innate quality.

Passing the ball from below with two hands is often one of the first light elements that young volleyball players learn, as well as the first thing they forget. Passing from below with two hands seems awkward to new players. There is no other sport that uses this part of the body to get in touch with the ball and often new players try to use their hands instead of their forearms. This paper draws attention to some simple steps in teaching effective reception.

The first thing you need to learn is this is the exit to the ball. Going straight to the ball, you must take a stand. Often players try to graze the ball from the first setting of their position at the reception, ending with increasing errors.

Place the burden so that one is slightly in front of the other, shoulder width apart. Hands should be connected together with thumbs parallel to each other. The knees should be bent, and the arms extend your body so that they are parallel with the hips. When players lean forward to keep their legs straight, this usually ends with a ball that comes too low and too fast. Keep your arms parallel to your hips, which helps eliminate balls in contact with your hands above your elbows, sometimes ending with a double touch or even worse - the chest. The back should be straight, you should be relaxed and keep your eyes on the ball.

Make sure the hands joined together are trying to take the ball in the right direction. After contact with the ball, legs slightly extend! movement and move your hands slightly in the forward and upward movements - "poking", try to use your legs to set the direction of the ball, not the arms. Tilt your arms toward the target, keeping your hips beneath your center of gravity and leaning forward. The most important and often forgotten part is the ability to look at the ball when it comes into contact with your hands. After contact with the ball has taken place, make sure that you hold your hands together and they follow the ball to the goal of your reception. Make sure you do not raise them too high. You should always keep them below shoulder level when taking the ball from the bottom with both hands. Move the weight to your forward leg. This will increase the ability to manage your intake. When players “fall back” when taking the ball, it goes above the expected trajectory. As always, get ready and maintain eye contact with the ball.

Taking the ball from the bottom with two hands is one of the easiest elements in volleyball, but not many players own it. If you are a beginner or a seasoned player who accepts, but does it poorly, then constantly strive to improve the reception of the ball.

Front transmission bottom

Front transmission from the bottom with a lunge to the right

Cross gear bottom movement

Two-handed gear from below is also known as a kick gear.

To use it correctly, you must join your hands together and let the ball hit the meaty part of your forearms at the same time. There are many ways to join your hands. We will cover four ways. But the best way to learn is to watch the players and experiment. A common mistake is to allow the ball to hit your wrists or hands, often ending in an unpredictable move or the ball returned through the net, commonly called the transition. The best way to avoid this problem is to remind yourself to strain your wrists and hands before the impact to create a platform for the ball.

1 - the right hand is conveniently clenched into a fist, the left side is opened.

2 - the fingers of the right hand are extended and conveniently connected to the left, the thumbs are connected.

3 - the right and left hands do not have direct contact, only through wrists that touch the inside (it is easy to make a mistake with this technique - a large separation of the forearms, shifting the plane of the rebound, this technique can create problems, in particular, for beginners).

4 - fingers of the right hand are crossed with the same fingers of the left hand.

Five basic requirements

Choose the method of administration that works best for you. Do not worry which is better than the other. It is truly a personal choice for effective management. Whatever you choose, remember these five points:

  1. Hold the ball between your wrists and elbows at the widest part of your forearm.
  2. Squeeze your wrists and hands in order to better extend your arms.
  3. Connect your elbows. This will give the ball a large area for contact and helps control the direction of reception.
  4. Try to bend your knees before the ball reaches you like that. so that you can cushion the feed with both knees and redirect the gear.
  5. Try to squeeze your shoulders toward the target at the moment of collision.

Two-handed transfer training sequence (Annex 1)


Consider a top gear or a kick gear. In sports literature, this is called top gear, if in fact the second touch does not give in to the attacker. Assist is one of the easiest volleyball skills, but the most difficult to achieve mastery.

A top gear is much easier to control and steer than a lower gear or a kick. Absolutely successful transfer becomes possible if you occupy a standby position under the ball, with legs spread at a convenient distance, usually shoulder width apart, one foot one step ahead. Lift your head, knees and elbows should be bent. The hands are raised above the head about 15 cm. And are removed from your forehead. Hands should be pointing outward so that your thumb and forefinger form a triangle. This can be used as a guideline, keeping an eye on the ball through this triangle.

You need to make sure your shoulders are perpendicular to your target. The easiest way is to transfer in the direction you are facing. However, if you take a position under the ball early enough, then you must hide your intention before the transfer. If you are under the ball, then you just have to step back one step before contact takes place to send the ball forward, and take a step forward to send it back. With practice and increasing ability, you cannot delay this action closer to the time of contact with the ball without giving your opponent any indication of your direction of transfer and therefore leaving less time for blocking the opponent to block an impending hit.

As soon as the ball comes into contact with the hands, the shape of the hands takes the shape of the ball around it in such a way that only the thumbs and two upper fingers together come in contact with the ball. Try to get in touch with the ball with your fingers and thumbs at the same time. The palm of the hand should never touch the ball. You want to get in touch with the ball at the bottom of the ball. Again, make sure your elbows are apart. If they are in the direction of the body, then the result is often an error in transmission or bear. As the ball comes in contact with the hands, continue to move your arms and legs, directing your body weight to the intended direction of transmission. So, if this is a forward gear, then the weight of the body moves

forward, transfer back behind the head, then back. As soon as the ball leaves the hands, your hands indicate the direction to the intended goal.

The passer controls the attack and determines which of the attackers to pass the transfer. Sometimes, a team has two passers. The key to a good strike is constancy. The main prerequisite for transferring to the kick is to receive the ball with finishing and transforming it into a well-directed ball, which can be effectively punched by another player into the opponent's area.

The right technique for setting hands : Raise your hands about fifteen centimeters above your head with the thumbs at the base pointing towards your eyes. The fingers should be apart and have a slightly cupped shape. Do not spread your arms wide. As a guideline, have a gap of no more than five centimeters between the thumbs and index fingers.


The thumb and forefinger form an isosceles triangle. Areas of hands that are in contact with the ball. marked in dark.


Fingers are completely relaxed. Contact with the ball should occur with all ten fingers.

Exercises and Tips (Appendix 2).

Power Jump

The force feed technique in a jump actually repeats the technique of an attacking strike.

  • Throw the ball. For effective power delivery, the ball must always be thrown at the same point: forward and as high as 1-1.5 meters to the playing court. You can throw the ball with one or two hands - this is individual. The ball can rotate or fly at rest - this also does not play a role.
  • First step to hit. The first step is the slowest, fitting room. The body is half relaxed. We carefully watch the ball. If the server is right handed, step with the left foot. If left-handed - on the right.
  • Second step. Speeding up. We put our hands back and to the side for the future swing. A very important step. The player must already make an internal calculation: in what place and from what height he will shoot the ball.
  • Third step. It consists of two "half-steps": locking and attached. The player stops abruptly, crouches and prepares for the upcoming jump. Hands are spread back and to the sides. Fingers spread out. The feet should be parallel and at a small distance from each other (

50-60 cm). We take a breath.

  • Arms swing. Both almost straightened arms are pulled back to the limit. A swing with your hands helps maintain the dynamics of the run and the balance of the player. Helps to get the most out of the jump.
  • Push. The repulsion time after the step of the attached foot should be minimal. We sat down and immediately threw the case up and slightly forward. Keep your legs together. In no case do not scatter the legs to the sides. We push as much as possible, trying to jump as high as possible.
  • Swing up arms. If the player is right-handed, we sharply put our right hand behind the back, turning the body to hit. We bring the straight left hand forward: it serves as a "front sight" for the sight. For the left-handed, we swing the left, take aim with the right. An important point: the hand of the attacking hand should be parallel to this hand. Do not bend the brush! The elbow is not set aside. Keep it parallel to the head. The ball is located in front of the body attacker. Inhale.
  • Hit at the highest point with a straight hand. The hit should be in the center of the ball in the middle of the palm. Direction of strike along the take-off line: where we look, we beat there. We emphasize the blow with the brush while giving the ball top or side rotation. Exhale.
  • After the strike, the server lands on the court. This is permitted by the rules: a hit on the ball during a serve may be carried out already on the court if the server throws the ball away from the front line.


    If the power feed is difficult to take because of the speed of the ball, then the glider - because of unpredictability. With the correct planning pitch, the ball maneuvers in the air and can slip out of the substituted hands at the last second.

    Planning delivery can be carried out directly from a place with a small jump or from a raid - as with an attacking strike. We will analyze the detailed version:

    • Take a position. If you're right handed, the left leg is in front. If left-handed - right. Body weight should be transferred to the supporting leg. On the right - if you're right-handed, on the left - if you're left-handed. Feet shoulder width apart. Straighten the body in line with the legs. You have to look exactly at the court - this way we set the direction of the ball.
    • Prepare the ball to hit. We hold the ball in one hand and do it, swing the second one and take the first aiming step for the attack. The beating arm is wound behind the back and bent at an angle of 45 degrees. Posture is flat, shoulders are straightened.
    • Take 2-3 quick steps to take off. At the last step we throw the ball up and forward to a height

    40 cm., As with top feed. We try to prevent the ball from spinning around its axis.

  • Take aim. Evaluate the situation on the site: which places are the most vulnerable, where to beat, and where not. Try not to hit thoughtlessly.
  • Jump and swipe. The repulsion time after the step of the attached foot should be minimal. We sat down and immediately threw the case up and slightly forward. Keep your legs together. In no case do not scatter the legs to the sides. We push as much as possible, trying to jump as high as possible. The beating arm is wound behind the back and is bent at the elbow at ear level.
  • Hit. The hit should be in the center of the ball with the center of the palm. The fingers are spread out for the largest coverage area. The brush at the time of impact is rigidly fixed in the wrist. Do not pass the ball by hand. Exhale.
  • How to perform a glider?

    Consider the order of execution of the planning submission

    • In the beginning you need to throw the ball and make a swing
      1. the ball must be thrown every time at the same point
      2. low height
      3. forward in the direction of impact
      4. the ball must not rotate
    • Then hit the ball
      1. the movement of the hand should be natural striking (a small step with the front foot helps to adjust the position in relation to the ball and "invest" in the blow with more force)
      2. the kick is carried out by the base of the palm without tracking the ball (the kick must be short jerky)
      3. the brush at the time of impact is firmly fixed to the wrist
      4. the blow is applied exactly in the center of the ball
      5. full visual control of the ball is needed!

    If the serve is done correctly, the ball will fly almost without rotation and, most importantly, unpredictably.

    How to serve in a jump?

    “Serving is the only technical element the execution of which is entirely up to the player. Skillfully executed power feed is a formidable weapon of modern volleyball "

    (Semyon Poltavsky - Russian volleyball player, Honored Master of Sports of Russia, the best serveer of the European Championship 2007, the best serveer of the “Final Six” of the World League 2007, the best serveer of the World Cup 2007)

    The technique of executing a feed in a jump practically repeats the technique of an attacking strike.

    Consider the procedure for performing power feed from a jump

      First you need to take a position about 3 meters from the back line of the volleyball court and prepare the ball for a throw

  • Transfer body weight and lower the ball slightly before throwing
  • The next step with the left foot while simultaneously throwing the ball 2-3 meters up and forward
  • The third step with the right foot is a long, quick one, similar to a stopping step in an attacking strike. Hands relaxed and back down for later swing

  • The last step (with the left foot) is short, the foot is placed in a row with the foot, somewhat “inward” to start the body turning with a simultaneous wide swing up with both hands
  • Swing for a blow while bending the body

  • Take your right hand even further behind
  • To strike at the highest point with a brush, giving the ball top or side rotation
  • Side feed

    It is an “improved” version of the bottom feed. The ball is also thrown from below, but at an angle of 45 degrees to the body and beats on the side. Such a ball flies straight, low over the net and quite strong. On the court so often beat women of "Soviet hardening"?

    • Take a position. If you're right handed, the left leg is in front. If left-handed - right. Stand firmly on both feet, not on the toes.
    • Prepare the ball to hit. We extend the arm with the ball forward parallel to the floor and at 45 degrees to the body. Posture is flat, shoulders are straightened. The ball lies exactly in the palm of your hand.
    • Toss the ball. It is not necessary to throw it very high - it is quite enough to throw it at 30-40 centimeters. It is important that the ball is thrown straight up and does not spin around its axis. Otherwise, it will be difficult to get on it, and after hitting it, it can twist and fly away not at all where it was planned?
    • Swing. The beating hand can be clenched into a fist or beat with a straight palm. Take your hand back and to the side. Thumb should not be clamped! Transfer body weight to the supporting leg. Inhale.
    • Hit. The kick must be in the center of the ball SIDE with the base of the palm. Pull the ball up with your striking hand, giving extra dynamics. Перед ударом уберите руку, фиксирующую мяч. Выдохните.
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