Useful Tips

Educational hour How to behave in emergency situations


What is an emergency?

An emergency is any emergency situation in which there is a threat to people's safety. For example, it can be a natural disaster, a man-made disaster, a declaration of war or a terrorist attack. In the domestic plan, an emergency can occur as a result of an accident, an explosion of domestic gas or another event that is dangerous to others.

How can people behave in an emergency?

A high degree of nervous shock, a threat to life and health, an emergency situation in the country - all this can cause a state of shock in people. It can be manifested by the following symptoms:

- rapid breathing and palpitations or, conversely, “loss” of breath (the pulse is weakly felt),
- dilated pupils,
- pallor,
- numbness, inability to adequately respond to the situation,
- the appearance of cold sweat,
- general weakness

What to do if you are in an emergency?

1. Keep calm

It is very important to remain calm in any emergency. Unfortunately, the danger is often that people commit rash actions that lead to their death. You definitely need to know what you will do next minute and what steps to take. However, try not to spend too much time on this, remember that delay in a dangerous situation also has serious consequences.

Photo Smirnov Vladimir

2. Try to leave the dangerous place

It is important to remember that if you are not a specialist (for example, a lifeguard or a doctor), you should not try to help professionals. This can only aggravate the situation.

3. In case of natural or man-made disasters, never use the elevator

In such situations, electricity is usually turned off first. This applies to fire, and earthquakes, and floods, and many other cases.

4. Do not take anything superfluous

Keep documents and valuables in one place. This is necessary so that, if necessary, you can immediately collect them and leave the house.

5. Call emergency services

Emergency numbers must be recorded on the phone. Remember that in extreme circumstances even light numbers can be forgotten.

Russian Emergencies Ministry telephone number - 101
Police - 102
Emergency - 103
Gas service - 104
Unified Rescue Services Phone - 112

6. Do not overload communication lines

Try to use a telephone (including a mobile one) only if absolutely necessary and to call emergency services. It must be remembered that in the event of an emergency, the load on telephone lines increases many times. This leads to their overload and temporary blocking. delays in the transmission of messages, emergency services can respond to emergencies with delay, which can entail tragic consequences.

Can I provide first aid to victims?

It is not recommended to provide first aid to the wounded, if you have not undergone special training and are not confident in your strength and knowledge. The main thing in this situation is to use a simple rule - do no harm.

Remember that the most important thing in an emergency is to help yourself and others save your life and health. Keep calm, avoid panic and follow all the instructions of the special services.