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Eliminating Dry Mouth: 20 Effective Ways To Get Rid Of Dry Mouth

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Each person at least once in his life experienced dryness and burning in his mouth. The most harmless reasons that cause such an unpleasant and uncomfortable sensation are: summer heat, causing an acute thirst when not observing the drinking regime, eating excessively salty, spicy and spicy food, eating dry food with harmful products (chips, smoked sandwiches, salted nuts, crackers , dried squids and fish, etc.).

In medicine, dry mouth is called xerostomia - a phenomenon caused by the insufficiency of saliva secreted by the salivary glands, which is so necessary for moistening, wetting and cleaning the oral cavity, splitting food, preventing the development of infections caused by the multiplication of microbes and fungi on the mucous membrane, and ensuring comfortable communication.

Episodic xerostomia, as a rule, is not associated with existing pathologies, but is caused by a temporary disorder of the processes of salivation.

Most often, discomfort is accompanied by thirst, dryness in the throat, the occurrence of small microcracks on the lips, stickiness and redness of the tongue, the appearance of halitosis, sore throat, hoarseness, problems with swallowing, burning in the nasopharynx, and inflammation of the oral mucosa. These symptoms can be a sign of serious illness. Today we will consider the topic: “Dry mouth, causes and treatment”, and also indicate situations when you should seek medical help.

Dry mouth - what causes the disease?

Dry mouth - what is it, what kind of illness?

Dry mouth is not always the cause of a disease; pathological and physiological dry mouth can be divided. If physiological is more and more understandable (for example: heat, mouth breathing), then the main reasons that most often provoke frequent dry mouth are doctors:

  • pathologies of internal organs, including: stroke, diabetes mellitus, cystic fibrosis, arterial hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis, intestinal dysbiosis, digestive diseases, HIV or AIDS, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, mumps, depression, bulimia, anorexia,
  • damage to nerve endings in the neck and head that provoked injuries or surgery,
  • dehydration due to fever, SARS, prolonged diarrhea, poisoning, large blood loss, burns,
  • smoking
  • stressful situations
  • sleep and wakefulness disorders, insomnia,
  • junk food, caffeine addiction, alcoholism,
  • hormonal disruptions in women during menopause, sexual development, or pregnancy.

The cause of dry tongue and mouth may be the use of certain medications. For example, antihypertensive drugs tend to produce this negative side effect.

In addition to the above, this phenomenon is often observed in patients with oncology who are undergoing radiation or chemotherapy. Regular dry mouth at night, as well as throughout the day, can signal an increase in blood glucose.

Therefore, first of all, you should take a sugar test, excluding diabetes or confirming this diagnosis.

How to eliminate dry mouth - treatment and symptoms

The seriousness of the dry mouth and the appearance of other signs of the disorder indicate the seriousness of the situation. In this case, you should immediately undergo an examination with a therapist and relevant specialists to find out the causes of distress, make a diagnosis and start adequate therapy.

To eliminate dry mouth, you should know the causes of which disease cause this unpleasant sensation.

Xerostomia, accompanied by pain in the chest, shortness of breath, lack of air, dizziness, weakness in the limbs, can indicate problems of the cardiovascular system and be a symptom of coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension.

Drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, migraine pain in combination with xerostomia can serve as the basis for controlling blood pressure. These symptoms are characteristic of patients suffering from hypotension - low blood pressure.

White tongue and dry mouth, causes that are not established, can signal the presence of diseases of the digestive tract. In such patients, nausea, heartburn, discomfort in the epigastric region and other unpleasant sensations are observed.

Taste of bitterness in the mouth, dry mouth, nausea are symptoms of diseases of the gall bladder and liver.

Stomach pain, heaviness after eating, accompanied by dry mouth, is a signal to visit a gastroenterologist and examine for peptic ulcer or gastritis.

Heartburn and xerostomia are provoked by gastroesophageal reflux disease, in which hydrochloric acid (gastric juice) is thrown into the esophagus.

Stool disorders, diarrhea, pain in the left hypochondrium, extending to the back, and bloating along with dryness in the oral cavity are symptoms of pancreatic inflammation (pancreatitis).

Regular dizziness even in the absence of motor activity, noise and tinnitus, increased weakness, pallor of the skin and dry mouth - a signal to check hemoglobin in the blood. Anemia and hypovitaminosis are often manifested precisely by these symptoms.

Runny nose (rhinitis) of various etiologies is often accompanied by draining of the oral mucosa. During therapy and complete recovery, dry mouth passes by itself.

Loss of appetite or, conversely, a constant craving for food in combination with dryness in the oral cavity are signs of nervous disorders, including depression, anorexia and bulimia.

A sensation of a coma in the throat, difficulty swallowing, and dryness are usually observed with inflammation of the thyroid gland (acute thyroiditis). With hypothyroidism and other disorders in the thyroid gland, dry mouth is combined with frequent constipation.

Frequent urination, sudden fluctuations in weight, morning thirst, insomnia, constipation in combination with xerostomia are symptoms of diabetes.

With the onset of menopause, dryness can be observed on all mucous membranes - in the vagina, in the mouth, in the eyes, in the throat. At the same time, the appearance of hot flashes, chills, irritability, anxiety.

Lesions of the oral mucosa by fungi (candidiasis of the mouth) causes the appearance of a whitish coating on the tongue, burning in the mouth and palate, itching, dryness. Some forms of pathology can provoke staining of the tongue in a bright red color.

Dryness that occurs during eating can be a sign of the presence of neoplasms, neuralgia, mechanical damage to the oral cavity or larynx.

Morning xerostomia can be observed in case of respiratory disorders during night rest, for example, when breathing through the mouth, which can be caused by mucus that clogs the nasal passages during rhinitis, or snoring. Also, this phenomenon can provoke excessively dry air in the bedroom, especially during the heating season.

What to do with dry mouth?

In order to permanently get rid of discomfort in the oral cavity, it is necessary to determine and eliminate the causes that cause it. Sometimes it’s enough to normalize the drinking regimen (at least 1.5 liters of free liquid per day), refuse to use harmful foods (salty, fried, heavy, fatty, fast food, canned, spicy, spicy and pickled), caffeinated drinks and alcohol, quit smoke to eliminate discomfort in the oral cavity.

When taking synthetic pharmaceutical preparations for which you have a similar reaction, it is worth discussing the treatment strategy with your doctor, or replace them with analogues.

Observe the humidity in the living and working rooms, especially in the bedroom. Buy a special humidifier or put open containers with water on the battery to maintain a favorable microclimate. Do not forget to regularly air the rooms at any time of the year. Minimize your stay in air-conditioned rooms.

Timely seeking medical help will allow you to determine the onset of the underlying disease in time and prevent the consequences caused by xerostomia - the appearance of erosion, sores and cracks on the lips and mucous membranes, gum inflammation, etc.

Depending on the symptoms accompanying dry mouth, you should visit the following specialists: therapist / pediatrician, immunologist, gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, otolaryngologist, psychiatrist, neurologist, dentist, cardiologist, urologist, dermatologist, gynecologist, nephrologist.

20 simple home remedies to eliminate dry mouth

As you know, dry mouth can be a very worrying condition in the long run. However, the following few simple home remedies can relieve symptoms and prevent the recurrence of bouts of dry mouth.

What to do?

  • Take a small piece of fresh ginger and chop it into small pieces.
  • Put the ginger dipper, pour a cup of water and bring to a boil.
  • Strain ginger tea and add honey to taste. Drink right away.

Alternatively, you can just chew a piece of ginger all day.

How often?

Drink ginger tea 2-3 times a day for best results.

Why does it work

Ginger has many healing properties. This is due to the presence of a biologically active compound called gingerol. In addition, ginger stimulates salivation. This helps maintain the necessary moisture in the mouth for an extended period.

2. Green tea

  • 1 teaspoon of green tea leaves
  • 1 cup of water
  • honey (optional)

What to do?

  • Take a spoonful of green tea and brew in a glass of water.
  • Strain the tea and add honey to taste. Drink immediately.

How often to use

Drink green tea 2 to 3 times a day for optimal health

Why does it work

Green tea, like ginger tea, is also one of the best herbs for treating dry mouth. It has antibacterial properties and is able to prevent xerostomia. In addition, green tea is also a known salivary stimulant.

3. Aloe Vera Juice

You will need

  • ¼ cups aloe vera juice / aloe vera gel
  • Cotton pads

What to do?

  • Consume aloe vera juice or rinse your mouth with it.
  • Also, take a little aloe vera gel with a cotton swab and apply it evenly inside your mouth.
  • Leave on for a few minutes and rinse your mouth thoroughly with water.

How often

You can consume aloe vera juice once a day. In case you apply the gel, you need to do this 2 to 3 times a day.

Why does it work

Aloe vera has endless benefits when it comes to beauty and health. In the case of xerostomia, it is important that aloe can cause the functioning of the salivary glands and increase the production of saliva in the mouth.

You will need

  • Fresh or canned pineapples

What to do

  • Cut a fresh pineapple and just chew a slice slowly to keep your mouth moist.
  • Alternatively, you can use unsweetened canned pineapples for the same.

How often?

Several times a day. No need to chew the pineapple a bit over the span, because the acidic environment of the fruit can corrode tooth enamel.

Why does it work

Pineapple is rich in bromelain, which helps cleanse your mouth. The fruit also helps in thinning saliva and enhances saliva production.

5. Lemon juice

  • ½ lemon
  • 1 glass of water
  • honey (optional)

What to do?

  • Squeeze the juice of half a lemon into a glass of water.
  • Add honey to taste. Keep this juice and consume all day.

How often

Excessive consumption of lemon or other acidic fruits can lead to the destruction of tooth enamel. Therefore, limit use to 5-6 times a day.

Why does it help

Lemons are very useful for improving health and beauty. A large amount of citric acid in lemons helps maintain a clean and fresh oral cavity, and also stimulates the production of saliva, which eliminates dry mouth.

6. Orange juice

You will need

What to do

  • Peel the orange and mix its juice with a glass of water.
  • Store in a bottle and consume throughout the day to maintain moisture in the oral cavity.
  • Avoid drinking concentrated juice, as this may worsen your condition.

How often

Drink diluted orange juice once a day.

Why does it work

Like their colleagues (lemons), oranges are also rich in citric acid and have many beneficial properties. Orange juice maintains the freshness of the oral cavity, eliminates bad breath. Citric acid also helps in stimulating the salivary glands and thus, orange juice eliminates dry mouth.

7. Fennel (dill pharmacy)

  • 1 teaspoon dill seeds

What to do

Just chew on fennel seeds after every meal.

How often

Do it daily.

Why does it work

Fennel seeds are rich in plant metabolites called flavonoids. Flavonoids stimulate saliva production and help keep your mouth clean. The aromatic nature of dill seeds helps to normalize bad breath, maintaining the freshness of the oral cavity over a long period of time.

You will need

  • 1 teaspoon anise seed
  • 1 teaspoon dill seeds (optional)

What to do?

  • Take a few aniseed seeds and just chew them after each meal.
  • Alternatively, you can also mix anise seeds with dill seeds for an extra flavor.

How often

Do this after every meal.

Why does it work

Anise (scientifically called Pimpinella anisum) is an herb with many medicinal properties. Anise is prescribed as an appetite stimulant. Anise seeds taste quite good, their use helps to fight bad breath and dry mouth.

Why dry mouth is bad

Dryness is a lack of saliva. And this liquid performs many functions, the main of which is antibacterial. It is saliva that resists attacks of all kinds of infections. When the mouth is dry, harmful microorganisms begin to win and we get:

  • It is an unpleasant sensation that the tongue sticks to the inside of the cheeks and palate (it is familiar to everyone who has ever experienced a hangover).
  • Chapped lips, sores in the mouth and corners of the lips.
  • Bad breath, against which toothbrushing and chewing gum are powerless: the smell reappears very quickly.
  • Red irritated tongue.
  • Problems with the definition of taste.
  • Trouble swallowing. Try pushing a slice down your throat if you don't have enough saliva in your mouth!
  • Digestion difficulties. Food that is poorly moistened with saliva is more difficult to chew and digest. As a result, it is absorbed worse.
  • Increased risk of acute respiratory infections and ENT diseases.
  • Hoarseness, sometimes choked voice.
  • Dental problems: tooth decay, gum disease ...

All these symptoms significantly reduce the quality of life. Not to mention the impact on health: after all, the body is forced to spend energy on those infections that had to be delayed at the entrance, and therefore it can easily miss the more dangerous violations.

8. Rosemary

You will need

  • 10-12 rosemary leaves
  • 1 glass of water

What to do

  • Take about 10-12 rosemary leaves, pour a glass of water and let it brew overnight.
  • Use this water to rinse your mouth in the morning.

How often

Do it every morning.

Why does it work

Rosemary has no less excellent aroma than fennel seeds. The antiseptic and soothing properties of rosemary are known to be useful in treating dry mouth.

9. Celery

What to do?

Just chop celery into pieces and chew them all day.

How often

Chew celery to eliminate dry mouth daily until optimal results are achieved.

Why does it work

Celery is a vegetable that has diverse health benefits. Celery is rich in vitamin C and also contains many beneficial enzymes and flavonoids. The ability of celery to retain water is especially useful to maintain oral moisture, as well as to increase saliva production.

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10. Parsley

You will need

  • A handful of parsley leaves

What to do?

Take a few parsley leaves and just chew them.

How often

Daily after each meal.

Why parsley leaves eliminate dry mouth

Parsley is a herb that is known to be rich in vitamins A and C, calcium and iron. Parsley can be called a natural mouth freshener. It is also a cheap, natural way to treat dry mouth and n-related symptoms (18). It also has antibacterial properties that can be used to keep your mouth clean (19).

11. Olive oil

Olive oil has been used for centuries to maintain oral hygiene.

  • 1 teaspoon olive oil (extra virgin)

What to do

  • Just hold the olive oil in your mouth for 10 -15 minutes
  • Spit out and brush your teeth as usual.

How often

Once a day every morning.

Why does it work

Olive oil has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties due to the presence in it, mainly of a compound called Oleocanthal. The cleansing effect of olive oil helps to maintain moisture in the oral cavity, eliminates the symptoms of dry mouth.

12. Coconut oil

  • 1 чайная ложка кокосового масла (экстра вирджин)

What to do?

  • Просто держать кокосовое масло во рту в течение приблизительно 10-15 минут.
  • Выплюнуть и чистить зубы, как обычно.

Как часто

Один раз в сутки каждое утро.

Почему это работает

Like olive oil, coconut oil also helps in maintaining an adequate level of moisture in the oral cavity. It acts as a natural moisturizer and thus helps eliminate dry mouth and all the unpleasant symptoms of xerostomia.

13. Fish oil

You will need

  • Foods Rich in Omega-3s or Fish Oil Supplements

What to do?

  • Include omega-3 foods in your diet — salmon and tuna.
  • Or consume about 500 mg of fish oil per day.

How often?

Twice a day for best results.

Why does it work

Fish oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are known to reduce inflammation. Studies have proven that fish oil intake increases saliva production. Thus, fish oil can also be used to eliminate severe dry mouth.

1. You do not have enough water

This is the most common case. If your mouth is dry, you are most likely not getting enough fluids. Either too much has been lost - this happens with intense exercise, during walks in the heat, or, for example, with digestive problems that are accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting.

1. Peppermint essential oil

You will need

  • 2 drops peppermint essential oil

What to do?

  • Put two drops of peppermint essential oil on the tongue.
  • Spread the oil throughout your mouth with your tongue.

How often?
Do this for a week, before each meal.

Why does it work

Peppermint oil (scientifically Mentha Piperita) stimulates the salivary glands to produce more saliva. It also has a protective effect. The presence of a compound called Cineol in peppermint oil helps in accelerating the secretion of mucus in the oral cavity.

4. You are taking certain medications

The list of medicines whose side effects indicate dry mouth is long. This includes Everything you need to know about dry mouth:

  • antihistamines
  • decongestants
  • a number of drugs used to control high blood pressure (hypertension),
  • antidiarrheal drugs
  • muscle relaxants
  • antidepressants
  • some drugs to treat Parkinson's disease and other neurological disorders.

By the way, that is why dry mouth in older people is more common than in young people: they simply take more than all kinds of medications.

2. Curly Peppermint Essential Oil (Curly Peppermint)

You will need

  • 1 to 2 drops of curly peppermint essential oil

What to do?

  • Apply one or two drops of curly peppermint oil to the toothbrush. Either drop 1-2 drops in a glass of clean water
  • Gently clean or rinse your mouth

How often?

After each meal.

Why does it work

Curly Peppermint Oil is one of the main ingredients used in many toothpastes and mouthwashes. Curly Peppermint can relieve bad breath and dry mouth due to its antibacterial and cleansing properties.

2. Chew more actively

The more energetic you chew, the greater The effect of a chewing gum on salivary secretion, oral mucosal friction, and the feeling of dry mouth in xerostomic patients. saliva produces the corresponding glands. Of course, it’s ideal to chew something healthy, such as fresh vegetables and fruits and other solid foods. But if such food is not at hand, chewing gum will do.

3. Try to breathe through your nose.

Sometimes it’s difficult - for example, when the nose is blocked due to a cold. In this case, you must try to speed up recovery.

However, there are other causes of congestion, such as polyps or curvature of the nasal septum. If it is difficult for you to breathe through the nose, but why - you yourself cannot understand, be sure to consult with the ENT specialist. He will prescribe the necessary treatment.

4. Drink enough fluids

WHO recommends Water Requirements, Impinging Factors, and Recommended Intakes to approximately 2.7 women and 3.7 liters a day to men. And not only in the form of water, but also in the form of juices, soups and so on.

If you play sports or physical labor, especially in the heat, do not forget to drink more.

3. Clove essential oil

You will need

  • 2 drops clove essential oil

What to do?

  • Apply two drops of clove oil to the tongue.
  • Using the tongue, distribute clove essential oil throughout the oral cavity.

How often

Repeat daily after each meal.

Why does it work

Clove oil contains healthy oils such as eugenol. Eugenol is an aromatic compound known as anesthetic and antiseptic. These properties of clove oil help relieve symptoms of dry mouth.

4. Eucalyptus essential oil

You will need

  • 2 drops of eucalyptus essential oil

What to do?

  • Apply two drops of eucalyptus essential oil to your finger or toothbrush.
  • Gently apply over the entire oral cavity.

How often

Daily after each meal.

Why does it work

Like peppermint oil, eucalyptus essential oil also contains menthol. The aromatic nature of eucalyptus essential oil, together with its antibacterial properties, helps in the treatment of halitosis and dry mouth.

15. Apple cider vinegar

  • 1 teaspoon apple cider vinegar
  • 1 glass of water

What to do?

  • Add apple cider vinegar to a glass of water and mix well. Rinse your mouth all day.

How often

Use apple cider vinegar for dry mouth daily.

Why does it work

Acetic acid is one of the main components of apple cider vinegar, which thanks to it has antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Apple cider vinegar is often used in folk medicine to treat diabetes and is an effective way to eliminate dry mouth.

16. Vaseline

You will need

What to do?
Apply a thin layer of petroleum jelly on the gums and lips.

How often

Daily at night

Why does it work

Vaseline is used to accelerate wound healing and moisture retention. Using petroleum jelly in this way can help treat dry mouth, especially at night.

You will need

What to do?

  • Lubricate the mucous membrane of the mouth with a thin layer of yogurt.

How often?

Use yogurt from dry mouth 2-3 times a day.

Why does it work

Yogurt contains various nutrients and minerals. The product also has moisturizing and anti-inflammatory properties similar to petroleum jelly, which can help eliminate the symptoms of dry mouth.

You will need

What to do?

  • Persons older than 50 years should consume about 8 mg of iron per day.
  • People between the ages of 18 and 50 can consume capsules containing 18 mg of iron per day.

How often?

Consume iron supplements daily.

Why does it work

Human Ornanism needs an adequate amount of iron in order to function normally and maintain overall good health. Dry mouth is one of the most common and recurring symptoms of iron deficiency and can be improved by consuming additional iron.

19. Cayenne pepper

You will need

  • A pinch of ground cayenne pepper

What to do?

  • Take ground cayenne pepper on a wet finger and wipe the entire tongue.

How often

Repeat the procedure 2-3 times a day.

Why does it work

Cayenne pepper, scientifically called C apsicum annuum "Cayenne", is a fairly popular natural remedy due to its detoxifying capabilities and benefits to the digestive system. Cayenne pepper also has anti-inflammatory properties that are useful in treating symptoms of dry mouth.

20. Slippery Elm

You will need

  • ½ teaspoon slippery elm bark powder
  • water

What to do?

  • Mix the slippery elm bark powder with a few drops of water and gently rub the paste into your mouth. Then rinse your mouth.
  • In addition, tea from slippery elm bark can also be consumed.

How often

You can apply the paste every morning or consume this tea 2 to 3 times a day.

Why does it work

Slippery elm is a small tree with healing properties. The bark of this tree is often used to get rid of various ailments. It contains mucus that covers the walls of the stomach and soothes the stomach, throat, mouth and intestines. Thus, slippery elm can help with digestion and inflammation. In addition, the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of slippery elm help eliminate extreme dry mouth.

Prevention of dry mouth

You can easily try these home remedies to get rid of dry mouth, because most of the necessary ingredients are in your kitchen. After you see positive changes in your condition, try to follow the preventative tips below to avoid relapses in dry mouth.

Prevention Tips:

  • Limit your caffeine intake.
  • Use sugarless chewing gum or sugarless sugary sweets.
  • Avoid using mouthwash containing alcohol.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Maintain adequate hydration
  • Try moisturizing sprays and gels that are available over the counter. They can act as substitutes for saliva.
  • Use mouthwash products specifically designed to combat dry mouth.
  • Avoid using medications that could be a potential cause of dry mouth.
  • Avoid inhalation through the mouth. Try to breathe through your nose, especially at night.
  • Use a room humidifier at night. The appliance humidifies the air around you.
  • Avoid sugary and carbonated drinks.
  • Use fluoride toothpastes.
  • Consume protein-rich foods. Also include soups and broths in your diet.
  • Avoid eating dry foods like bread, cakes and crackers.

Dry mouth can be a serious concern if this is a chronic condition. If you are among those who have suffered from this condition, try not to delay and begin to deal with the problem. It is always best to treat dry mouth at an early stage to prevent a recurrence of the problem. Since dry mouth is also a symptom of certain illnesses and medications, please consult your doctor for an examination and consultation.

Answers to readers' questions

- How can I get rid of dry mouth at night?

- In order to prevent dry mouth at night, use a room humidifier to humidify the air. You can also apply a thin layer of petroleum jelly on your lips to “seal” moisture and prevent your mouth from drying out.

- What causes dry mouth during work?

- One of the main reasons to experience dry mouth during work is dehydration. Hot weather increases the likelihood of dehydration.

- How to prevent dry mouth in the morning?

- After you wake up, brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste. Use any of the natural remedies mentioned above as a mouthwash. In addition, you can also use a “pharmacy” spray for your mouth or gels that are designed to keep your mouth moistened.

- Which doctor treats dry mouth?

- You can visit the dentist if you have problems with dry mouth. However, if dry mouth is a symptom of an underlying disease, it is recommended that you visit your local GP first.

- Can a dry mouth cause any serious side effects if left untreated?

- Severe dry mouth can lead to serious tooth defects and gum disease if left untreated. The condition can also lead to persistent bad breath from the multiplication of bacteria in the mouth.

Author: Irina Surkova, Moscow Medicine Portal ©

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