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What to do if it becomes bad on the plane

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If you suffer from headaches after air travel, this may be due to a change in oxygen levels and atmospheric pressure drops in the cockpit during the flight. These changes can trigger migraines in some people, in others - a small headache, which is part of the reaction of our body called biorhythm. There are some ways you can use to prevent headaches from occurring during your journey — before, during, and after the flight.

Causes of dizziness in men, in women

First you need to pay attention to the fact that dizziness can occur due to the fact that the inner ear is affected, also due to violations in the vestibular nerve, this type of dizziness is called peripheral. It occurs due to viral infectious diseases, nerve tumors, brain injuries, autoimmune diseases. If dizziness is provoked by a disease in the brain, this indicates a central form of dizziness. It includes such diseases - multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury, migraine, migraine, circulatory problems in the brain.

Most often, the reasons for women and men are the same, because dizziness can occur due to the three main systems of the human body - the vestibular apparatus, the visual system, and the muscular system. They are responsible for the movement of the body. If there is still nausea and weakness, this indicates problems with the optic nerve, diseases of the brain.

What causes dizziness in men and women?

1. Dizziness is provoked by an inflammatory process in the inner ear, while purulent and bloody discharge from the ears appears, the person does not hear well. If tinnitus is only on one side, while a person is concerned about vomiting, nausea, this indicates a perilymphatic fistula, it is very important in this case to undergo an examination and make sure that you do not have a tumor in the brain.

2. Meniere's syndrome is also accompanied by dizziness, vomiting, nausea, and hearing problems, most often characteristic of adolescence, and is dangerous because neuritis can develop in the future.

3. Due to vestibular neuritis begins abruptly after a person gets out of bed, begins to move his head. In this case, vomiting may occur, this condition can alarm up to two days.

4. A serious disease in men and women, due to which dizziness becomes acute, is a stroke, while the headache is wavy, disturbing severe vomiting, then a state of drowsiness, weakness may occur, the person ceases to navigate in space. This condition can last several days.

5. The appearance of dizziness and as a result of pinching of the cervical vertebral nerve, while the pain begins to disturb, when a person moves his head, severe stiffness appears in the neck.

6. Dizziness as a consequence of traumatic brain injury, also after a cold.

7. If, besides the fact that the head is spinning, a severe headache, vomiting is disturbing, this indicates a migraine of a vestibular nature, it can last a little - up to one minute, or maybe for hours, and other neurological symptoms also arise.

8. Women and men who have problems with the vestibular apparatus constantly experience dizziness, and nausea, drowsiness, and it is difficult for such people to travel in vehicles.

9. As a consequence of taking certain medications, especially antibiotics. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the dosage or even change the drug.

Women often experience dizziness of a psychogenic nature, with drowsiness, confusion, panic fear.

Such an attack is unexpected if a person arrives in a closed room or vice versa crowded. In this case, the muscles are overstressed, while the person is very irritable, he has a lump in his throat, tinnitus, everything ends with vomiting. The reason for the same dizziness is.

For the female, a disease such as migraine is characteristic, dizziness with it, a person begins to be afraid of noise, light, then severe nausea occurs.

Dangerous severe dizziness is that which occurs with a brain tumor.

All symptoms progress, pain in the morning begins to intensify, some muscle groups — bodies, faces — stop working, eyesight problems occur, a person loses hearing, a loud noise is felt in the ears.

In women, dizziness often accompanies pregnancy, because the biochemical blood composition changes, while drowsiness is felt, everything can end in a swoon. Also, this condition indicates that the level of sugar in the blood or in a woman is reduced. To get rid of these symptoms, you need to eat something sweet or drink tea with sugar. It is very important to drink as much water as possible.

In men, dizziness does not occur so often, therefore, if it appears, it is necessary to be examined, because it can indicate a serious illness.

Causes of dizziness in men

1. Because of binge or if a man drank a lot of alcohol. Thus, intoxication occurs, dizziness is accompanied by vomiting, and even a man in a severe case may lose consciousness.

2. Intoxication in case of poisoning with various substances, while there is a preconscious state, darkens in the eyes.

3. With a brain tumor.

4. Dizziness due to sudden spikes in blood pressure.

5. Due to stroke, heart attack, diseases of the vegetative-vascular system. Please note that in this case, dizziness is an additional symptom that may accompany pain in the heart.

6. Dizziness in men due to severe fatigue, stress, lack of sleep. It has already been proven by medical scientists that stress is dangerous for a man, because he, unlike a woman, does not express his emotions, keeps everything in himself.

7. In dubious men, far-fetched dizziness appears.

8. Dizzy can after a flight, increased physical exertion, moving, if a person has changed the climate. Also for fear of heights.

Thus, in order to get rid of dizziness for a long time, it is necessary to be examined in order to accurately diagnose the disease.

Why does dizziness occur?

This condition is characteristic of various diseases - with problems with the vestibular apparatus, due to osteochondrosis, if blood circulation in the brain is disturbed, psychological problems. Nausea accompanies dizziness, because it seems to a person that objects rotate in front of him, he cannot keep his usual position and balance. In this case, the vestibular apparatus begins to respond to this condition and the person begins to feel sick.

How to overcome dizziness and nausea?

It is very important to seek the help of a doctor if, in addition to dizziness, there is an increased body temperature, a severe headache is disturbing, weakness is felt in the arms and legs, vomiting is constantly worrying, and it lasts more than half an hour. In this case, you definitely need to undergo computed tomography, audiographic examination. He will also turn to an ophthalmologist, he can prescribe a head doppler. X-ray of the spine or skull may be required.

When the doctor knows the cause of dizziness and nausea, he will be able to choose effective methods of treatment. You may need to take medications such as Diphenhydramine, Motilium, Betagistin, and Scopolamine.

Dizziness and nausea can be triggered by malnutrition, so you should abandon salty, alcohol, smoking, strong coffee, tea, chocolate.

Also note that dizziness with nausea is characteristic of hypotensive patients, at first the condition resembles drowsiness, then there is pain in the forehead, vision decreases, then fainting. After severe nausea appears, she feels a breakdown, flies may appear in front of her eyes, it gets dark, her limbs become cold.

Often a person is concerned about the issue, which causes dizziness if the tonometer shows. Remember, pressure is not the only cause of dizziness, although frequent. You can feel dizzy if a person abruptly changes his body position - he got up early in the morning from bed.

Also, in cases of motion sickness, intolerance of certain attractions, in transport, this happens due to the fact that the functioning of the vestibular apparatus is disrupted.

Dizziness under normal pressure can be a cause of stress, when a large amount of adrenaline is released into the blood, because of this, the nerve cells lack oxygen. Also, if the artery of the spine is transmitted, this happens with osteochondrosis, curvature.

Please note if you have severe dizziness and normal pressure, but you feel weak, it may be a symptom of a starting stroke or you may have a concussion.

Some medications can also cause dizziness.

If you feel dramatically ill, the main thing in this situation is calm, you need to sit down, keep your head in one position, look at one point and breathe deeply. In the event that, in addition to the above symptoms, the limbs go numb, there are problems with speech, you need to urgently call an ambulance.

If the pressure is normal, but you are constantly worried about dizziness, nausea, vomiting, this indicates a chronic disease, it is very important in this case to examine the vessels, brain, neck, this can indicate a serious disease.

This condition is characteristic of diseases such as meningitis, an infectious process in the tissues that are responsible for the work of the spinal cord and brain. In addition to weakness, body temperature can rise, a person is shivering. characteristic of the inflammatory process of blood vessels, while this may cause problems with metabolism, tingling is felt in the legs and hands, they can become numb, heaviness appears in the back of the head.

If nausea, vomiting occurs first, then dizziness, weakness - this can indicate a stroke. In cases of a disease such as frontitis, pain from the forehead moves to the temple, then the back of the head. Feels severe weakness in the muscular system. Weakness and dizziness can be triggered by the general weakness of the human body.

Causes of severe dizziness

Dizziness in itself is not life threatening, but if it is severe, it can indicate a serious illness that can lead to death - brain tumors, stroke or anemia.

If dizziness is easy, confusion occurs when a person turns his head or stands up sharply, such attacks last a short time.

Severe dizzinesses are those in which a person loses balance, may fall, while hearing impairment, ringing in the ears, darkening in the eyes, nausea vomiting occurs. In this case, the person weakens and faints.

Severe dizziness of this nature indicates problems with the inner ear.

The head can be very dizzy due to the fact that a person abruptly changes the position of the body. This happens with hypotension of an orthostatic nature, when blood drains sharply from the brain. In this case, a person's blood pressure drops.

Therefore, in this case, you need to carefully get up, first sit down, perhaps still lie down and calmly get up.

Severe dizziness can occur due to heart disease, dehydration, high blood pressure, if a person is very anxious. In this case, it is very important to consult with your doctor on time.

Severe dizziness is characteristic of a disease such as labyrinthitis, when the inner ear becomes inflamed, then the center responsible for balance begins to be actively stimulated in the brain, because of this nausea, vomiting, and eyeballs begin to move. Such severe dizziness lasts more than one day, it may take months to get rid of it.

If severe dizziness occurs, this may indicate that you have low blood glucose, anemia, blood flow in the arteries is blocked, which is responsible for supplying the brain with blood, also with subdural hemorrhage and malignant formation in the brain.

This condition often appears immediately after a person wakes up, especially if he was sleeping on a high pillow, while you can feel a crunch in your neck, then dizziness starts to bother. At the same time, it may darken in the eyes, coordination of movements is disturbed in a person, noise appears in the ears.

Often this condition is accompanied by a swoon, if this happened it is very important to put the person horizontally, his head should be lowered down.

Dizziness with vomiting, nausea, and vision and hearing may also be impaired.

It is very important in this situation to get rid not of dizziness, but of the disease itself.

What causes dizziness with osteochondrosis?

Due to the fact that the blood volume is significantly reduced, the brain suffers from a lack of oxygen, it lacks useful substances. This happens if the spinal arteries are compressed, which happens with osteochondrosis.

How to treat dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis?

First you need to undergo a course of therapy with which you can cure the disease. The doctor will prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs with which you can remove the inflammatory process, swelling, thus, the arteries will decrease, and will not be so compressed, the blood circulation in the brain will improve significantly.

Also, physiotherapeutic methods are used to treat cervical osteochondrosis; with their help, the patient's condition can be improved. Care should be taken to massage with cervical osteochondrosis, it is very important that the specialist takes into account how your disease is proceeding and whether there will be more harm from massage.

An important role in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is played by therapeutic exercises and diet food. Thus, if you want to get rid of the dizziness that is characteristic of the disease - cervical osteochondrosis, you must definitely undergo a comprehensive treatment.

A doctor may prescribe drugs with the help of which blood circulation is established, the vestibular apparatus to alleviate the condition of dizziness. Of course, such medications do not cure the underlying disease, but will help get rid of some symptoms.

Why does dizziness occur when standing up?

Often people are disturbed by dizziness, when they abruptly change their body position, get out of bed. If this happens rarely, you don’t need to worry, but when it happens every day, and it is accompanied by other symptoms, you must urgently take action. This indicates a disease such as orthostatic collapse. A person begins to worry about constant dizziness, even when he is standing for a long time, then darkens before his eyes, flies appear, everything can end in a swoon.

What causes dizziness upon rising?

Due to the fact that the brain does not have enough oxygen, if a person becomes ill and continues to move on, does not go to bed, does not sit down, he loses consciousness.

Doctors call this vertigo vertigo. The disease can occur due to various reasons, if disturbances in the functioning of the vestibular apparatus are observed, in cases of inflammation in the ears, neuritis, neuronitis, as a result of trauma. People who have diseases of the heart and blood vessels are also often dizzy when standing up. In adolescence, this happens due to puberty. This condition is characteristic of sedentary people who lead a sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, it is very important to move as much as possible, to perform special gymnastics, which has a positive effect on the vestibular apparatus. But note that dizziness when standing up can be one of the symptoms of a serious illness.

Causes of Dizziness Headache

There are two types of headaches that occur with dizziness.

Those that arise in the occipital region. They can be acute, appear with various infectious diseases, in cases where blood circulation in the brain changes due to chronic sinusitis. Migraine also belongs to this group of diseases.

Secondary headaches with dizziness are provoked by hypertension, a neck disease, and are also characteristic of cerebral hematoma, ear and eye diseases.

Some headaches do not need to be treated, these are those that are characteristic of the "hangover" syndrome, when the head compresses with a hoop, glasses. Also, headache that occurs when coughing is not treated.

Very often a person may be disturbed by a headache with dizziness if he is physically or mentally overworked, also due to nervous disorders. To get rid of them you need to eat right, sleep well. Чаще всего головная боль характерна для людей после 40 лет.

Из-за чего появляется головная боль при головокружении?

1. Из-за мигрени, при этом боль является пульсирующей, может нарастать, особенно, если человек физически перетруждается, быстро ходит. При этом может наблюдаться тошнота и рвота. The attack of such pain lasts three days. First, it pricks in the temple area, then it begins to swim before the eyes and the person develops severe nausea. There is increased irritability.

2. A headache with dizziness can often be a consequence of stress, after experiencing severe stress, it also appears if a person is not sitting correctly, his cervical vertebrae are broken. However, it is intense. Muscles tighten in the neck, and pain also covers the jaw joint and cranial.

3. With hypertension, dizziness is accompanied by a severe headache, it is dull, localized in the occipital region, especially in the morning, decreases during the day. It may be pulsating in the temples, this occurs if a person is overworked. In addition to dizziness, congestion in the ears appears.

How to treat headache with dizziness?

First you need to find out why it appeared: be sure to measure blood pressure, go through computed tomography, and examine the cervical spine.

Pay attention to your diet, pain with dizziness can be triggered by nitrites, caffeine, biogenic amines, monosodium glutamate. All this negatively affects the state of blood vessels. Therefore, you should abandon such foods: ketchup, cheese, mayonnaise, onions, bananas, chocolate, pineapples, spinach. When they begin to enter the bloodstream, the vessels begin to narrow, which causes a throbbing pain.

Alternative methods for treating headache with dizziness

1. It is necessary to take 200 ml of milk, dilute it with one raw egg, and drink hot until one week.

2. Such a decoction helps well, it will require birch buds, immortelle, a pharmacy chamomile, St. John's wort, everything needs to be thoroughly mixed, ground, insisted for 24 hours. Strain and squeeze, add honey.

3. Such a remedy is effective: it will require apple cider vinegar - a tablespoon, 200 ml of water, bring everything to a boil. Inhale the vapor.

4. It is necessary to take a lemon peel, apply it to the temple until the pain subsides.

5. If pain and dizziness occurred suddenly, it is necessary to do such a massage - first massage the scalp, then the lower jaw.

6. In cases of regular pain, you need to do such a massage, first with your hands to stroke the hair of the head, then massage the parts from the side. After putting palms on your head and using vibrational movements to perform massage. It should last up to 10 minutes.

Dizziness treatment with traditional and folk remedies

Remember that to forget about dizziness forever, you need to identify the cause and eliminate it.

What measures should be taken with dizziness?

1. The patient must be placed on his back, so that the patient can be protected from overbending of the spinal artery.

2. Ventilate the room; the victim needs fresh air.

3. Apply a cold bandage to your forehead.

4. Be sure to take a blood pressure monitor and measure blood pressure, then body temperature. In cases where the pulse is rapid, while the patient is sick, he is vomiting, he needs to urgently call an ambulance.

Treatment of dizziness folk remedies

1. In cases where the cause of dizziness is hypotension, you need to drink 200 ml of pomegranate juice daily.

2. Such a recipe helps a lot, for it you need the bark of a mountain ash - 2 tablespoons, half a liter of water, boil everything over low heat. Drink up to three times a day in a tablespoon.

3. It is possible to strengthen the vestibular apparatus with the help of such an exercise: for this you need to go on a straight line and turn your head. Such a training should be daily, to complete the exercise for at least 5 minutes.

4. Ginkgo biloba infusions, ginger tea, beetroot and carrot juices, as well as tea using parsley seeds, will help get rid of dizziness. To cook it, you need to brew one teaspoon of seeds in a glass of boiling water, insist for up to 10 hours and drink a little.

5. After you have lunch and dinner, you need to drink tea with peppermint, linden and lemon balm.

6. Eliminates dizziness powder prepared with seaweed.

7. An effective remedy for dizziness is such a drink, to make it you need apple cider vinegar, honey. It can be used for a short attack, also periodic. It is recommended to drink this drink in cases of impaired coordination of movement, the appearance of tinnitus, and nausea. To prepare the infusion, you need to take 200 ml of warm water, add apple cider vinegar - two teaspoons, honey - one teaspoon, mix everything. Drink up to 10 days before breakfast. Using it, you can additionally relieve stress, calm down.

8. Meadow clover helps with attacks, to prepare a medicine from it, you need to take red clover heads - one teaspoon, add a glass of boiling water, boil everything for 5 minutes, insist for up to one hour. Eat inside one tablespoon up to five times a day, half an hour before meals. You can prepare a tincture from it, for this you need 50 grams of inflorescence of clover meadow, half a liter of vodka. Insist two weeks. This plant is one of the best drugs for atherosclerosis.

9. You can cure dizziness with the help of a white mistletoe. Infusions from these plants are advised to be used if a person has vascular disease, atherosclerosis. To prepare the medicine, you need to add a teaspoon in 400 ml of boiling water. Insist for about an hour. Consume thrice a day before meals.

10. Cope with dizziness, help, for the preparation of the medicine you need to take a teaspoon of the stems and leaves of the plant, be sure to dry, pour 250 ml of boiling water, leave for up to two hours. Drink 100 ml in the morning, afternoon and evening, it is best hot.

12. One of the best remedies is medicinal dandelion, syrup is prepared from it. To do this, first at the end of spring you need to collect dandelions. In cases of regular use of such a syrup, you can forget about dizziness, tinnitus for a long time, and protect yourself from sclerosis. It is also the best medicine for the nervous system, liver. To make syrup, you need three kilograms of dandelion flowers, 3 kilograms of sugar, you need to put them in a glass jar, then sprinkle with sugar - a din layer of dandelions, one layer of sugar. Syrup should be drunk one teaspoon, be sure to add 50 ml of water. The medicine is stored in a cold place.

13. It is proved that dizziness can be eliminated with a prescription with a mummy. To prepare a medicine, you need to take butter, honey, milk, add mummy, you need to drink such a drug for up to one month, if the disease is started, repeat the course after 10 days.

14. An infusion based on plantain will help to cope with the attack. To prepare it, you need to take the leaves of plantain - one tablespoon, pour 200 ml of boiling water, add honey, drink before bedtime.

What homeopathic remedies are used to treat dizziness?

Vertigohel is considered one of the effective means, it can be found both in tablet form and in drops. He gets rid of various dizziness, relieves symptoms. Drops should be drunk up to three times a day, dosage - 10 drops, not more.

If dizziness is provoked by cervical osteochondrosis, it is necessary to use an ointment - Traumeel C, it needs to be rubbed a little into the neck, this should be done three times a day.

What modern devices help to cure dizziness?

1. In cases of positional dizziness, it is recommended to use Dizzy FIX - this is a device that has plastic pipes that contain particles and thick liquid. Using this device, you can perform special turns that facilitate the patient's condition.

2. “Vitafon” helps a lot, with its help microvibration occurs in tissues and skin, but this device cannot be used without consulting a doctor, it can do much harm.

Dizziness treatment for various diseases

1. In case of cervical osteochondrosis, it is necessary to take vasodilators, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. It is also very important to undergo a massage course, perform therapeutic exercises, pay attention to manual therapy, physiotherapeutic procedures. Using these treatment methods, blood circulation can be normalized, the spine restored, and the muscle system relaxed.

2. Dizziness, which is characteristic of vegetative-vascular dystonia, cannot be cured, but symptomatology can be alleviated, for this you need to rub the earlobes, then clap your hands.

3. If your head is spinning due to low blood pressure, you need to drink coffee, eat dark chocolate, just remember the measure. Tea with honey helps a lot. In cases of severe dizziness, it is necessary that the person lay down, then open the window, then give a sedative or sedative. With hypotonic dizziness, they recommend regular walks in the fresh air, playing sports, and also do not forget about hardening. Also fully eat and sleep.

4. With hypertension, if dizziness occurs, it is very important to abandon unhealthy diets, alcohol, and smoking, and use as little salt as possible.

5. If dizziness occurs when standing up, you need to use special medicines and be sure to perform exercises - tilting the head.

6. With dizzinesses of a psychogenic nature, it is recommended to use antidepressants, betagistin helps well, with its help you can get rid of the excitability of the vestibular apparatus. Additionally, you need to perform breathing exercises, special vestibular exercises, you may need psychotherapy.

7. Dizziness of a vestibular nature is treated symptomatically, it is very important to get rid of a serious condition, then you need to restore the patient, for this they use anticholinergic, antihistamines.

8. Children are treated with dizziness, based on the cause of its occurrence. Most often it occurs due to problems with the autonomic system, then you need to strengthen it with drugs that dilate blood vessels - noshpas, papaverine, vitamin B6, and you can also improve blood supply to the brain with cinnarizine, sermion and cavinton. Physiotherapeutic procedures play an important role; the vestibular apparatus can be trained with the help of medical gymnastics.

9. The dizziness that occurs after a stroke is treated only after the elimination of the main pathological processes - atherosclerosis.

10. If dizziness accompanies weakness, it is necessary to adhere to bed rest, then atropine is administered intravenously, orally prescribed to take such medications as phenobarbital, aeron and tranquilizers.

11. In cases of hypertensive crisis, medications are prescribed that dilate blood vessels - aminophylline, dibazole, papaverine.

What medicines are used to treat dizziness?

To get rid of this attack, you need to take tranquilizers - diazepam, lorazepam, antihistamines - promethazine, meclosin. To get rid of the nausea that often accompanies dizziness, metoclopramide must be taken.

In cases where dizziness does not go away for a long time, such drugs as diazepam, mannitode, and efufillin can be prescribed, they are administered intravenously. Doctors often use betahistine hydrochloride in an attack.

Thus, in order to get rid of dizziness, it is very important to find out the cause of its appearance, only then begin to treat it.

Long flights cause hormonal disorders. The sleep – awakening cycles are regulated by hormones produced by the brain. The hormone cortisol is responsible for morning awakening.

Scientific studies have shown that in the saliva of flight crew members, the cortisol content is one third higher. It can cause stomach ulcers and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. High cortisol also damages nerve cells and the brain, impairing memory and attention.

Scientists have found that the “larks” do not tolerate flights west, as they lengthen the day. “Owls” are given a harder road to the east, because their days are shortened. Meanwhile, night owls who live without a strict daily routine have the same problems as passengers of hours-long flights. Doctors insist on a two-week vacation, as this is a serious opportunity to protect the body from unpleasant consequences.

Outwit the biological clock

Experienced tourists know how to speed up the process of adaptation and deceive the biological clock.

Diet. A four-day diet before flying will help you adapt on vacation. On the first and third days you can eat almost everything, excluding fatty, spicy and salty. In the second and fourth days

Flight attendant and pilot tips: do not sit in one place while flying

What happens to flight attendants and pilots whose time zones are constantly changing?

We were not taught any tricks how to deal with jetlag. The only possible trick is to get a good night's sleep after the flight, ”says the flight attendant with five years of experience. - Unfortunately, 90% of flight attendants, including myself, are forced to “brag” about the complete absence of a normal regime. In our profession, nervous breakdowns are frequent due to lack of sleep.

After the flight, many people sit out until late in the evening and only then go to bed. But this is good only if there is enough time before the next flight to get enough sleep without knocking down the regime of day or night.

In no case can you sit all the flight in one place, you need to walk from time to time, a little warm up. It is advisable to monitor nutrition before such a flight per day. Do not overeat or eat foods that can cause something. No alcohol is advisable. And elderly people and people with heart and vascular diseases must consult a doctor. How many “heart” cases I had in my passengers’s experience - it’s scary to count!

In fact, many pilots prefer to stay in their time and do not even translate the clock. This means that you will sleep during the day and literally have lunch during breakfast, ”the pilot says. - Although this is hardly suitable for tourists. If you need to adapt to local time, then after the flight, go for a walk in the fresh air and the sun, just tell yourself what time it is, adjust your body and cheer up. It seems to me that the most difficult thing is to force yourself to sleep if the body is not tired. I know that many people use sleeping pills, but I still try to do it on my own.

To better adapt to changing time zones, I support the body with melatonin - this is the main hormone of the pineal gland, the regulator of circadian rhythms, ”says Semyon Savchenko, general director of the Ramsey Diagnostics network of medical centers, who practically lived on the plane from 2006 to 2014 . - Melatonin has a pronounced anti-stress and immunostimulating effect, helps to adapt to changing time zones. As a natural antioxidant, it is found in bananas, pineapples, corn and rice.

If you are flying east (Thailand, Vietnam, Australia), it is important to endure until late at night and only then go to bed. Otherwise, if you lie down at 8 pm local time, you can wake up at midnight and not fall asleep anymore.

By the way, American scientists at the University of Maryland conducted a study and found that jetlag is more pronounced when moving east, since it’s easier for a person to “stretch” a day when flying west than to “shorten” it when flying in the opposite direction. However, the duration of adaptation is individual.

Scientists advise before moving east to rearrange the clock an hour or two in advance and get used to this rhythm in a few days. Upon arrival during the day, you need to try to be more in the sun, and at night - to avoid artificial lighting, including from the screens of smartphones and computers.

I have experienced changing time zones more than a dozen times. And I can say that if you follow a few simple rules, then the unpleasant manifestations of jetlag can be minimized, ”says Evgenia Satova, author of Fashion-Travels.com.

A few days before the flight, start to go to bed and get up earlier if you fly east, or later if you fly west.

During the flight, transfer the clock to the time of the city where you are arriving, this helps psychologically adjust to the desired time zone.

Still try to get some sleep during the flight (although I rarely succeed). Drink more clean water and better not drink coffee. Take a blanket on the plane, grab a comfortable headrest pillow, eye mask and warm socks to take off your shoes. If the flight lasts more than 6 hours, I advise you to wear comfortable lounge-style clothing for the duration of the trip: a soft sweatshirt and soft sweatpants are what you need to comfortably spend a long flight and relax. Avoid tight leggings, jeans, etc. - you should be as comfortable as possible.

Самое лучшее - прилетать вечером, чтобы сразу лечь спать. Но не всегда расписание рейсов это позволяет. Если вы прибыли днём или утром, самое главное (и самое сложное) - не ложиться спать пока светло. Да, наверняка у вас будет смертельная усталость после длинных перелётов со стыковками. But it’s best to pick yourself up on arrival, refresh yourself in the shower, have a bite to eat and go outside - a new city is waiting! And in the evening go to bed at your usual time. Then in the morning you wake up awake and full of strength. Try to go to bed and get up at the same time throughout the trip.

Probably, many of those who happened to fly on an airplane experienced various uncomfortable phenomena after the flight or directly during it. And if the noise and stuffiness of the ears confuse few people, as well as mild nausea, then dizziness can often cause more concern. I myself recently flew on an airplane, after which I felt dizzy. This is what prompted me to write a short article on this subject. I hope that I was able to help someone with advice.

So, why do you feel dizzy after flying on an airplane and what to do about it?

The main reason for the development of dizziness after the flight, I believe the presence of overactive irritation of the receptors of the vestibular system. Maneuvering during take-off and landing, a long flight, especially when there are turbulence zones in the flight, all this leads to the fact that angular accelerations become “familiar” to receptors of the vestibular apparatus. The vestibular apparatus in the first minutes “gives out” a feeling of dizziness, and also very clearly conveys all the turns and maneuvers, indicating to the brain how the body moves in space. Gradually (due to the high degree of irritation of the vestibular structures), these sensations decrease and the body "gets used" to their presence, reducing the activity of the vestibular structures. After landing, all ultrahigh accelerations end and a person cannot quickly adapt to their absence.

An important reason can be aerophobia, which can lead to the development of psychogenic dizziness, about which.

Of course, one cannot exclude other traditional causes that could lead to the development of dizziness. That is why I want to tell a few words about the features of dizziness after flying on an airplane.

Dizziness Features

Dizziness associated directly with flying on an airplane rarely reaches a significant intensity, most often the so-called "feeling of failure." It is also rarely accompanied by acoustic phenomena after the flight, although it may be accompanied during it. Of course, such “functional” dizziness will not be accompanied by neurological focal symptoms, it should not lead to the development of spontaneous, etc. And, most importantly, such dizziness passes quickly enough and does not require additional help.

What to do?

With the development of dizziness after the flight, you should not panic, because panic, in any case, can in no way help you. It is worth listening to your feelings, they should not progress rapidly and should not lead to impaired coordination of movements and other gross violations. In this case, you can wait one or two days, after which (and even better - after a normal long sleep) all the unpleasant sensations should go away. When dizziness persists, as well as in the presence of other symptoms (weakness in the hands, sudden hearing loss, visual impairment, etc.), it is better to seek medical help.

Despite the obvious advantages of traveling by plane, flights may not be the best way to affect our well-being, the condition of the skin, heart and blood vessels. Why be prepared? What to take with you? How to act in certain situations? Let's talk about this and much more ...

6 signs that dizziness is life threatening

If you notice this, run to the doctor or call an ambulance.

Just say: in most cases, dizziness is not dangerous. They carry only one risk: if you feel vertigo (as scientists call this sensation), you, if you are not very lucky, can stumble, fall and earn a sprain or abrasion. And most likely, this will not happen.

However, there are cases when dizziness allows you to suspect really serious health problems.

Why dizzy

In general terms, the causes of dizziness are simple. Most often, vertigo occurs when the connection between the brain and the inner ear, where the vestibular apparatus is located, is disrupted. The brain loses its orientation in space, due to which there is a feeling that the earth is leaving under the legs. To stay upright, gray matter triggers a cascade of reactions designed to restore a sense of balance. Some of these reactions affect the vomiting center, which is why dizziness is often accompanied by an attack of nausea. So, for example, it happens with motion sickness. However, this is a slightly different story.

Fortunately, such contact loss between the brain and the vestibular apparatus does not occur often and lasts just a few seconds. Doctors Don't See What Causes Dizziness? in such short-term incidents, reasons for panic.

Also, do not worry too much if your head is spinning longer, but because of several common reasons. These include:

  • alcohol intoxication,
  • side effects from the medications taken (check the instructions!)
  • dehydration,
  • overheating and thermal shock,
  • travel by car, bus or ship,
  • anemia - low iron in the blood,
  • hypoglycemia - low blood sugar,
  • drop in blood pressure
  • Excessively intense exercise
  • ear infections.

Of course, dizziness is always unpleasant. But in these situations, they are one-time and short-term and do not threaten life. And the accompanying symptoms can guess the causes of the malaise.

Dizziness is not an independent disease, but a symptom that can accompany more than 80 physiological conditions and diseases.

Did you note the phrase “in most cases”? We turn to the minority - those conditions that can pose a real threat to health and even life. And dizziness here is the most important sign.

1. The head is spinning often and longer than a few minutes

This may indicate a serious violation of Dizziness in the work of the inner ear. For example, about vestibular neuritis (viral infection of the vestibular nerve) or labyrinthitis (internal otitis media).

Such diseases are dangerous in that at first they can proceed almost asymptomatically, and in the future their pathogens are capable of affecting the brain and nervous system - even to death.

2. Dizziness is accompanied by severe weakness, numbness of a part of the body, problems with speech and / or vision

Caution: this combination of symptoms can be a sign of a stroke! A stroke is a violation of cerebral circulation. According to statistics. Stroke statistics, it is the second (after myocardial infarction) cause of death in Russia.

Be sure to check out someone who is experiencing this kind of dizziness with the one-minute Got a Minute test? You Could Diagnose Stroke:

  • Ask the patient to smile broadly while showing teeth. If a person has a stroke, the smile will not be symmetrical: the corners of the lips will freeze at different levels.
  • Ask to close your eyes and raise your hands. A stroke (more precisely, a violation of the nerve endings and muscle weakness caused by it) will not allow the victim to raise his arms to the same height.
  • Offer to repeat after you a simple sentence of a few words. For example: "Everything is fine with me, and now it will become obvious." If a stroke occurs, it will be difficult for a person to remember and reproduce the phrase. In addition, his pronunciation will be fuzzy, with obvious lisp on voiced consonants.

Similarly, you can test yourself.

If at least one task fails, immediately call an ambulance. Stroke is extremely dangerous. Stroke statistics: up to 84% of patients die or remain disabled and only about 16% recover. You have only 3-6 hours to try to get among the lucky ones with the help of doctors.

3. You always feel dizzy when you get up

Short-term orthostatic hypotension (lowering blood pressure, including in the brain, which causes dizziness) is a fairly common condition and is not that dangerous.

Most often, it is associated with the fact that the body lacks fluid. Because of easy dehydration, the blood becomes thicker, blood circulation worsens, therefore, to earn orthostatic hypotension when lifting to your feet from a lying position or sitting is easy. This problem is solved simply: do not forget to drink water, especially in the hot summer or during serious physical exertion.

But if you are absolutely sure that you do not have dehydration, and dizziness accompanies your every climb, you should go to the therapist as soon as possible. Such symptoms indicate possible cardiovascular diseases (arrhythmia, heart failure) or neuropathy - non-inflammatory lesions of the nerves.

4. You had bouts of unbearable headache

Many people are familiar with the word “migraine,” but most people think that we are talking only about a throbbing headache. Meanwhile, this is not entirely true: prolonged recurring dizziness can also be a migraine.

This neuropsychiatric disorder is potentially dangerous. What is a migraine emergency? for life, as it can lead to a stroke or heart attack.

If your dizziness lasts several hours or more, occurs regularly, and in the past you have a headache, be sure to consult a therapist to determine their possible causes and consequences.

We warn you: hardware diagnostics may be needed - CT or MRI, the direction to which will be given again by the doctor.

6. During training, you are constantly dizzy

Most often, the dehydration already mentioned above is to blame for such conditions. Or hyperventilation: due to rapid breathing in the blood, the level of oxygen rises and the content of carbon dioxide decreases, which causes dizziness. Therefore, it is important to drink an adequate amount of fluid to the loads and not be too zealous with cardio loads.

If you are absolutely sure that you are drinking your norm of water, and your head begins to spin even during absolutely “pensioner” exercises, look at the doctor. In this case, it is necessary to exclude the possibility of potentially dangerous cardiovascular disorders.

Dizziness after diving and flying

Hello!
I ask for help - I want to understand what is happening. At the same time, I am undergoing medical examinations, but I want more information.
For several days I was engaged in diving - plunged into the sea, up to a maximum of 18 meters, with the instructor, by all rules, finishing the training course. After that (29 hours after the last dive) I flew on an airplane. After arrival, for the 4th day already, I feel constant dizziness - the feeling of rolling, as if I'm constantly on the ship. Even when I'm sitting. Slightly skidding when I walk, and sometimes nauseous. Neither on the boat, nor directly after the dives, there were no such sensations, that is, dizziness arose precisely after diving and flight.
Was at the neuropathologist - prescribed Vertigohel and Vazobral (I drink the second day, dizziness is still the same).
On the female line in the family there are problems with the vessels of the brain. My aunt died at the age of 38 from a brain hemorrhage, and my mother has periodic severe migraines. Mom underwent an MRI - no problems were identified.
For many years I myself can’t live without a cup of coffee and a shower in the morning. If I didn’t drink coffee in the morning, it’s as if my head was torn by noon. This is not a headache, but it is a very, very unpleasant sensation, from which the face involuntarily twists.
I’m 26, weight 58 kg (over the past six months I threw off 12 kg on a balanced diet under the supervision of a doctor), I was not seriously ill, I catch a cold very rarely.
I want to understand what is happening. I would be grateful for any information!

The ophthalmologist looked into the fundus, saw narrowed vessels. His conclusion is background retinopathy and retinal vascular changes.
According to a blood test, the rate of segmented neutrophils is exceeded. Blood pressure on different days 100/80, 100/60.
Dizziness continues. I don’t understand, is there any danger now or not? One doctor says - complete rest, head on a pillow, another does not understand why I need a sick leave at all.
Help advice.

Dizziness after flying on an airplane

Probably, many of those who happened to fly on an airplane experienced various uncomfortable phenomena after the flight or directly during it. And if the noise and stuffiness of the ears confuse few people, as well as mild nausea, then dizziness can often cause more concern. I myself recently flew on an airplane, after which I felt dizzy. This is what prompted me to write a short article on this subject. I hope that I was able to help someone with advice.

So, why do you feel dizzy after flying on an airplane and what to do about it?

The main reason for the development of dizziness after the flight, I believe the presence of overactive irritation of the receptors of the vestibular system. Maneuvering during take-off and landing, a long flight, especially when there are turbulence zones in the flight, all this leads to the fact that angular accelerations become “familiar” to receptors of the vestibular apparatus. The vestibular apparatus in the first minutes “gives out” a feeling of dizziness, and also very clearly conveys all the turns and maneuvers, indicating to the brain how the body moves in space. Gradually (due to the high degree of irritation of the vestibular structures), these sensations decrease and the body "gets used" to their presence, reducing the activity of the vestibular structures. After landing, all ultrahigh accelerations end and a person cannot quickly adapt to their absence.

An important reason can be aerophobia, which can lead to the development of psychogenic dizziness, which is described in more detail in a separate article.

Of course, one cannot exclude other traditional causes that could lead to the development of dizziness. That is why I want to tell a few words about the features of dizziness after flying on an airplane.

Bookmarks of a doctor during a flight by plane 3

Resting abroad somewhere far from home often involves flying by plane. Here and on vacation in Turkey and Marmaris, residents of other countries fly mainly by plane.

Flight, especially long, is a great stress for the body. Therefore, it is worth preparing for the flight on an airplane mentally and physically in advance.

For this case doctors have prepared some tips that will make your flight more comfortable.

How to protect blood vessels

Flights are the “enemy” of our vessels. Veins of the lower extremities are especially affected. Perhaps the development of the so-called "traveler's thrombosis" or "economy class syndrome".

In fact, this condition can occur during travel by any type of transport, during which the body is in a stationary and forced position for a long time (more than four hours).

What is going on? In the vessels of the lower extremities blood circulation is disturbed, which leads to stagnation of venous blood, weakening of the venous walls and accumulation of fluid (edema occurs on the legs). Under such conditions, blood clots (blood clots) are easily formed in the lumen of the veins.

Small blood clots usually dissolve on their own, but large clots remain. Blood clots can break away from the walls of the veins, and then with the flow of blood into other organs and lead to blockage of any vessel (thromboembolism).

Who is at risk? In fact, each of us.

However, some people should followincreased caution:

* When coagulation system disordersblood: suffering from cardiovascular diseases, smokers, pregnant women and women taking birth control pills.

* Sick with varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency . Since coagulation is initially impaired and blood flow through the veins of the lower extremities is slowed down.

The fight against nausea

Nausea, like dizziness, is the second most common unpleasant symptom that occurs during air travel.

To avoid nausea, do not fly on an empty or crowded stomach. Have a snack before departure so as not to feel discomfort from either hunger or heaviness.

Choose snacks that do not cause high gas production. So your body will carry the flight much more comfortable.

One of the options for "folk remedies" for motion sickness is lemon. You can smell or chew a slice of lemon at the first symptoms. Although this option may not bring the necessary relief.

If you know your predisposition to motion sickness, purchase in advance in pharmacies medicines for seasickness - cinedril, aeron, dramina, air sea, homeopathic medicines. Sometimes such drugs as a side effect have sleeping pills.

If you decide to give such funds to a child, especially a small one, consult a doctor. In Turkey, for example, such children's sedatives for flight are prescribed only by a doctor and are sold in pharmacies on prescription.

When should you refrain from air travel?

At acute diseases of ENT organs : otitis media, sinusitis, tonsillitis. Не происходит выравнивания давления, неприятные ощущения в ушах могут перерастать в резкую боль.

При некоторых хронических заболеваниях необходимо соблюдать осторожность: заболеваниях роговицы глаза, повышенном артериальном давлении и после недавнего инфаркта. Of course, it is possible to travel on airplanes to these patients, but only after consultation with the attending physician.

Pregnant women you should adhere to certain rules - read more in our materials:

Tips work not only during air travel, but also when traveling by any means of transport, especially over long distances. We wish you all the best of luck and all the best!

physician-resident of the children's department

Congestion and tinnitus

Takeoff and landing is accompanied by a change in pressure in the plane and in the ears. The processes are comparable to immersion in water.

To get rid of congestion, pain and tinnitus, the following is recommended:

  • open your mouth. This will help balance the pressure.
  • suck on sour candies. Sour candies will increase salivation and increase the number of swallowing movements. This will help to drop pressure in the ears. By the way, just for this, they give out lollipops on the planes of many airlines. Take 2 things - for take-off and landing and “take” them precisely during take-off and landing, and not during taxiing. Lollipops are not a pleasant trifle, but a means of combating unpleasant symptoms during air travel,
  • chew chewing gum. The effect is much like the effect of candy,
  • Do not fly with ENT diseases. Firstly, a change in pressure can provoke the spread of infection to other parts of the ear-throat-nose system and cause serious diseases such as otitis media and sinusitis. Secondly, in this condition, there is no effective equalization of pressure in the ears and discomfort in the ears can increase to a state of sharp pain.

It is impossible to clamp ears with hands, this can worsen the condition.

Increased nervousness and fear of air travel

To relieve a symptom of increased nervousness when flying on an airplane, doctors recommend breathing exercises. A very useful thing in case of overexcitation, fear, nervousness. Allows you to return to a state of self-control.

In order to calm down, you should take a deep breath into the count “1-2” through the nose, and then slowly exhale through the mouth with a tube into the count “1-2-3-4-5-6”. Firstly, the count itself allows you to switch attention, and secondly, the normalization of breathing contributes to the general normalization of the spirit.

For those who are especially afraid of flying on airplanes, doctors recommend taking a sedative before flight (motherwort, valerian).

Many “fight the fear” of flying with alcohol, especially from duty free shops. Doctors advise not to get involved in alcohol. One glass of wine helps to relax, taking a higher dose of alcohol can vice versa lead to the opposite effect. In addition, the flight and crossing the border of a foreign state are quite crucial moments, and at this time, the situation should be soberly controlled.

Before the flight, it is worth remembering that the effect of alcohol is enhanced 3 times during the flight. Even a small dose can lead to unpredictable effects and poor health. Due to the low humidity of the air, the body quickly loses moisture and a hangover intensifies much more.

Another option to calm down during the flight is to read an interesting book, watch a movie, listen to music, or any other activity that will allow you to distract from your fears. Existence of a traveling pillow will make rest and a dream in flight more comfortable.

Prevention of leg diseases during flight

Any person at a certain age, especially the elderly and women giving birth, blood clots form in the veins of the pelvis and lower extremities, most of which are not even aware of.

During take-off and landing, overcoming the forces of gravity, the blood circulation in the body changes, it begins to flow to the lower extremities. This threatens with two troubles - the expansion of veins (varicose veins) and the separation of blood clots from the inner walls of the veins. An obstruction of the veins leading to the heart or lung, or tearing blood clots can cause acute right ventricular failure or pulmonary embolism. Such conditions are not amenable to cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Therefore, the main thing is to prevent the appearance of these complications of air travel.

Veins need to be compensated. To prevent the expansion of veins and detachments of blood clots, it is necessary to use a special compression hosiery - tights or knee-highs.

Compression tights and knee-high socks strengthen the muscle tone of the veins, promote the effective circulation of venous blood from the bottom up, and prevent the appearance of freely moving blood clots.

Compression knitwear is sold in pharmacies or specialty stores, it is selected strictly individually according to foot size. Wear tights and knee-highs with a compression effect should be at home before the flight according to the instructions for them.

People suffering from chronic venous insufficiency or varicose veins are advised to use longer compression hosiery.

In addition to compression knitwear, you should choose comfortable not narrow flight shoes . If the flight is long and especially in the winter, take lightweight removable shoes with you so that your legs can rest.

Sitting in an airplane chair should be correct, avoiding the position of "leg to foot." Periodically, you should do gymnastics for the legs, move your legs, change the position of the body, periodically get up and walk along the plane.

If necessary, do a light foot massage. Owners of seats in the front rows of some types of aircraft can stretch their legs forward or put them higher.

Before flying, take a small dose in 2-3 hours aspirin (75-100 milligrams). As you know, aspirin is a means to combat blood clots.

Prevention of dehydration during flight

The air humidity in the aircraft is very low, about 20-30%, which leads to significant loss of body fluid and unpleasant symptoms - sore throat, dry nose and mouth, tightness of the skin, dry eyes. During the flight it is recommended to drink more than ordinary water. Tea, coffee, cocoa, alcoholic beverages contribute to increased dehydration.

To get rid of unpleasant symptoms, you should take a moisturizer for your skin, a spray for the throat or nose, eye drops. If you wear contact lenses, it is recommended that you remove them during the flight, and bury your eyes periodically.

Adapting to a change of time zones

To better adapt the body to changing time zones, it is recommended to adhere to the following rules.

People who often fly planes may not remember where they were yesterday. They do not have time to adapt and, as it were, “hangs” between heaven and earth. How to protect those whom numerous business trips have turned into a involuntary flyer?

Why flyers are so forgetful

In 2010, American scientists revealed a new fact - the brain also suffers from long flights. Due to the long flight there is a disorder of biorhythms, which cause impaired brain functions.

Professor Lance Kriegsfeld of the University of California tested his theory on hamsters. For six hours, the scientist rebuilt the usual daily routine of animals, forcing hamsters to relive what a person who regularly makes air travel from New York to Paris is going through. The experiment lasted four weeks. At the end of the experiment, animals began to have difficulty completing tasks, some began to sleep a lot, while others fell into insomnia.

Despite the fact that the experiment was completed, the anomalies in the behavior of hamsters then continued for more than 30 days. They showed gross changes in the activity of neurons in the hippocampus, the part of the brain responsible for memory and concentration of attention.

Based on his research, the scientist concluded that our brain suffers significantly during flights and that recovery takes about a month. The reason for this phenomenon lies in the disorder of biorhythms, which cause temporary changes in the brain. As a result, flyers may suffer from forgetfulness.

The organism is stuck between heaven and earth

The same thing happens with people working night shifts, or on a floating schedule. It takes them about a month to recover. The body of those people who have to fly often does not have time to adapt and, as it were, “hangs” between heaven and earth.

Note that such violations are not detected in pilots and stewardesses. The fact is that they have a constant air schedule for which they are preparing special trainings, and therefore everything is in order with biorhythms.

After a long flight, despite the fact that we sit all the way, usually a long time does not leave a feeling of tiredness. Any person, even the healthiest, is affected by emotional overstrain, a loud hum with vibration, shaking in air holes and long sitting in one pose, as well as motion sickness.

Usually attacks of nausea begin during a change in altitude, when our ears are laying. Most to these short-term overloads are pregnant women. But a stomach full of food can provoke a feeling of nausea. A feeling of nausea followed by vomiting is preceded by a feeling of lack of air and rapid breathing, pallor, cold sweat. To cope with the ailment, breathe through your mouth and take deep breaths.

Stock up on candies in advance

By the way, “take-off” candies were previously offered on airplanes, but now this practice is not on every flight. But nothing prevents you from stocking up candies in advance - they save you from laying in your ears when you swallow saliva.

Remember that motion sickness is poorly tolerated by people suffering from hypertension, headaches, and those who have suffered a head injury in the past. If you already have painful symptoms - headache, dizziness, weakness, tinnitus, flickering before your eyes, nausea, then a tablet of any diuretic drug will help.

Since many passengers use alcohol “for courage” before take-off, we recall that medications, from motion sickness or sedatives, are incompatible with alcohol. Also, in flight it is not recommended to drink carbonated drinks.

During the flight, drink, but not in one gulp

Long flights can lead to vascular thrombosis. Blood clots form in the first two to three hours of flight, but over time, under conditions of a long flight, they increase in size and pose a more serious danger.

Increased risk of vascular thrombosis are women taking hormonal birth control pills recently undergoing surgery, and pregnant women. Also, the risk increases alcohol.

To protect yourself from “blocking” the vessels, move as much as possible during the flight. If possible, take a walk along the aisle between the seats, from time to time do special physical exercises - you can just wave your hands. It is important to drink water more often, but not in one gulp, but rather - 2-3 sips, drinking at small intervals. Then the water is better absorbed and will not leave the body very quickly.

Another danger that lies in wait for you in the cabin is infection. It is easier to catch an infection in an airplane than on the ground, as you are in a confined space for several hours. If there is a sick person on board, then with every hour the concentration of infection coming from him will only increase. True, in the most modern aircraft, it is processed by medical filters, which allow you to remove most microbes.

Riding is more dangerous than flying

According to statistics, air travel, despite all the emergency situations, disasters and harmful effects on our health is the safest way to travel. The probability of dying in an airplane is 1 in 500 thousand. Compare this data with the accidents that occurred on the roads: every year in Russia 30 - 35 thousand people die in car accidents.

So before boarding the plane, take a deep breath and calm down. Let's hope that the number of landings will always be equal to the number of take-offs.

Dizziness - what is it?

Dizziness Control

Dizziness in an airplane is a fairly common occurrence. In order to eliminate this unpleasant condition, one should look at a stationary object for a long time.

The fight against nausea

Nausea, like dizziness, is the second most common unpleasant symptom that occurs during air travel.

To avoid nausea, do not fly on an empty or crowded stomach. Have a snack before departure so as not to feel discomfort from either hunger or heaviness.

Choose snacks that do not cause high gas production. So your body will carry the flight much more comfortable.

One of the options for "folk remedies" for motion sickness is lemon. You can smell or chew a slice of lemon at the first symptoms. Although this option may not bring the necessary relief.

If you know your predisposition to motion sickness, purchase in advance in pharmacies medicines for seasickness - cinedril, aeron, dramina, air sea, homeopathic medicines. Sometimes such drugs as a side effect have sleeping pills.

If you decide to give such funds to a child, especially a small one, consult a doctor. In Turkey, for example, such children's sedatives for flight are prescribed only by a doctor and are sold in pharmacies on prescription.

Congestion and tinnitus

Takeoff and landing is accompanied by a change in pressure in the plane and in the ears. The processes are comparable to immersion in water.

To get rid of congestion, pain and tinnitus, the following is recommended:

  • open your mouth. This will help balance the pressure.
  • suck on sour candies. Sour candies will increase salivation and increase the number of swallowing movements. This will help to drop pressure in the ears. By the way, just for this, they give out lollipops on the planes of many airlines. Take 2 things - for take-off and landing and “take” them precisely during take-off and landing, and not during taxiing. Lollipops are not a pleasant trifle, but a means of combating unpleasant symptoms during air travel,
  • chew chewing gum. The effect is much like the effect of candy,
  • Do not fly with ENT diseases. Firstly, a change in pressure can provoke the spread of infection to other parts of the ear-throat-nose system and cause serious diseases such as otitis media and sinusitis. Secondly, in this condition, there is no effective equalization of pressure in the ears and discomfort in the ears can increase to a state of sharp pain.

It is impossible to clamp ears with hands, this can worsen the condition.

Increased nervousness and fear of air travel

To relieve a symptom of increased nervousness when flying on an airplane, doctors recommend breathing exercises. A very useful thing in case of overexcitation, fear, nervousness. Allows you to return to a state of self-control.

In order to calm down, you should take a deep breath into the count “1-2” through the nose, and then slowly exhale through the mouth with a tube into the count “1-2-3-4-5-6”. Firstly, the count itself allows you to switch attention, and secondly, the normalization of breathing contributes to the general normalization of the spirit.

For those who are especially afraid of flying on airplanes, doctors recommend taking a sedative before flight (motherwort, valerian).

Many “fight the fear” of flying with alcohol, especially from duty free shops. Doctors advise not to get involved in alcohol. One glass of wine helps to relax, taking a higher dose of alcohol can vice versa lead to the opposite effect. In addition, the flight and crossing the border of a foreign state are quite crucial moments, and at this time, the situation should be soberly controlled.

Before the flight, it is worth remembering that the effect of alcohol is enhanced 3 times during the flight. Even a small dose can lead to unpredictable effects and poor health. Due to the low humidity of the air, the body quickly loses moisture and a hangover intensifies much more.

Another option to calm down during the flight is to read an interesting book, watch a movie, listen to music, or any other activity that will allow you to distract from your fears. Existence of a traveling pillow will make rest and a dream in flight more comfortable.

Prevention of leg diseases during flight

Any person at a certain age, especially the elderly and women giving birth, blood clots form in the veins of the pelvis and lower extremities, most of which are not even aware of.

During take-off and landing, overcoming the forces of gravity, the blood circulation in the body changes, it begins to flow to the lower extremities. This threatens with two troubles - the expansion of veins (varicose veins) and the separation of blood clots from the inner walls of the veins. An obstruction of the veins leading to the heart or lung, or tearing blood clots can cause acute right ventricular failure or pulmonary embolism. Such conditions are not amenable to cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Therefore, the main thing is to prevent the appearance of these complications of air travel.

Veins need to be compensated. To prevent the expansion of veins and blood clots, it is necessary to use a special compression hosiery - tights or knee-highs.

Компрессионные колготки и гольфы усиливают мышечный тонус вен, способствуют эффективной циркуляции венозной крови снизу вверх, предотвращают появление свободно перемещающихся тромбов.

Продается компрессионный трикотаж в аптеках или специальных магазинах, подбирается строго индивидуально по размеру ноги. Одевать колготки и гольфы с компрессионным эффектом следует дома перед полетом согласно инструкции к ним.

People suffering from chronic venous insufficiency or varicose veins are advised to use longer compression hosiery.

In addition to compression knitwear, you should choose comfortable not narrow flight shoes . If the flight is long and especially in the winter, take lightweight removable shoes with you so that your legs can rest.

Sitting in an airplane chair should be correct, avoiding the position of "leg to foot." Periodically, you should do gymnastics for the legs, move your legs, change the position of the body, periodically get up and walk along the plane.

If necessary, do a light foot massage. Owners of seats in the front rows of some types of aircraft can stretch their legs forward or put them higher.

Before the flight, take a small dose in 2-3 hours aspirin (75-100 milligrams). As you know, aspirin is a means to combat blood clots.

Prevention of dehydration during flight

The air humidity in the aircraft is very low, about 20-30%, which leads to significant loss of body fluid and unpleasant symptoms - sore throat, dry nose and mouth, tightness of the skin, dry eyes. During the flight it is recommended to drink more than ordinary water. Tea, coffee, cocoa, alcoholic beverages contribute to increased dehydration.

To get rid of unpleasant symptoms, you should take a moisturizer for your skin, a spray for the throat or nose, eye drops. If you wear contact lenses, it is recommended that you remove them during the flight, and bury your eyes periodically.

Adapting to a change of time zones

To better adapt the body to changing time zones, it is recommended to adhere to the following rules.

People who often fly planes may not remember where they were yesterday. They do not have time to adapt and, as it were, “hangs” between heaven and earth. How to protect those whom numerous business trips have turned into a involuntary flyer?

Why flyers are so forgetful

In 2010, American scientists revealed a new fact - the brain also suffers from long flights. Due to the long flight there is a disorder of biorhythms, which cause impaired brain functions.

Professor Lance Kriegsfeld of the University of California tested his theory on hamsters. For six hours, the scientist rebuilt the usual daily routine of animals, forcing hamsters to relive what a person who regularly makes air travel from New York to Paris is going through. The experiment lasted four weeks. At the end of the experiment, animals began to have difficulty completing tasks, some began to sleep a lot, while others fell into insomnia.

Despite the fact that the experiment was completed, the anomalies in the behavior of hamsters then continued for more than 30 days. They showed gross changes in the activity of neurons in the hippocampus, the part of the brain responsible for memory and concentration of attention.

Based on his research, the scientist concluded that our brain suffers significantly during flights and that recovery takes about a month. The reason for this phenomenon lies in the disorder of biorhythms, which cause temporary changes in the brain. As a result, flyers may suffer from forgetfulness.

The organism is stuck between heaven and earth

The same thing happens with people working night shifts, or on a floating schedule. It takes them about a month to recover. The body of those people who have to fly often does not have time to adapt and, as it were, “hangs” between heaven and earth.

Note that such violations are not detected in pilots and stewardesses. The fact is that they have a constant air schedule for which they are preparing special trainings, and therefore everything is in order with biorhythms.

After a long flight, despite the fact that we sit all the way, usually a long time does not leave a feeling of tiredness. Any person, even the healthiest, is affected by emotional overstrain, a loud hum with vibration, shaking in air holes and long sitting in one pose, as well as motion sickness.

Usually attacks of nausea begin during a change in altitude, when our ears are laying. Most to these short-term overloads are pregnant women. But a stomach full of food can provoke a feeling of nausea. A feeling of nausea followed by vomiting is preceded by a feeling of lack of air and rapid breathing, pallor, cold sweat. To cope with the ailment, breathe through your mouth and take deep breaths.

Stock up on candies in advance

By the way, “take-off” candies were previously offered on airplanes, but now this practice is not on every flight. But nothing prevents you from stocking up candies in advance - they save you from laying in your ears when you swallow saliva.

Remember that motion sickness is poorly tolerated by people suffering from hypertension, headaches, and those who have suffered a head injury in the past. If you already have painful symptoms - headache, dizziness, weakness, tinnitus, flickering before your eyes, nausea, then a tablet of any diuretic drug will help.

Since many passengers use alcohol “for courage” before take-off, we recall that medications, from motion sickness or sedatives, are incompatible with alcohol. Also, in flight it is not recommended to drink carbonated drinks.

During the flight, drink, but not in one gulp

Long flights can lead to vascular thrombosis. Blood clots form in the first two to three hours of flight, but over time, under conditions of a long flight, they increase in size and pose a more serious danger.

Increased risk of vascular thrombosis are women taking hormonal birth control pills recently undergoing surgery, and pregnant women. Also, the risk increases alcohol.

To protect yourself from “blocking” the vessels, move as much as possible during the flight. If possible, take a walk along the aisle between the seats, from time to time do special physical exercises - you can just wave your hands. It is important to drink water more often, but not in one gulp, but rather - 2-3 sips, drinking at small intervals. Then the water is better absorbed and will not leave the body very quickly.

Another danger that lies in wait for you in the cabin is infection. It is easier to catch an infection in an airplane than on the ground, as you are in a confined space for several hours. If there is a sick person on board, then with every hour the concentration of infection coming from him will only increase. True, in the most modern aircraft, it is processed by medical filters, which allow you to remove most microbes.

Riding is more dangerous than flying

According to statistics, air travel, despite all the emergency situations, disasters and harmful effects on our health is the safest way to travel. The probability of dying in an airplane is 1 in 500 thousand. Compare this data with the accidents that occurred on the roads: every year in Russia 30 - 35 thousand people die in car accidents.

So before boarding the plane, take a deep breath and calm down. Let's hope that the number of landings will always be equal to the number of take-offs.

Dizziness - what is it?

Meniere's disease

Sailors disease

Acute labyrinthitis

Nerve inflammation

Viral meningitis

Vestibular migraine

Dizziness Control

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