Preparation for the exam depends on what subject to take. In mathematics and science, you need to demonstrate that you know how to use formulas and theories. In other subjects, such as literature or history, it is usually necessary to show that you have read the relevant literature and learned the material. The third category includes foreign languages. Although many subjects are studied at school, all of them can be divided into these three categories, and in preparing for the exam, each of them requires its own approach. After you study the material, it should be repeated and fixed in order to get the maximum possible grade.
1. Read, re-read and re-read
The so-called "memorization" is only appropriate when studying rigorous formulas, and even in this case they should not only be remembered, but also understood. As for the rest of the topics, feel free to re-read the necessary paragraph several times: in this way it will be possible not only to highlight the main idea, but also clearly remember the material presented. Our brain readily responds to repetitions of any kind, so it simply cannot ignore this approach.
2. Find your own “breakpoints”
If you know what a quest or logical charades are, you understand very well how one hint found pulls a chain of subsequent ones, opens up access to new information, and ultimately builds into the big picture.
Remembering everything read is sometimes simply impossible. If you have a lot of material, then it is better to break it into semantic segments and highlight the main idea in each. It is she who will become that reference point, clinging to which, you can easily remember and clearly state the subsequent material when passing the exam ticket.
3. Organize information
You have read the impressive paragraph of the text and, it seems, have remembered all the main things. But there are still several items ahead, and each of them requires a thoughtful approach. One material is "layered" on another.
Unfortunately, when trying to memorize a colossal volume at once, such confusion is not uncommon. In this case, to quickly find and remember the right moment, visibility will help. Our brain actively perceives images and color elements - it is so customary in human nature that bright signals are more firmly deposited in memory. Take advantage of this - use notes, colored symbols (for example, using markers and stickers) to highlight the most basic thing, which will then become a solid foundation for your answer.
4. Find your strengths
An individual approach always works better than any other. If you do not have your own intuitive scheme, it's time to come up with your own scheme for working with information. After all, in addition to reading and standard memorization, there are many other ways to effectively prepare for the exam and facilitate this process.
To begin with, each person has their own specific memory: some people better absorb information by ear, others perfectly remember what they see, others need to familiarize themselves with the subject “from all sides”.
- If you easily memorize the text of a song you’ve heard or a thoughtfully heard lecture, then you have well-developed auditory memory. Take advantage of this. Read the text aloud, retell and speak the information. Read your notes on the recorder - this material will be easy to listen to and remember the most necessary.
- If a couple of glances at a page with text is enough for you to say in which part of the paragraph you met this or that definition, you have a visual (aka visual) type of memory. Marking, underlining and marking the basics of the text being studied are suitable for you. Record, take notes and make your own notes - they will help to quickly restore material to memory.
- If you have a tactile memory, then you definitely won’t be original in your approach to any business. But the long reading process can seem monotonous and boring. Explore the subject from all sides, while the associative way of remembering is ideal for you. It will be useful to make visual cards on which you can record the necessary information and then combine the segments into a single whole. This approach is especially effective in memorizing foreign language words, definitions, and mathematical formulas.
5. Write by hand
In the age of new technologies that offer us to conveniently sit behind the keyboard and quickly type in the necessary text, the idea of arming ourselves with paper and a pen may not seem very practical. But it's not that simple. Scientists and psychologists have long proved that the process of taking notes by hand significantly improves the memorization function and is able to serve well in preparing for exams. The fact is that, independently displaying information on a piece of paper, we kind of “pass” it through ourselves.
The effectiveness of the associative method is proved not only by psychologists, but also by life itself. Imagine: you meet several people, and the name of one of them coincides with your own (or the name of a person close to you). You are unlikely to experience inconvenience because you forgot how to contact a person. If the new information is able to recall something that is already familiar or arouses interest, then it will certainly take its place in memory. Such associations can be called natural - they arise independently and do not require investment of their own efforts. But all the connections and analogies can be created in the process. At the same time, the more creative approach you put into an association, the brighter it will be remembered.
7. Take breaks and sleep a lot
When the time before the exam is short, it seems that a break for ten minutes will be a real crime. And completely in vain.
Our brain is designed in such a way that a large flow of information against the background of lack of rest plays against us, and new knowledge is not acquired.
Have you ever re-read the same sentence several times to make sense?
This first “bell” signals that it is time to postpone the textbook and relax a bit, switching to a short rest or walk. Thus, you will give yourself the necessary respite and after a break you will find that the information is remembered much better.
The night before the exam is the most stressful time in the life of schoolchildren and students. I want to read, remember and repeat as much as possible. However, complete neglect of sleep can affect the most negative way: when looking at an elongated ticket, you can not remember a good part of honestly learned material. A healthy sleep before the exam will bring much more benefit and streamline all the necessary thoughts.
The human brain perfectly adapts to repetitive actions. For example, if this is not the first time you have taken the same route, you are not likely to get lost. The same rule is actively working in the field of information assimilation: a repeating song on the radio can firmly sit in your head even against our will.
Therefore, choosing the most important thing, do not neglect the repetition and viewing of the text “one more time”. And here is a little trick. If you re-read the passed material at night, then during sleep the received information will go to the stage of long-term memory, and the next morning in most cases you can confidently reproduce the learned rhyme, recall the mathematical formula or the date of birth of the Russian commander.
What to do:
“Tomorrow the USE in the Russian language, and they advise you to relax here!” - you probably thought so. But let us tell you a secret - you already know everything. All information about the sacraments and participles is already “put aside” in your head and if necessary, you will remember it without problems (only if you taught everything, and if not, then this advice is not for you at all). So let yourself relax. Take a bath with the bombs, read a book, or go visit your granny. Give your brain a rest before such an important day.
If you can’t relax, and textbooks screaming from the shelf: “Teach! Repeat! ”, Do not give you rest, then repeat the material. But try to set the standard - in an hour you must pass one test or repeat one ticket. Repeated the topic - take a break.
How to remember the material so that on the day of the exam recall it without any problems? There are different opinions: someone for cramming, someone against, someone teaches at night, and someone repeats everything on the day of the exam! We, for example, are categorically against cramming. The most effective way of memorizing, we consider "mnemonics." Behind the complex name is an association familiar to all of us from childhood. For example, you need to remember a formula. Try to look at it from a different angle and read it like a word. The more indecent a word is, the easier it will be remembered! :)
Prepare everything in advance
Evening routine gatherings can really relax you. Check if your pens are written, look again at what you can take with you for the exam, prepare clothes and shoes - this will distract your busy brain a bit. Another plus: you won’t have to panic in the morning, because you will take care of everything the night before. By the way, if you love to “sleep another 5 minutes” after the alarm rings, it’s better to get it about 15-20 minutes earlier so that you won’t be late for sure.
Awake your brain
The exam morning a priori cannot be joyful and cheerful, but everything is in your hands. Of course, we do not offer you to repeat the material an hour before the exam - this can only be confusing. So forget about the textbooks this morning and turn on your favorite music. You can even pre-prepare a playlist with songs that will make you a little happier before the exam, and turn it on while you wash, have breakfast and get dressed. Music will warm your brain and prepare it for information processing.
Have a good breakfast for once
Almost 4 hours of exam, plus time to travel: you still can not afford to eat. Breakfast is, in principle, the most important meal, but on such a day, it certainly cannot be avoided. Hunger can remind yourself at the most inopportune moment. Now you have almost come up with this insidious second argument, but your stomach starts to reduce, and your thoughts now come down only to the McDonald's across the road from school. So porridge, scrambled eggs with vegetables or cottage cheese with honey in the morning are excellent options in order not to fly away with thoughts to juicy cheeseburgers right during the exam.
Read something easy
Yes, we do not advise you to cram the material directly for the exam (and repeat this a few more times, do not switch), but it’s like in sports - before every good workout you need at least a short warm-up. And if you don’t have enough music, then reading will not hurt either. Just nothing complicated: look through the news, go over the article that has been in your bookmarks for a long time, re-read a couple of pages from your favorite book (what if it comes in handy as an argument,). In a word, train meanders.
Do what you see fit
In the end, we are all different. Someone will be happy to collect things in the evening, someone will prepare a royal breakfast for themselves in the morning, and someone will want to get a book they loved from childhood on the shelf. Do what pleases, helps to concentrate and at least a little distraction for you.
Be sure, be sure and be sure to sleep again! If you study and repeat the material you have learned all night, then most likely you will fail the exam. Because the information that you will be cramming at night will not “be deposited” in your head, and you will spend all your strength in vain.
What not to do:
Do not panic
Even if it’s a math exam, you’re a humanist to the bone! Reassure yourself that you simply can’t get away from it. Take it for granted or as a test of yourself. Do not try to cram. It will not lead to anything good and will not help in the exam!