Transformation of measurements is often necessary when you are involved in cooking. Measuring ingredients may require the conversion of liquids from one unit to another. For example, a liquid, such as water, can be converted to ounces or pounds before mixing. At first this may seem like a daunting task, however, when the problem approaches the point where the main equivalents are considered, the problem can be more easily worked out and the conversion made.

If necessary, use a calculator to help convert cups to kilograms.

Start converting cups to pounds with a few basic conversion points. 16 ounces equal one pound or two cups. Another way to look at the equivalent is that one cup weighs eight ounces, and therefore two cups are equal to 16 ounces, and this is the same weight of one pound - 16 ounces.

Convert cup measurement to pounds by applying the formula in the first step to the problem. For example, if you convert five cups to kilograms, you first multiply five (number of cups) by eight (number of ounces in one cup). The answer here is 40.

Divide the number 40 by 16 or the number of ounces in one pound. Thus, in example 40, divided by 16, is two and a half. Answer: five cups weighs 2.5 pounds. Another way to look at the problem is that for every pound you should have two cups.

### Weights and Measures Table

Despite the fact that continental Europe has long adopted a metric, decimal system of measures and weights, we are constantly confronted with English and American units of measurement of length, area, volume and weight. The most common among them are **inch, foot, yard, mile, acre, pound, pint, barrel.**

Many, I am sure, saw a mysterious inscription on bottles with various liquids. *fl. oz.* In England and the USA, there are many other units of measurement that are less well known in our country.

Most often, we use these units of measurement when we talk about such common things as the size of a car’s tire, TV screen. Size is usually already indicated in inches right in the model name. The situation is the same with the diameter of metal and plastic pipes, the size of wrenches and the bolts and nuts themselves. Mileage of American cars is indicated in miles. Calling the price of oil, they say: "price per barrel", and the weight of gold is often called in ounces. Some cookbooks also include weight in pounds, and volume in ounces or quarts.

And what does the inscription lb or lbs mean in American stores? Read about it at the bottom of the page.

And one more small remark: do not try to remember all this, for this purpose reference books were invented so as not to overload the memory with a routine. So stop by!

It remains only to wish you seven **feet** under the keel and go directly to the table!

TABLE OF MEASURES AND WEIGHTS - WEIGHT AND MEASURES TABLE | ||||

UNIT | UNIT MEASUREMENTS | ABBREVIATION OR SYMBOL | EQUIVALENTS OF SAME SYSTEM | METRIC EQUIVALENT |

ABBREVIATION OR SYMBOL | EQUIVALENTS IN THE SAME SYSTEM | METRIC EQUIVALENT | ||

WEIGHT - WEIGHT | ||||

Avoirdupois * - Everdyupoys | ||||

short ton | short ton | 20 short hundredweight, 2000 pounds | 0.907 metric ton | |

long ton | long ton | 20 long hundredweight, 2240 pounds | 1.016 metric ton | |

hundredweight | English centner (see long centner) | cwt | 112 pounds, 0.05 long ton | 50.802 kilograms |

short hundredweight | short (american) centner | 100 pounds, 0.05 short tons | 45.359 kilograms | |

long hundredweight | long (English) centner | 112 pounds, 0.05 long ton | 50.802 kilograms | |

pound | lb. | lb ** or lb avdp, also # (mostly USA) | 16 ounces, 7000 grains | 0.454 kilogram |

ounce | ounce | oz or oz avdp | 16 drams, 437.5 grains, 0.0625 pound | 28.350 grams |

dram | drachma | dr or dr avdp | 27.344 grains, 0.0625 ounce | 1.772 grams |

grain | share | gr | 0.037 dram, 0.002286 ounce | 0.0648 gram |

Troy - Troy system | ||||

pound | lb. | lb t | 12 ounces, 240 pennyweight, 5760 grains | 0.373 kilogram |

ounce | ounce | oz t | 20 pennyweight, 480 grains, 0.083 pound | 31.103 grams |

pennyweight | pennyweight | dwt also pwt | 24 grains, 0.05 ounce | 1.555 grams |

grain | share | gr | 0.042 pennyweight, 0.002083 ounce | 0.0648 gram |

Apothecaries' - Pharmacy system | ||||

pound | lb. | lb ap | 12 ounces, 5760 grains | 0.373 kilogram |

ounce | ounce | oz ap | 8 drams, 480 grains, 0.083 pound | 31.103 grams |

dram | drachma | dr ap | 3 scruples, 60 grains | 3.888 grams |

scruple | scruple | s ap | 20 grains, 0.333 dram | 1.296 grams |

grain | share | gr | 0.05 scruple, 0.002083 ounce, 0.0166 dram | 0.0648 gram |

CAPACITY - CAPACITY | ||||

U.S. liquid measures - US liquid units | ||||

barrel | barrel | bbl | 42 gallons | 159 liters |

gallon | gallon | gal | 4 quarts (231 cubic inches) | 3.785 liters |

quart | quart | qt | 2 pints (57.75 cubic inches) | 0.946 liter |

pint | pint | pt | 4 gills (28.875 cubic inches | 473.176 milliliters |

gill | jill | gi | 4 fluid ounces (7.219 cubic inches) | 118.294 milliliters |

fluid ounce | fl oz | fl oz | 8 fluid drams (1.805) cub inches) | 29.573 milliliters |

fluid dram | liquid drachma | fl dr | 60 minims (0.226 cubic inch) | 3.697 milliliters |

minim | minimum, 1/60 drams | min | 1/60 fluid dram (0.003760 cubic inch) | 0.061610 milliliter |

U.S. dry measures - units for measuring dry matter. USA | ||||

bushel | bushel | bu | 4 pecks (2150.42 cubic inches) | 35.239 liters |

peck | pitch | pk | 8 quarts (537.605 cubic inches) | 8.810 liters |

quart | quart | qt | 2 pints (67.201 cubic inches) | 1.101 liters |

pint | pint | pt | 0.5 quart (33.600 cubic inches) | 0.551 liter |

British imperial liquid and dry measures - Units for measuring liquids and solids. England | ||||

bushel | bushel | bu | 4 pecks (2219.36 cubic inches) | 36.369 liters |

peck | pitch, 2 gallons | pk | 2 gallons (554.84 cubic inches) | 9.092 liters |

gallon | gallon | gal | 4 quarts (277.420 cubic inches) | 4.546 liters |

quart | quart | qt | 2 pints (69.355 cubic inches) | 1.136 liters |

pint | pint | pt | 4 gills (34.678 cubic inches) | 568.26 milliliters |

gill | Gil | gi | 5 fluid ounces (8.669 cubic inches) | 142.066 milliliters |

fluid ounce | fl oz | fl oz | 8 fluid drams (1.7339 cubic inches) | 28.412 milliliters |

fluid dram | liquid drachma | fl dr | 60 minims (0.216734 cubic inch) | 3.5516 milliliters |

minim | minimum, 1/60 drams | min | 1/60 fluid dram (0.003612 cubic inch) | 0.059194 milliliter |

LENGTH - LENGTH | ||||

mile | mile | mi | 5280 feet, 1760 yards, 320 rods | 1.609 kilometers |

rod | kind | rd | 5.50 yards, 16.5 feet | 5.029 meters |

yard | yard | yd | 3 feet, 36 inches | 0.9144 meter |

foot | foot | ft or ' | 12 inches, 0.333 yard | 30.48 centimeters |

inch | inch | in or " | 0.083 foot, 0.028 yard | 2.54 centimeters |

AREA - AREA | ||||

square mile | square mile | sq mi or mi 2 | 640 acres, 102,400 square rods | 2.590 square kilometers |

acre | acre | 4840 square yards, 43,560 square feet | 0.405 hectare, 4047 square meters | |

square rod | square rod | sq rd or rd 2 | 30.25 square yards, 0.00625 acre | 25.293 square meters |

square yard | square yard | sq yd or yd 2 | 1296 square inches, 9 square feet | 0.836 square meter |

square foot | square foot | sq ft or ft 2 | 144 square inches, 0.111 square yard | 0.093 square meter |

square inch | square inch | sq in or in 2 | 0.0069 square foot, 0.00077 square yard | 6.452 square centimeters |

VOLUME - VOLUME ** | ||||

cubic yard | cubic yard | cu yd or yd 3 | 27 cubic feet, 46.656 cubic inches | 0.765 cubic meter |

cubic foot | cubic foot | cu ft or ft 3 | 1728 cubic inches, 0.0370 cubic yard | 0.028 cubic meter |

cubic inch | cubic inch | cu in or in 3 | 0.00058 cubic foot, 0.000021 cubic yard | 16.387 cubic centimeters |

* In the United States, the everoirpois system (avoirdupois) is used to measure weight ** In American stores, you can often see for the pound a reduction in lbs instead of lb. This is simply an erroneous attempt to denote the plural. |

** Capacity and volume are essentially the same thing, but since different units are used to measure dry and liquid substances, the universal units of volume were placed in a separate section of the table.

Word **pound - pound** comes from latin **libra pondo**. First word **libra** means "scales" - the actual device for measuring weight and an astrological sign, since the constellation resembles scales in appearance. Second - **pondo** - just the weight. Accordingly, the whole combination **libra pondo** means "pound of weight" (or, if you want, "weight pound"). In modern English, "libra pondo" has been modified and shortened to "pound", but the abbreviation is from Latin **libra - lb**.

Often in stores in English-speaking countries you can see a reduction **lbs** to denote pounds, which, strictly speaking, is a mistake, because according to the international convention, the pound is a unit of measure, and the abbreviations for units of measure in the English language are not plural, as well, by the way, as in Russian. We don’t write *KGy* or *KM*.

## Pounds to Ounces table

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