- Teaching: training in writing a monologue description based on an excerpt from a work of art
- Developing: development of the ability to build speech depending on the speech situation, express your personal position
- Educational: the awakening in the student of the love of the word
- Communicative: the formation of speech skills
Equipment: novel by M.Yu. Lermontov “Hero of our time”, S.I.Ozhegov “Dictionary of the Russian language”, a large encyclopedic dictionary
Lesson Type: a lesson in improving the skills of students with the involvement of previously studied material.
Type of lesson: speech development.
Leading task: repeat the concept of monologue, write out this definition from various dictionaries, repeat the types of speech and features of the description.
Teacher. This lesson opens a series of lessons on learning to write a monologue. Today we are learning to write a monologue description based on the novel by M.Yu. Lermontov “Hero of our time”. Remember and explain what a monologue is?
The student. A monologue is the speech of a hero. The monologue may be internal. Clarify the dictionary.
Great Encyclopedic Dictionary. A monologue is a detailed statement of one person, the prevailing form in the lyrics, important - in the epic, especially dramatic, genres. In the narrative prose of the 19–20 centuries, the “internal monologue” of heroes is widespread.
S.I.Ozhegov “Dictionary of the Russian language”. Monologue, a, m. One person’s speech addressed to listeners or to oneself. Stage monologue. Inner monologue.
Teacher: What are the types of monologues?
Student: There are monologue-description, monologue-reasoning, monologue-narration, confession.
Teacher: List the main features of the description.
Student: The description has the following main features:
- The text should answer the question: “What is the subject?”
- The text lists the main features of the described object or phenomenon, and creates a specific image.
- Descriptions use nouns that convey the perception of color, smell, form, taste, tactile sensations, with the meaning of the spatial arrangement of objects, active and inactive action.
The description is characterized by the use of a chain of homogeneous predicates-verbs of active and inactive action when describing the movement, action of an object and a hero, the use of state expression verbs when describing a character's character, the use of verbs that convey a sense of color, smell, taste, spatial arrangement when describing nature, primary use present tense verbs, but past tense verbs are sometimes used.
Descriptions are characterized by the use of adjectives and adverbs that convey the perception of smell, color, sound, taste sensations.
- In monologues-descriptions, the author's attitude to the depicted is expressed.
Description object → its attributes → image.
In the monologue-description, it is necessary to indicate only those signs that appear bright to the author of the description, it is not necessary to list all the signs of the described subject. It is important to convey the author’s attitude to the depicted, which will create a complete image of the described object or phenomenon.
Teacher: Read the text. Highlight the main features of the description in it. Read the monologue description based on this text. Does it fit the text?
“The hackle was stuck one side to the rock, three slippery, wet steps led to her door. I gropingly entered and stumbled upon a cow (the barn of these people replaces the footman). I did not know where to go: here the sheep bleat, there the dog grumbles. Fortunately, a dim light flashed to the side and helped me find another hole like a door. Then a pretty entertaining picture opened up: the wide hut, which the roof rested on two sooty pillars, was full of people. In the middle, a light spread on the ground, and smoke pushed back by the wind from a hole in the roof spread around me in such a thick shroud that I could not look around for a long time, two old women, many children and one thin Georgian, all tattered, sat at the fire. There was nothing to do, we sheltered by the fire, lit pipes, and soon the kettle hissed affably.
“Pitiful people!” I told the headquarters captain, pointing to our dirty masters, who were silently looking at us in a sort of dumbfound. ”
A monologue description based on this passage.
As soon as the sun rises from the mountains, the master, a thin Georgian, kindles me in his house to cook a meager breakfast. Sakla, where I am burning, is near the cliff. Beyond the threshold is damp and cold. Two pillars support the roof of the hut. I burn in my home so often that I’ve smoked everything around me. The pillars of smoke became black. They stand like sentries at a post. I illuminate the miserable home and the people sitting around me. But the person entering is unlikely to see their faces, because my smoke returns again to the hut and envelops in clubs of people.
Student: An excerpt from the novel by M.Yu. Lermontov “Hero of our time” is a description of the hut, where the travelers stopped. M.Yu. Lermontov strives for extreme accuracy, documentary, hence the peculiarity of the style: the number of described items is called: “three steps”, “two pillars”, “two old women”, “one Georgian”. A few adjectives emphasize the poverty of the inhabitants of the hut, the squalor of the whole situation: the steps are “slippery and wet”, the light is “dim”, the columns are “smoked”, the Georgians are “thin”. Verbs are evaluative in nature: “did not know where to go”, “sheep bleat”, “the dog grumbles”, the roof “leaned”, the smoke “spread”, we “sheltered”. After exhaustively describing the situation of the hut and its inhabitants, their assessment is given: “Pity people!”. The monologue description, compiled on the basis of an excerpt from the novel by M.Yu. Lermontov “Hero of our time” corresponds to the text, since it created a specific image based on the text.
Teacher: Read a passage from the text and 2 monologues. Which one best matches the text?
“A few steps away from me stood a group of men, including a dragoon captain, expressing a hostile intention against my sweet princess, he was especially pleased with something, rubbing his hands. He laughed and winked with his comrades. Suddenly, a gentleman in a tailcoat with a long mustache and a red mug separated himself from their midst and directed his steps directly to the princess: he was drunk. Stopping against the embarrassed princess and with his hands behind his back, he stared at her with dull gray eyes and said in a hoarse bomber:
- Perme ... well, what is it. just engaging you in mazurka ...
“What do you want?” She said in a trembling voice, casting an imploring glance around. Alas! Her mother was far away, and there were no cavaliers she knew, one adjutant, it seems, saw all this, but hid behind the crowd, so as not to be involved in history.
“So what?” Said the drunken gentleman, winking at the dragoon captain. Which encouraged him with signs - do not you please. Again, I have the honor to engage you in a Mazurka ... Do you think I’m drunk? It's nothing. Much freer, I can assure you ...
I saw that she was ready to faint from fear and resentment ”
Princess Mary is fearless, like me, a dragoon captain. She was not even afraid of the drunken gentleman's courtship at the ball. Ah, how she changed when she saw him! The princess seemed to tremble either from fear or from indignation. Her face turned red; she looked at the drunken gentleman with wide eyes. Her lips tightened into a thin strip. The look expressed arrogance and contempt. Wanting to somehow protect herself from the drunken monster, she nervously opened her fan and began to wave them frantically.
Girl It's just that girl, Mary! No respect for us, for the military. Although I wear epaulettes, she does not look in my direction. The scene at the ball will be remembered for a long time. Oh, how frightened she was of this drunken gentleman! I saw that the princess was confused. Her eyes, filled with tears, expressed a supplication, confusion. The lower lip trembled, betraying impotence and a desire to cry. Her whole figure shrank. She pulled her neck in and was ready to retreat without a word.
The student. The second option is most consistent with the source text, as it more accurately conveys the character and state of mind of the heroine.
Teacher. Read the beginning of a monologue based on the entire novel. Imagine you are a moneto of Bela.
Monisto - a necklace of coins.
And in the jewelry store among the same monistos, you tell me how Bela was in my father’s house, you remember how she became in Pechorin’s house.
Task group number 1.
Make a monologue-description of Bela on behalf of monisto, starting it with the words:
Oh Bela, my good, dear Bela! How I want to cry over her fate! But I'm just a monster and I can’t cry. We, monisto, can only ring. I rang merrily when Bela's father gave me her. She was then still a lanky teenage girl ...
Task group number 2.
Make a monologue-description of Bela on behalf of monisto, starting it with the words:
I adorn Bela's neck. I am a monist. Ah, how Bela has changed, once in the house of Mr. Pechorin.
Teacher. Read the text and the ending of the monologue-description of Grushnitsky, composed on behalf of the glass that Grushnitsky dropped at the well. Restore the monologue description.
“The princess, probably having finished her last glass, walked thoughtfully at the well. Grushnitsky stood at the very well, there was no one else on the site.
I walked closer and hid around the corner of the gallery. At that moment, Grushnitsky dropped his glass on the sand and intensified to bend down to pick it up: a sick leg interfered with him. Poor thing! How he managed, leaning on a crutch, and all in vain. His expressive face really portrayed suffering.
Princess Mary saw all this better than me. Lighter than a bird, she jumped up to him, bent down, picked up a glass and handed it with a body movement full of inexpressible charm, then blushed terribly, looked back at the gallery and, making sure that her mother saw nothing, seems to calm down immediately. ”
Given the end of the monologue - descriptions: “It seemed that my master had played a ridiculous scene of pretense.”
The gentleman in a thick soldier's overcoat, on crutches (apparently on the waters he is treating his wounded leg) with a rather confident hand took me to drink water. But for some reason I suddenly slip out of his hands. He is trying to lean over me. Although he is well-built, well-built and strong, his hand does not reach me. I suddenly see that his face has distorted a grimace of suffering, but his eyes are by no means looking at me, but towards the young girl.
Teacher. Based on the source text, we learned how to compose monologues - descriptions. Such work allows you to once again turn to the text of the work, more attentive to the word, to develop your creative abilities.
Read an excerpt from the novel by M. Yu. Lermontov “Hero of Our Time”. Make a monologue based on it - a description of Yanko on behalf of the boat.
Even a feeble old man next to a daring Yanko will feel young and strong. Here I am, an old boat, like a duck diving in the sea waves, not afraid to break against the rocks. And all because Yanko rules me, a dashing, fearless smuggler. His strong arms easily handle oars. He is of medium height. A quick glance shines from under the lamb's hat. The movements are quick and agile. I boldly embark even in a storm in swimming with such a captain.
“Slowly rising to the ridges of the waves, quickly descending from them, the boat approached the shore. The swimmer was courageous, who decided on such a night to set off across the strait twenty miles away, and there must be an important reason that prompted him to that! Thinking so, I looked at the poor boat with an involuntary beating, but it ducked like a duck and then, quickly flapping its oars like wings, jumped out of the abyss among the spray of foam, and so I thought it would hit the beach with a sweeping blow and fly apart to smithereens, but she deftly turned sideways and jumped into a small bay unscathed. A man of medium height came out of her, wearing a Tatar lamb hat, he waved his hand, and all three began to pull something out of the boat, the load was so great that I still do not understand how she did not drown. "
Monologue in copywriter text
Monologues are usually divided into reversed and solitary. The first are directed to other people, can be included in dialogs. They do not require an immediate response from the addressee or addressees. Thus, from one person to another (others) any information is transmitted.
Monologues are less - than dialogs - limited in scope, place, and duration of presentation. Therefore, in a monologue, any topic can be revealed very widely.
Converted monologue is often the speech of a preacher, politician, professional speaker, teacher, etc.
Solitary oncologists are expressions in writing, aloud or to oneself without an audience. Often these are thoughts alone with oneself.
A solitary monologue can present the hero’s personal experiences, his intimate world as he imagines them.
In the texts, monologues are used to reveal the inner world of the hero, to show his attitude to the surrounding reality.
One of the most famous monologues sounds from the mouth of Shakespeare's Hamlet:
“To be or not to be, that is the question. Worthy
Humble yourself under the blows of fate
Ile must be resisted
And in a mortal battle with a sea of troubles
Do away with them? Die. To be forgotten.
And know that this breaks the chain
Heartaches and thousands of hardships
Inherent to the body. Is this not the goal
Desired? Pass away. Sleep forget.
Fall asleep. and dream? That’s the answer ... "
Dialog in copywriter text
In the dialogue, each subsequent replica depends on the previous one, is a response to it. “Through dialogue, people navigate in everyday life, establish and strengthen contacts with each other, communicate intellectually and spiritually.”
The dialogue reveals the real behavior of a person in the presence of others, real relationships with society. In particular, Socrates used these opportunities, who, through discussion dialogues, revealed judgments, certain knowledge, or ignorance.
Here is an excerpt from Socrates's famous dialogues:
“- Reckless deeds are committed out of recklessness, and prudent due to prudence?
- So, if something is done with power, it will be filled with strength, and a powerless action is weakness?
- And if they act quickly, then this is a quick action, and if slowly - slow?
“And if something happens the same way, then it means it happens for the same reason, and in the opposite way, then for the opposite reasons?”
“Tell me, please,” I continued, “is anything beautiful?”
Protagoras allowed what happens.
- Is there any other opposite than ugly?
- Further: is there anything good?
- Is there any other opposite than bad?
- Let's go even further. Is the sound high.
“But after all, there is no other opposite than a low sound?”
“Does this mean,” I said, “that only one thing is the opposite of each thing, and not much?”
Dialogues, like monologues, can be inconsistent, contain omissions, hints, forcing readers to continue or end a thought on their own. One participant can interrupt another, complicating communication, but thus continuing to reveal himself.
Dialogue is more characteristic of man. A person often speaks to himself, in his mind or even out loud. Therefore, dialogues are widely represented in texts of various types. The dramatic works are actually built on dialogs.
Sentences with the word "monologue":
Puppet characters danced, fought, pronounced monologues, told jokes, kissed, treated, traded, deceived each other and overeat.
The woman spoke and said everything, but no one answered her, no one interrupted her infinite monologue.
And then, laughing, end this passionate monologue an unexpected kiss and disappear.
Making a Word Map Better Together
Hello! My name is Lampobot, I am a computer program that helps to make a Word Map. I know how to count, but so far I don’t understand how your world works. Help me figure it out!
Thank! I became a little better at understanding the world of emotions.
Question: world Is it neutral, positive, or negative?
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