Rainbow roses today have become one of the most popular gifts for any occasion. But these flowers can cost an order of magnitude higher than any other varieties of roses. That is why it will be useful to know how to grow a rainbow rose on your own at home. If it seems to you that this is a very laborious process, then you are deeply mistaken. But some perseverance and accuracy you still need.
How to grow a rainbow rose on your own
You can create such a masterpiece of floristry if you know the correct sequence of actions and some of the nuances of the process as a whole.
To make the rainbow rose especially expressive and bright, you need to choose white roses for coloring. If this is not possible, then pale yellow or light pink will do. Any other shades will not allow you to achieve saturated colors, so attractive in a rainbow rose.
Further in any store it is easy to find food coloring. Choose the colors that you would like to see on the petals of the bud. Their diversity depends only on your imagination. Although if you plan to try staining for the first time, it is better not to take more than 4 shades. So it will be easier for you to figure out what exactly can cause difficulties and in the future you can easily work with a large number of colors.
It is also worth preparing containers separately for each of the tones. If you mix all the colors in one glass, then the whole bud will be painted in a dirty swamp color, but certainly it will not turn out rainbow. Dilute each color as indicated in the dye instructions. Its quantity is directly related to the intensity of the final shade of the petals of your bud. The stem from the very end must be carefully split into as many separate parts as you have glasses with dye.
After that, it is necessary to immerse each part in a separate container, but at the same time make sure that the flower will be located quite stable and will fall from the slightest movement. To make this stability easier, it is recommended to use very narrow and high containers for dyes that are similar to flasks. They will allow, without damaging the stem, to establish a rose and not let it fall at the most inopportune moment.
After a day, you can already see the external changes, but the best effect is achieved after about 72 hours. After 3 days, if you did not spare the dye, the flower will be able to incorporate any colors of the rainbow. To make the staining effect look even more amazing, you can change the ends of the stems in places once a day. This will make the palette of each petal even more unusual.
And the last nuance that you should pay attention to is the temperature of the room in which rainbow roses are painted. Sudden changes in temperature should be avoided, because this can adversely affect the result of your work.
How to create rainbow flowers
By the same principle that was described above, you can create flowers of any other varieties. How to make a rainbow rose, you already know. But you can do all the same manipulations with peonies or chrysanthemums. Surely, from such an unusual decoration on your table both your family and your guests will be delighted.
Unfortunately, the seeds of such plants are simply impossible to find. This is because they are not grown in the garden and seeds cannot be bought either. Such coloring is achieved only thanks to chemical dyes. It is also worth remembering that because of these same dyes, the lifespan of such flowers is quite short.
They will be able to please you in just about 5 days. But still, once you create such beauty with your own hands, you will want to regularly decorate your interior with them.
A bit of history
Like many other beautiful flowers, rainbow roses first appeared in Holland, with the light hand of Peter Van de Werken. It was he who owned the idea of multi-colored coloring of petals, which was based on the biological feature of roses and other plants. It is known that after absorption, moisture is carried along the stem to the petals, thus the entire flower receives the necessary amount of water and nutrition.
The breeder split the stem of a pure white rose into several parts, through which the dye should have been absorbed. They plunged into containers with different dyes, which painted the rose petals in new shades.
Experiments to improve the technology of staining roses were carried out for six months by the Dutch companies River Flowers and F.J. Zandbergen. For the first time, a rainbow rose was released in 2004 and made an incredible splash. Now, such a color is no longer perceived as a novelty, but still remains one of the most beloved among florists, decorators and lovers of the unusual.
How to get rainbow roses at home
An ideal basis for a rainbow rose is a pure white flower, into which dyes are best absorbed. If a similar color is not found, cut the buds of peach, pale pink or yellowish. Red, burgundy and other saturated colors of roses are not suitable, because their natural color will not allow dyes to appear.
If you want to achieve quick staining, take buds that have already almost opened or fully opened - they will “absorb” the paint in a minimum of time. Tight, dense, unbroken buds take new colors more slowly and take more than one day to transform them.
To get a rainbow rose you will need:
- A rose with a stalk about 20-25 centimeters long,
- 4 narrow and stable glasses or glasses of suitable depth,
- Food colors of contrasting shades that dissolve well in water (the options “green, red, blue, yellow”, “purple, yellow, blue, green”, “red, blue, yellow, purple” are considered optimal),
- Sharp scissors or clerical knife.
Preparation of roses is carried out in several stages:
- Using a sharp tool, the stem of the rose is cut at an angle to the desired height. It is easy to determine it - just take the height of the containers in which you will put the flower for coloring as a basis. The stem should only slightly extend beyond the edges of the glass, because otherwise the plant will not be stable.
- The end of the stem is split into several parts with a sharp knife. Never pick a weakly sharpened tool - it will only damage the stem tissue or break the rose. Ideally, if the distance at which the cuts are from the nearest leaves does not exceed 2.5 cm.
- The number of cleaved parts should correspond to the number of dyes. The optimal number is 2-4.
When the rose is prepared, proceed to receive coloring solutions. Add food colors to the filled containers, achieving the desired color intensity. For each glass, use different colors without mixing them, because you risk getting a flower of dirty shades.
The final step in preparing the rose for staining is to install parts of the stem in water. They must be completely immersed in the coloring solution, otherwise the result may not be what you expected - the petals will not be completely colored or the color will not be sufficiently expressed. For convenience, put the glasses next to it - so the rose will get the necessary stability, and when placing parts of the stem in the container, the probability of breaking them will be minimal.
After installing roses in dyes, real magic begins - the flower slowly takes on the necessary shades. The first changes in color can be noticed within half an hour, however, to get bright shades of the rainbow, it will take at least a day, or even two. In some cases, the staining process takes a week, during which the petals become especially colorful.
If roses of the usual combination of shades are grown in the garden, then you will have to try a little to get rainbow colors. For staining to be successful, take note of a few recommendations:
- You don’t have to do many parts by cutting the stem - it will only weaken the rose,
- Mixing all the colors in one glass is a bad idea, because the rose will take the whole shade, it will be heterogeneous and dirty,
- To get pastel shades, a few drops of dye are enough, but for a saturated color, the amount needs to be increased,
- Fix parts of the stem for staining is necessary only after the complete dissolution of the dye,
- Make sure that the finished solution is not too thick - this will complicate the transportation of the dye to the petals,
- Adding a small amount of sugar to the water will speed up the coloring process.
Do not allow temperature changes in the room where the rose is located - this negatively affects the quality of coloring in iridescent shades. Place the plant in a dark, cool place where direct sunlight does not fall, to prevent premature shedding of petals.
A colored rose is easy to obtain at home - for this you need to make only a little effort. Such a flower will become not only an original decoration of the interior, but also a good gift for the holiday.
What is this miracle and where did it come from?
Roses of unusual color owe their birth to the world Dutch florist Peter van der Werken. The original color of the flowers was obtained by Peter during experiments with special coloring pigments.
The florist introduced water into the stem of a growing rose with the addition of pigment of one color or another to achieve a rainbow-colored petals.
With the right approach, the colors of the petals will go in a rainbow order - from red to purple.
The life span of rainbow buds is 3-5 days at normal room temperature.
Rainbow roses owe their birth to the Dutch florist Peter van der Werken
Creating a colorful flower at home: myth or reality?
Despite the apparent complexity of the task, to create a multi-colored rainbow beauty with your own hands is quite realistic.
This means that when the stem is immersed in colored water, the colored liquid will begin to rise up the stem to the bud.
After the dye penetrates the petals, the water will evaporate from their surface, and the paint will remain. Using food coloring, you can make a rainbow rose in just one day.
To create a rainbow shade of petals white flowers should be taken - buds of red shades simply do not give in to coloring in the necessary colors.
To create a rainbow shade of petals, you will need white roses and food coloring
How to make a colored petal: step by step instructions
For the manufacture you will need the following:
- the white queen of the garden with a stalk 20-25 cm long,
- 4 narrow and stable glasses of sufficient depth,
- water-soluble paint in four contrasting shades: red, blue, yellow, green (as an option - red, purple, yellow and blue, or purple, green, yellow and blue),
- sharp clerical knife,
- plastic cocktail straws.
What to do and in what sequence:
- To get a bud, the petals of which will have different rainbow shades, mix one shade of paint in each glass.
- Keeping the flower under a stream of warm water, cut the small end of the stem at an angle.
- Gently split it with a knife into 4 parts of equal thickness. The length of the split ends depends on the height of the glasses (about 10-15 cm).
- For greater convenience and protection of the fragile parts of the stem, put a cocktail tube on each split tip. Cut the tube in advance along the length of the stem.
- Immerse each part of the stem in separate glasses with paint. Place all water containers tightly together.
- Fix it in such a way that its stalk split into parts stays firmly in the glasses.
- Remove the flower in a cool, dark place to avoid direct sunlight.
- The full staining process will take from 24 to 72 hours. In a day you will be able to see amazing changes in the color of the petals.
Final recommendations for those who are ready to make a rainbow rose with their own hands
If necessary a white rose can be replaced with a light yellow or pale pink. The brightness of the petals depends on how bright they turn out after staining.
When cutting a stem, rememberthat it is not necessary to divide it into more parts than necessary - so you risk loosening the stem.
Do not mix all the colors in one glass - you will get a heterogeneous dirty color, in which the entire bud will be painted.
Achieving individual shades of petals is possible only by immersing the split stems in separate containers with colored water.
The more paint you add to each container, the more saturated and bright the shade will turn out for the petals. If you want to achieve a gentle pastel gradient, a couple of drops of each shade of paint will be enough.
To achieve individual shades of the petals is possible only by immersing the split stems in separate containers with colored water
Immerse parts of the stem in water only when the paint has completely dissolved in it. Water for coloring should not thicken.
When bending the ends of the stem and immersing them in water be very careful - The split ends are very fragile and easy to break.
To make the coloring uniform and interesting, avoid the temperature difference in the room, and also daily change the ends of the stems in places with each other.
For some reason, it is believed that make rainbow roses with your own hands is not an easy, professional task. This error is easy to dispel after a couple of experiments, try.
The result is worth it: unusual flowers will surprise everyone around. And if you introduce children, then this botanical-home magic will certainly become a favorite pastime for several evenings!