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How to survive a chemical or biological attack

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How to prepare yourself for a biological or chemical attack.

There are many guidelines for dealing with bio-or chemical hazards. Listing everything in the answer farm is simply unrealistic.
Here are links to some information sites.
stoppanic ru
On the main page there is a brief guide to actions, as well as preparation for an alleged attack.
for example
- "Things that should be in your home in case of emergency"
- "How to prepare for a possible chemical and bacteriological infection?"
Well and so on.

In the subject line of the article
What to do if a chemical or bacteriological release occurs?
stoppanic ru

The site has a lot of wonderful and quite relevant articles.
for example
What if my city is captured by terrorists?
stoppanic ru

There are special courses (for especially nervous))

"First Aid School"
Russia, 125362, Moscow, ul. Moscow Region, 1/6, mob. tel: 8-916-121-09-25.
www allsafety ru

NOU "Special training school" VITYAZ "
Russia, 101000, Moscow, Pokrovsky Boulevard, d. 4/17, p. 7, phone: (495) 916-00-66.
www vityaz-school ru

Information and analytical portal NAMACON
www namakon ru

Facts you need to know:

  • The causative agent of the disease (type): bacillus anthracis
  • Ways of infection: through the respiratory system, through the gastrointestinal tract, through the skin
  • Incubation period
    • through the respiratory system: 1-60 days
    • through the gastrointestinal tract: 3-7 days
    • through the skin: 1-2 days
  • Mortality
    • through the respiratory system: initially 90-100% untreated, 30-50% cured (this percentage increases as the period for taking antibiotics increases)
    • through the gastrointestinal tract: 50% uncured, 10-15% cured
    • through the skin: 20% uncured
  • Treatment and vaccination: antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin or doxycycline are available at the centers for the prevention and control of morbidity. The sooner treatment begins, the higher the chances of survival.

Symptom Information:

  • through the respiratory system: initial flu-like symptoms, such as fever, headache, abdominal pain, chest pain, vomiting, coughing, but without nasal congestion. Subsequently, this leads to serious respiratory problems, the patient dies from asphyxiation, an accumulation of blood and fluid is detected in the lungs.
  • through the gastrointestinal tract: the disease begins with pain in the abdomen, diarrhea with impurities of blood, nausea, vomiting, fever, sore throat, painful sores on the root of the tongue.
  • through the skin: initially itchy red spots appear on the body, which soon burst, and in their place are dead tissue in the form of a scab.

If an attack of the disease occurs, respond immediately.

  1. Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth, possibly a damp cloth, to prevent some of the deadly spores from entering.
  2. Leave the area of ​​mass destruction immediately.
  3. If possible, breathe shallowly (superficially), hold your breath until you leave the affected area.
  4. Limit movement from the infected to a safe area. Constant movement contributes to the spread of deadly spores. Once you reach the safe area, remove contaminated clothing and place it in an airtight plastic bag.
  5. Take a cold shower (warm and hot water helps open the pores) as quickly as possible using plenty of soap. Flush eyes with saline or plain warm water.
  6. Now there is antibiotic therapy. Early antibiotic treatment is a critical survival factor.

Factors to Know:

  • The causative agent of the disease (type): bacteria Burkholderia

  • Ways of infection: through the respiratory system, through the skin / mucous membranes
  • Incubation period
    • through the respiratory system: 10-15 days
    • through the skin / mucous membranes: 1-5 days
  • Mortality: Almost 100% per month, if not treated. Rapid medical care reduces the risk of illness, however, there is relatively little medical data on this issue.
  • Treatment and vaccination: There is no special vaccine. Antibiotics of the combined type Amoxicillin and Potassium Clavulanate, Bactrim, Ceftazidime, Tetracycline must be taken about 50-150 days in order to finally remove toxins from the body.

Symptom Information:

  • through the respiratory system: the disease begins with fever, chills, sweating, headache, body aches, chest pain and stagnation of blood. Later, the cervical lymph nodes (glands) become inflamed, and pneumonia develops. Non-healing sores appear on internal organs and mucous membranes. Dark rashes may also form.
  • through the skin / mucous membranes: the formation of painful sores in places of infection and swelling of the lymph nodes. Increasingly, discharge from the nose and mucous sputum are observed.

If an attack of the disease occurs, respond immediately.

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth, preferably a damp cloth, that will prevent the penetration of some part of deadly spores.
  • Leave the area of ​​mass destruction immediately.
  • Try to breathe superficially, hold your breath until you leave the affected area.
  • Wash your body with soap and water.
  • Rinse your eyes with warm running water for 10-15 minutes.
  • Wait for medical care by a group of professionals. If you develop a fever, seek help immediately.

Ricin poisoning

Factors to Know:

  • The causative agent of the disease (type): castor oil plant (toxin of plant origin)
  • Ways of infection: through the respiratory system, through the gastrointestinal tract, by injection
  • Incubation period
    • through the respiratory system, through the gastrointestinal tract, by injection: 2-8 hours
  • Mortality: with a high dose, these inconsolable data are 97%. Almost all victims die within 24-72 hours after the onset of primary symptoms.
  • Treatment and vaccination: There is no special vaccine other than activated carbon. To date, a vaccine is in development.

If poisoning occurs, respond immediately.

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth that is better damp, which will prevent the penetration of some part of deadly spores.
  • Leave the area of ​​mass destruction immediately.
  • Try to breathe shallowly, hold your breath until you leave the affected area.
  • Wash your body, clothing, and contaminated surfaces with soap and water or a mild disinfectant if you are directly exposed to the poison.
  • Expect guidance from a dedicated team of healthcare providers.

CHEMICAL (GAS) ATTACK

A gas attack has existed since the 5th century BC, when it was used as a chemical weapon in hostilities. Nowadays, the release of toxic poisons is the result of terrorist acts or accidents at industrial enterprises. Even if you think that this will never happen to you, you need to know how to recognize and respond to a chemical attack, thereby saving your life.

  1. Beware of any kind of yellowish-green gas with a pungent smell of bleach. Some World War I soldiers described the smell of this gas as pungent but sweet at the same time (like the smell of pepper and pineapple). If you are exposed to chlorine gas, you will experience problems with breathing and vision, and you will also feel heartburn.
  2. To minimize exposure to gas, quickly move to an area with clean air.

  • If a gas attack occurs indoors, leave the building as soon as possible.
  • If a gas attack occurs on the street, climb a hill. Since chlorine gas is heavier than air, it precipitates in low places.
  • Take a cotton swab or any tissue and soak it with urine. Attach it to your nose as a mask. The military of Canada during the First World War were able to survive the first large-scale attack with chlorine gas, because they used urine instead of water, given that urine crystallizes gas.
  • Remove all clothing that may have been exposed to gas so that it does not touch your face and head. Cut clothing so that it does not come into contact with your skin once more when you take it off. Place it in a sealed plastic bag.
  • Wash your body thoroughly with plenty of soap and water. If you feel blurred and burning in the eyes, rinse them with water, if you wear contact lenses, throw them away. Water mixed with chlorine gas gives hydrochloric acid, so be careful.
  • Call the emergency service and wait for assistance.
  • Mustard gas (mustard gas)

    1. Beware of the colorless gas with the smell of mustard, garlic or onion, but be careful, because this gas does not always smell. If you have been exposed to mustard gas, you may experience the following symptoms (but they may occur no earlier than 2 to 24 hours after exposure):

    • redness and itching of the skin, and subsequently the appearance of blisters
    • eye irritation, photosensitivity, acute pain and temporary blindness may occur if gas exposure is serious
    • respiratory tract damage (runny nose, sneezing, hoarseness, nosebleed, sinus pain, shortness of breath, cough)
  • Try to climb a hill, because mustard is heavier than air and settles below.
  • Remove all clothing that may have been exposed to mustard gas so that it does not touch your face and head. Cut clothing so that it does not come into contact with your skin once more when you take it off. Place it in a sealed plastic bag.
  • Flush affected parts with plenty of water. Eyes should be washed for 10-15 minutes. Do not put a bandage on them, it is better to use safety glasses.
  • Call the emergency service and wait for assistance.
  • Buy and use a radio and rechargeable flashlight. In emergency cases, especially of this scale, batteries will not be available. Therefore stock them in advance. These devices will keep you informed about what is happening, in addition, you will have reliable lighting. The most modern models of these devices also allow you to charge your Cell phones.

    • Listen to emergency personnel, even if their instructions contradict this article. This information is not 100% reliable, for sure, the rescue services have better knowledge.

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