Useful Tips

How to calm burning from stinging nettles


During the summer holidays, maximum caution should be exercised in contact with plants. Some of them cause damage to the skin, sometimes extremely dangerous. Parents of young children should be especially careful. They have very sensitive skin, which reacts to many irritants differently from adults.

Separately, we consider a nettle burn, there is benefit or harm from the contact of the plant with the skin, and also what to do if the injury was received in nature, and how to remove the itching at home.

Causes of Nettle Burn

Stinging nettle hairs are arranged in such a way that at the end their shape is pointed, and next to the needle-shaped end is a bubble filled with a poisonous substance. When the skin is pierced, the contents enter the human tissues and cause a strong allergic reaction, which manifests itself in redness and itching of the affected areas. The list of components that provoke irritation includes formic acid, choline, histamine.

Such a reaction is a protective mechanism that protects the plant from being eaten by animals. A severe burn of nettle skin in humans is a side effect.

Nettle effect on the skin

To understand what a lesion looks like, you need to know the principle of a skin reaction. Getting into the tissue, the composition of the bubble is instantly absorbed and provokes the occurrence of unpleasant sensations on the skin.

Victims in the beginning note the presence of severe pain. After a nettle burn, it appears in a few seconds. The condition does not last long - up to 10 minutes, after which allergic processes begin. The following symptoms are noted at the point of contact:

  • redness occurs
  • bubbles form
  • tissues swell
  • itchy skin.

If a person is not disposed to reactions and is healthy, all the symptoms go away during the day. However, with a tendency to allergies or hypersensitivity to substances, a strong reaction can occur. The victim's temperature rises, malaise appears, the swelling becomes stronger. It is also possible the occurrence of difficulty breathing, a frequent heartbeat. If any disturbing symptoms of a person appear, they are hospitalized to clarify the diagnosis.

First aid

To reduce the impact of damaging substances, you need to move away from the bushes of the plant. After this, first aid is provided for a burn of the nettle surface. It includes the following actions:

  • inspect the damaged area and determine the area where the villi are located,
  • carefully remove the sharp parts of the plant with sticky tape or adhesive,
  • rinse the affected area with cold running water to get rid of the remaining villi and reduce pain,
  • in addition, the skin is treated with an antiseptic, however, during washing, you can use antibacterial soap,
  • ice is recommended to eliminate unpleasant symptoms.

Performing these actions, try not to touch the skin with bare hands. And after first aid, wash your hands thoroughly with soap, so as not to place aggressive components on other parts of the body or on the mucous membranes. If symptoms persist after a day, consult a doctor who will tell you how to spread the surface and how to relieve itching.

What can not be done

When providing first aid to the injured person, it is necessary not only to follow the rules, but also not to forget about what should not be done. When nettle burns are prohibited:

  • damaged skin must not be exposed to heat. On the contrary, try to cool the affected areas,
  • Do not scratch the skin. Remnants of harmful substances will fall under the nails, and you will spread them to other parts of the body. Be especially careful with mucous membranes, do not rub your eyes,
  • it is forbidden to apply oil to the area of ​​damage in the first hours after injury, since they increase body temperature, which worsens the condition and slows down the recovery process,
  • Do not take a hot bath or a warm shower on the day you are burned. Under the influence of temperature, edema will increase.

Outdoor treatment

In most cases, damage to the skin occurs in nature, where there is no way to use medications. To remove unpleasant sensations, alternative methods are used. If there is no first aid kit, use the following methods to reduce itching:

  • neutralizes the action of aggressive substances ordinary sorrel, plantain or horsetail. One of these plants will certainly be nearby. Try not to confuse them with other herbs, so as not to increase irritation. Plant leaves help reduce pain. Tear them off, rinse a little with water to rinse off the dust and rub them by hand. Juice begins to stand out from the leaves, which will have a calming effect. Apply herbs to damaged areas for several minutes,
  • nettle root has a similar calming effect. If you did not find a sorrel or plantain, try digging a plant from the ground, but use gloves or any cloth to not burn your hands. The root is ground into gruel and applied to the wound area,
  • wash the affected area with water from a stream. But you must be sure that it is clean so that you don’t get an infection,
  • the last recipe consists of earth or clay. They are soaked in clean water and applied to the skin.

Home treatment

At home, it’s easier to find remedies that can help eliminate burn symptoms. First aid is rinsing with cold water. If there is ice or any chilled object, it is allowed to use them. Pre-wrap the cold thing in a clean cloth so as not to cause frostbite.

As a means of emergency, a weak solution of vinegar or salicylic acid is used. To eliminate itching, mix a little soda with water until a slurry condition, then apply to the surface of the skin. Aloe juice has healing properties. The leaves are cut and squeezed juice into the affected area.

The recovery process is accelerated by cosmetic clay, which is sold in pharmacies or specialty stores. It is bred in water, the surface is treated, and when the product dries, it is washed off.

Drug treatment

If after taking emergency measures the skin still remains reddening and itching is felt, you need to consult a doctor. An allergic reaction is provoked by individual intolerance to the components and causes serious complications.

You can also independently use one of the pharmacy drugs that are recommended for use when exposed to nettles:

  • medicines containing antibiotics. Available in the form of ointments. The most common are erythromycin, tetracycline ointment. Cope with inflammatory processes, accelerate cell regeneration,
  • hydrocortisone is used in case of serious wounds. It’s better not to use it without a doctor’s prescription, since the hormone means and with improper treatment threatens with complications,
  • Dexpanthenol ointments accelerate healing, fight inflammation, reduce pain,
  • painkillers are used only in case of severe allergic reaction and the presence of pain.

How to help a child

In babies, the skin is much thinner than in adults, so any exposure can cause serious consequences. Children walk more and are more likely to come into contact with a dangerous plant. A nettle burn will cause the child irritation, severe pain, since the protective functions of the skin do not yet work in full force.

In case of contact with the plant, quick help is required. They remove the remains of nettle from the skin, wash the area with water and use improvised or pharmacy products. It is sometimes recommended to use rubbing with alcohol or vodka, but it is better not to adopt this method, since alcohol has the property of being absorbed into the blood through the skin. This can cause poisoning in young children.

Show your child a doctor if there is an acute reaction and use pharmacy medicines intended for babies.

Are nettle burns useful?

Under Russian conditions, only those nettle species that do not pose a significant risk to humans grow. Some varieties, by contrast, are beneficial. Formic acid, which is part of the juice, is used to combat joint diseases. In addition, a small amount of active ingredients stimulates the immune system and helps to cope with inflammation.

This does not mean that you need to wallow in the thickets of the plant in order to overcome arthritis. Excessive nettles will cause severe swelling and large blisters. However, contact with the plant will not harm a person, unless he has an individual intolerance to substances.

Nettle lesions in most cases pass within a day and do not cause complications. However, you need to be vigilant and provide emergency assistance if a person is prone to allergic manifestations, or a plant has contact with the skin of a child.

Is a nettle burn useful?

Probably, many people at least once experienced the burning properties of nettle. Nettle burns are relatively safe, however, science knows tropical species of plants, inadvertently touching which you can die. Our nettle does not have such radical properties, therefore, having received a slight burn from nettles, do not worry too much, it may bring some benefit. It is more dangerous to fall into the nettle thickets, a strong nettle burn will provoke the appearance of watery vesicles (blisters), which are a sign of a second degree burn, medical treatment and observation will be required.

Nettle burn: good

Nettle burn irritates the nerve endings of the upper integument of the skin, blood begins to quickly rush to the affected area. Blood circulation is enhanced and blood vessels function. There are special methods of healing with nettle burns. Nettle burn is used as a prophylactic in the treatment of rheumatic diseases (atherosclerosis, varicose veins, any arthritis). Purposeful easy burning of parts of the body with nettles contributes to the instantaneous flow of blood to the sore spot, as a result - the rapid removal of internal pain. Undoubtedly, nettle burns are beneficial, but only in the absence of allergic reactions.

Danger of an allergic reaction

The body's immune system perceives nettle burn extremely negatively. If a person suffers from hypersensitivity, then there is a danger of an allergic reaction, it is similar to an allergy to a bee sting. First of all, the mucous membranes swell, an abundant "flow" from the eyes and nose begins, accompanied by frequent sneezing. The burn site is very itchy and has a bright red color. There is a general malaise, the temperature rises. Possible occurrence of tachycardia and shortness of breath. With a particularly severe allergic reaction, anaphylactic shock develops, and “Quincke edema” is possible. In this case, urgent medical intervention is required, a similar condition can lead to death.

Why does a nettle burn?

The stems and leaves of the nettle are covered with a large number of thin hairs resembling microscopic capsules with toxic contents, the needle tip of the capsule bag consists of silicon salts. When the plant is touched, the needles literally dig into the skin and remain inside, like a bee sting. The burning mixture of choline, histamine and formic acid contained on them penetrates the skin, which is why a nettle burns. This structure of nettles helps the plant to protect itself from herbivores.

Nettle burns: treatment

Burns of nettle skin (in the absence of allergic reactions) do not cause serious complications. It is important to react quickly, if possible, to prevent inflammation and the appearance of watery blisters.

With a nettle burn, to relieve pain, you need to pour the affected area with cold water. If limbs are burnt (arm or leg), it is good to substitute in a continuous stream from a tap or lower it into another source of cold water. The pain subsides in a minute. To prevent an allergic reaction, it is necessary to take any antihistamines - Suprastin, Tavegil and other similar ones, especially this is important for children. If there is no first-aid kit, you need to wipe the skin with any alcohol solution to remove the toxic mixture contained in nettle hairs. You can use ordinary vodka. Knowing what to do with a nettle burn will help to muffle the feeling of pain and eliminate possible complications.

Nettle burn than relieve itching?

Itchy sensations on the skin arise as a result of a nettle burn, they do not cause pathological complications. Do not scratch the affected area, you need to try to get distracted, do not focus on the problem. It is necessary to make tea, relax - this will remove the feeling of emotional stress, give physical rest. Then you can make a compress using tea leaves. A proven drug is baking soda: dilute soda with 1x1 water, apply to the affected area, repeat until the itching sensation passes. With a severe nettle burn, they will tell you what to remove the itching at any pharmacy.

Nettle burn and blisters

Intense contact with nettle leaves is usually accompanied by the appearance of blisters. A few blisters do not cause serious concern, after 2-3 hours they will pass by themselves. From larger lesions, a good remedy is 100% boric acid in the form of lotions. Any clay, even cosmetic, can also be used for medicinal purposes: apply the softened clay mass to the affected area and fix it with a bandage. Nettle burns and blisters may not go away for a long time if they are always in the sun. Sunbathing is not recommended; urticaria may develop.

Stinging Nettle Hair Removal

After contact with nettles, sticking villi remain in the skin. To remove stinging nettle hairs, you need to wash the burned area of ​​the skin, remove dust and dirt, preferably with a cotton swab dipped in cold water. Take ordinary tape or adhesive tape and stick it to the affected area, then remove it from the skin along with the villi. After the procedure, you need to disinfect the skin in the lesion. For these purposes camphor, boric alcohol is used, as well as hydrogen peroxide. Do not touch the affected area with your hands, the remnants of a toxic substance will cause an inflammatory process in another place.

How to smear nettle burns?

In case of a nettle burn, creams and ointments containing hydrocortisone are used (a prescription is not required to buy medicine), it treats various skin rashes, irritations and redness. Ointments containing antibiotics cool the skin, reducing pain, destroy the bacterial flora and the inflammatory process. But the best than you can smear burns from nettles - the Menovazin oil solution is not expensive, everyone can afford it. Racementol, which is part of Menovazin, helps to well anesthetize the lesions and eliminates itching.

Traditional methods of treating a burn after nettle

A plant known to many - aloe treelike (agave), has long helped to treat various diseases. With a nettle burn, squeezed from the leaf of the plant juice, the lesion site is lubricated. A high concentration of aloe extract is contained in a cosmetic gel, very well reduces swelling, soothes itching. An effective folk method for treating a burn after nettle is land. It is necessary to put the soil in which the plant grows on the burn center, the feeling of pain will quickly pass. Only, the application of this method is possible in the presence of tetanus vaccination. Plants such as sorrel and plantain help relieve pain. It is necessary to mash the leaves well so that the juice stands out, and put them on the affected area. You can take mint and lemon balm in equal proportions, brew, cool and make a compress. Leaflets of plants have cooling properties, help soothe the skin and relieve itching. Fern juice (bracken) also helps to remove unpleasant sensations after contact with nettles.

Nettle is a plant with valuable natural medicinal properties. Useful decoctions are used in the treatment of anemia, diabetes mellitus, to strengthen hair. It is worth fearing contact with the skin, the plant stings greatly. A nettle burn can cause discomfort for several days.

The protective function of the plant is that with an accidental touch, the microscopic hairs on the stem and leaves break off, releasing potent toxic substances:

The concentration of these substances causes an instant reaction in the form of redness, burning, blisters appear on the skin. A nettle burn is beneficial or harmful, depending on the purpose. The benefit arises only with directed local application. Traditional medicine uses nettle burn to treat joints due to increased blood supply in a problem place. Натуральная муравьиная кислота обладает противовоспалительным и обезболивающим действием. В остальных случаях укус крапивы вызовет массу неприятных симптомов.

Чем снять зуд

Первая помощь лишь частично снимает симптомы. An adult may not pay attention to a small burn, but the child is not able to tolerate pain. He will begin to scratch the affected area of ​​the skin, which absolutely can not be done. Then a direct path to the pharmacy, for a tool that will help to quickly deal with intolerable itching.

  1. (available in the form of a cream or powder, has a healing effect).
  2. Bepanten (reduces redness, irritation).
  3. Hydrocortisone (ointment with anti-inflammatory effect).
  4. Erythromycin (ointment with a bactericidal property).
  5. (antimicrobial ointment with the effect of regeneration).
  6. Tetracycline ointment (local antibiotic, used for skin infections).

One application will help relieve swelling, reduce pain. Until the symptoms are completely eliminated, smear as indicated in the instructions. Before using medicines, consult a doctor.

The burn from contact with nettles disappears after a couple of days, but the condition may worsen if the wrong measures are taken:

  • compresses and rinsing with warm water will increase swelling and the size of the blisters. For a while, you should refrain from taking a hot bath or shower,
  • you can not scratch. Serious infection can occur if uncontrolled brushing occurs; blisters can turn into purulent wounds that are difficult to treat.

Negative consequences can be avoided provided that first aid is competent and timely.

Possible complications and prevention

Often burned with nettles - a mere trifle. Sometimes this can turn into a serious complication in the form of an allergy. In addition to local irritation, the temperature rises and the rash spreads. Weakness appears, a person begins to suffocate. In this case, it is important to urgently call an ambulance. Before the arrival of doctors, it is necessary to give antihistamines (Zodak, Suprastin, Zirtek) and apply an ice compress to the affected area of ​​the skin. Further treatment is under the supervision of a specialist, and consists in taking anti-allergic drugs and local antibiotic therapy. You can remove the temperature using antipyretic drugs (Paracetamol, Nurofen).

Knowledge of danger comes from childhood. Show your child how nettles look and where they grow. Tell us how much you can sting. Try to protect the kids by walking on the well-kept sunny lawns. If your child is burned, give first aid and explain why you can not itch.

With proper handling, nettles will not be harmful. It is important to know the enemy in person and bypass. If contact occurs, immediately take measures to eliminate the discomfort.

Nettle is a plant found almost all over the world. This plant, generally speaking, is a herbaceous perennial, which means that nettle has all the properties of herbs and grows in the same places from year to year. The leaves and stems of the nettle are covered with brittle hollow "hairs" that act as needles for intradermal injection when touched. Plant chemicals pass through these hollow tubes and cause an unpleasant burning sensation and rash on the skin. Nettle burn is quite painful, but can be cured.

Cleansing the affected area

To begin with, do not touch the burned place. If possible, do not touch or rub the affected area for 10 minutes. Pour nettle burnt place with clean water and do not touch it. Even if the pain or itching intensifies within the first few minutes, try not to rub or touch the affected area, otherwise the pain or discomfort may last for several days.

Use water and soap. Wash the burned area with soap and water - this will help remove the plant chemicals that can cause pain, swelling, redness and itching. Very often, after washing the affected area, the redness and pain go away completely or significantly decrease.

Use a clean cloth. If you don’t have soap and water on hand, then take a clean piece of cloth (this may be part of your clothes or a handkerchief) and carefully remove dirt and plant elements so that the skin is completely clean.

Use tape. Use masking tape or scotch tape to gently “soak” movements to clean the affected area from the remaining fibers, which may be skin irritants.

Try using wax for hair removal. If the adhesive tape could not completely remove all elements of the plant from the skin, then you can try to remove them with wax to remove hair.

Make a slurry of soda and water. Use baking soda and water to make gruel. Apply the resulting slurry to the affected nettle. Use cold water to make gruel. This mixture can reduce itching, inflammation, and burning.

Use aloe vera. Apply aloe vera plant leaf juice, or use a finished product with a high concentration of aloe vera juice. Aloe vera can help reduce redness and inflammation, as well as burning the nettle.

Avoid exposure to high temperatures. Take a bath or shower with cooler water. Try to avoid exposure to heat on the nettle burn site. Lower temperatures soothe the skin better and help reduce redness and inflammation.

Use over-the-counter drugs. Creams, ointments, or lotions containing hydrocortisone can help reduce redness and stop itching.

When to see a doctor

See your doctor right away if allergy symptoms worsen. In rare cases, nettle can cause a severe allergic reaction, especially if a person is allergic to any of the chemicals that are found in nettles. Allergic reactions can be life-threatening, therefore, in such cases, immediate medical attention is needed.

Recognize an allergic reaction. Call an ambulance immediately or go to the hospital if you or someone who has a nettle burn has the following symptoms of an allergic reaction:

  • Difficulty breathing, wheezing, or a feeling of constriction in the throat.
  • A feeling of stiffness in the chest, making it difficult to breathe.
  • Swelling in the mouth, including swelling of the lips or tongue.
  • A rash that spreads outside the area of ​​the nettle burn - sometimes a rash can appear throughout the body.
  • Indigestion, cramps, vomiting, or diarrhea can sometimes also be signs of an allergic reaction.
  • If the area with damaged skin is warm when touched, if pus comes out of the wound, or if it looks more inflamed than other areas, then the likelihood of developing an infection is high. See your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms or if your temperature rises. The doctor may prescribe creams or ointments that need to be applied to the inflamed area, as well as a course of antibiotics.
    • Do not comb the affected area, irritation from this may intensify.
    • Treat the affected area as soon as possible. The longer you wait, the more itchy and burning will be.
    • The burning sensation can last from half an hour to several days, depending on the sensitivity of your skin.
    • If one of the remedies does not help, then try the other.
    • Consult a doctor if the symptoms become severe, spread to a too large area, change or worsen. Do not neglect the help of a specialist, especially when it comes to a child.
    • You can apply vinegar to the affected area. Apply it with light soaking strokes with a clean cloth, cotton wool or a piece of cloth.

    When summer comes, people rush to personal plots, go to the forest for mushrooms and berries, and relax in nature. But there is a danger in the green grass - nettles, and no one is safe from its burning bites. If adults cautiously spread their stems, knowing that among them there may be insidious nettles, then children carelessly jump among green bushes and inadvertently sting with its small needles. Nettle burn is very painful, albeit short-lived. But in some cases, it causes a severe allergic reaction. What to do with a nettle burn, when the necessary medicines are not at hand and the pain is unbearable? After all, it happens that people get extensive burns when most of the skin is covered with a painful red rash that does not go away for several hours, or even days.

    Earth with water

    Surprisingly, the slurry from the ground with water, which is taken in the place where the nettle bush grows, very quickly removes the painful symptoms. But you need to pay attention to the fact that the earth does not contain extraneous impurities, because instead of the desired, you can achieve the opposite effect if pathogenic bacteria get on the skin. Therefore, such treatment should be reserved in an extreme case, when no medications were taken with them that relieve skin inflammation.

    Leaflets of medicinal plants

    It is necessary to pay attention to whether the plantain bushes are nearby. If the burn is received on a personal plot, sorrel leaves will help well. The leaves must be wrinkled in the palms until a light green juice is formed on their surface, and the plant is applied for several minutes to the diseased area. It’s easy for a child to suggest that it is this weed that will help remove the pain. He believes, and the sensation of heat from a nettle burn on the skin passes very quickly. Before applying leaves to the skin, they must be washed in order not to bring the infection into the affected skin.

    Soda with water

    Soda treatment is used not only in case of a nettle burn, but also to relieve itching after insect bites. Treatment with this readily available substance is quite effective. Making a soda solution is short and easy. After the incident, it is enough to rub a sore spot with them, and the irritation at the site of the bite or where the nettle needles have stuck quickly passes. When the solution on the skin dries, it is easy to remove the soda with a clean piece of cloth or a cotton pad.

    Cold water

    If there is a source of cold water nearby, then you can try to relieve pain by pouring water on the burned place. The pain will increase for a few seconds, but then it will surely subside. This can be done when people are weeding the garden, and water the seedlings that appeared on the beds. But if a nettle burn occurred in the forest when drinking water in a bottle was heated by the sun, such a burn treatment would be ineffective and it would be better to use other methods of pain relief.

    A nearby clay deposit will help to easily cope with an unpleasant situation that has arisen if you add water to a small amount of clay and mash it to the state of heated clay. Such a mask will very successfully lie on the burn site and instantly relieve pain. Clay treatment for nettle burns is not only effective, but also a very pleasant procedure.

    Possible allergic symptoms with a nettle burn

    • Swelling and swelling of the skin
    • Increased sensation of fever and malaise
    • Elevated body temperature.
    • Palpitations
    • Labored breathing

    In cases where a severe allergic reaction occurs to a nettle burn, you need to treat the burns with a weak solution of salicylic acid or apple cider vinegar, take a drug that relieves painful symptoms. This should be done quickly and in a timely manner so that allergic manifestations are not exacerbated. Such drugs include suprastin, clarithin, tavegil. After this, you need to call an ambulance and accurately follow all the recommendations that the arrived medical assistant will give. In this case, the treatment will not be delayed, and the sick person will recover in a short time.

    In Russia, you can often find two types of nettles - dioecious and stinging. The latter variety has a more pronounced irritant effect. A small nettle burn does not pose a serious danger, and in some cases can even be beneficial. The risk of the appearance of various sizes of blisters, severe pain sensations arises from the defeat of large areas of the body, as well as in the case of an allergic reaction to the plant sap. In such situations, burns of 2 degrees may occur, requiring mandatory treatment.

    Why is the nettle burning

    Nature gave nettle amazing quality. Due to the presence of burning abilities, the plant is able to defend itself from being eaten by herbivores.

    Stinging nettle hairs covering the surface of the stem and leaves have a sac with a special liquid (juice) near the base. It contains several components that cause skin irritation:

    Being very thin and sharp, the tips of nettles easily pierce the skin, allowing the contents of the pouch to instantly penetrate. The result of such contact is the occurrence of burns and discomfort on the surface of the skin.

    Signs of a nettle burn

    A burn as a result of touching the nettle causes the immediate development of unpleasant symptoms:

    • acute soreness
    • heating the skin at the place of contact with the plant,
    • redness, slight swelling,
    • severe itching, blisters.

    In some cases, an allergic reaction occurs, which manifests itself as a rise in body temperature, weakness, shortness of breath. With increased sensitivity to nettle juice, tachycardia (heart palpitations) and severe skin edema also develop.

    Most often, a negative reaction from contact with leaves or stems of the grass takes 15-30 minutes. In allergy sufferers, both children and adults, the discomfort can last much longer.

    What to do with a nettle burn: first aid

    Properly rendered first aid will quickly relieve itching and pain, return the epidermis to a healthy appearance.

    Nettle burns cause severe itching. In no case should you comb the place of inflammation, as this is fraught with introducing an infection under the skin and an even greater increase in discomfort.

    Skin affected by a burning plant can be soothed in the following ways:

    1. Applying an ice pack or clean cloth dampened with cold water. It is not recommended to use warm liquid - this enhances the pain.
    2. Lubricating the affected areas of the body with fresh sorrel juice (often this plant can be found near the nettle thickets).
    3. By attaching to the place of damage the washed and ground sheet of plantain.

    It is useful for parents to know how to relieve itching on children's skin. A nettle burn in a child can be treated with a solution of baking soda, which has a slurry consistency. Effective apple or ordinary table vinegar, combined with water in equal proportions.

    With the correct implementation of these actions, the well-being of the victim improves within 20-30 minutes. To avoid deterioration of the skin, for some time it is not recommended to take a hot bath or shower.

    After first aid, combing of irritated areas should be avoided. In order to completely get rid of uncomfortable sensations, it is recommended to additionally use medications.

    Further treatment

    Additional treatment for nettle burns is indicated for children and owners of sensitive skin. Therapy of irritated epidermis involves the use of effective medication and folk remedies.

    The choice of a certain remedy should be made based on the intensity of burns and the accompanying symptoms. In uncomplicated cases, recipes of traditional medicine will come to the rescue, while with an extensive degree of skin damage and the presence of allergies, the use of pharmacy drugs is mandatory.

    Medicines and cosmetics

    After contact with a formidable plant, it is useful to know how to anoint a damaged area of ​​the body. Nettle burns can be eliminated with the following products:

    • La Cree cream is applied to the affected areas of the skin with a thick layer, three times a day. The drug has a mild effect, can be used in young children.
    • Sinaflan is allowed to use after 2 years. The drug treats the affected area up to 4 times a day.
    • Means Lokoid lubricate the epidermis 1-3 times during the day. Menovazin ointment is used in a similar manner.
    • Camphor or salicylic alcohol is recommended for children no younger than 3 years old. These products help relieve minor burns. In order to treat the skin, they are used diluted with water.

    After extensive damage, antihistamines in tablets are used - Diazolin, Suprastin, Zodak. With intense itching, it is recommended to smear the burn with Fenistil gel.

    An urgent call to a doctor will be required in a situation where the victim has a sharp deterioration in general condition, shortness of breath, bronchospasm, severe intoxication.

    The benefits and harms of nettle burns

    Varieties of nettles that can provoke life-threatening conditions do not grow on the territory of the CIS countries. The most negative consequence of a herbal “attack” is an allergic reaction.

    It is interesting to know that nettle burns can be beneficial. "Bites" of harsh grass are recommended for people with the following diseases:

    This is due to the ability of nettles to enhance blood circulation, activate the work of numerous capillaries. Муравьиная кислота, входящая в состав крапивного сока, проявляет выраженные обезболивающие и противовоспалительные свойства.

    Получить пользу от обжигания крапивой можно только при направленном местном применении, осуществляемом под контролем специалиста (народного целителя).

    Как избежать ожогов

    In unfamiliar places, noticing a plant is not always easy. Nettle can grow under trees or in dense grass. To prevent the appearance of nettle burns while in nature, it is recommended to wear clothes with long sleeves and legs. This rule is primarily relevant for children and adults prone to allergic reactions.

    If you want to go past the nettle thickets, you need to take steps as carefully as possible. If even a small distance is observed, the needles of the plant will not be able to dig into the skin of a person.

    Why are nettle burns beneficial?

    Nettle burn raises body temperature and improves blood circulation in the place where it is located.

    Moreover, these types of effects relieve some types of pain. In particular, nettle is useful for rheumatism.

    It is important to note that some masters of alternative medicine use nettle to treat atherosclerosis, varicose veins, arthritis, etc.

    Among other things, formic acid enters the bloodstream during a burn. It also contains many beneficial substances that have a good effect on the body.

    And if we talk about the use of this plant as food, then this is generally a storehouse of health. No wonder nettle borsch is considered the most nutritious.

    How to cure a nettle burn?

    Despite all the benefits, traces of this plant are still worth eliminating.

    And it will help you to do this:

    1. Water. Like a temperature burn, nettle damage is well repaired by cold water,
    2. Land. Yes, yes, but you didn’t know. Put some damp earth on the burn spot and you’ll feel better,
    3. Apple cider vinegar with water. It helps from blisters,
    4. Gruel of soda with water. This is a universal tool!
    5. Allergy medications, such as: Suprastin, Lorano, Tavegil.

    And of course, you should not scratch the burn site. Otherwise, you may rub the damaged skin into blood.

    By the way, if you have already rubbed the skin, then the earth or dirty water should not be applied to it. You understand why.

    How to avoid nettle burns?

    In order not to burn yourself with this grass, you should always wear clothes with long sleeves and trouser legs when you go outdoors. After all, an insidious plant is not always noticeable in the grass and under the trees. And it’s easy to hurt him by accident.

    Nettle has mini needles on the leaves. It is they who inject, and not burn, as it seems to us. Therefore, if you need to go past the nettles, then do this very carefully. With a gentle touch, the needles simply cannot dig into you.

    Do not be heroic. If you need to go around the area with nettles, then just take the plants with your feet or with a stick. It will be better this way.

    It is important to note that soaking nettle in water neutralizes its causticity. It is not known how exactly this will help you, but still.

    But even if you are still burned, nothing will happen to you. Indeed, in our area woody laporthea does not grow. This is a tropical analogue of nettle. Her burns are so severe that she can in some cases cause death. Such a killer is widespread in Southeast Asia and Australia. Keep this in mind.

    In Russia, you can often find two types of nettles - dioecious and stinging. The latter variety has a more pronounced irritant effect. A small nettle burn does not pose a serious danger, and in some cases can even be beneficial. The risk of the appearance of various sizes of blisters, severe pain sensations arises from the defeat of large areas of the body, as well as in the case of an allergic reaction to the plant sap. In such situations, burns of 2 degrees may occur, requiring mandatory treatment.

    How to alleviate the discomfort of a burn outside the house?

    If you do not have access to the first-aid kit, and the place of contact with the plant is unbearably burning, then the following tricks will help:

    • attach to the sore spot a little land taken from the place where the nettle grows. First, the earth must be mixed with water and applied in a thin layer. This method is fraught with the danger of pathogenic bacteria getting on the skin, so it can be used if there are no other options for help. Warning: mud manipulations are only suitable for those vaccinated against tetanus,
    • if plantain or sorrel grows nearby - use them as a lotion. Remember the leaf before the juice is secreted and attach for a while to the affected area. If possible, pre-rinse the leaves in water to eliminate the risk of infection in the micro-wounds,
    • nearby clay will help get rid of itching and redness. It is necessary to stretch a piece in the hands and apply to the place of the nettle burn.

    How to treat nettle burn at home?

    At home, getting rid of discomfort is much easier. There are many effective ways than to treat itching and swelling caused by nettles.

    • wash the burned area with cool soap and water. This procedure will remove the chemicals from the skin that caused the lesion. Redness and discomfort after washing will significantly decrease,
    • remaining hairs invisible to the eye can be removed with adhesive tape. It is necessary to cut off a small strip and soak in the affected area with blotting movements,
    • apply a compress of ice packs wrapped in a bag or cloth to the skin. In the absence of ice, you can use any chilled product from the refrigerator or freezer,
    • use a mixture of cold water and soda. Stir the ingredients until gruel and apply on the burn with a thin layer in gentle, slow movements. Such a mixture will quickly relieve pain and inflammation. After drying, remove the pulp with a cotton swab or a piece of cloth dipped in warm water,
    • if you have an agave (aloe tree) growing at home, use this plant for medicinal purposes. You need to squeeze a little juice from an aloe leaf and carefully anoint the affected area. If the plant is absent, but there is a cosmetic gel with a high concentration of aloe extract - wonderful. Such a product is also suitable for reducing itching and swelling,
    • Many people use clay for cosmetic purposes. If you have a bag full of this miracle remedy, then dilute the powder with water to a mushy state and apply on a burn with a thin layer. After the clay has dried, rinse it off with cool water or remove it with a damp cloth.

    Symptoms of an allergic reaction to a nettle burn

    Sometimes touching a plant can trigger the development of allergies, which is accompanied by the following symptoms:

    • swelling and severe redness at the burn site,
    • general malaise and sensation of heat,
    • fever
    • tachycardia,
    • dyspnea.

    If these symptoms are present, you must:

    • urgently take one of the available antihistamines, for example, Zirtek, Suprastin, Tavegil, etc.
    • treat the inflamed area with a weak salicylic acid solution,
    • apply an antibacterial ointment to the burn, which will reduce redness and relieve pain. Among ointments with antibiotics, Levomekol, Tetracycline ointment, Baneocin, Erythromycin are popular.

    If pain and swelling only increase, immediately consult a doctor - he knows exactly what to do.

    A strong allergic reaction can pose a threat to a person’s life, so medical care in some cases is simply necessary.

    Also, do not ignore the help of a specialist if the skin at the burn site is damaged and has signs of infection:

    • the area is warm to the touch
    • the wound is festering
    • wound inflammation increases
    • body temperature rises.

    All these symptoms indicate the development of infection. When you contact the doctor will prescribe you the necessary drugs for the treatment of wounds, and prescribe antibacterial agents for oral use.

    In order for pain and inflammation to quickly stop, you must adhere to some restrictions:

    • Do not affect the burn with heat. Refuse to take a hot bath or shower, do not make warm compresses, etc.
    • should refrain from combing the affected area. Even with severe itching, you do not need to try to alleviate the unpleasant symptoms by scratching the burn. Combing is not a means to relieve itching, it can damage the skin and increase inflammation, as well as bring the infection into the resulting wounds.

    By familiarizing yourself with the treatment of nettle burns, you can easily minimize pain, relieve inflammation and burning. And if you explain the simple rules of self-help to your child, then for sure he will not be afraid of a burn and will take the right step to prevent unpleasant sensations.

    The cold season is over, nature has the long-awaited rest in the forest or in the country. But in addition to positive emotions, from the delights of the spring flora you can get serious trouble. A burn from a plant that has an amazing effect on the skin is the main danger to vacationers. Nettle is the main representative of this family. Two types of this plant grow in the regions of the country - dioecious nettle and stinging. A stinging nettle burn has strong irritating properties. There are different points of view regarding the benefits or harms of a nettle burn.

    Burning mechanism

    Nettle burns due to its structure, because most species of this plant have burning hairs designed to protect against herbivores. Each hair is a large cell, in shape resembling a medical ampoule. In the upper part of such an "ampoule" contains silicon salts. At the slightest impact, the tip of the "ampoule" breaks off, a sharp hair gets under the skin, the contents of the cell penetrate the human body.

    Nettle cell juice contains formic acid, choline, and histamine. It is these substances that cause a sharp burn in the area of ​​direct contact with the plant. Burns of most plants are considered completely harmless, however, there are some tropical species, contact with which can lead to death.

    Burn help

    Cooling the burn. When you get a nettle burn, you can give yourself independent help. First of all, it is recommended to cool the burn with cold water, ice can also be applied for a short time if there is a refrigerator in the country house. This will help get rid of unpleasant pain, which will be reminded of only a small peeling of the skin.

    Alcohol solutions or ointments. If primary cooling does not help, you should treat the burn site with a solution or apply Menovazin ointment. Some people use salicylic, camphor or boric alcohol solution for this trouble. Also, with a nettle burn, the lesion site can be treated with an anti-inflammatory ointment.

    Take antihistamines: Diazolin, Tavegil, Fenkarol, Claritin or Suprastin. This will avoid a possible allergic reaction.

    Boric alcohol with blisters. If blisters occur, make a lotion from a one percent solution of boric acid. In some cases, to prevent unpleasant sensations, you can use sorrel leaves, which are kneaded until a moist slurry is formed, then applied to the affected surface.

    Plants against burns. With negative contact with aggressive nettles, sorrel and the common bracken help a lot. In nature, it is adjacent to nettles, and its juice is used to relieve a burning sensation, as is sorrel juice. Orlyak ordinary is a beautiful fern, which is used to alleviate pain, although it is not as effective as sorrel.

    Baking soda from a burn. To save from an unpleasant nettle burn may well be the usual baking soda. Paste made from baking soda and ordinary water is applied to the damaged area. This is a fairly effective means of exposure. It helps with this misfortune, even ordinary clay, which is applied in a thin layer. After the clay dries, the pain subsides, the blisters disappear.

    Nettle Burn Symptoms

    After contact with the leaves, the reaction develops with lightning speed. The first symptoms are:

    • pain (passes in 3-5 minutes),
    • edema,
    • hot spot at the burn site,
    • redness,
    • blisters
    • itching

    With a normal protective reaction of the body, symptoms disappear within a day.


    The first step is to:

    • Inspect the affected area and remove the villi, if any.
    • Rinse the burn with cold water. This measure will not relieve itching, because the chemical components have already come under the skin.
    • Find nearby growing plantain, pick and wash well 2-3 sheets. Then cut the plant or grind it with your hands until the juice is released, attach to the affected area.

    At home: first aid, treatment

    In a personal medicine cabinet or pantry, there are various means that will reduce the discomfort of itching after nettle.

    • Strong irritation can be removed with soda gruel. The amount of funds depends on the area of ​​the affected area. Add a little water to the soda, apply the resulting mixture to a burn. After eliminating the itching, the skin should be rinsed.
    • In case of deep damage, inflammation, the arm or leg should be treated with disinfectants. Boric or salicylic alcohol helps with nettle pruritus.
    • Cosmetic clay relieves pain, soothes the skin. The powder should be diluted with water until gruel formation, break lumps, apply on skin. After eliminating the discomfort, the mask is removed. To dissolve it, you can attach a damp cotton towel, then rinse with water.
    • Aloe allows you to eliminate all the symptoms of nettle at home. The leaf of the plant must be well washed, crushed or chopped in a blender, squeeze out the juice and process the burn.
    • Apple cider vinegar relieves severe itching. You can treat the skin with an undiluted solution, with delicate skin, add the same amount of water.

    Help with nettle burns in children

    The child, in addition to pronounced pain, experiences shock and fear, and his protective reaction is crying. The rules for first aid do not differ from the age category, therefore, after all preparatory measures, the burn must be treated. They have no contraindications for children and La-Cree, Bepanten creams well remove the redness.

    If it is not possible to use pharmacy products, you can attach plantain, aloe, soda gruel. With an increase in the intensity of symptoms, you should definitely consult a doctor.


    The consequences are ordinary and severe. In the first case, getting rid of itching from nettles is obtained in a day. If the skin is tender, and the body is prone to allergies, complications are not excluded:

    • temperature rise,
    • cardiopalmus,
    • swelling of the airways
    • spread of allergy symptoms to a wide area of ​​the body.

    Complications are more common in young children who are prone to allergies. If the child has swollen legs, itchy hands, what to treat, only a doctor should decide.

    Parents should closely monitor the kids, older children need to show how the nettle looks, where it grows. It is important to explain how dangerous a burn can be and what to do in case of contact with the plant.

    Nettle benefits

    Of course, the impact of nettle is unpleasant, but sometimes useful. For example, arthritis and rheumatism are treated in this way - formic acid relieves pain. With a nettle burn, blood circulation improves directly in the place of the burn and in the tissues around it, this helps to fight inflammation. To improve blood circulation make bath brooms with the addition of nettles. But be careful, you can get an allergic attack.

    Many lovers of alternative methods of treatment claim that nettle perfectly stops bleeding. Since time immemorial, nettles have been used as a wonderful food product; useful nettle cabbage soup has been known to everyone. Young spring nettles are added as a vitamin supplement to salads, which is also extremely useful, especially during the off-season vitamin deficiency.

    Thus, one should not worry at all about the burn of this remarkably useful plant. Everything that nature gives for the benefit of man brings him constant benefit, even if with unpleasant first sensations. Be healthy!