If you began to notice small holes in the wooden structures of a house or land, began to pay attention to the “empty sound” from tapping on a wall that had not existed before - it’s time to sound the alarm. Termites attacked your home with a 99% probability. How serious is this? More than you can imagine.
One of the main dangers is that termites can be very secretive enemies. Traces of their vital activity can not even be observed. They can bite into your house, for example, from under the foundation and empty all the inside of the wooden floors of the house. The worst thing is that they will last 2-3 years for your fortress to collapse - in the truest sense of the word.
This guide will be useful not only to those who have already found trouble, but also to those who want to protect themselves and their home from the appearance of these disgusting insects. Today we will find out who the termites are, how they live, and why they need to destroy our settlements so much. And also consider the most effective ways to control pests, means of prevention and the opinion of respected experts on this matter.
Who are termites and why are they dangerous?
Small insects, remotely resembling ants, with white bodies and wings. In the process of evolution descended from cockroaches, and the ants are just their enemies. They have a clearly defined hierarchy for such insects. Seeing them once live or at least in pictures on the Internet - you are unlikely to confuse them with someone else.
Why do termites destroy houses?
Termite food is cellulose. The main storage of this material, as we know, is wood, and only then all its derivatives: paper, cardboard, etc. In the context of the nature of termites, one cannot even call them pests, since they feed only on dead wood. In extremely rare cases, they can be found in a living tree. But since houses are built from recycled wood, this is a great treat for these insects. And the fact that they are not interested in the tree itself, but only cellulose is indicated by the trash left at the crime scene.
What termites are dangerous?
There are 2 main types of termites: underground and wood. The former live both in the ground and in the tree, the latter, respectively, only in structures made of wood. Underground individuals also live in different sheds, garden houses, dunghills. They do much more harm to your property. If you were able to determine that it was these termites that attacked you - it will not be easy at all, most likely, you will need to turn to professionals.
How to determine that a house is infected with termites?
If you have at least one of these symptoms, immediately start taking action or contact a specialist:
- Small round holes - termites gnaw holes and gnaw tunnels, than they simultaneously feed on and lay down a route
- Tunnels - if you find cracks, damaged places, then try to "pick it up" even wider and see if this is just damage or a trace of termite.
- Trash - small heaps of dust near the above holes. Another sure sign.
- Waste - if termites hide their existence well, then they simply get rid of excrement. According to them, and you can track insects.
Aerosol Raid from crawling and flying insects
Another thermidor, this time in the form of a spray with slow-acting poison. The spray is in a container under pressure, and it is convenient to use in addition to the classic insecticide. The tool is pumped into the cavity and inaccessible places where the nest is located. 80% of buyers did not give this product the highest rating.
This gel with a nozzle for hard-to-reach spots differs from other products in that it kills termites quickly and is suitable for quick protection of individual objects, but not for long-term struggle with a large colony. The tool creates a barrier against insect infestations for up to four weeks.
Traps that can be rolled up or used as planes. They will not save the house from the invasion of new termites, but can be used as a local defense of individual items. Typically, the trap is able to hold not only insects, but also mice, lizards and even snakes.
A fumigator is installed on the floor and kills termites. This device has two directions of action: detection and killing. Lay the station on the floor and wait. As soon as the device detects termites, a signal will appear about their appearance. The placement of the fumigator will protect up to 80 square meters. The device will last up to 12 months, then a replacement will be required.
What are the most dangerous insects for wood and what you need to know about the larvae of wood pests? Is it possible to determine the presence of insects in lumber or construction? You will find answers to these questions in our article. RMNT will also talk about methods for controlling insects that are wound up in a house or furniture.
Comparison table of termite remedies
|Spray can||169 rub|
How to get rid of termites by natural means
To get started, you can try to transfer infected wood from the site. This is a humane way, implying that termites that are harmful to the human economy can be moved to where they will be useful as participants in soil metabolism.
Small pieces of wood that contain living termites can be soaked in soapy water to kill insects. Large chunks can be taken to landfills or nature, where termite abilities will benefit, scientists at the University of Washington say.
Nitrogen and electric current . If termites are found in dry wood, they can be disposed of with liquid nitrogen. To do this, small holes are drilled in the affected wood where nitrogen is introduced. Another option for physical impact is electricity. Using a special The Electrogun ™ pistol, insects inside dry wood send a high-voltage electric charge of small amperage. It is used for limited infections. To do this, use microwave radiation.
Cardboard traps . A limited effect will be provided by a cardboard trap, which you can create yourself by wetting two sheets of cardboard laid on top of each other. When they are filled with insects, cardboard can be destroyed in accessible ways. But it is important to understand that this method will not solve the problem of the emergence of new individuals. Pest control manufacturers also release sticky cardboard traps. One of these traps is presented in the selection of funds below.
Sun or frost - these measures are quite complex and may be suitable for furniture and other small objects. Remove contaminated wood for warming in the sun. But scientists from the University of California, California, at the University of Agriculture and Natural Resources warn that "the processing process involves heating all the wood in the structure to almost 50 degrees and keeping this temperature for over half an hour." Can you provide these conditions? Freezing is even harder. Put the furniture in a huge freezer, if you have one, or take it out in the cold if it happens in your area. Termites will die within 1-2 days.
Do not worry if the problem could not be solved by improvised means. Less than 4% of such attempts lead to success. It is recommended that these measures be combined with those below, and as a result, their combined effectiveness will increase dramatically.
Organic Termite Killers
Dust and powder . Another way is to drain insects with special dust, such as diatomaceous earth or silica with airgel. They crash into the chitin cover of insects and penetrate inward, drawing fluid from the body. Dust is safe for humans if not inhaled. Use a mask and goggles to avoid irritation of the mucous membranes. However, scientists differ on the effectiveness of diatomaceous earth. Some recognize it as effective, others do not. Most likely, the answer lies in one of its features: diatomaceous earth loses its effectiveness even at low humidity. Therefore, it can only be used for termites in dry wood.
Natural enemies . Sometimes it’s not necessary to fight termites ourselves. You can hack their moves made from the colony to feeding places, after which natural termite enemies, for example, ants, can get into them.
Boric acid . Finally, boric acid is a proven remedy against many types of pests. A simple and affordable tool that is widely used in different types: as a powder or component in baits. It is a slow acting substance. After eating boric acid, the insect will gradually experience paralysis and die.
How termite killers work
|Type of goods||Principle of operation||When and why is it better to apply||Efficiency|
|Granules||Imidachloride||Kills after eating||Sprinkle as a barrier|
|Foam||Fipronil||Slow poison, causes paralysis||Foam moves and galleries|
|Powder||Diatomaceous earth or silica airgel||Kills by dehydration||To scatter in places of accumulation of termites||Only for termites in dry wood|
|Boric acid||Boric acid||Causes paralysis after eating.||Fall asleep in moves and galleries|
|Cardboard traps||Cardboard, water, glue, bait||Insect retention||Catch only termites on the surface|
|Nematodes||50-99%, depends on whether the nematodes have time to hit the termites|
|Lures||Sterilized queens - the colony will die out||Outdoor use only|