Did you find yourself in an unpleasant situation when you are standing at a traffic light on a hill, the enable signal lights up and the car in front, instead of driving up, rolls right at you. It’s good if you can avoid a collision. And if not? Strangely enough, you will be to blame - you have to keep the distance! Only in a dense stream of cars is this occupation practically unrealistic.
Many novice motorists with horror recall the exercise "Drive to the flyover", which was given to them with difficulty even in a driving school. But, unfortunately, this is a basic test, without which a driver’s license does not shine for anyone. And the point is not so much in unsuccessful attempts at the exam, but in the fact that not a single vehicle will last for a long time if the driver drives into the hill with jerks and at the maximum number of engine revolutions. As a result, the clutch simply burns out.
In order to learn how to masterfully start a slide, it is necessary not only to understand the process of moving a car with a mechanical transmission, but also to bring the skills acquired in a driving school to automatism. So go ahead, get instruction, and go train.
How is the clutch
In order to clearly understand the process of pulling uphill, you need to understand how the gearbox mechanism works. On the "automatic" the driver does not need to rack their brains on what a clutch is, because it simply does not exist. It is replaced by a torque converter, which transmits torque from the engine to the transmission. The motorist only needs to move the selector to the “D” position (if you are going to move forward) or “R” (if you plan to reverse) and remove your foot from the brake pedal. As a result, the car starts to move smoothly. How smoothly you can judge by conducting a simple test.
For the experiment you will need a glass of water filled almost completely. Free space from the liquid should remain no more than the thickness of one finger. Start moving smoothly and stop after a hundred meters. After that, estimate how much water will be in the glass. If you start really smoothly, then the liquid does not spill. In the opposite case, train to gently start moving on a flat surface, and then proceed to practice the exercises on the overpass.
And if everything turned out to be quite simple with automatic transmission, then on the “mechanics” the process of starting the movement is more confused. How is everything arranged there? When the motorist presses the clutch pedal, the gearbox and engine are disconnected. The driver turns on the speed and then gradually removes the foot from the clutch pedal. Torque is transmitted from the motor to the drive wheels and the car rolls. The beginning of movement on the manual transmission requires the honed actions of a motorist, because he almost simultaneously needs to be manipulated with three pedals so that the car goes smoothly.
The basics of a smooth ride
Before conquering the adjacent road slopes, it is recommended that novice drivers hone their driving skills and feel the car’s behavior at the start, being on a flat surface without descents and ascents.
- First of all, you should be comfortable in the driver's seat. We already wrote about how to properly configure it and why it is so important in our blog.
- Start the engine. It is assumed that at this moment the machine should be on the hand brake and neutral gear.
- Place your right foot on the brake pedal and with the left fully depress the clutch.
- Move the manual transmission lever to the first speed.
- Lower the hand brake.
The following actions are important to perform as smoothly and slowly as possible.
- Slowly release the clutch pedal until it sets. If you can’t catch this moment by sensations, look for the arrow on the tachometer. As soon as she “startled,” then the grasp happened.
- Transfer your foot from the brake pedal to the accelerator pedal.
- Slowly increase the engine speed by adding gas until the first movement of the car. Now you can safely remove your foot from the clutch pedal and "give the gas."
If everything is done correctly, then you will not feel any jerks on the "mechanics". The car will move smoothly and go forward. Otherwise, you will feel a jerk, after which the car "stalls". Well, you have to work out longer.
Everything worked out? Then go ahead, conquer the hills and mountains!
The exercise "Flyover" is based on the use of a hand brake. The method is 100 percent reliable, since it allows you to completely minimize the possibility of a rollback during the start of movement.
So, you are on the rise, the motor “roars”, the “handbrake” is raised up, and the gear lever is in the neutral position.
- Squeeze the clutch and turn on the first speed.
- Slightly press the accelerator pedal, bringing the engine speed to 2500-3000 rpm.
- Next, we begin to gradually release the clutch, reducing the number of revolutions to 1800-1500 revolutions per minute. It is important to do this as slowly as possible and without jerking, otherwise you risk drowning the engine.
- The next step is to release the handbrake, adding gas and completely releasing the clutch.
And now you are going uphill, although not with the breeze, but confidently and without kickbacks.
The autoschool method is good for everyone, except for one: in the absence of dexterity, you will get under way for quite some time, which, given the heavy traffic on city streets, is not permissible. Unless, of course, you adore when other drivers are honking and calling all the well-known (and not so) curses behind you, risking not having time to slip into the green traffic light.
Therefore, motorists with experience have come up with a new way to ride the hill, which eventually became quite popular. Drivers decided that it was much easier to perform this maneuver without using a “parking brake”. The algorithm is pretty simple.
Suppose the car is on neutral, and you clamp the brake pedal with your right foot.
- Squeeze the clutch, select the first gear.
- Slowly (this is very important!) We loosen the pressure on the clutch pedal until the moment of “grabbing”, which can be recognized by the sound of the motor and by a slightly reduced number of revolutions on the tachometer. Of course, you can do everything abruptly, but then you have to start the car again, since the motor will surely die out from quick and inept manipulations.
- Then as soon as possible we transfer the right foot from the brake pedal to the accelerator pedal. Add gas, and ... the car goes up! Oh miracle!
Of course, the second method involves a small rollback, but you can start uphill in this way much faster than using a hand brake.
And finally, we advise novice drivers to practice as often as possible, bringing the process to automaticity. Then any, even the coolest slide will be on the shoulder. Good luck
For exercises, it is best to go somewhere where you will not touch anyone, and so that there is a hill, a hill, a hill, an overpass.
- Stand downhill and tighten the handbrake.
- Get ready for the move (gently move the clutch).
- Add a little gas and immediately lower the handbrake. You should feel the car.
It is not difficult. Quite a bit of practice is enough, literally 5-6 times in a row and the thing is in the hat.
Visual video from the instructor:
Although everyone says that it’s easier to move up the hill with a handbrake, in my case, a turn. In fact, all the same actions are performed, just the handbrake serves to protect. To get off the hill without a handbrake, follow these steps:
- Stand downhill and hold the brake pedal.
- Depress the clutch and engage first gear (without removing your foot from the brakes).
- Slowly lower the clutch pedal while holding the brake. You should feel how the car will be ready (it can move a little, start to vibrate, the speed will drop), but watch so that it does not stall. When the car is ready to move, the foot can be removed from the brake, while holding the clutch and slightly press the gas.
Video from a driving instructor:
That's all, it can’t be easier. Theory always seems harder than the practice itself. Practice and you will succeed.