Thinking can rightfully be called the crown of human knowledge. It is a mental activity with its goals, motives, operational functions and results. It can be characterized in different ways: as the highest degree of assimilation and processing of information and the establishment of causal relationships between objects of reality, as a process of displaying the obvious properties of objects and phenomena and, therefore, the formation of ideas about the surrounding reality, and as a process of cognition of the world, based on the ongoing replenishment of baggage concepts and ideas about it.
But, regardless of the interpretation, it can be established that the better a person’s thinking is developed, the more effectively he can interact with the outside world and other people, study and cognize, understand phenomena and truths. Thinking is formed as a person develops from his very birth, but life circumstances do not always develop in such a way that it continues to develop. It often happens that, having reached one level, development slows down. However, each of us is able to influence this process, as well as many others. In other words, everyone is capable of
to develop our thinking, and how this is done, we will talk in this article.
But before we get down to the basic material, a few words should be said about what kind of thinking generally is. In total, there are several of its main types, studied by specialists more often and more than anything:
- Vivid thinking
- Verbal-logical (it is - abstract) thinking,
- Vivid thinking
- Logical thinking,
- Creative thinking.
Below we will provide a brief description of each type of thinking and indicate effective and simple ways of their development.
Visual-figurative thinking and exercises for its development
With the help of visual-figurative thinking, reality is transformed into images, and ordinary phenomena and objects are endowed with new properties. It involves the visual solution of problems and tasks without the need to resort to practical actions. The right hemisphere of the brain is responsible for its development. Visual-figurative thinking should not be confused with imagination, because it is based on real objects, actions and processes, and not imaginary or invented.
You can develop visual-figurative thinking in adults and children in the same ways. Here are some good exercises:
- Remember a few people you’ve talked to today, and present in detail their clothes, shoes, hairstyle, appearance, etc.
- Using just two nouns, one adverb, three verbs and adjectives, describe the words “success”, “wealth” and “beauty”.
- Carry out several thought experiments: imagine the shape of the ears of your pet or, for example, an elephant, count the number of apartments in your entrance and imagine how they are located in the house, and now turn the English letter “N” 90 degrees and determine what came out of it .
- Describe in words the following objects and phenomena: a flying swan, a sparkling lightning, the kitchen of your apartment, a lightning bulb, a pine forest, a toothbrush.
- Reproduce in your memory the image of a recent meeting with friends and give mental answers to several questions: how many people were in the company, and what were the clothes of each of them? What food and drinks were on the table? What were you talking about? What was the room like? In what position did you sit, what sensations did you feel, what did you feel like eating and drinking?
These exercises can be modified at your own discretion - you can do anything you want, but the main thing here is to use visual-figurative thinking. The more often you use it, the better it will develop.
You can also familiarize yourself with the course, which will help you develop your thinking in just a few weeks. Check it out here.
Verbal-logical (abstract) thinking and exercises for its development
Verbal-logical thinking is characterized by the fact that a person who observes a certain picture as a whole isolates from it only the most significant qualities, not paying attention to insignificant details that simply complement this picture. Usually there are three forms of such thinking:
- The concept is when objects are grouped by signs,
- Judgment - when any phenomenon or relationship between objects is affirmed or denied,
- The conclusion is when specific conclusions are made based on several judgments.
Everyone needs to develop verbal-logical thinking, but it is especially useful to formulate it from an early age in children, because this is an excellent training in memory and attention, as well as imagination. Here are some exercises you can use for yourself or your child:
- Note the timer for 3 minutes, write the maximum number of words starting with the letters "w", "w", "h" and "i" during this time.
- Take a few simple phrases, such as “what for breakfast?”, “Go to the movies”, “come to visit” and “tomorrow a new exam”, and read them the other way around.
- There are several groups of words: “sad, funny, slow, cautious”, “dog, cat, parrot, penguin”, “Sergey, Anton, Kolya, Tsarev, Olga” and “triangle, square, board, oval”. From each group, select those words that do not fit the meaning.
- Identify the differences between a ship and an airplane, grass and a flower, a story and a verse, an elephant and a rhino, a still life and a portrait.
- A few more groups of words: "House - walls, foundation, windows, roof, wallpaper", "War - weapons, soldiers, bullets, attack, map", "Youth - growth, joy, choice, love, children", "Road - cars, pedestrians, traffic, asphalt, poles. ” Choose from each group one or two words, without which the concept ("home", "war", etc.) could exist as such.
These exercises, again, can be quite easily modernized and modified, simplifying or complicating at one’s discretion. It is thanks to this that each of them can become a great way to train abstract thinking, both in adults and in children. By the way, any such exercises, among other things, perfectly develop intelligence.
Visual and effective thinking and exercises for its development
Visual-effective thinking can be described as a process of solving mental problems by transforming the situation that arose in real life. It is rightfully considered the first way to process the information received, and is very actively developing in children under 7 years of age, when they begin to combine all kinds of objects into a single whole, analyze them and operate on them. And in adults, this type of thinking is expressed in identifying the practical benefits of objects around the world, being the so-called manual intelligence. The left hemisphere of the brain is responsible for the development of visual-effective thinking.
A great way to learn and train here is the usual game of chess, making puzzles and solving puzzles, sculpting all kinds of figures from plasticine, but there are several effective exercises:
- Take your pillow and try to determine its weight. Then also "weigh" your clothes. After that, try to set the area of the room, kitchen, bathroom and other rooms of your apartment.
- Draw a triangle, rhombus and trapezoid on the album sheets. Then take the scissors and turn all these shapes into a square, cutting once in a straight line.
- Lay out 5 matches in front of you on the table and make 2 equal triangles from them. After that, take 7 matches and make 2 triangles and 2 squares from them.
- Buy a designer in the store and make various shapes out of it - not only those that are indicated in the instructions. It is recommended that the parts be as large as possible - at least 40-50.
As an effective complement to these exercises, chess and other things, you can use our excellent course on the development of thinking.
Logical thinking and exercises for its development
Logical thinking is the basis of a person’s ability to think and reason sequentially and without contradiction. It is necessary in most life situations: from ordinary dialogues and shopping to solving various problems and developing intelligence. This type of thinking contributes to the successful search for the justification of any phenomena, a meaningful assessment of the world around us and the competent construction of speech and judgments. The main task in this case is to obtain true knowledge about the subject of reflection with the basis for the analysis of its various aspects.
Among the recommendations for the development of logical thinking, one can single out the solution of logical problems (and this is also an excellent training in memory and attention in children and adults), passing tests for the IQ, logical games, self-education, reading books (especially detective stories), dispute management and intuition training.
As for the specific exercises, we advise you to take note of the following:
- From several sets of words, for example: “chair, table, sofa, stool”, “circle, oval, ball, circumference”, “fork, towel, spoon, knife”, etc. you need to choose a word that does not fit the meaning. Despite its simplicity, this is a very effective technology for the development of logical thinking, and such sets and exercises can be found in large numbers on the Internet.
- Collective exercise: get together with friends or the whole family and share in two teams. Let each team propose to the opposite to solve the semantic riddle, where the content of some text is transmitted. The bottom line is to determine what kind of text it is. Here is a small example: “The clergyman had an animal on the farm. He felt strong warm feelings for him, however, despite this, he produced a violent action against him, which led to his death. This happened for the reason that the animal did the inadmissible - ate part of the food that was not intended for him. ” Thinking logically, we can recall a children's song beginning with the words: “The priest had a dog, he loved her ...”
- Another group game: a member of one team performs an action, and a participant in the other must find its cause, and then - the cause of the reason, and so on until all the motives of the first participant’s behavior are clarified.
Once again, these exercises (in particular the last two) are excellent ways to develop logical thinking and intelligence, suitable for people of all ages.
Creative thinking and exercises for its development
Creative thinking is a type of thinking that allows an unusual way to systematize and analyze ordinary information. In addition to the fact that it contributes to the extraordinary solution of typical tasks, questions and problems, it also increases the effectiveness of a person's assimilation of new knowledge. Using creative thinking, people can look at objects and phenomena from different angles, arouse the desire to create something new - something that did not exist before (this is an understanding of creativity in its classical sense), develop the ability to quickly switch from one task to another and find many interesting options for doing work and ways out of life situations.
The ways of developing creative thinking are based on the idea that a person realizes only a small percentage of his potential during his life, and his task is to find ways to activate unused resources. Creativity development technology is based, first of all, on several recommendations:
- You need to improvise and always look for new ways to solve everyday problems,
- No need to focus on the established framework and rules,
- You should broaden your horizons and constantly learn something new,
- You need to travel as much as possible, discover new places and meet new people,
- You need to make learning new skills your habit,
- It is necessary to try to do anything better than others.
But, of course, there are certain exercises for the development of creative thinking (by the way, we advise you to familiarize yourself with our courses on the development of creative thinking and thinking in general - you will find them here and here).
Now let's talk about the exercises:
- Take several concepts, for example, “youth”, “man”, “coffee”, “teapot”, “morning” and “candle”, and select the maximum possible number of nouns defining their essence to each of them.
- Take a few pairs of different concepts, for example, “piano - machine”, “cloud - engine”, “tree - picture”, “water - well” and “airplane - capsule” and select the maximum number of similar features for them.
- Imagine several situations and think about what might happen in each of them. Examples of situations: “aliens walk around the city”, “not water, but lemonade is running from the tap in your apartment”, “all pets have learned to speak the human language”, “snow falls in your city in the middle of summer during the week”.
- Inspect the room where you are now, and stop looking at any object that interests you, for example, on a cabinet. Write down 5 adjectives suitable for it, and then 5 adjectives that are absolutely opposite.
- Remember your work, hobby, beloved singer or actor, best friend or soulmate, and describe this (him / her) with at least 100 words.
- Remember a saying or saying, and write, based on it, a short essay, verse or essay.
- Write a list of 10 purchases that you would make before the end of the world.
- Write a daily plan for your cat or dog.
- Imagine that when you returned home, you saw that the doors of all apartments are open. Write 15 reasons why this could happen.
- Make a list of 100 of your life goals.
- Write a letter to yourself in the future - when you are 10 years older.
Also, to enhance your creativity and intelligence, you can use two excellent methods in everyday life - synectics and brainstorming. These ways of developing creativity will help you break down all stereotypes, expand your comfort zone and develop an original and unlike anything else type of thinking.
In conclusion, we say that if you have a desire to organize or continue your training and develop thinking more effectively, then you will certainly enjoy one of our courses, which you can familiarize yourself with at this link.
For the rest, we wish you every success and comprehensively developed thinking!
Pay more attention to your emotions.
You need to start by noticing your mediocre, negative and toxic thoughts. But how do you know that they are just like that? According to your emotions. If you feel bad, then this is a clear sign. Your negative emotions are nothing but the way in which you look at yourself, life situations, problems, other people. This is also an internal dialogue, which, in fact, is conducted from waking up to going to bed: positive or negative emotions can prevail in it.
Thus, the first step is to carefully study your thoughts when you have serious negative feelings. Every bad emotion is the result of negative thinking and is caused by an irrational inner dialogue. Yes, despite the fact that the title says to pay attention to emotions, you must first learn to understand the connection between them and thoughts. Separated from each other, such knowledge will be meaningless. Write down everything that comes to mind. Do not analyze emotions and thoughts without a sheet of paper and a pen. And no censorship. So you can see the trends and patterns in your thinking.
Explore your surroundings
- “Change your mindset and you will change your life.” Brian Tracy.
- Flexible Consciousness Carol Duque
- “Genius on order” Marc Levy
- “How people think” Dmitry Chernyshev
- Brain Rules by John Medina
- The Invincible Mind Alex Likerman
- "Mindfulness" Mark Williams and Danny Penman
- "How a person thinks or a person thinks" James Allen
- Think and Grow Rich Napoleon Hill
- Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality Eliezer Yudkowsky
- "Skeptic. A rational view of the world »Michael Sherme
And finally, another short video on how to control your thinking.
What, then, is this “non-standard thinking”?
A kind of this property and quality of a person with the help of which he can realize himself. “How?” You ask.Quite simply, out-of-the-box thinking, together with willpower and the ability to achieve one’s goals, is the person’s greatest weapon that he can have. The ability to think creatively, the ability to find exits from the seemingly ordinary life situation that would not just be “exits”, but would also attract the attention of others with its originality - all these are components. This is far from all, the ability to think sharply and broadly, and much more, cannot be listed.
So, what is needed in order to develop innovative thinking in yourself?
1. Forget about all prejudices
First of all, you need to forget about all the prejudices that you have ever been told or have ever heard. Пусть это порой и сложно, но все-таки возможно. Не бойтесь пробовать новое, мыслить и рассуждать. Это самое главное, потому что порой, можно придумать, казалось бы, гениальный способ решения проблемы, но так и не решиться претворить его в жизнь.Do not think about what others can say about you if they can repeat the same thing as you - let them say, although it’s not a fact that they will at least try: not everyone decides to freely express their thoughts and, moreover, , their implementation, and even in front of others. You could, you have overcome yourself, honor and praise to you. Even if something didn’t work out for you - it doesn’t matter, you tried it, made up your mind - it’s the most difficult, and mastery comes with practice and experience.
2. Think creatively
What is it? This means that you must be able to invent something new, include imagination, imagination and create: invent stories, compose poems, write music - the choice is huge. The rules are the same - don't be afraid to try: mastery comes with experience. The more you will be engaged in the development of your creative gift that all people have, just some will realize it, and some will not, so the more you work using your imagination, the better you will use it. Do not stop working on it and soon you will see the result. Remember that if you want to start your own business, you need to think creatively, if you want to make a plan, let's say a schedule for the day - in the same way - you need to think creatively, even when you are preparing your own lunch - this is also creativity. Realize this, understand and accept and start working on developing this talent in yourself.
3. Learn something new
For consciousness and imagination always need nourishment. What could be better than knowledge? You need to make your brain work constantly. Then he will be in shape. The same principle as in sports: the more we do, the more we can and the better the result. Therefore, you should always try to learn something new, to comprehend and understand something. So, we can constantly keep ourselves in shape, and this, in turn, will provide “food” for the work of our imagination. And therefore to study, study and study again - Go! To the knowledge!
So, following these simple tips you can develop in yourself that same mysterious and attractive “non-standard thinking”. Constantly surprise others with his wit, ability to think creatively. Such people know how to communicate, it is interesting to listen to them, they are good interlocutors.
I wish you every success, and especially creative!