Choosing a maternity hospital is easier if you decide on the expectations, which moments are most important to you. Someone more important is a professional, attentive staff, against which household inconveniences fade into the background. And someone is more comfortable in a separate room "with all amenities."
Highlight the main points for yourself, focusing on them, look for a hospital. Gather as much information as possible. Ask relatives, acquaintances, colleagues about maternity hospitals and doctors.
City forums, reviews of medical institutions and its employees on specialized sites, thematic groups on social networks - you will have to study everything. Try to separate emotions from useful information in reviews. This will help to make an objective picture.
It is important if you have serious health problems or the pregnancy goes with complications - choose specialized centers. And if they are not in your city, give preference to perinatal centers or maternity hospitals in large hospitals.
If you are a supporter of natural childbearing, try to collect information in which maternity hospital the births are closest to it. Find out where partner births or unhindered visits to relatives are possible.
Medical facility requirements
Ideally, the home you are looking for should be close by. So that in any situation you have time to get to it yourself. In this case, do not worry that you will be “late” - the percentage of rapid birth is close to 1.
What other points to consider:
- living conditions,
- level of equipment
- newborn care
- staff qualifications
- joint or separate stay with the baby.
The choice of a maternity ward “does not threaten” only mothers who have decided on an IVF pregnancy: they have been “tied” to one medical institution for 9 months. And they already know what is there and how.
Specify how many people the chambers are designed for, whether it is possible to lie “without neighbors”. The presence of a shower and a restroom in the ward is an important issue. Often the first days after birth are difficult to move around. If amenities are on the floor, find out how far they are from the rooms.
It is worth collecting information about nutrition, the ability to receive programs from loved ones. It is important to know in advance whether visits to relatives are permitted.
Maternity Hospital Rating
- Mendeleev line, 3
- st. Clinical, d. 4
- Kolpino, st. Vavilova, 3
- st. Ordzhonikidze, d. 47
- Ave. Solidarity, 6
- Pushkin, st. Hospital, d. 11-A
- Lithuanian St., 2
- st. Mayakovsky, d. 5
- st. Akkuratova, 2, lit. B
- st. Tambasova, d. 21
- Lomonosov city, Ilikovsky Prospect, 1/3 lit.
- st. Malaya Balkanskaya, d. 54
- st. Kostromskaya, d. 4
- st. Furshtatskaya, d.36A
- st. Lesnozavodskaya, d. 4/1
- Vasilyevsky Island, Bolshoi pr., D. 49-51
- st. Mirgorodskaya, 3
- Kronstadt, st. Komsomol, d. 4
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Information about maternity hospitals in St. Petersburg
Surgeon, experience 15 years
Published Date May 15, 2018
Probably, no medical institution is chosen with such care as a maternity hospital. This is no coincidence: childbirth is a very complex and difficult process. Much depends on the qualifications of the doctor. Incorrect actions can lead to fatal consequences for the child or his mother. That is why young parents pay great attention to choosing the place where their baby will be born. This is not an easy task, and not everyone is able to isolate the best option for themselves from the variety of maternity hospitals in St. Petersburg.
Without the advice of knowledgeable people, it is almost impossible to choose a suitable medical institution. Therefore, the team of the ProDoctors portal appeals for help to all whose children were born in one of the maternity hospitals of St. Petersburg. Leave your impressions on our website. Was the hospital staff impressed by their sensitive and caring attitude? Or did the lack of professionalism of doctors and obsolete equipment overshadow the most joyful event in life? Any review will be useful, truthfully reflecting the situation. Remember that the lines you write can help another family become much happier.
Choosing a maternity hospital in St. Petersburg
More than a dozen maternity hospitals in St. Petersburg daily help kids see the light. They differ in the number of services offered. So, with some of them, there are perinatal centers where they immediately help children with serious health problems. Some maternity hospitals in St. Petersburg specialize in assisting women in labor who suffer from any ailments (for example, blood diseases).
The basic set of services is provided at the expense of compulsory medical insurance. Therefore, upon admission to the hospital it is important, among other things, not to forget the medical policy. In addition, personal hygiene items and clothing should be taken with you. Things for the baby will be needed already at discharge. A complete list of what a woman in labor must have can be found directly in the hospital or on its website.
What services do maternity hospitals in St. Petersburg offer?
Today, the maternity hospital of St. Petersburg is not just a place where children are born. The new century and new standards leave their mark. So, a mother can choose many services on her own (possibly for a fee). A husband or other close person (even a specially invited psychologist) can now be present at childbirth. Some maternity hospitals conduct examinations even before pregnancy. Moreover, if the pregnant woman wishes, childbirth will be taken by the same doctor as she had been monitoring her for all months. Do not forget that often maternity hospitals offer courses in preparation for childbirth or even organize special schools.
Some medical institutions offer expectant mothers hospitalization for a short period of pregnancy. This is especially necessary in cases where a woman feels severe ailments or pregnancy occurs with some deviations from the norm. In addition, often the expectant mother has the right to independently choose how the birth will take place. For example, vertical childbirth is becoming quite popular. The decision to carry out any special manipulations is made by the doctor. During childbirth, the woman in labor has the right to any actions that will not interfere with her or her baby.
Some hospitals give women the right to make childbirth less painful. It even provides for the right of the woman in labor to choose the method of pain relief on her own.
In some maternity hospitals in St. Petersburg, medical and genetic counseling is provided. It is the most effective way to detect hereditary diseases. It is believed that it is best carried out in the early stages of pregnancy or even before conception. This technology allows you to make a forecast that establishes whether a child will suffer from a particular disease.
The history of maternity hospitals in St. Petersburg
From ancient times midwives (or “midwives”) were called to help women in labor. Their experience was passed down from generation to generation and was even used in official medicine until the middle of the 20th century. For a long time, the activities of midwives were not controlled in any way until the 18th century, when they were ordered to pass qualification certification and take the oath.
The first institutions, vaguely reminiscent of modern maternity hospitals, began to appear under Catherine II. In 1771, a midwife hospital was opened in an educational house in St. Petersburg. Poor and unmarried women had to give birth here. The baby who was born here, after some time, was given to an educational home. About a hundred years passed before mothers were allowed to take their children home. After some time, a midwifery school was opened at the hospital, which later grew into an institute. This institution has experienced many difficulties. Large high-explosive bombs repeatedly fell into the blockade. Doctors helped not only women in labor, but also other people whose health was shaken by starvation. Now this medical institution is still functioning. Nowadays, it is known as Maternity Hospital No. 6 named after V.F. Snegireva.
It cannot be said that in the XIX century there was an active construction of maternity hospitals. It was believed that only poor and dysfunctional women give birth in them. Representatives of the upper classes invited midwives to the house. Finally, they got rid of this point of view only in Soviet times.
Legislative side of the issue
They began to issue women registered for pregnancy. The main goal of this innovation was the qualitative improvement of the medical care provided to women during the period of bearing a child and during childbirth. This program increases the material interest of health facilities. This issue is regulated by the Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation of November 28, 2005.
Having learned about pregnancy, a woman must register with the Women's Consultation at the place of residence for up to 12 weeks. For the entire obstetric period, the future woman in labor visits her doctor stably twice a month, for a total of 10 times. Such regular appointments and examinations, appointment of tests and observations provide timely diagnosis of complications and the identification of dangerous pathologies.
According to this document, a pregnant woman is given the right to choose an observing physician, a antenatal clinic for registration, in addition there is a possibility choose a maternity hospital where the baby should be born. The doctor cannot refuse the patient. However, this practice is rarely used by women in childbirth, since most of them either pre-signed a contract with a specific institution, or do not consider it necessary to scamper about this and goes to the nearest free hospital already with contractions.
But for such an important event as the birth of a new person, it is necessary to prepare well, choose personnel and a place for childbirth, especially if the state takes the costs on itself. The fact is that the generic certificate itself consists of several parts, tear-off coupons, each of which has a specific purpose. One pays for the observation of a woman during pregnancy and the provision of medical services to her at this stage in the amount of 3,000 rubles. The state also transfers 6,000 rubles in favor of the maternity hospital in the event of successful delivery for each patient. Additionally, funding was introduced for dispensary observation of the child during the first year of life in the amount of 1000 rubles for each newborn.
However, the fact is that this limited choice territorial framework, more precisely, the administrative-territorial division of municipalities and membership in a particular department.
All maternity hospitals in the country fall into three categories:
- Only for emergency births - in such hospitals or departments there is no position of a round-the-clock obstetrician, and in a year they are able to accept no more than 500 births.
- Ordinary maternity hospitals - with an annual turnover of children born to 1,500 people, there is an intensive care unit and intensive care unit.
- Regional, federal, regional hospitals where resuscitation is present, as well as a pediatric intensive care unit. That is, medical personnel are able to provide assistance during pregnancy, during childbirth and in the postpartum period.
The condition of the pregnant woman and the particularities of the course of the entire period decide which category of institutions the attending physician from the Women's Consultation will send her to. Following the decision direction will be issued, with him you can go to childbirth already with contractions. And you can go to the chosen maternity hospital to maintain pregnancy, when the appointed time has already come, that is, exceeded 40 weeks. A woman in labor has the right to choose herself, taking into account the testimony of the gynecologist and the existing pathologies of pregnancy, a specialized or regular hospital.
As for directly institution selectionthen some difficulties may arise here. You can help to overcome them and make the right decision, taking into account the most important factors:
- Location is the first thing every woman pays when it comes to placement in a maternity ward. It should be remembered that in the case of rapid childbirth, when an ambulance is involved, the woman will have no right to vote, she will be sent to the institution closest to the place of call, where there is free space. Therefore, it is advisable to prescribe this item in advance, coordinate with your doctor and enter in the document.
- Conditions of stay - future pregnant women even have preliminary trips to maternity hospitals, so that a balanced decision is made. Indeed, many patients stay in the hospital from several days to several weeks, they are even given temporary registration there. Therefore, the equipment of the maternity room, the condition of the wards, the location of the bathroom, the neighborhood in the wards, a sample menu and other factors should be taken into account.
- Qualification of staff - the experience of health workers is perhaps the determining factor. With budgetary births, it is impossible to guess which shift will have to give birth, so you need to find out as much information as possible about both senior and junior staff, because you will have to communicate with nurses, midwives and nurses much more often than with a surgeon. Information can, of course, be collected from the workers themselves, but the completeness and accuracy of the information is not guaranteed. We need to try to analyze the reviews of women in childbirth, that's where bias is ruled out. And when a woman in labor has concluded a maternity agreement with a specific doctor, she can communicate with him and consult on various issues during pregnancy.
- The specifics of the maternity hospital - here you need to inquire about the availability of resuscitation, oxygen masks, a full set of medications for different stages of childbirth, the necessary equipment. It is also necessary to take into account your own health and fetus.
- The possibility of joint birth - in the last decade, there has been a tendency for the husband to be present in the birth process itself to support and psychological interaction of spouses. Partnership childbirth is far from permitted in all maternity hospitals, you should always consult in advance about this.
On the choice of a maternity hospital when using a birth certificate, see the following video:
When choosing a hospital, you need to focus on the availability of modern equipment. Is there an intensive care unit in the institution, is it possible to urgently perform a cesarean section.
- How prenatal wards are equipped.
- Is it possible to fight on the gymnastic ball or a special wall in contractions.
- For how many people the maternity room is designed.
This is one of the most important criteria when choosing a maternity ward. Find out more about the qualifications of workers, about the conditions in which children are. What temperature and humidity is maintained in the compartment.
Separately, specify which vaccines are used for the first vaccinations. Are there any special boxes for premature babies?
The extent to which competent doctors and midwives will be near you determines the success of delivery in many respects. Specify in the institution what qualifications the specialists work in it, do not hesitate to ask questions.
Also, collect information about the attitude to the women in labor, how correct, polite. In many ways, the mood for childbirth depends on the good attitude of doctors and midwives.
If most of the reviews on the Internet or the stories of acquaintances speak of rudeness and indifference - do not choose this institution. No technique can help in case of inaction or negligence of doctors.
Stay with the baby
Most maternity hospitals practice joint or partially joint stay of mother and baby. Children are brought for several hours in the morning, afternoon and evening. At night, the woman herself chooses to leave the baby with her in the ward or not.
Check how much babies are brought in a day, or are they around the clock with their mothers. Find out if the maternity hospital is taught the basics of breastfeeding, if there are breast pumps. Is it possible, if necessary, to use the mixture brought by relatives, bottles and nipples.
The comfort level of the stay of the mother and baby in the postpartum unit in the monogam determines where to give birth.
Why do I need a generic certificate
The right to enter the maternity hospital is also given by the MHI policy. But without an exchange card, a birth certificate, a woman and a child will have to be in the quarantine department, some of the services may not be available.
According to the birth certificate, you can choose any state hospital, no matter how far it is from you. In theory, you can apply for medical services in another region. Thanks to him, all the expenses of the institution for carrying out your birth are compensated from the social insurance fund.
The document is issued at a consultation or obstetric center in which you are registered and monitored. It is important to do this in the first trimester and visit your doctor regularly.
If there is a birth certificate, an ambulance will take you to the maternity hospital of your choice, and not to the duty or the nearest one. Исключением будут случаи, когда медицинское учреждение закрыто на карантин или санобработку.
Что такое контрактные роды
Часть роддомов оказывает платные услуги. Для этого необходимо заключить договор с медицинским учреждением. Лучше это делать напрямую без посреднических услуг страховых компаний.
If you need emergency interventions or special manipulations with an intermediary, their conduct will have to be coordinated with him. Which is not very convenient, especially if the birth occurred at night.
The contract stipulates which doctor and obstetrician will take birth, the possibility of the presence of a partner (husband, other relatives). It also indicates the type of chamber in which you will be lying, the ability to visit relatives. It will allow you to sue a medical institution if the services were provided poorly.
The contract is more reliable than the usual “contracted” childbirth, when at the most crucial moment the chosen doctor may refuse to help you or may simply not be able to arrive at the hospital on time.
You can conclude a contract with any public or private clinic. In this case, you will not need a referral to the maternity hospital from the antenatal clinic. But an exchange card with the results of examinations and analyzes will be needed.
How to choose a doctor
According to the birth certificate, you can choose yourself not only by birth, but also by a doctor. Actually, it’s better to start with his choice. A polite, competent specialist is the key to a calm birth.
How to understand that this is a professional:
- The doctor pays you enough time, does not advise on the run, is not distracted by other patients or phone calls.
- Explains the medical terms available, gives you complete information.
- Warns of possible medical manipulations.
When choosing a doctor, it will be useful to read reviews about him. This can be helped not only by the Internet, but also by word of mouth.
Types of Maternity Homes
In addition to maternity wards in conventional hospitals and perinatal centers, there are specialized institutions. In the case of a severe pregnancy or serious health problems in women, when choosing a maternity hospital, you should pay attention to them.
The following types are distinguished:
- Profile. They should be addressed in the pathological course of pregnancy - oligohydramnios, polyhydramnios, Rhesus conflict and others. They have all the necessary equipment in case of emergency.
- Maternity hospitals at multidisciplinary medical centers. They will also provide the necessary emergency assistance to both mother and child.
- Maternity hospitals at research centers and universities. They conduct research work, provide medical care. Among the medical staff there are rare specialists - genetics, embryologists and others.
Although the birth certificate allows you to choose any medical institution, but often scientific centers or specialized clinics work under a contract.
When choosing an institution for childbirth, remember that there are no universal, best for all maternity hospitals. It is important to consider your individual needs and how the pregnancy is proceeding.
And in which hospital did you choose for yourself? How it was? Have you been satisfied with the conditions and attitude of the staff? Write in the comments. The Its Kids team will be grateful for every comment and link on social networks.