Tick-borne encephalitis is one of the most dangerous viral diseases, the causative agents of which are transmitted and transmitted to people by ixodid ticks. These are small bloodsucking, living in a large territory of our country. A person bitten by a tick can also become infected with ehrlichiosis, bartonellosis, babesiosis, mycoplasmosis and Lyme disease. Like encephalitis, these diseases affect the central nervous system, and since there is no specific antiviral therapy, the prognosis is very disappointing: the likelihood of a fatal outcome is quite high, and most patients who are ill receive serious complications, up to disability. Incidence statistics are not happy either. From year to year, the number of people infected by a tick bite is growing. Part of the reason is the lack of awareness of our compatriots about the specifics of these diseases and ways to protect against them. There are many misconceptions about tick-borne encephalitis and its carriers. Let's get acquainted with the most common myths.
Encephalitis virus lives only in ticks
In fact, ticks only carry the virus. In nature, the pathogen lives in the body of birds, rats, wild ungulates and livestock (goats, cows). A tick that bites an infected animal receives a virus with blood that multiplies in its salivary glands. A person can become infected with encephalitis through raw goat or cow milk.
Ticks live on trees
It's not like that at all. Encephalitis virus carriers live mainly in dense grass, not more than half a meter from the ground, so an open field or meadow in this sense is no less dangerous than the thicket. As a rule, the tick sits hiding near the path and waits for any warm-blooded animal to hang on it, catching on the wool, and then crawls over the body of its victim, trying to find the most convenient place for a bite.
The error arose, apparently, due to the fact that the tick usually moves upward from the body of a person, trying to crawl into a skin fold or other place with the most delicate, thin cover.
Ticks often attack people in light clothing.
Ticks do not see well and do not distinguish colors. Dark fabric does not protect against them. But the cut of clothes in which a person walks through the woods is very important. The suit should have tight-fitting cuffs on the trousers and sleeves. The most suitable shoes are high boots. A hat or hood is also required.
The doctor should pull out the ticked tick
The question of time is vital for a person bitten by a tick. The longer it stays on the skin, the more pathogens enter the bloodstream, and the course of the disease depends on it. That is, if it is impossible to urgently visit a doctor, you must remove the tick yourself.
Nevertheless, the next visit to the doctor should not be neglected. The removed tick (preferably live) should be shown to a specialist to assess the likelihood of infection. There is also such an opinion: by removing the tick within 24 hours, you can completely protect a person from infection. This statement is also false - even the most prompt action does not guarantee the absence of infection.
A tick can be encouraged to unhook by lubricating the skin with oil
It is assumed that the parasite will have nothing to breathe, and it will weaken the bite to swallow air. In fact, the holes through which the tick breathes are located on its abdomen, so this method is completely untenable. The two most effective ways of pulling out ticks are as follows:
- the tick is tied with a strong thread as close as possible to the proboscis (to the skin of a person), then the ends of the thread are stretched, making swinging movements. If the body comes off, the stuck head is removed with a fire-baked needle,
- Intensive blowing of the skin is organized at the site of suction of the parasite. As a means at hand, you can use a large syringe, a syringe or a bicycle pump. Ticks are extremely picky in terms of bite selection. It is very important for them to be protected from drafts. Feeling the artificially induced wind, the tick begins to worry, weakens the bite and is easily removed with tweezers.
It is dangerous to twist the tick with your fingers: it clings to the skin even tighter. If you accidentally crush it, the risk of introducing an additional infection into the wound will increase, in addition, the tick will have to be removed with a needle in parts.
Repellents protect against ticks
Mites have a very low effectiveness. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the specific behavior of the tick: it usually clings to clothing (most often to the trouser leg or hem of the skirt) or to soft shoes, which means that it is not enough to apply repellent to exposed parts of the body. In general, the use of chemical safety equipment does not guarantee.
There are drugs that replace the vaccine
Unfortunately, there are currently no such medicines. Moreover, the introduction of immunoglobulins after a tick bite in some cases leads to a deterioration in the condition of patients.
There are tablets that are actively promoted by the manufacturers, supposedly completely eliminating the virus that got into the blood when bite. According to experts, these drugs do not provide the claimed effect, and unfair advertising forms a life-threatening misconception among buyers.
Encephalitis vaccine is not always effective
A single vaccination protects against infection only during the coming season. To get a stable immunity, you need to undergo a booster vaccination after a year.
A person bitten by a tick does not necessarily get sick. This parasite may not be a carrier of the virus. Sometimes victims suffer the disease in a latent form that does not have pathological manifestations. The incubation period of encephalitis is 7–20 days (for infection through milk - about a week), however, fulminant (less than a day) and prolonged (more than 30 days) forms are found. In any case, after a walk in nature, you must carefully examine your body and clothes. If there is a sticking tick, remove it and show it to a specialist as soon as possible. The appearance in the next days of high fever, headache and muscle pain, drowsiness, nausea, pain in the eyes and other unpleasant symptoms should cause an urgent need to see a doctor.
Video from YouTube on the topic of the article:
Education: First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov, specialty "General Medicine".
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Tick for chickens - prevention methods and methods of control, the use of chemicals and folk remedies, video
Ticks are tiny parasites crawling along the surface of the skin. They will become a real problem if you get birds in your chicken coop. Sick chickens, as well as wild birds and rodents, can be sources of infection. In addition, ticks can catch on shoes or clothing, and thus fall into the chicken coop.
These parasites are active in the warm season, especially in summer, but some species can survive in cold climates. Although the life cycle of ticks is very short - only 5-7 days, during this time each parasite can lay more than 100,000 eggs.
Therefore, for the complete recovery of animals, treatment courses must be repeated for some time.
Signs of the appearance of ticks in chickens
Ticks can be found in different places.
Some of them live permanently on the body of birds, while others live in the chicken coop: during the day they hide under perches, in cracks on the walls and under the bedding, and at night they leave their shelters to feed themselves.
Parasites bite the skin and suck blood. This can lead not only to discomfort, but also to feather loss, anemia, and in some cases even to death of birds.
Chickens love to take dust baths on dry ground or sand. If you add a little wood ash or diatomaceous earth (it is sold in packages), this will be a good prevention of tick infection.
However, often in very hot and humid areas, where the tick population is flourishing, or during prolonged rains, when chickens are not able to take dust baths, this method still does not help to escape from parasites.
If your chickens have mites, you will probably notice that they began to clean their plumage more often and pluck feathers under the wings and around the anus.
On closer inspection, you will be able to see tiny red or black spots near the anus, and when examining the chicken coop, you will find red blood streaks or black grains that are felt when you hold your hand on the surface.
Tick Control Methods
Several chemical solutions and tick control preparations are available on the market, but most of them have not been tested on chickens, so experienced owners do not advise immediately resorting to their use. It is better to try complex treatment with natural remedies first.
Spray the chicken coop and perches for several days in a row with a mixture of the following: 2 cups of water, 1 cup of vegetable oil and 1 tablespoon of dishwashing liquid. This mixture will help destroy ticks.
Before use, shake the product well, so it exfoliates. Processing the chicken coop should be carried out at least 1-2 times a week for several weeks in parallel with the treatment of chickens.
This 100% natural homemade spray will help get rid of ticks in the chicken coop.
You can spray a layer of diatomaceous earth on the floor of the chicken coop and nesting places, as well as rub the mixture into the surface of the roosts. Repeat as necessary.
Wormwood (artemisia) is another effective natural means of combating ticks. Tie bunches of wormwood to perches, spread the sachets in the nesting places or hang cut plants throughout the chicken coop. This is an excellent tool that can constantly be used to repel ticks.
To cure chickens, spray them with garlic juice spray. Poultry scientists from the UK have discovered that this tool can kill 100% of all ticks in 24 hours. It can be used to treat birds and as a prophylactic.
To make such a natural spray, you will need:
- 300 ml of water
- 30 ml garlic juice
- 1 teaspoon (total) of any combination of these essential oils - bay leaves, cinnamon, cloves, coriander, lavender, mint and / or caraway seeds.
Mix all the ingredients in a bottle with a sprayer well and spray chickens with this agent twice a week for prophylaxis, or every other day for 2-3 weeks in case of infection with ticks. Pay particular attention to the areas around the anus and under the wings.
After spraying, it is also recommended to treat the chickens with diatomaceous earth, rubbing the powder into the skin and plumage. In this case, be careful - try so that the dust does not get them (or you) in the eyes and lungs.
The simultaneous treatment of chickens and the treatment of the chicken coop will help completely get rid of ticks.
Ticks on paws are another type of external parasite that hides under the scales, from which they rise.
If you notice such signs, spray chicken paws with a solution of garlic juice, and then grease them with natural petroleum jelly (or its analogues with natural additives). Such treatment will help not only scare off, but also destroy ticks - they will die from suffocation.
When treating tick-infected chickens, it is recommended to increase iron intake in order to prevent anemia.
See also: How to deal with squirrels in the garden
High iron foods include: eggs, meat, fish, poultry, seafood, spinach, beet tops, dandelion greens, sweet potatoes, broccoli, kale, kale, strawberries, watermelon, raisins, wheat products, oatmeal, corn, molasses. The introduction of these products in the diet of chickens will contribute to a better recovery of weakened birds - when infected, not only the level of iron in the blood decreases, but also weakens the immune system. Adding a clove of fresh garlic to drinking water or garlic powder in the feed will be a good prevention of infection, as parasites do not like the taste of the blood of those birds in whose diet garlic is present. In addition, this useful product enhances the immunity of sick chickens during treatment.
The best prophylaxis for most disease-related problems is to frequently inspect and know what a healthy and sick animal should look like.
Regular, frequent and thorough inspection of chickens will allow you to detect and solve problems before they get out of control. With a careful study of the area under the wings and around the anus, parasites can be caught before they begin to multiply.
Detecting the first signs of the disease and quick treatment will help to eliminate ticks before mass infection of birds begins.
Zones for dust baths filled with dry soil or sand, diatomaceous earth and wood ash will also be a good prevention of tick infection for your chickens.
Parasitic ticks - Parasitiformes
Bird tick - a blood-sucking tick, a parasite of mammals and small birds of a nest-burrow type, attacks a person, is capable of a long hunger strike. An encephalitis carrier among birds (Japanese and tick-borne). Incomplete development (egg - larva - nymph I (protonymph) - nymph II (deutonymph) - imago). Reproduction bisexual. The development cycle proceeds very quickly - 10-12 days.
Imago - blood-sucking tick. Body length - 0.7–1.5 mm. Color depends on the degree of digestion of blood (from scarlet to bluish-brown). The integuments of the body are not strongly sclerotized, leathery, capable of stretching and increasing volume. The shields leave uncovered a significant part of the body. On soft-leathery parts, a characteristic transverse wrinkling is noticeable. Peritrem is short, extending to Coke II.
Male.Length - 0.7-0.74 mm. Chelicea are claw-shaped. The claw is formed by two fingers. There is one shield on the dorsal side. There are no outgrowths or massive shields on the legs. The abdominal shield of the male is divided into two parts by a transverse line passing below the pair of coke IV.
Female. Length - 0.7–1.5 mm. Chelicera are elastic, reach considerable length, have the form of thin needles. The chest shield is small, short, occupies the area between coke II. The genital-ventral shield is elongated, does not reach the anal. The anal shield is triangular, somewhat elongated. Спинной щит самки заострен, с 5–6 парами спинных щетинок. Брюшная поверхность самки прикрыта одним общим щитом. На брюшной стороне все щетинки тонкие.
Egg округлой формы, размером от 0,1 до 0,35 мм, с тонкой оболочкой. Окраска молочно-белая, грязновато-белая или желтоватая.
Личинка with a colorless, almost transparent finely tuberous cuticle. Shields on the body are missing or unclearly outlined. Mouth parts are poorly developed, membranous. Has three pairs of legs. Respiration and peritremis are absent. The body has a small amount of bristles.
Nymph I (protonymph). Four pairs of legs. From the sides of the body, stigmas with short peritrems form. The number of bristles increases.
Nymph II (deutonymph). Peritrem reaches the same size as an adult, up to a pair of coke II. Peritremal shield is absent. The body acquires a brownish or yellowish color. Shields are denser and larger than those of protonymph. Shields of the abdominal surface retain approximately the same shape as in the previous phase. There is one shield on the dorsal side. The number of bristles increases, and with the transition to the adult phase, new bristles no longer appear. At this stage, sexual dimorphism is manifested. The female nymph is larger than the male. It differs from adult ticks in the absence of an external reproductive apparatus.
Phenology of development (in days)
Imago - nest-burrow parasite of birds and small mammals. Found on the host during bloodsucking, develop in the nest. In addition to the main owners, they attack many additional people, including humans, capable of prolonged hunger strike - up to 6-7 months.
The development cycle takes no more than 10-12 days. Reproduction and development takes place in a wide temperature range - from + 5–8 to + 28–30 ° C. A characteristic feature of existence is high hygrophilicity. The optimum humidity of existence is 70–100%. Gonotrophic harmony is observed.
Mating period. Fertilization is spermatophore. With the help of the chelicera, the male attaches a sperm sac to the female’s genital opening. Only one egg matures in the female’s body at the same time. The interval between laying individual eggs reaches 3–8 hours. Eggs are laid in small groups or one at a time and glued to the substrate with a cement-like grease that quickly hardens in air. Oviposition is located in various shelters, which can serve as the burrows and nests of the host, cracks, crevices, fallen leaves. Fertility of one female is 30–80 individuals, in clutch from 3 to 20 eggs.
Egg It develops in a wide temperature range - from +5 to + 30 ° C and relative humidity of 70–100%.
Larva not able to eat. The phase serves as a preparation for the transition of the body to the next phase of development. Sheds and goes into protonymph.
Nymph I (protonymph). Bloodsucking stage. It feeds once. Under favorable conditions, quickly turns into a deutrophy.
Nymph II (deutonymph) bloodsucking. It feeds once. Under favorable conditions, quickly turns into an imago.
Imago during the day they hide in various shelters, and at night they attack the owners. The development cycle takes no more than 10-12 days. If one of the preimagial phases was not able to pump blood, the development may drag on for several months. It develops without diapause. Life expectancy of adults up to 10-12 months. Females live longer. In each phase of development, a single meal. The mass of drunk blood exceeds body weight by 10-16 times.
Chicken ticks: types of ticks and how to deal with them
Chicken ticks are blood-sucking parasites that settle in the body of the bird and are carriers of many dangerous diseases. Parasitic insects bother chickens mainly at night. In a tick-infected chicken, immunity and egg production are reduced, and growth is slowed down in young animals.
Tick mite: description and habitat
Chicken mite - a blood-sucking parasite that lives on the body of a bird and on any surface in the chicken coop. To detect chicken on the body, you need to know what a red chicken tick looks like. This is an insect with an elongated body, covered with small hairs. The length of the tick body is from 0.75 to 1 mm. The tick has 8 legs.
Chicken mite - a blood-sucking parasite that lives on the body of a bird and on any surface in the chicken coop.
The color of the hungry insect is light yellow. When an insect is pumped into the blood of a bird, its body turns saturated red. Due to this property, the parasite is called a red chicken tick.
The female red chicken tick lays up to 20 eggs. Active reproduction of insects occurs from May to October. In the warm season, ticks are most active. In the cold period, insects do not die, because they can survive up to six months without food, being in a state of suspended animation.
Chicken mites live on the litter of the chicken coop and in bird nests, can hide in the crevices of the floor and walls. They feel best in a damp, dirty, poorly ventilated area.
What are the dangerous parasites in the chicken coop
Ticks disrupt the normal way of life of chickens. From constant bites and itching, the bird is under stress, trying to get rid of discomfort. Breeding and spreading throughout the bird's body, ticks actively drink blood, and the chicken suffers from anemia. Egg production is sharply reduced due to poor chicken health.
Ticks carry a lot of diseases dangerous for chickens.
An additional harm to the chicken tick is the risk of infection from it by infectious diseases. Ticks carry typhoid, tuberculosis, borreliosis, Lyme disease, etc.
Tick bites to chickens and young animals with weak health are especially dangerous. Tick attack leads to the death of more than 50% of hatched chickens. If you purchased expensive breeds (for example, Lakenfelder, Araukan) there is a risk of losing your invested money and not raising a single adult.
Signs of bird infection
The chicken tick behaves actively on the body of the bird mainly at night, so the owner may not immediately notice the infection of birds by it. At the same time, hens are in no hurry to go into the chicken house in the evening, knowing that at night they will be bothered by a tick. This circumstance should alert the owner.
The tick causes severe discomfort to the birds. It penetrates the subcutaneous space of chickens through microscopic wounds, and begin to make passages in the tissues. Chickens begin to itch, they begin to show anxiety.
Infected chickens itch and constantly itch.
Breeding at high speed, ticks even get into the nasal cavity and mouth, giving the bird real torment. The chicken begins to wheeze, cough, breathing becomes heavy. If the tick penetrates the ears, the chicken shakes its head intensely, and with its paws tries to get the bite places and scratch them.
Noticing signs of tick infection in the behavior of the chicken, you need to carefully examine it. Particular attention should be paid to places under the wings, on the neck and under the tail. The skin in these places is especially delicate, so the mites are located there.
An additional sign of infection of chickens with ticks is the fact that they refuse to rush in the nests. Hens do not want to get into the nests, since there the concentration of the tick is the highest. External signs of the presence of parasite mites on the body are blanching of the scallop and catkins, as well as red spots on the eggs.
Red Chicken Mite Control Methods
Finding a dangerous bloodsucker in a chicken coop is a signal for immediate action for the owner. You need to start with the processing of the premises.
If the chickens began to itch and worry, it is necessary to treat the chicken coop from ticks.
All surfaces inside the chicken coop and the space of the aviary for walking the birds are processed. It is necessary to carefully clean out all the litter and dirt, and then treat everything with cool boiling water or steam.
The hens themselves get rid of the tick with the help of insecticidal preparations:
- Pyrethrum. The advantages of this insecticide are safety for humans and birds in combination with a detrimental effect on the tick.
- Sevin. Powder for processing plumage of hens. Dosage - 15 grams per bird.
- Extrazole M. Spray for spraying chicken feathers. The drug is applied twice with an interval of 10 days.
- Cyperyl. Fluid for spraying on the body of the bird and processing the chicken coop. Before use, prepare the working fluid at the rate of 1: 3.
- Ectomine. Emulsion for dilution with water. Chickens bathe in solution for 1 minute. Double treatment is required with an interval of 14 days.
- Ecoflis. An oily liquid used to spray birds. Birds are treated twice with an interval of 10 days.
Cyperyl is a liquid for spraying on the body of a bird and treating the chicken coop.
Ash and sand against chicken mite
An old method of protecting the plumage of chickens from parasitic insects is bathing them in a mixture of sand and wood ash. The bird independently cleans its feathers, washing in ash. Such a bath helps to drop insects from the plumage, prevent their invasion of the skin.
To bathe the birds in the aviary and inside the chicken coop, they put containers filled with a sand-ash mixture. It is important to ensure that the bathing mixture is always dry. If contaminated, the mixture must be replaced.
Ashes can also be poured into those parts of the yard where sand or a lot of dust is poured. Birds enjoy spending time in such dusty "fonts", getting rid of parasitic insects in this way.
The most effective folk remedy for chicken mite is ash.
Plants against tick
From time immemorial, even before the invention of chemicals, chickens were removed from parasitic insects by plants:
- Sagebrush. Bunches of fresh grass are added to the litter of the chicken coop and hung on the walls and perches. Periodically, the grass is changed so that the smell repels ticks.
- Garlic. Preparing a spray of garlic juice and water. For 300 ml of water, 30 ml of garlic are taken and a teaspoon of a mixture of oils of bay leaves, coriander, cloves, lavender, mint is added to the solution. The product is sprayed onto the feather of a bird. Garlic infusion can kill a tick in 24 hours.
- Potato or tomato tops. It is laid out on the chicken coop floor to repel insects.
Ticks hitting the legs and feathers of chickens
Chickens are carriers of several types of ticks:
- Microscopic: knemidocoptes, epidermocoptis, cytodites. It is impossible to discern them with the naked eye, so other external signs indicate their presence on the body of the chicken.
- Medium in size. These ticks are similar in size to fleas and lice: ixodid, Persian tick, red tick.
Chicken mites are divided into two types: microscopic and medium.
One of the most common are ticks that affect the legs and feathers of chickens.
When birds become infected with these ticks, characteristic chicken diseases develop:
- Foot scabies (knemidocoptosis). In people, this disease is called "calcareous leg." The microscopic mite Knemidocoptes settles on the exposed part of the paws of the chicken, as a result of which they are covered with scales, and at the last stage, with tubercles. A tick-bearing chicken becomes a source of infection for the entire livestock.
- Skinny scabies. The causative agent is an epidermocoptes tick. Parasitizes in feather follicles, among fluff. Feathers first fall out by foci, and then everywhere.
- Malophagosis. The causative agents of the disease are tick-borne ticks. Insects live in the back space and down of the bird, feeding on the feather's awn and the remnants of the skin of the bird. Poohoedov and peroedy breed at high speed and, due to their vitality, can be stored in the house for a long time.
Pictured are paws of a chicken infected with a tick.
If any kind of chicken tick is detected on the body of the bird, it is necessary to immediately treat the bird with acaricidal preparations and carry out sanitary measures in the chicken coop.
Prevention in chicken coops
To prevent the reproduction of chicken mites in the chicken coop, surface treatment with diesel fuel or working out of machine oil will help. Such sanitary treatment is carried out two to three times during the summer.
An important point is the timely removal of the web, as ticks will probably settle in it and then fall on the bird's body. The place for walking the chickens should be dry. To protect against rainfall, a canopy is made in the aviary. In the enclosure, a container with sand and ash is necessarily installed.
When chickens are kept in cages, the risk of infection with a red tick is reduced. In the cells there are no perches on which litter accumulates, which is a medium for the reproduction of ticks. But tick infection can occur in the cells, so they also need to be disinfected once every 1-2 months.
Prevention consists in maintaining cleanliness in the chicken coop.
Tick Prevention for People
Red chicken mites, like some other types of mites, are dangerous to humans. When the host comes into contact with an infected bird, the tick can successfully migrate to humans and become a source of infectious disease.
A chicken mite on a human body looks like a lump of dirt, which is not immediately noticed. Tick bites can cause dermatitis or eczema.
Therefore, when working in a chicken coop or in contact with a bird, you must carefully observe the following precautions:
- Caring for chickens should be carried out in special protective clothing, which excludes the penetration of the tick on the body.
- It is imperative to use rubber gloves with high bells that are pulled over the sleeves of clothing.
- Cleaning the chicken coop in high rubber boots, which are tucked in trousers.
- After contact with chickens, inspect the body for ticks or take a shower.
We offer you to watch a video in which the farmer shows chicken mites and shares his experience in getting rid of them.
Chicken mites are parasitic insects that can cause serious harm to both the bird and its owner. Compliance with hygiene requirements when keeping chickens will help protect against infection by them.
How to remove ticks from chickens: methods of struggle and photo
Like many other pets, chickens are also often bothered. These parasites are active at night and cause great discomfort to the birds. Moreover, they weaken the immunity of laying hens, reduce their productivity and slow down the growth of chicks. Demonstrates how the mite ticks look in the photo presented below in the article.
Chicken tick is a special type of blood-sucking parasites that settle on the body of poultry and live in hens. They are quite dangerous, as they are not only carriers of infections (especially encephalitis), but also worsen the health of laying hens. These mites look like the other types of parasites, have a small body - 0.75 mm and live in all areas of our country, except the North.
Chicken mite - male and female
As we have said, ticks are parasites, so they need the blood of the victim. The chicken species is particularly well developed in wet, dirty and poorly ventilated houses.
In large quantities, he lives in the litter, and not on the body of a laying hen, and can even attack a person. Their bite causes severe itching due to the special poison that the tick injects into the wound to prevent the rapid coagulation of blood. With parasite bites, small wounds with traces of blood appear on the body of the chicken. The bird feels discomfort and nervousness, since due to its structure it cannot scratch the place of itching. The attack of these parasites is especially susceptible to young birds, as well as chickens. That is why they need special room hygiene and special regular treatment. Chicken mites are easy to spot with the naked eye. If you saw that the egg production of your laying hens has decreased dramatically, it is worth doing an inspection of each bird and the chicken house itself.
Their bite causes severe itching due to the special poison that the tick injects into the wound to prevent the rapid coagulation of blood.
With parasite bites, small wounds with traces of blood appear on the body of the chicken. The bird feels discomfort and nervousness, since due to its structure it cannot scratch the place of itching. The attack of these parasites is especially susceptible to young birds, as well as chickens. That is why they need special room hygiene and special regular treatment.
Chicken mites are easy to spot with the naked eye. If you saw that the egg production of your laying hens has decreased dramatically, it is worth doing an inspection of each bird and the chicken house itself.
The danger of this parasite also lies in the fact that it affects not only the upper layers of the skin, but also, for example, ears, trachea, and larynx. Because of this, the bird begins to shake its head, cough, wheeze.
- Since the chicken parasite does not live on the body of the bird, it is possible to see it in large quantities only in the house itself.
To do this, take a white piece of paper and go with it where there are any gaps, bumps. If small gray dots remain on the paper, these are ticks. In a warm and dry hen house, they can be active, and you will see their movement. In winter, they move, for example, near the heat of a light bulb.
So, if you have already found ticks on your layers and in the chicken coop, you should immediately take measures to get rid of them.
- As for the birds themselves, each chicken must be carefully examined, especially the places under the wings and on the neck, where there is thin skin and soft feathers.
- If you saw parasites on the body, you should lubricate the bite sites with oil. After a few days, the tick will die.
- Small wounds should be treated with a disinfectant and lubricated with a healing ointment.
But this is only the beginning, because the main work needs to be done in the room itself.
So, first of all, it is important to clean the henhouse of all the dirt and temporarily move the birds to another place. The surest solution to remove ticks is heat treatment.
You can use cool boiling water and treat it with all the walls, the floor, but it is better to use a blowtorch or just a flame. It is necessary to burn the whole room, also throw away all the old and, if possible, make new perches. This is important if they are wooden, as parasites can remain in the cracks.
Also, for prevention, from time to time, the premises of chickens can be sprayed with diesel fuel, and the walls and floor should be greased with white lime.
You can treat the room with a special drug - ecoflis, but it is not enough for a long time, and it is advisable to repeat the procedure after 15 days. By the way, you can also spray the bird itself with it. Chickens are well treated with Sevin powder or feverfew.
There is another very effective way to fight - ash. При этом способ очень простой, так как куры сами будут принимать профилактические ванны. Для этого на площадке для выгула или в вольере поставьте корыто со смесью золы и песка в равных долях. Только следите, чтобы смесь была сухой и не попадала под дождь.
На больших птицеводческих фермах используют специальные кварцевые лампы, которые защищают кур от клещей и других паразитов. If you have the opportunity to do this in your own house, do not waste time and energy - this is the best modern way to deal with ticks.
Morphologically close species
In appearance (morphology) of the adult, the Chicken tick (Dermanyssus gallinae) is close to the described species. Differs in a full set of dorsal bristles in the female (8 pieces). Peritremes extend beyond the middle of the coxae of the second pair of legs, the back shield of the female is chopped off, the body length of the female is 0.75–0.84 cm, and the male is 0.6–0.63 mm.
In addition to the described species, Dermanyssus guintus is often found, which is also similar in morphology to adults with bird ticks (Dermanyssus hirundinis).
Bird tick is a nest-burrow parasite of birds and small mammals. Found on the host during bloodsucking, develop in the nest. In addition to the main owners, they attack many additional ones, including humans, capable of long hunger strikes - up to 6-7 months.
The pest is related to the maintenance of encephalitis viruses (tick-borne and Japanese) among birds in nature. Penetrates into homes and, attacking a person, causes dermatitis. The apartments can concentrate in mattresses and pillows. In dwellings it is found only in the warm season. Penetrates there, moving along the walls of the house.
Video “Natural protection of chickens from parasites - bathing in ash”
Bedbug - Chickenbreaker
The worst enemy of domestic chickens is a small parasite-eater!
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Hello. I just want to share my secret, I learned it once from a village granny. In the chicken coop against any infection and ticks you need to hang brooms of wormwood.
I’ve been doing this for several years now, I hang several pieces under the ceiling and you know that there is nothing and no mite. And what is surprising, the walls in my barn are not whitewashed and my hens do not know any processing.
These are their folk wisdom.
Thanks for the advice.
Thanks so much for the tips!
So simple! Thanks for the advice.
Is it possible to treat a chicken coop from ticks with dichlorvos or dust?
Thanks for the advice. But we still have something like bugs, straight eaten into the skin. He began to check the chicken coop, there under each board 0.5-0.7 cm teeming, just tin.
Ticks, like vampires, go out to hot only at night. Look at the walls of your chicken coop at night and you will immediately understand if you have ticks. I had to evict the chickens to another place and burn for almost a week at night with a gas burner (they still use it to process carcasses of pigs), they crawl out of their crevices at night and here we burn them. And then you can spray some chemistry.
Hello. Please help, a wild boar 1.5 years, 2 days does not eat, does not drink, lies, temperature is normal, feces are normal, cool, does not cough, breathes hard and jerks every 10-20 seconds, as if it hiccups, there are no spots, it will stand up, break out litter and again lies on the other side. What to do, can stab?
Few symptoms for diagnosis. You can stab, of course, so that the meat does not disappear. But there is a risk of some kind of infection, all the same, I would advise you to take a blood test.
There is a possibility of pulmonary infestation with parasites, and this is dangerous to humans.
I was horrified - cooked a quarter of the chicken, separated the lower part from the thigh and found it inside the tick! This is a shock!
Now in Russia there is a new insecticide called Ecociller, diatomaceous powder. It works quickly and safely. Applied is also quite simple. Plus, I also made him a bath out of it, hens are swimming there. all is well.
Thanks for the advice)
- Costs and income for laying hens
- Meat chicken diet
- Productive goose diet
- Breeding turkey diet
- Guinea fowl diet
- Quail diet
- Pheasants for meat
- Income from the sale of eggs
- Okrola rabbits
- Farrowing sows
- Lamb's sheep
- Cow calving
- Mare's foal
- Goat's goat
How to remove ticks from the house?
The chicken coops of many amateur poultry farmers are made of various materials from clay to cinder blocks and refractory bricks.
They are coated on the inside, whitewashed with a mortar of lime - good buildings, but there is one small detail - in the smallest crevices and recesses, a tick finds refuge. It’s slightly warmer in the yard, the tick begins its “work”. First it sticks into the legs of chickens, then crawls onto their body.
Instead of relaxing on the weekend, you have to fiddle with the bird - breed chlorophos (2 tablespoons of powder in a bucket of water) and bathe the chickens. And so over the summer 5-6 times.
In addition, other means were used that seemed to kill the tick: they burned rubber and sulfur in the chicken coop, burned smoke bombs, poured the walls with creolin, and God knows what other “wild” methods did not have to poison the tick.
We tried the funds separately and interfered all together - for a week it was enough, and then the tick revived again. Once, one of the poultry farmers experimented - put a tick in a jar and kept it for 7 months without food, without water. The parasite is dry, thinner than tissue paper.
Then he planted it with a chicken, and an hour later the tick drank blood and is alive - at least that. Contact your local veterinarians for help. They advise the chicken coop to burn and make a new one. But as? After all, around the structure. True, there is one powerful remedy for ticks. He dies from the fire of a blowtorch.
As you walk in flames through the cracks, only the crack is worth it.
What to do with a tick? A more or less salutary method is bathing chickens in a solution of chlorophos. They write that the lubrication of the wooden parts of the house with tar, which is harmless to birds, helps.
We must take it as a rule at least once a year, in the spring, to clean the entire room, and also to whitewash the walls. It is useful to do preventive treatment in the fall, before wintering.
The more strictly cleanliness is maintained, the less often parasite mites settle, the healthier the chickens are. At the time of processing, the bird is removed from the barn.
Well, if you are completely desperate in the fight against ticks and decide to burn the chicken coop infested with them, when building a new chicken coop, set yourself the task - not to give the tick a place for resettlement.
Wooden walls should be carefully planed, then well-bleached. Moreover, it’s nice to add carbolic acid to the lime (it will not kill, it will scare it off from the settlement).
Brick walls are smoothly plastered with cement or lime, whitened and trimmed with all irregularities, depressions, corners that are comfortable for the tick.
Also take the advice of an epidemiologist and parasitologist: “I suggest that before building walls, grease boards, nailed overlapping (the part that will be from the inside), solid. If upholstered with plywood or pressed paper - the same thing.
Heat the solid oil to a boil in a bucket and brush, without pressing, coat them with boards. This is what I did when I covered the ceiling of the boards in my farm in the chicken coop. A thin layer was applied to each hot solid oil, then laid only on the boards, sawdust, and ash on it.
Solidol took 2 kg. Accident forced to draw attention to him. Breaking down the old house, he must have discovered billions of these parasites in it. And six of my boards were smeared with solid oil and there were no ticks on them.
When rebuilding the premises, I took this matter into account and here is the result: the tick does not appear for two years. ”
But some amateur poultry farmers got rid of ticks in the chicken coop using a quartz lamp. When developing a universal method, they decided to find out the causes of the effect of solid oil and a quartz lamp on the tick.
Here, the experience of Western experts who conducted research and found out that the composition of the solidol has some component, the name of which did not remember, which prevents the development of the breeding apparatus in young ticks, helped.
A quartz lamp, in turn, acts dazzling and disorientates ticks. Therefore, the combined use of these two methods and gave the desired effect.
It does not hinder to add cleanliness, order, compliance with sanitation rules in the house and no tick will ever settle, and if it settles, then there will be no trace of it.
Chicken tick: types of parasites, symptoms, treatment and prevention
Ticks for chickens are a serious problem for breeders, which is difficult to deal with. The blood-sucking parasitic insect affects the health and well-being of pets. This drains the bird, depresses the immune system, infection can get into the injured skin. A person in contact with a tick also risks being bitten.
Red chicken mite
Insects prefer to live in a humid and warm environment, but they can be found in any room. Survival without nutrition reaches a red tick up to six months. At this time they are in hibernation. Propagate only in the warm season. The female lays up to 20 eggs at a time, so an increase in population under favorable conditions is very fast.
- He has 8 legs and a flat oval torso covered with hairs.
- Size does not exceed 1 millimeter.
- When an insect is hungry, its body has a yellowish color, and after saturation it turns red or even purple, increasing several times.
- Parasites on the body of birds are detected when they drink blood, which is why they are called red ticks.
- The tick is activated at night when the bird is sleeping.
- It settles even in the respiratory tract.
Symptoms of red tick infection
It is easy to detect it, since the tick is visible to the naked eye, and the chickens actively respond to the discomfort that the parasites deliver to them. Symptoms
- lethargy, lethargy, low egg production with high food intake,
- growth in chickens slows down
- the pallor of scallops and earrings,
- when examined on the body of hens, red, blood-drenched parasites are found,
- if the tick gets into the respiratory tract, shortness of breath and hoarseness is observed.
If treatment is not started on time, then the entire population may die.
Feather and scabies mites
These parasites are also called pooh-eaters, or chicken lice. They live in fluff and feathers, but they also bite the skin of a bird, leaving painful wounds. Size reaches up to 2 millimeters. The body is dark and elongated. They multiply rapidly and spread from one bird throughout the chicken coop.
There are also ticks, which are called scabies, and they settle in birds older than six months. Translucent tick
How do they look
The adult insect is small, approximately 0.6-0.8 mm. The body is flat, depending on the type, it may have a brown or dark red color. After the bloodsucker drinks blood, his body darkens noticeably and acquires a dark purple hue.
These photos show how a chicken tick looks under a microscope:
The place of distribution of ticks that live on chickens is the subcutaneous layer, the skin and the place under the feathers. Knemidocoptosis Is a condition caused by scabies in chickens. Other common species that live on domestic birds are the red chicken tick, ixodidae, and northern avian. From chicken feathers can immediately live from 3 to 5 species of ticks.
The tick lays eggs, the larvae emerging from there do not feed on the first day. As they grow, they become mobile and begin to bite their master. An adult female can lay up to 20 eggs at a time, the life cycle of the parasite is 7-13 days. The breeding season is from early May to late October.
What is dangerous for chickens
Ticks found in chickens are no different from other types of bloodsucking in this category.
They also prefer a dark, insulated and moist place, and the chicken coop perfectly matches these requirements. In addition, the presence of feed in the form of chickens promotes the reproduction of chicken mites.
The bite of one tick is not dangerous for a laying hen, but if 10 or more parasites have sucked in, the chicken weakens, it develops various diseases, which often leads to its death.
After bites of bird ticks, birds can develop such diseases:
Chicken feather tick
Feather Mite Habitats - Feather Eyeglasses, for which they received the second name - “external mites”. There are several species of feather mites; narrow specialists even subdivide them according to the place of distribution. For example, one species lives only in the region of the fly wings of the front row, others in the next row, etc. Each locus may contain entire colonies of these ticks. It is impossible to make out the bloodsucker with the naked eye, so you have to guess about its presence by indirect symptoms.
Scabies mite distributed mainly in the area of paws of hens, it penetrates under the existing scales. The skin becomes rough, covered with cones, such a paw is often called calcareous for its appearance.
The sources of nutrition for the scabies type of parasite are lymphatic fluid and skin exfoliation. As a result of its life, the parasite secretes harmful exudate, leading to inflammation. On one paw of a laying hen can be up to 20 thousand harmful individuals.
With scabies mite
The disease does not develop immediately and can occur in chickens aged 3-5 months. Ticks are rare in breed with plumage on their paws. At first, insects do not manifest themselves. But as they accumulate and multiply in the scaly area, an accumulation of inflammatory exudate is observed there, upon careful examination, it manifests itself in the presence of grayish nodules. The skin in the area of chicken paws becomes tuberous.
When opening such a growth, you can find a whole structure of moves that digged during the course of their life, ticks. This condition can last for years, in winter the symptoms subside. In extremely difficult situations, chickens lose the sensitivity of their fingers or even their paws.
With a red tick
The disease can be suspected for some manifestations. First of all eggs are reduced in laying hens. If the chicks are still young, then they can completely refuse food and sit all day, laughing. As a result of exhaustion, the young can die at all.
It is almost impossible to detect ticks, as they are very small. If you look at the chicken in daylight, you can see the small red dots in the neck, under the wing and tail. Here, the skin of the chicken is the thinnest, which makes it possible for red ticks to more effectively get to the vessels. If the chicken began to constantly twitch its head, then the larynx, ear canal or trachea may have been affected. An additional symptom will be coughing and wheezing from a bird.
You can detect this type of insect in the chicken coop using a white sheet, if you wipe the walls and perches with it, penetrate the cracks, you can see the gray dots on it, these are ticks.
Are bird ticks dangerous for humans
Some varieties of parasites entail danger to humans, especially the red species.
People who are forced to constantly contact infected birds are at risk of spreading ticks and on them. Ticks cause dermatitis and eczema in humans.
People working with chickens should follow certain safety measures:
- When entering the chicken coop, you should wear closed clothing, preventing ticks from entering the body.
- Rubber gloves with wide sockets are put on the hands in order to pull them higher over the clothes.
- When cleaning the chicken coop, you need to wear high rubber boots on your feet.
- After any contact with chickens, you should carefully examine your body and take a shower.
Tick for chickens: treatment
Since most ticks are dangerous for domestic chickens and humans, the fight against them and subsequent therapy should be carried out in a short time. The sequence of operational actions should be as follows:
- Initially, all the living creatures in the chicken coop are inspected; vulnerabilities must be carefully considered.
- If bite marks are found or the parasites themselves, this place needs to be lubricated with vegetable oil. This folk method was the most effective in the fight against bloodsuckers. After a few days, you will not find a single tick on the body of your feathered pets.
- Be sure to treat the wounds with a disinfectant solution, especially on the paws.
- The next step is the application of a healing ointment.
These methods of treatment will help temporarily, as there are probably a lot of ticks hiding in the room. Therefore, you need to sanitize. If there is not enough time for this, then all the bird in a short time needs to be moved to another chicken coop.
- The greatest effect brings heat treatment of the room: several buckets of water are brought to a boil, after which the whole place of stay of chickens is processed with boiling water - walls, floor and ceiling. All things that are available in the place of keeping chickens, bedding, straw and even perches, if they are made of wood, are disposed of.
- Another way to handle a poultry room is to flame treatment. This method can be dangerous, but one of the most effective.
- There is another no less effective method of struggle, this preparation of a mixture of ash and sand. This mixture crumbles in places of walking poultry. In this mixture, hens bathe, thereby getting rid of parasites. But sand and ash will have to be changed every 2 weeks. When the mixture gets wet, it must be replaced immediately.
- You can process the walls of the chicken coop with a blowtorch. Large rooms and chicken farms use quartz lamps for disinfection.
- A less effective method of combating ticks, but still used is hanging in a chicken coop plants that can scare off parasites. Such plants include: peppermint, garlic, leeks and celery.